Anno 1503/1503 AD - The New World FAQ/Strategy Guide by timski
1503 A.D. - The New World on SuperCheats.com
v2.00, 2 August 2004
                     ______O__________________O_______
                    ~_          ___     _      __    _~
                    ~_    /|   |__/    /_\\    / \\\\    _~
                    ~_   /||   |__    .| |.   ^ /.    _~
                   ~_     ||   |_ \\   || ||    . |     _~
                   ~_     ||     \\ |  || ||     \'    _~
                    ~_    ||   /.//   \'|_|\'   /_//    _~
                   ~_     |/   \\_/     \\_/    \\_/      _~
                   ~____________________________________~

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
                      Anno 1503/1503 AD - The New World
                plus Treasures, Monsters & Pirates Expansion
               Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ/Strategy Guide)
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~


==============================================================================

CONTENTS

==============================================================================


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
1. Preface
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 
- 1.1 Notes 
- 1.2 Credits and Legal 
- 1.3 Version 
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
2. Introduction
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 
- 2.1 What is Anno 1503? What is 1503 AD? 
- 2.2 Who developed the game? 
- 2.3 What are the minimum requirements? 
- 2.4 What has changed since Anno 1602? 
- 2.5 Where can I download patches and demos? 
- 2.6 What about the mobile phone game? 
- 2.7 What is Treasures, Monsters & Pirates? 
- 2.8 Is the expansion pack available in North America or Australia? Can I 
install a United Kingdom expansion pack over a United States game? 
- 2.9 Can I play multiplayer? Why is there a GameSpy logo on the box? 
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
3. Getting Started
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 
3.1 Concepts 
- 3.1.1 How do I explore? 
- 3.1.2 How do I gain territory? 
- 3.1.3 What are civilization levels? 
- 3.1.4 How do I make money? 
- 3.1.5 What operating costs are there? 
- 3.1.6 How does the balance sheet work? 
- 3.1.7 How do service areas work? 
- 3.1.8 What is the significance of road access? 
- 3.1.9 How does production occur? 
- 3.1.10 Why should I colonize new islands and how? 
3.2 Strategies 
- 3.2.1 Common mistakes 
- 3.2.2 Initial colony building 
- 3.2.3 Settlers and beyond 
3.3 Tutorials 
- 3.3.1 Discovery and Settlement 
- 3.3.2 Trade and Diplomacy 
- 3.3.3 Combat Training 
- 3.3.4 What now? 
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
4. Gameplay
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 
4.1 Setup 
- 4.1.1 What do the symbols and ratings on the initial player menu mean? 
- 4.1.2 What are the differences between \'endless\' level difficulties? 
- 4.1.3 Can you play as native races or pirates? 
- 4.1.4 Can other players be made less aggressive? 
- 4.1.5 Are the endless play mode maps random? 
4.2 Interface 
- 4.2.1 Which way is north? 
- 4.2.2 Can I see the current objectives in-game? 
- 4.2.3 Can I hide trees or buildings from view? 
- 4.2.4 What can hotkeys be assigned to? 
- 4.2.5 Is there a list of short-cut keys? 
- 4.2.6 How does scoring work? 
- 4.2.7 Can I give orders while paused? 
4.3 Climate and Resources 
- 4.3.1 How many different climate zones are there? 
- 4.3.2 What characterises each climate zone? Where can I find certain 
resources? 
- 4.3.3 How do I determine resources? 
- 4.3.4 Why, after exploring, do no crop types show for the island? 
- 4.3.5 How do you find other players and natives? 
- 4.3.6 Where do I get Tools from? 
- 4.3.7 How do I build and operate Quarries and Mines? 
- 4.3.8 Do mines run out? 
- 4.3.9 Can I turn Gold into coins? 
- 4.3.10 Is Wine the same as Alcohol? 
- 4.3.11 Where can I grow Hemp? 
- 4.3.12 Can I change what type of trees I plant? 
- 4.3.13 Do volcanoes erupt? 
4.4 Roads and Storage 
- 4.4.1 Is road access needed? 
- 4.4.2 Are cobbled roads faster than dirt roads? What is the benefit of 
Marketplace squares? 
- 4.4.3 Do buildings have to face onto a street? 
- 4.4.4 How do I build bridges? 
- 4.4.5 How do I build roads along hills and mountainsides? 
- 4.4.6 Can I have more than one Warehouse on the same island? 
- 4.4.7 How do I increase the storage capacity on an island? 
- 4.4.8 Why can\'t I build a warehouse? 
- 4.4.9 What is the operating cost of Main Markets and Warehouses? 
- 4.4.10 Can I start an endless game without the first Warehouse placed? 
- 4.4.11 Why do carts disappear when the game is reloaded? 
4.5 Colony Buildings 
- 4.5.1 How do can I build a ...? Why is a building \'greyed out\' on the 
construction menu? 
- 4.5.2 What do wells do? 
- 4.5.3 How do I determine what Small Farms grow? 
- 4.5.4 Why doesn\'t my Whaler work? 
- 4.5.5 Where should I build Fur Trappers? 
- 4.5.6 What is the significance of sales stands\' service areas? 
- 4.5.7 Is the Tavern\'s service area important? 
- 4.5.8 Do Churches replace Chapels? Universities replace Schools? 
- 4.5.9 What are Gallows and Courthouses for? 
- 4.5.10 What does the Pavilion\'s service area need to cover? What\'s a park? 
- 4.5.11 What do Doctors do? 
- 4.5.12 Where are the sewers? 
- 4.5.13 Can I change the design of houses? 
- 4.5.14 What rewards and statues are there? How do I get a Palace? 
- 4.5.15 Do I need ornamentals? What do they do? 
- 4.5.16 Why doesn\'t my Hunting Lodge work? 
4.6 Colony Development and Events 
- 4.6.1 What causes bankruptcy? 
- 4.6.2 How do I delete buildings, roads and trees? 
- 4.6.3 Is there a limit to the number of people on each island? 
- 4.6.4 How do you stop your population using building materials? 
- 4.6.5 Why don\'t Merchants upgrade to Aristocrats? 
- 4.6.6 When I downgrade civilization levels, why am I told goods that are not 
needed anymore are in shortage? 
- 4.6.7 Why do my houses decay? 
- 4.6.8 Occasionally my people die whilst walking around my city. What\'s 
wrong? 
- 4.6.9 What can I do about fires? 
- 4.6.10 Can I prevent the Plague? 
- 4.6.11 Can I change the prices my stalls sell things for? 
- 4.6.12 Are people needed to work in buildings? Do I need houses on 
production islands? 
- 4.6.13 How much of ... will my population need? 
- 4.6.14 What do the question marks over buildings mean? 
- 4.6.15 What do the coloured bars that appear above farms during building 
mean? 
- 4.6.16 What does the \"you founded an ancient graveyard\" message mean? 
- 4.6.17 What is the benefit of finding treasure? 
- 4.6.18 Why does a riot start when I reload a game? 
4.7 Research 
- 4.7.1 How do you research? 
- 4.7.2 How do I research above a certain level of knowledge points? 
- 4.7.3 Why can\'t I build cannon after researching them? 
4.8 Trade and Diplomacy 
- 4.8.1 How does external trade work? 
- 4.8.2 Can I trade without being fired on or starting a war? 
- 4.8.3 Where are the Venetians? 
- 4.8.4 What do Venetians sell? 
- 4.8.5 Why does my automatic trade route fail when I transport more than one 
item? 
- 4.8.6 Can I set my automatic trade route to wait for a full load? 
- 4.8.7 Can I edit automatic trade route paths? 
- 4.8.8 How do I demand tribute from other players? 
- 4.8.9 What is a moratorium? 
- 4.8.10 Do trade agreements cover player empires or specific cities? 
- 4.8.11 How does the trade slider work? How do you set prices and volumes? 
- 4.8.12 What does a military agreement cover? 
4.9 Pirates and Natives 
- 4.9.1 What do native curses do? 
- 4.9.2 How do I trade with natives on another island? 
- 4.9.3 Do all native cultures appear in every game? 
- 4.9.4 What do natives buy and sell? 
- 4.9.5 How aggressive are natives? Can I ally with them? How do I attack? 
- 4.9.6 Where do pirates come from? 
- 4.9.7 Do pirates steal cargo? 
- 4.9.8 Can I trade with pirates? 
4.10 Ships 
- 4.10.1 What is the capacity of ships? 
- 4.10.2 Why is my ship sold each time I build a new one? 
- 4.10.3 How can I build ship cannons? 
- 4.10.4 Where can I load cannon on my ships? How do I arm ships? 
- 4.10.5 Why can I not repair a ship? 
- 4.10.6 When should I repair ships? 
- 4.10.7 Why does nobody buy my ship? 
- 4.10.8 How does the white flag work? 
- 4.10.9 My ship got stuck on land. Why? 
- 4.10.10 Why don\'t my ships stay in formation? Can I order ships to protect 
other ships? 
- 4.10.11 How do I board ships? 
- 4.10.12 Seagulls sank my ship. Why? 
4.11 Military Units 
- 4.11.1 Are there limits on the number of units I may have? 
- 4.11.2 What do the yellow stars and numbers above troops mean? 
- 4.11.3 Can waypoints be set for scouts and other units? 
- 4.11.4 Can units be set to patrol? 
- 4.11.5 Can I select certain unit types from a group of units? 
- 4.11.6 How do I retire units? 
- 4.11.7 How do I heal injured units? 
- 4.11.8 Can I capture enemy units? 
- 4.11.9 What units can attack buildings? 
- 4.11.10 What is the difference between ship and land cannon? 
- 4.11.11 My scout/soldier got lost/stuck/disappeared/abandoned his mule/will 
not come down from the mountain/has taken up scuba diving. What can I do? 
- 4.11.12 Why don\'t my troops go up onto the walls? 
- 4.11.13 How do I add/remove units from my towers? 
- 4.11.14 Do Musketeers have a ranged attack? 
- 4.11.15 Can I select units that are hidden in woodland? 
4.12 Combat 
- 4.12.1 How do I capture an enemy settlement? 
- 4.12.2 Can I steal from the enemy\'s warehouse? 
- 4.12.3 Do cannon towers fire? 
- 4.12.4 Can I unload multiple units from ships at once? 
- 4.12.5 Can I accidentally kill my own units in friendly fire during battles? 
- 4.12.6 Must I assign specific targets for my troops? 
- 4.12.7 Can I attack trees? 
- 4.12.8 Can I completely destroy monsters? 
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
5. Strategies
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 
5.1 Colony Planning and Building 
- 5.1.1 Island Choice 
- 5.1.2 Colony territory 
- 5.1.3 City design 
- 5.1.4 Aristocrat cities 
5.2 Industry Planning and Building 
- 5.2.1 General industry/farm design strategies 
- 5.2.2 Food production 
- 5.2.3 Salt 
- 5.2.4 Iron related production 
- 5.2.5 Stone and Marble 
- 5.2.6 Alcohol 
- 5.2.7 Cloth 
5.3 Colony Management and Research 
- 5.3.1 General strategies 
- 5.3.2 Balancing demands and development 
- 5.3.3 Research 
- 5.3.4 Automatic trade routes 
- 5.3.5 Riots 
5.4 Trade and Diplomacy 
- 5.4.1 Mechanics of trade 
- 5.4.2 Benefits of trade 
- 5.4.3 Diplomacy 
5.5 Pirates and Natives 
- 5.5.1 Pirates 
- 5.5.2 Natives 
5.6 Military 
- 5.6.1 AI players\' troops are stupid 
- 5.6.2 Ground unit choice 
- 5.6.3 War preparation 
- 5.6.4 Defense 
- 5.6.5 Naval 
- 5.6.6 Economic warfare 
- 5.6.7 Invasions 
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
6. Campaign
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 
6.1 Nova Fora 
- 6.1.1 Introduction 
- 6.1.2 Objective: Found a city with 250+ Settlers 
- 6.1.3 Why can\'t I settle an island? 
- 6.1.4 Objective: Find Katherine von Breitenstein and return her to your city 
- 6.1.5 I lost Katherine von Breitenstein after rescuing here. Is that a 
problem? 
- 6.1.6 Objective: Find Mongols and trade 20t Salt 
- 6.1.7 Why can I not find the Mongols with my ship? 
- 6.1.8 Objective: Equip a fleet with 4 Archers, 4 Swordsmen, Scout, 50t Wood, 
100t Tools, 50t Food, and sail west 
- 6.1.9 Suggested fleet 
- 6.1.10 Why can\'t I train Archers and Swordsmen at my Fortress? How do I get 
weapons? 
- 6.1.11 Where is \"Westward\"? How do I finish? 
6.2 Barbarrossas\' Throne 
- 6.2.1 Introduction 
- 6.2.2 Can I restart the mission from the menu? 
- 6.2.3 Objectives: Build Citizen level city; Sell 25t Iron to Covana 
- 6.2.4 Island choice 
- 6.2.5 My Wood is in one ship and my Tools in another ship. How do I build my 
first warehouse? 
- 6.2.6 How do I stop Ramirez destroying my fleet? 
- 6.2.7 How do I get Merchants and Aristocrats? Where is the Marble? 
- 6.2.8 I accidentally insulted or attacked Covana, and now he will not trade 
with me. What can I do? 
- 6.2.9 Objectives: Covana\'s city must not be destroyed; Destroy both of 
Ramirez\'s main cities 
- 6.2.10 Naval strategy 
- 6.2.11 Invasion strategy 
6.3 Helter-Skelter 
- 6.3.1 Introduction 
- 6.3.2 Objective: Positive balance sheet and at least 100 Citizens 
- 6.3.3 Colony redesign strategy 
- 6.3.4 Total demolition strategy 
- 6.3.5 Objective: Get 20t Furs and 20t Medicinal Herbs and sail north with 
them 
- 6.3.6 Why can\'t I get the Scout to leave the city? 
- 6.3.7 Why don\'t the Mongols sell me enough Furs? 
6.4 Infernal Triad 
- 6.4.1 Introduction 
- 6.4.2 Strategy overview 
- 6.4.3 Objective: Hire O\'Reilly 
- 6.4.4 Objective: Hire Madrugada 
- 6.4.5 Objective: Destroy Peles\' fortress 
- 6.4.6 Why does the mission not finish? 
6.5 Pack-Ice 
- 6.5.1 Introduction 
- 6.5.2 Strategy overview 
- 6.5.3 Objective: Fill your colony\'s warehouse with Food 
- 6.5.4 Why can I not trade for enough Food? 
- 6.5.5 Objective: Expand Ulfilla to population 80, build a ship 
- 6.5.6 Objective: Trade 25t of Medicinal Herbs for Whale Blubber 
6.6 Toguldur\'s Stone 
- 6.6.1 Introduction 
- 6.6.2 Objective: Find and claim Stone of Toguldur 
- 6.6.3 Must I destroy the Mongols? How? 
6.7 New Acquaintances 
- 6.7.1 Introduction 
- 6.7.2 Objective: Destroy Galerius\'s colonies 
- 6.7.3 Defeating invaders 
- 6.7.4 Economy strategies 
- 6.7.5 Immediate counter-attack strategy 
- 6.7.6 Defeating Galerius 
6.8 Resistance 
- 6.8.1 Introduction 
- 6.8.2 Objective: Conquer fortress and free bookkeeper 
- 6.8.3 How do I capture the Fortress? Why do I fail the mission after 
destroying the city? 
6.9 Genesis 
- 6.9.1 Introduction 
- 6.9.2 Objective: Build 700 Citizen city 
- 6.9.3 Objective: Trade 20t Medicinal Herbs to Native Americans 
- 6.9.4 Objective: Destroy all houses on the Isle of the Dead 
- 6.9.5 Single-ship strategy 
6.10 Revenge 
- 6.10.1 Introduction 
- 6.10.2 Objective: Defeat de Freeren and destroy his city 
6.11 Quentin\'s Reef 
- 6.11.1 Introduction 
- 6.11.2 Objective: Prevent de Freeren\'s flagship from escaping and save 
Katherine 
- 6.11.3 Why does de Freeren\'s ship keep escaping? 
6.12 Justice 
- 6.12.1 Introduction 
- 6.12.2 Objective: Destroy von Breitenstein\'s palace 
6.13 Good or Bad 
- 6.13.1 Introduction 
- 6.13.2 Objective: Find the treasure 
- 6.13.3 To be continued... 
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
7. Original Scenarios
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 
7.1 Hobson\'s Choice 
- 7.1.1 Introduction 
- 7.1.2 Strategy overview 
7.2 Ruthless Richard 
- 7.2.1 Introduction 
- 7.2.2 Strategy overview 
7.3 Friendly Neighbors 
- 7.3.1 Introduction 
- 7.3.2 Strategy overview 
7.4 The Bet 
- 7.4.1 Introduction 
- 7.4.2 Strategy overview 
7.5 Playing for Time 
- 7.5.1 Introduction 
- 7.5.2 Strategy overview 
- 7.5.3 Objective: Build 200 Pioneer settlement within 30 minutes 
- 7.5.4 Objective: Build 350 Settler town within 30 minutes 
- 7.5.5 Objective: Build 600 Citizen city within 80 minutes 
- 7.5.6 Objective: Build 900 Merchant city within 80 minutes 
7.6 Settlement Recipe 
- 7.6.1 Introduction 
- 7.6.2 Strategy overview 
7.7 The King of Ore 
- 7.7.1 Introduction 
- 7.7.2 What does the objective mean? Must I mine Ore on 6 islands? 
- 7.7.3 Strategy overview 
- 7.7.4 How do I stock 170t - my warehouse only holds 50t? 
7.8 Many Small Islands 
- 7.8.1 Introduction 
- 7.8.2 Strategy overview 
7.9 Negative Influence 
- 7.9.1 Introduction 
- 7.9.2 Strategy overview 
7.10 Siege 
- 7.10.1 Introduction 
- 7.10.2 Strategy overview 
7.11 The Marquess (Marquis/Marquise) 
- 7.11.1 Introduction 
- 7.11.2 Armand De\'Pier\'s colony 
- 7.11.3 The Fleet 
- 7.11.4 McFarlane\'s Fortress 
7.12 Metropol 
- 7.12.1 Introduction 
- 7.12.2 Strategy overview 
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
8. Treasures, Monsters & Pirates Scenarios
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 
8.1 Scavenger Hunt 
- 8.1.1 Introduction 
- 8.1.2 Clue: Follow the hints on the statues... 
- 8.1.3 Clue: In the East, by the four mountains divided by flood and sea... 
- 8.1.4 Clue: The sea\'s expanse of green and blue... 
- 8.1.5 Clue: The island, small and verdant... 
- 8.1.6 Clue: Golden glow of roof and mountain... 
- 8.1.7 Clue: A mountain black as night... 
- 8.1.8 Clue: The way may not be what it seems... 
- 8.1.9 Clue: An ancient holy place, behold, more near than far... 
- 8.1.10 Clue: Far East, swampy and barren... 
- 8.1.11 Clue: Wounded men and beasts did flee to a nearby island... 
- 8.1.12 Clue: A last battle in the far North... 
- 8.1.13 Clue: You have shown valor and honor where many would have failed... 
8.2 Brother against Brother 
- 8.2.1 Introduction 
- 8.2.2 Strategy overview 
- 8.2.3 When I try and capture a Main Market, the replacement building is 
aligned wrongly. How can I capture the territory? 
8.3 A Pirate\'s Life 
- 8.3.1 Introduction 
- 8.3.2 Erlbert Tolersa 
- 8.3.3 Lorenzo Hatro 
- 8.3.4 Verlarez Montague 
8.4 Ore Monopoly 
- 8.4.1 Introduction 
- 8.4.2 Strategy overview 
8.5 A Plague of Pirates 
- 8.5.1 Introduction 
- 8.5.2 Citizens 
- 8.5.3 Hagbard and treasure 
8.6 Trade with Montana 
- 8.6.1 Introduction 
- 8.6.2 Strategy overview 
- 8.6.3 Trading 
8.7 Sole Ruler 
- 8.7.1 Introduction 
- 8.7.2 Strategy overview 
8.8 Smugglers 
- 8.8.1 Introduction 
- 8.8.2 Strategy overview 
8.9 Mountains of Fire 
- 8.9.1 Introduction 
- 8.9.2 Getting started 
- 8.9.3 Aztecs and Pirates 
8.10 The Native Americans\' Curse 
- 8.10.1 Introduction 
- 8.10.2 Strategy overview 
8.11 A Small World 
- 8.11.1 Introduction 
- 8.11.2 Leaving the archipelago 
- 8.11.3 Aristocrats 
8.12 Desert Battle 
- 8.12.1 Introduction 
- 8.12.2 Strategy overview 
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
9. Cheating and Editing
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 
9.1 Cheating 
- 9.1.1 What are the cheat codes? 
- 9.1.2 How do I edit a game? 
- 9.1.3 Are there any trainers? 
- 9.1.4 Can I skip campaign scenarios without completing them? 
- 9.1.5 Are there other gameplay \'cheats\'? 
9.2 Editing and Custom Scenarios 
- 9.2.1 Is there a map or scenario editor? 
- 9.2.2 How do I install scenarios? 
- 9.2.3 Can I change the maximum number of units or ships? 
- 9.2.4 How can I extract graphics and textures? 
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
10. Technical Issues
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 
- 10.1 How many bugs are there? 
- 10.2 How do I take a screenshot? 
- 10.3 Can I stop the statue video playing? 
- 10.4 Can I play without the CD? 
- 10.5 Why aren\'t sounds played at non-normal game speed? 
- 10.6 Can I turn auto-save off? 
- 10.7 Can I play save-games from other language versions? 
- 10.8 Can I copy or rename save games? 
- 10.9 Why don\'t the Moors have music? 
- 10.10 All ships and AI players disappeared. What happened? 
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Appendices
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 
A. Building and Industry Data 
B. Production Links 
C. Production Efficiency 
D. Military and Ship Data 
E. Research Trees 


==============================================================================

1. PREFACE

==============================================================================


1.1 Notes

This FAQ/guide should be applicable to all full versions of the Anno 1503, 
including 1503 AD. It also covers features and scenarios contained in the 
expansion pack, \"Treasures, Monsters & Pirates\". Where possible, I have tried 
to indicate features that vary between the original and expansion, so the FAQ 
remains useful for players with either the original version or the expansion. 
This FAQ does not cover the mobile phone version - see What about the mobile 
phone game? below. 

The game is not documented well, particularly when one considers the overall 
level of complexity and steep learning curve for new players. Jochen Bauer, 
one of the game\'s producers, wrote at the end of 2001: \"Contrary to anything 
you might have heard there will be a comprehensive handbook.\" Well, in my 
opinion, the manual is just about sufficient to get you through the tutorial 
before leaving you puzzled, while the in-game help is hard to digest. Although 
not all versions have the same manual, as Vander comments: \"The German manual 
is a coloured 80 page manual. And there is a poster with the product chains 
and a poster of ship on the box.\" I have a 44 page manual in greyscale with no 
posters... Frieden adds: \"The German manual contains special hints for 1602-
gamers only.\" I cannot find those either :-/ . 

At the time of writing there are no known published strategy guides in 
English, although there are two in German: an official one published by Future 
Press, and an unofficial one by Katja Ti, published by X-Games. Neither has 
been used directly in the creation of this FAQ. 

Finally, consider the inscription on the upgraded school building in the game 
(thanks to Renaud for pointing it out): \"Non scholae sed vitae discimus\", 
which roughly translates from Latin as \"not school but life we learn\". It 
occurred to me that this is quite close to one of the underlying design 
philosophies in 1503 - not to teach players how to play, but to let them learn 
by playing. Some will find such an approach enjoyable; others will find it 
excessively frustrating. Maybe this FAQ/guide will help those in the later 
category get more out of the game.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

1.2 Credits and Legal

This FAQ was written by Tim Howgego (also known as timski), copyright 2003-
2004, unless otherwise stated. Errors and suggestions should be reported to 
tim (at) capsu (dot) org. Please put \"1503\" somewhere in the email subject 
field. If you are writing with a game query, please read and search through 
this document carefully first, to check your question has not already been 
answered. This FAQ includes ideas and strategies posted on forums, primarily 
the forum at http://www.anno1503.com/ (including posts that have subsequently 
been deleted), and fan sites including http://digilander.libero.it/anno1503/ 
and http://www.a-pianto.ch/Englisch/e_Anno1503/e_Index.htm - contributors are 
noted with the relevant text. Particular thanks to people like BaldJim and 
Hakea for \'probing\' into the game, and LadyH and many of the 1602 \"freaks\" for 
endlessly answering questions. 

You may save and print this document for your own personal use only. You may 
copy and repost this FAQ, but the content of the document, including the 
credits, must remain unchanged. You must not charge for it, sell, rent, or 
otherwise profit from it. Informing the author that you are hosting it is 
appreciated, but not mandatory. Ensuring you host the most recent version is 
also appreciated, but not mandatory. If converting from text to HTML, please 
note the use of fixed width text in diagrams and greater/less-than characters. 
Anno 1503 copyright Sunflowers Interactive Entertainment Software GmbH, 2002-
2004. All rights reserved. Other trademarks and copyright are owned by their 
respective trademark and copyright holders. This is not an official FAQ. It is 
not endorsed by the game\'s developers or publishers. The author is not 
affiliated to the game\'s developers or publishers.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

1.3 Version

This is version 2.00, 2 August 2004. Updated to contain features found within 
the expansion pack, Treasures, Monsters & Pirates, and more generally revised 
and re-written. Guides to the two official downloadable scenarios The Marquess 
(Marquis/Marquise) and Metropol have been added. The original structure has 
been changed, with a new section intended to help new players called Getting 
Started. The old campaign and scenario section has been split in two, with a 
further section covering scenarios found only in the expansion pack. The 
cheating and custom scenarios sections have been combined into a single topic 
called Cheating and Editing. Sorry for any confusion caused by this change in 
structure.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~



==============================================================================

2. INTRODUCTION

==============================================================================


2.1 What is Anno 1503? What is 1503 AD?

Anno 1503 and 1503 AD (or 1503 A.D.) are precisely the same game: Anno 1503 is 
used in Europe, 1503 AD in North America. From the official FAQ: \"Worldwide, 
the game will be called \'Anno 1503\', with the exception of the USA, where the 
product name \'1503 A.D.\' will be used. The reason for this decision is that 
the term A.D. is more commonly used in the USA than the term Anno.\" Some 
versions of the game have the subtitle \"The New World\". Anno 1503 was first 
release in German at the end of 2002. Other language versions were released in 
March/April 2003. 1503 is the sequel to Anno 1602/1602 AD. Like 1602, 1503 is 
a real time strategy game, set at the start of the Early Modern period of 
history. The game is based around colony building and resource management on a 
series of small islands. It includes aspects of exploration, combat, 
diplomacy, trade and research. 1503 is primarily an economic strategy game.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

2.2 Who developed the game?

The game was developed by Sunflowers Interactive Entertainment Software ( 
http://www.sunflowers.de/ ) subsidiary, Max Design. Programming was lead by 
Wilfried Reiter, art lead by Martin Lasser. Albert Lasser wrote the AI 
(artificial intelligence). The game was published by Electronic Arts.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

2.3 What are the minimum requirements?

Windows 98, ME, 2000 or XP. Pentium-II 500 MHz processor, 128 MB RAM, 8 speed 
CD-ROM drive, 930 MB hard drive space, 16MB DirectX 8.1 compatible video card 
and compatible sound card, keyboard, and mouse. On huge, highly developed 
maps, the game is capable of swallowing 2GHz worth of processing \'power\' and 
still running slowly. However, basic gameplay, campaign and scenarios will not 
experience this, only custom maps such as Metropol and Gigapol, where the aim 
is basically to push the game to its limits and build ridiculously large 
cities.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

2.4 What has changed since Anno 1602?

FaithRaven writes: \"If you know Anno 1602, you will play 1503 very easily 
until you get 200-300 settlers. Then you will begin a \'new game\'.\" Here is a 
short list of major changes: 

- Income is primarily generated by selling goods to your population in 1503, 
not raised via taxes as was the case in 1602. This requires slightly different 
strategies to be adopted, since \'just having Citizens\' (for example) probably 
won\'t be enough to turn a profit - but you can profit when they are being sold 
many goods. Why was this changed? Wilfried Reiter comments: \"Because it allows 
different prices to be charged for different goods in different places, 
promotes trade and adds importance to new construction strategies.\" 
- In 1503, houses have internal streets, and don\'t specifically need road 
access. Residents actually walk between their houses and the facilities they 
need. 
- 1503 is \'bigger\' than 1602: Bigger maps, islands, and larger cities needed 
break-even. In 1602 one could play an entire game with about 25 2x2 houses; in 
1503, 50 4x4 houses are more likely to be needed. 
- Greater, but not excessive, depth of commodities, production and climate, 
including many historically \'accurate\' items that were missing from 1602 - it 
still has no slave trade or specific historic context to scenarios. 
- The original 5-tier civilization level system for housing still exists, but 
the requirements of higher level civilizations are quite different from 1602. 
Merchants no longer upgrade to Aristocrats - Aristocrat housing needs to be 
built separately. Aristocrats may no longer be the optimum population type to 
aim to house. 
- Service areas still exist, but there are some subtle changes: Houses need 
facilities within the service area of the house, it does not matter whether 
the house is within the service area of the facility, as was the case in 1602. 
- Research (mostly small enhancements and new units, very Warcraft-ish), which 
did not exist at all in 1602. 
- Military aspects are slightly more important, particularly during the 
campaign. 1503\'s combat AI is similar to 1602 - weak and predictable once you 
understand it. 1503 is still an economic strategy game at heart ;-) .

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

2.5 Where can I download patches and demos?

Demo versions and patches are linked from http://www.anno1503.com/ . Non-
German versions were released with all patches up to and including 1.04.02 (12 
March 2003), even though some display version 1.00 or \"Unknown\" where the 
version number should be.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

2.6 What about the mobile phone game?

A simplified version of the game is available for certain mobile phones. It 
features basic seafaring, trading and colony management. You can find a guide 
to the mobile game here, http://www.anno1503.com/english/support/mobile.php4 .

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

2.7 What is Treasures, Monsters & Pirates?

Treasures, Monsters & Pirates is an expansion pack for 1503. \"Schatze, Monster 
und Piraten\" was released in German at the end of 2003. It was released 
elsewhere in Europe in May 2004, with versions in Dutch, English, French and 
Italian. It adds the following features to the game: 

- 3 new continuous game levels (Brilliant Architect, Estate Owner and Master 
Strategist). 
- 12 new scenarios (see Treasures, Monsters & Pirates Scenarios below). 
Scenarios include new enemies and disasters. 
- Statistics screen. 
- Ship changes - boarding, patrol, sales list enhancements, and speed 
increases. 
- Riots, robbers, and District Courthouse functionality. 
- Warehouse/Main Market types can now be built as required. Total storage 
capacity per island is also increased. 
- Defensive tower, and various new ornamentals. 
- Button that automatically plants fields around a farm.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

2.8 Is the expansion pack available in North America or Australia? Can I 
install a United Kingdom expansion pack over a United States game?

At the time of writing the expansion pack Treasures, Monsters & Pirates is 
only available in Europe. An English language version has been released in the 
United Kingdom. This version is not designed to be installed over the original 
United States or Australian release. 

DISCLAIMER: This it is entirely at your own risk - I\'m not responsible for 
wasting your dollars or corrupting your game, although you are welcome to 
email me with your experiences so I can warn others. Note that the procedure 
involves editing the registry, which can damage your computer\'s operating 
system if done incorrectly. 

Saltz writes: \"Yes you can install the UK add-on over the US version. Just use 
\'regedit\' from your run command in Windows and edit the registry. Look under 
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\\\\SOFTWARE\\\\Max-Design and see the data string. Change 
LANGUAGE value from US to ENG. Change VERSION 1.04 to 1.0. ... It asks you to 
put in your UK Anno 1503 disk; but of course you do not have it. I placed in 
my US 1503 A.D. and it did not like it. Then it prompted me to place in my 
original add-on disk, which it does accept and runs fine.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

2.9 Can I play multiplayer? Why is there a GameSpy logo on the box?

There is no multiplayer option. 

The game was originally intended to support multiple players. Unfortunately, 
DirectX based multiplayer did not work, requiring the development of custom 
\'technology\'. But as Sunflowers comment, \"by the time the game was released, 
there still was no [multiplayer] version that would run steadily for more than 
2 hours.\" ( http://www.anno1503.com/english/home/show_news.php4?id=390 ) 

The first German release included an unsupported file, AnnoNetTool.exe. This 
theoretically enabled the multiplayer game, but did not work well enough to be 
widely used. Vander notes: \"They said it makes only trouble, so they removed 
it in version 1.04.02.\" At the time of the German version\'s release, Wilfried 
Reiter wrote: \"The Multi-Player Patch is currently in the beta phase. If 
everything goes well it should be ready in November [2002]. There are some 
specially adapted missions, but there\'s nothing like the long matches to give 
you that real Anno feeling.\" It will play using a 56K modem, \"but it would be 
better if the host had ISDN for 8 players.\" 

Around the time of the game\'s original release, Kay Bennemann wrote: 
\"Multiplayer will be released as a free patch. Multiplayer in 1503 A.D./Anno 
1503 can be played by 2-8 players in cooperative mode or against each other. 
It can be played as Continuous play or in special multiplayer scenarios. The 
AI can be included into multiplayer sessions: Dependent on the chosen game 
scenario, AI controlled characters will occupy all free slots not used by 
human players. Multiplayer can be played via internet or local area network. 
Internet games use the GameSpy matchmaking software; manual connection to a 
certain IP address is also possible. You will be able to save and load your 
game in multiplayer. Saved multiplayer games will continue to be playable even 
if one of the human players drops out during the next session, although this 
player won\'t be able to reconnect and continue his play once the game has been 
loaded without him or her being connected. Different localized versions of the 
game are compatible in multiplayer mode. Therefore, players from different 
countries can connect to the same MP session. Presently the multiplayer is 
still in the process of testing and finalizing - a precise release date for 
the patch can not be provided yet. The total number of scenarios included in 
the multiplayer patch has also not been finalized.\" 

Sunflowers, again: \"By March 2003, a number of bugs had been dealt with, but 
at the same time it became more and more apparent that solving the remaining 
problems was more difficult and time-consuming than envisaged. ... Problems 
with data transfer were especially troublesome: The Multiplayer Technology in 
ANNO 1503 / 1503 A.D. requires all participating processors to concurrently 
calculate the game progress. The high complexity of the game world can lead to 
so-called \'A-Syncs\' during Multiplayer operation (via the Internet, but also 
within a network). Despite extensive efforts to remove all bugs and errors, 
these A-Syncs could not be removed in their entirety.\" 

Multiplayer entered a closed beta phase late in August 2003. This was 
restricted to a handful of German-speaking players only, although it appeared 
to be available from within GameSpy Arcade. From Sunflowers: \"After the first 
6 months of fraught [the original says \'fraud\'] development work, we still had 
no intention to throw in the towel. After another 6 months of work and 
considerable investments terms of time, money, and energy, we had to start new 
internal discussions to establish whether the multiplayer really was a 
realistic option. ... After many further long and heated debates, we 
eventually came to the mutual decision to continue to face the challenge.\" ( 
http://www.anno1503.com/english/home/show_news.php4?id=392 ) 

The lack of multiplayer lead to threats of legal action, for example 
http://home.fuse.net/slipstreamscapes/ . 

The German release of \"Schatze, Monster und Piraten\" came and went, without 
multiplayer. Finally at the start of March 2004, Sunflowers capitulated and 
discontinued work on the multiplayer patch. \"Our in-house QA team, Max Design 
QA and a number of beta testers have performed extensive test runs on more 
than 20 versions of the patch, but were unable to solve the considerable 
technical problems that presented themselves, despite their best efforts.\" 
Sunflowers continue: \"We have learned from our mistakes, and future games - 
and, as a logical consequence, gamers, too, will benefit from our unfortunate 
experiences. This is also true for our information strategy [sic] which was 
much criticised in the course of the development of 1503 A.D.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~



==============================================================================

3. GETTING STARTED

==============================================================================


______________________________________________________________________________

3.1 Concepts
______________________________________________________________________________


3.1.1 How do I explore?

Agricultural resources are revealed by moving a ship close to the island. 
Natives, pirates, and other players may be revealed in this way if they have 
settlements close to the coast. If not, you must send a ground unit inland. 
One can normally see where \'hidden\' settlements are by the absence of trees or 
by watching movement of shipping. Mineral resources are revealed by ordering a 
Scout to walk towards mountain ranges. Mineral resources are shown as a nugget 
of rock with a small pair of hammers. You need to move your Scout to the base 
of each mountain to ensure all resources are revealed. Any resource that falls 
within your territory (see below) will automatically be revealed. There is no 
need to explore if you are prepared to gamble on the presence or absence of 
resources.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

3.1.2 How do I gain territory?

Territory is gained by building Warehouses and/or Main Markets. These can be 
built on unoccupied territory, and immediately allow you to build on any land 
within the Warehouse/Main Market\'s service area. The service area is the 
highlighted area seen when the building is selected, explained in more detail 
below. Occupied territory cannot be claimed in this way. In the case of other 
players, their Warehouses/Main Markets need to be destroyed by certain 
military units (Cannon, Mortars, Catapults, Archers with flaming arrows). Once 
destroyed, you can *rapidly* rebuild the Warehouse/Main Market, and any 
buildings and facilities exclusively in its service area are captured by you. 
Alternatively, the destroyed building can be allowed to crumble completely, 
which causes the land to become neutral and all the other buildings 
exclusively in its service area to be destroyed. In the case of natives, Main 
Markets can only be destroyed and the land turned neutral, not captured.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

3.1.3 What are civilization levels?

Civilization levels restrict what can be built and researched, what goods can 
be sold (and hence your ability to make money), and how densely populated your 
housing can become. Housing starts at Pioneer level. To develop this housing 
to Settler level, certain goods need to be sold to residents of houses, and 
those houses need to have access to certain facilities. Appendix Building and 
Industry Data contains a list of these requirements. In some cases, population 
will demand things that are not needed for them to develop, for example 
Pioneers demand Salt, but it is not needed for them to develop to Settlers. 
You can of course sell Salt to increase revenue (the merits of Salt sales are 
discussed under Industry Planning and Building strategies). Houses do not need 
to be rebuilt from new when evolving between civilization levels, however 
construction materials do need to be available to your residents. The 
exception is Aristocrat housing, which is not an evolution of Merchant housing 
- instead it needs to be built as new. Aristocrats are not necessarily the 
ultimate aim of city building, and almost everything is available with a large 
Merchant level population (the merits of Aristocrat cities are discussed in 
the context of Colony Planning and Building strategies).

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

3.1.4 How do I make money?

Money is primarily generated by selling goods to your population. Goods are 
sold via stalls, which need to be placed within the service area (see below) 
of housing. Different civilization levels make different demands for goods. 
Different stalls sell different types of goods. Goods must be procured by you, 
and made available on the island the stalls are selling them. Goods can 
sometimes be purchased from other players, natives, pirates, or Venetians 
(Free Traders), but in most cases you will need to produce the goods yourself. 
Production of goods, provision of facilities, and other expenses such as 
military, need to be balanced carefully against revenue from sales of goods. 
Further complexity is added by the fact that certain goods can only be 
produced on certain islands, which means that higher level civilizations need 
to be supported by multiple islands with goods shipped between them. That 
balancing act requires good city design, good financial management, and robust 
advanced planning, particularly when moving between civilization levels. Money 
can be generated from several secondary sources - trade, demanding tribute (in 
theory, there are some bugs here) and finding treasures, but these should not 
normally be relied on as a source of revenue. It is important to note that, 
unlike 1602, there is no taxation of your population.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

3.1.5 What operating costs are there?

Production buildings that produce goods constantly, and population related 
facilities, have an operating cost. Production buildings where products have 
to be ordered (such as shipyards, fortresses, and certain weapons shops) do 
not have a fixed operating cost - they cost nothing to maintain when they are 
not producing. Houses have no operating cost - the only costs associated with 
them relate to building and upgrading, and of course the supply of goods for 
sale. Ships and military units also have an operating (upkeep) cost. Operating 
costs are deducted at regular intervals. A full list of building operating 
costs can be found in appendix Building and Industry Data. Production 
buildings can often be de-activated (\"turned off\"), which reduces, but does 
not eliminate, operating cost. Population related facilities cannot be 
deactivated in this way, and operating costs can only be saved by demolishing 
the building. Ships and ground units similarly cannot have their operating 
cost reduced - the units can only be sunk or killed to eliminate upkeep (and 
the unit).

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

3.1.6 How does the balance sheet work?

Each island settlement has separate stocks, operating costs and revenue. Money 
(coin) is pooled in a single treasury. Loses on one island may therefore be 
offset against profits on another island without physically moving money or 
balancing trade deficits. Goods are not automatically shared between islands - 
they need to be shipped between islands. Operating costs are deducted at 
regular time intervals, while sales and other revenues occur at different 
times. This can cause the overall balance figure to be quite dynamic, and so 
the balance needs to be considered when averaged out over a few cycles. *Very* 
dynamic balance sheets are often associated with under-supply or infrequent 
deliveries. For example, a ship unloads a cargo, which is in heavy demand. As 
it sells it generates sales revenue. Before the ship returns with another 
load, stocks have been emptied, so nothing can be sold, and the sales revenue 
returns to zero.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

3.1.7 How do service areas work?

Service areas are the highlighted area when the building is selected. 
Buildings that produce things need to have the raw materials they require for 
production within their service area. In the case of farms and plantations, 
the service area needs to contain suitable land or crop fields. Stonemasons 
need a Quarry within their service area. In the case of most other production 
buildings, the supply of raw materials may be a Main Market or Warehouse *or* 
the original producer of the raw materials. If the raw materials are available 
in the island\'s stores, they will be simultaneously available from every Main 
Market or Warehouse on that island. Population related facilities (such as 
Chapels and stalls) need to be in the service area of the houses they serve. 
The houses do not specifically need to be in the service area of the 
facilities. So long as the facilities are in the service area of a Main Market 
or Warehouse (it is almost impossible for them not to be), these facilities\' 
service areas are mostly meaningless. One notable exception is the Tavern, 
which needs to have a supply of Alcohol within its service area.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

3.1.8 What is the significance of road access?

Most buildings benefit from road access. Production buildings have specific 
entrances, shown by green arrows when building. Roads must adjoin one or more 
of these entrances to function. In the case of most farms and mines, road 
access is optional. If the farm or mine is within the service area of the 
processing industry that requires its raw material, no road is required 
because the materials can be collected by a worker walking to the farm/mine. 
If road access is provided, carts can be sent from Main Markets or Warehouses 
to pick up goods, which will allow excess goods to be stored until needed, and 
goods to be moved around the same island or made available to be shipped 
elsewhere. The disadvantage is that each Main Market/Warehouse only has a 
finite number of cart drivers, so complex economies can rapidly run out of 
transport capacity if they rely too heavily on cart transport. Carts will be 
sent out automatically to pick up finished materials or goods. Once the cart 
has returned to a Main Market or Warehouse, the goods become available at 
every Main Market or Warehouse owned by you on the same island. Processing 
industries should have road access, since the end product will not be 
transported by any other means than cart. In rare cases \'road access\' can be 
provided through other buildings - this is discussed within General 
industry/farm design strategies below. Road access for housing is a moot 
point. Housing does not require road access, because houses have small 
internal walkways between them. However, these walkways can become crowded at 
higher civilization levels, which can prevent residents from accessing all the 
facilities they need. Consequently most players provide some level of road 
access to housing, even if only a proportion of all houses are connected by 
road.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

3.1.9 How does production occur?

Primary production involves growing and harvesting crops or livestock, or 
mining. Secondary production is often needed to process these into useful 
goods. Most production is a simple case of taking one raw material to a 
processing industry, and returning with the finished product. In a few cases, 
two items need to be used for production to occur. For example, Ore smelters 
require Ore and Wood to produce Iron. Sometimes more than one production 
process is needed. For example, after Iron is produced it is made into Tools 
or weapons before it has any proper use. End products are sold to your 
population, used by your military, or used in further construction. Appendix B 
shows Production Links. Industries operate at a percentage efficiency, 
primarily based on how well supplied they are with raw materials, although 
other factors such as draught or poor supply lines can cause efficiency to 
drop. Balancing the provision of different industries within your economy is 
part science, part art - appendix C contains Production Efficiency data to 
assist in this.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

3.1.10 Why should I colonize new islands and how?

New islands will need to be colonized in order to support higher levels of 
civilization. It is not possible to produce everything Citizen or higher 
populations require on any one island. Specific agricultural resources are 
required to produce certain goods, and no one island has all agricultural 
resources. Depending on the map and objectives, further islands may be needed 
to access mineral resources, or simply provide space for city building. To 
colonize a new vacant island, you need to build a new warehouse on it. This is 
done either by moving a ship with the required construction materials close to 
the island and using the construct warehouse icon on the ship\'s menu; or by 
landing a Scout, loading it with the required materials, and then using it to 
build a Main Market. In most cases it is useful to have direct sea access to a 
new colony, so the former method is more common. If the island is already 
completely occupied you will need to invade first - see How do I capture an 
enemy settlement? below. For warehouse troubleshooting, see Why can\'t I build 
a warehouse? below.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

______________________________________________________________________________

3.2 Strategies
______________________________________________________________________________


3.2.1 Common mistakes

Budgie quotes \"a former user\", who lists five errors commonly made by new 
players (I\'ve condensed and re-written the description of each). Consider each 
carefully, because some mistakes below you may not even realise you are making 
:-) : 

- Over-production: Your economy is finely balanced, particularly at the start 
of the game. You cannot afford to produce more than you need, however tempting 
it may be to stock your warehouse to the rafters, \'just in case\'. Also try to 
keep industries running efficiently (80+% efficiency), with all buildings in 
the same production chain operating at about the same efficiency. Jini writes: 
\"Personally I always try to have a small overproduction of food and alcohol 
because the inhabitants get very grumpy if there\'s not enough that. With all 
other consumer goods, (spice, tobacco, and so on) I\'m trying to achieve a 
small underproduction because this makes sure that every bit of spice or 
tobacco will immediately be turned into cash.\" 

- Retaining obsolete or outdated facilities: Some starting facilities are 
inefficient and/or expensive compared to those you can build later. The most 
common mistake is to retain Small Farms/Potatoes for Alcohol consumption long 
after Hops/Breweries become available - the later are cheaper and more 
productive. 

- Meeting every demand: You don\'t have to give your colonists everything they 
demand immediately. It is important to differentiate needs (things that will 
make the colonists unhappy and leave if not provided), and demands (things 
that will allow colonist to develop civilization level or contribute 
additional sales revenue if provided). For example, Pioneers demand a Chapel 
in order to develop to Settlers. But they can remain as happy Pioneers without 
a Chapel, so only provide a Chapel when you can also meet the other needs for 
advancing to Settlers, otherwise you are wasting money. Pioneers do need Food, 
and if this need is not met their houses will collapse. SirGorash writes: \"The 
key to wealth is to build as few supply units and buildings as possible, and 
to supply your people only with stuff that is absolutely required.\" Of course, 
it is often profitable in the long run to sell goods that are demanded and not 
needed, but don\'t feel you must meet such demands. 

- Rapid expansion: When learning the game, expand slowly. Wait until you have 
achieved a steady financial situation before trying to reach the next 
civilisation level. New civilisation levels (such as Settler to Citizen) 
require significant investments in new buildings and (often) new island 
colonies, but you will not see the revenue from these investments until your 
population develops to the new level - in the interim you will tend to lose 
money, so ensure you start such a process from a sound financial base. As you 
become more experienced, you will be able to expand much more rapidly. This 
\'mistake\' is only a mistake for new players who don\'t yet instinctively know 
when to add or remove buildings. 

- Lack of preparation for civilisation advances: A continuation of the last 
point. When your civilisation advances a level, the population will increase 
dramatically (almost double). One needs to be ready to supply all the extra 
Food, Alcohol, whatever, associated with such a population increase. The 
reason many players come unstuck when jumping from Settlers to Citizens is 
they have not anticipated the need to (in some cases) *double* the size of 
their entire economy. Instead they see the jump as a simple case of supplying 
one or two extra goods, which is only a small proportion of the problem. 

I\'d also add a caveat about military forces: Don\'t feel compelled to build up 
a large military at the start of the game. You probably don\'t need them, the 
buildings needed to make weapons will use resources better spent on civilian 
facilities and production, and troop upkeep will drain funds. Even if the 
scenario puts you at war with another player from the start, you can often 
survive with only a handful of units. Once your economy is booming, then make 
your military plans.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

3.2.2 Initial colony building

There is no right or wrong way to build a colony, and many veteran players may 
be able to play through certain stages of the game far quicker than suggested 
below. This section is primarily aimed at those whose first attempts have 
ended in financial disaster, and want to learn how to make any progress in the 
game at all. Once you master the basics, many tweaks and changes will become 
apparent to speed up and optimise colony development. 

Even if you only start with a single ship, initially you will be losing money 
from upkeep. Remember game speed can be changed, using F5-F8. Half speed (F8) 
can be useful when laying out basic colony facilities. 

When learning the game, try to find a large \'Northern\' island - one that can 
grow Hops, which will make Settler level easier to sustain. Acid (translated 
by Gunter) writes: \"The button \'Stop supplying building materials\' is very 
important and should be activated as soon as have built your first warehouse. 
It prevents your pioneers from an uncontrolled advance to settler level.\" 

Roughly plan where you will place your housing and where you will place 
production facilities. Housing benefits from a large area of flat ground where 
it can be densely packed close to public facilities. Later production 
facilities will need mineral deposits, so consider opening up land towards 
mountains with mineral deposits. Expand your territory with additional Main 
Market(s), but don\'t over-expand, since each Main Market costs you building 
materials, cash and upkeep. Hakea comments: \"Usually it pays to try for the 
maximum spacing of market buildings (which is a grid of 25x26 spaces) as 
markets get progressively more expensive to build and run as you progress.\" 

Construct 2-4 Forester\'s Huts, and plant forest around them. They don\'t need 
their entire service area filled with trees to be efficient. Connect them up 
to your Warehouse/Main Market with roads. Acid notes: \"Be careful in the very 
beginning that the road connections fit to the green arrows of the buildings, 
otherwise the market wagons can\'t pick up the goods and a road symbol will 
appear above the building.\" Four Foresters\' Huts places quite a strain on your 
finances. However, they mean basic construction materials are readily 
available early in the game, so colonies can grow quicker. Place a pair of 
Hunting Lodges near to the Foresters\' area. Ideally give them a mix of trees 
and open land, and of course a road connection. A pair of Hunting Lodges will 
produce enough Food to feed about 400 people. Acid writes: \"Fisherman\'s huts 
aren\'t necessary and too expensive. You can do well without them.\" Wood, Food 
and Hides are now being produced. 

Hakea writes: \"There are two key elements in 1503 city planning: one is the 
\'reach\' of the markets (you can\'t build anything outside its radial reach) and 
the other is the reach of the houses (they won\'t be able to get the benefit of 
goods or services outside their \'area\').\" When building residential areas, try 
to group houses in a circle around a central facilities district. The aim will 
be to get as many houses as close to the same set of facilities as possible. 
This maximises the population per facility, giving a better ratio of revenue 
to facility operating cost. You will not build all the facilities straight 
away, but you should leave enough space for them to be added later. Sample 
layouts are discussed under Colony Planning and Building strategies below. 
Houses do not need road access, however, you may find it beneficial to place 
some roads, particularly around the central area, since this seems to help 
people find their way to facilities. 

Initially build 10-15 houses. Add a Food and Salt stall to your central 
facilities area - make sure it is within the service area of each of your 
houses. Build one Tannery to process Hides into Leather, and set up a 
Cloth/Leather stall in your town. You will now be selling Food and Leather, 
and will start to make some money to offset all your operating costs. 

Acid suggests selling excess Food and buying some extra Tools at this stage: 
\"Either you do it passively via the warehouse or you look for a small flat 
island where the Venetians dwell As you\'re also in urgent need of tools, you 
can put up a trading route with the Venetian island and your trading ship. 50t 
food vs 50t tools gives an approximately plus/minus zero balance. If the 
island isn\'t to be found, purchase the tools via your warehouse. Deactivate it 
after one delivery, it\'s too expensive.\" The Venetian island does not exist in 
the Citizen level endless game, or in most of the campaign/scenarios. Trading 
for Tools is not normally essential if you manage your initial stock of Tools 
carefully. 

Keep on building houses as materials allow. Expect to build about 40 houses 
around your central facilities district. As the number of houses rise, so does 
the number of consumers for your products. This should start to balance your 
finances better. 

Two further goods need to be supplied before your Pioneers will upgrade to 
Settlers: Alcohol and Cloth. Alcohol must initially be produced by planting 
Potatoes around Small Farms. Three Small Farms should be *just* about 
sufficient to get to (but not sustain) 360 Settlers, at which point more 
efficient Hop production can be used. Alcohol is sold from a Tavern, which is 
placed in the central facilities district. The Tavern must have a source of 
Alcohol within its service area - ideally the Tavern should be placed close to 
a Main Market to ensure uninterrupted supply. Cloth must initially be produced 
from Sheep Farms and Weaving Huts. Use a ratio of 2 Sheep Farms to 1 Weaving 
Hut (commonly known as a \"combine\"). Each Sheep/Weaver combine will cater for 
almost 300 people, so one combine is all that is needed to start with. 

Once Alcohol and Cloth are being sold, and you have a moderately large number 
of houses, you should find yourself in a financially stable position. Don\'t 
expect to make much money from Pioneers - hopefully you still have enough of 
your startup capital to move straight on to Settlers. Build a Chapel in the 
central facilities district, make construction materials available (if you 
shut them off to start with), and your people will develop to Settlers. 
Although Pioneers can be sold Salt, they don\'t need it to upgrade to Settlers. 
Mining Salt early in the game is not recommended, because the operating costs 
of a Salt Mine and Works exceed the profit from selling Salt in small 
quantities - one Salt Mine and Works provides for about 3000 people, and is 
not a profitable venture when selling to 100-200. The Pros and Cons of Salt 
mining are discussed in detail later - there are exceptions to this rule for 
experienced players.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

3.2.3 Settlers and beyond

As Settler houses start to develop, you will start to need more production 
facilities to cater for the increased population. If Tools were not running 
short beforehand, they will be now, since each Settler upgrade uses Tools. 
Additionally, new facilities rapidly become available. This creates a 
situation where it is easy to over-spend, or run out of something critical 
just at the wrong moment, and the whole colony goes horribly wrong... Don\'t be 
afraid to turn off the supply of construction materials to your colonists, so 
only some upgrade to Settlers. This tactic is also useful when trying to build 
new facilities with limited volumes of materials. 

Early priorities for entirely new buildings, should be a Quarry and 
Stonemason, to provide Bricks. These are normally followed by an Ore Mine, Ore 
Smelter and Smithy (Toolmaker) to create Tools - these become available with 
80 Settlers. One Ore Smelter will produce a lot of excess Iron - sometimes 
this excess can be traded. Later you may wish to build a second Smithy and 
increase the rate of Tool production, or shut down the mine and smelter for a 
while and let the Smithy work on stockpiles of Iron. 

Once 360 Settlers are achieved, build a pair of Hop Farms and a Brewery. 
Destroy all the Small Farms. Hop-based alcohol production is far more cost-
effective than potato-based production. A School should also be built (again 
in the centre of the town) and research started into Wells, and then the Fire 
Brigade. Once this research is complete, build a Fire Brigade to deal with the 
house fires that will inevitably start. Also consider researching the Weaving 
Mill, which will almost double the output of Cloth compared with a Weaver\'s 
Hut, although you will need to build an extra Sheep Farm (ratio of 3 Sheep 
Farms to 1 Weaving Mill). 

Hakea writes: \"It\'s not essential to always build exact numbers of farms, 
mills, etc in precise ratios to each 100 people - and in fact they rarely ever 
match perfectly. Just keep a regular watch on your stock levels and make sure 
that you are neither grossly overproducing (which will waste money when the 
chain jams up due to lack of storage) nor running too lean (which will cause 
your settlement to wither). Also check that each field and building is 
producing as close to 100% efficiency as you can manage.\" Watch how your city 
develops, including those small details that could cause problems if left 
unchecked. Acid notes: \"If people are queuing at the stands, build some more 
of them.\" As cities become larger single stands will struggle to serve 
customers quickly - that will increase the amount of time each household 
spends purchasing goods, and may ultimately lead to them not getting enough of 
what they need. 

Once your population have reached Settler level, you should once again be in a 
financially stable position. Do not start working towards Citizens while you 
are haemorrhaging cash: Unless the startup capital was very generous, you will 
go bankrupt before completing a Citizen level city. 

In order to develop your people to Citizen status you will need to supply them 
with at least two of Spice, Tobacco or Salt. These will almost certainly 
require a new production colony on a different island. This entails using your 
ship (and Scout if you also wish to be sure of revealing minerals and natives) 
to explore new islands. Once you have chosen an island, load up with 
construction materials and sail to the island. Build a Warehouse, and a 
several plantations (Tobacco will also require Tobacco factories - 
approximately in the ratio of 2 plantations to 1 factory). Don\'t add any 
houses to this new island - use it for production only. Set up a trade route 
with your ship to bring the new goods back to your main colony, and add a 
Tobacco and Spice stand to the centre of town. 

An alternative strategy is to supply *all* demanded goods, primarily as a 
means of generating extra revenue prior to developing Citizens. Once you start 
supplying a good from another island, you will find it hard to expand further 
without another ship, because your first ship is kept busy moving cargo. 
Further ships require shipyards, Hemp/Rope production, and cost upkeep, so 
there are good reasons to delay building additional vessels. By setting up two 
different production colonies (Spice and Tobacco), one can delay supplying 
goods until both supply islands are built. There are two disadvantages: (1) 
whilst you are building on these supply islands and not selling any of the 
produce, you will slowly be going bankrupt; and (2) due to a quirk in the 
automatic trade route system, transporting two different goods at the same 
time needs to be done with great care - see Why does my automatic trade route 
fail when I transport more than one item? below. 

The last facility to be added should be a Church. The Church can be in the 
centre of the town, instead of the Chapel. However, once the main Church is 
built each Chapel on the island is upgraded to a Church (albeit a smaller 
one). Consequently, it may be more space efficient to build the Church at the 
edge of your town, and retain the upgraded Chapel. The disadvantage is the 
increased operating cost - it is a trade off between higher cost and being 
able to get more houses clustered around a (slightly smaller) central 
facilities district. 

Before making the jump to Citizen level, ensure you have adequate supplies of 
things like Food. You will also need a lot of Bricks, so consider a second 
Stonemason (two can work in the same Quarry). Lastly, note that Citizens do 
not buy Leather, so those Hunting Lodges and Tanneries will start fill up with 
unwanted goods. Remember though that the Hunting Lodges may be providing a 
significant proportion of your Food supply - don\'t delete them without 
considering this fully. 

Moving to Citizen level requires a fine balance to be struck between building 
up the facilities you will need to support a Citizen population, and not being 
entirely able to finance them with a population of Settlers. You may need to 
restrict the supply of construction materials, if not ACid|88 comments: \"Your 
Citizens count will go high too fast -> Food empty -> Panic -> build new farms 
-> no money.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

______________________________________________________________________________

3.3 Tutorials
______________________________________________________________________________


The tutorials should be self-explanatory, so I have not gone into great detail 
here.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

3.3.1 Discovery and Settlement

The first hint screen contains general information about the interface. To 
start the tutorial proper, click the \"X\". Once the tutorial is complete, you 
can continue playing - the game will not automatically end once the tutorial 
part has finished. There is only one island here, so I do not recommend you 
play this after the tutorial has ended.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

3.3.2 Trade and Diplomacy

Trade with the Native Americans at their Market place - look for the flag 
outside the tent. You will first need to offload the Scout, select it, and 
then select the box/barrel symbol and move good between the ship and Scout. On 
the southern island, trade via the other player\'s warehouse, which can be 
found on the northern side of the inland bay. Don\'t accidentally declare war 
on your would-be trading partner, by missing the trade agreement button and 
pressing the declare war icon instead (it\'s rather too easy a mistake to make) 
- if you do, restart the tutorial.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

3.3.3 Combat Training

When adding the cannon unit to the cannon tower, click on the tower itself, 
not the stairwell next to it (the stairs allow certain troops to access the 
walls, although not cannons). In the final battle, remember the game can be 
slowed down to half speed by pressing F8.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

3.3.4 What now?

Before commencing the campaign or scenarios, I suggest you try a \"Citizen\" 
endless game (this level does not exist in the unpatched game - play \"Baron\" 
level instead). This gives you lots of cash and resources with which to learn 
to build colonies. Aim to master building a profitable colony, advancing until 
you have at least Merchant level civilisation. This is a far more gentle start 
than the campaigns and scenarios. If you have played 1602 or consider yourself 
a veteran of these types of games, you may wish to dive straight into the 
campaign.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~



==============================================================================

4. GAMEPLAY

==============================================================================


This section contains short answers to specific commonly asked questions. 
Associated Strategies are contained in a later section. This section assumes 
one has at least skimmed through the manual, attempted to play the game and/or 
completed the tutorials: It does not cover absolutely everything, just topics 
which have confused new players enough for them to ask the question. Topic 
specific information may be found in-game, by clicking the question mark icon 
on the bottom bar or pressing F1, and typing in the name of the thing you want 
information on. However, much of the content of the in-game help seems to have 
been written without regard to features that changed mid-development or were 
never implemented, so you will find many inaccuracies. Also, the extended 
tutorial level, the Citizen difficulty endless game, includes a series of 
hints in the form of message icons that appear at the bottom of the screen.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

______________________________________________________________________________

4.1 Setup
______________________________________________________________________________


4.1.1 What do the symbols and ratings on the initial player menu mean?

Star ratings indicate difficulty, where one star is the easiest and four stars 
the most difficult. Half moons, circles, and circles with numbers in indicate 
the estimated length of the scenario. Use these as a relative guide.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.1.2 What are the differences between \'endless\' level difficulties?

Based on the writings of LadyH, augmented by my own observations:

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

                        Starting
Level                   Cash      Islands  Natives  Treasures  Rating  Notes
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
IN THE ORIGINAL GAME:
Citizen                 500,000   20       2        15?        *         [1]
Baron                    50,000   27       3        15         *
Viscount                 45,000   27       3        15         *
Count                    30,000   27       3        12         **
Marquess                 30,000   28       3        12         ***
Duke                     30,000   23       4        10         ***
Prince                   25,000   27       5        10         ***
King                     20,000   28       5        10         ****
Emperor                  20,000   25       5         8         ****
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
WITH THE EXPANSION PACK:
Brilliant Architect  10,000,000   23       5         ?         *         [2]
Estate Owner            300,000   29       5         ?         ***       [3]
Master Strategist        23,000   12       5         ?         ****


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Notes: 
- 1. Cannot be customized. 
- 2. No AI players can be included. All buildings available from the start. 
- 3. AI player cannot be customized. 
Pirates can be toggled on/off at the start of the game (unless otherwise 
noted). 

Citizen is slightly different from the other difficulty settings, because the 
Citizen game occurs on a fixed map with no customisation or variety in 
resources. It is designed primarily as a training level. Zomby Woof comments: 
\"Originally \'Baron\' was the easiest level in the German version, but the more 
easy \'Citizen\' was added later.\" 

The number of different resources in each of the main endless levels are 
listed by BaldJim and Gunter (based on table found at 
http://digilander.libero.it/anno1503/ ), augmented by my own observations:

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

           ORIGINAL GAME:                                  EXPANSION PACK:
                                                           Bril.  Est- Mast.
                  Vis-        Mar-        Pri-        Emp- Arch-   ate Strat
           Baron count Count  quis  Duke   nce  King  eror itect Owner egist
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
NUMBER OF DEPOSITS
Gems           4     4     4     3     3     3     2     2     6     7     1
Gold           4     4     4     3     3     3     2     2    11    12     1
Iron Ore      26    28    22    22    20    20    17    16    60    79     2
Marble         4     4     5     4     5     4     3     4     8     8     1
Raw Salt       7     6     6     5     4     4     4     3    11     9     1
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
NUMBER OF 100% ISLANDS
Cotton         8     9     5     6     5     6     5     5     7    11     5
Herbs          5     5     4     4     3     3     3     3     4     3     3
Hops           5     5     4     3     3     3     2     2     4     3     3
Indigo         7     7     4     4     4     4     3     3     2     1     3
Silk           7     7     4     4     4     4     3     3     2     1     3
Spice          4     6     3     5     3     3     3     4     8    11     2
Sugarcane      7     6     3     4     4     5     3     3     2     1     3
Tobacco        4     5     3     4     3     3     3     4     5    10     2
Wine           9     7     6     5     5     6     4     4    15    24     7


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Game difficulty also varies in a number of less obvious ways. Balou notes: 
\"The prices at the booths change with the difficulty level: the easier the 
game, the more money you make selling stuff to your own people.\" BaldJim 
writes: \"The rate at which the AI advances varies with the level of difficulty 
of the game. In the Single Player/Endless Games, the AI players are programmed 
to advance at different rates depending of the number of stars showing the 
level of difficulty. In the Citizen level, the two AI players will do nothing 
until _after_ you have done it. This level is better termed an Advanced 
Tutorial. The Baron, Viscount, and Count levels at the one and two stars, are 
set to match your pace. At the three star levels, the AI advances more 
independently. If you just want to practice war, skip the other levels and go 
to King and/or Emperor at the four star level. I think you will find that the 
AI players do _not_ wait around for you. However, the AI will still not be as 
brilliant as you. The AI will not build more than it needs to survive and 
doesn\'t do Aristocrats.\" 

Is there a level which is so difficult as to be impossible? Jochen Bauer 
writes: \"No, they can all be completed - I tried it myself.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.1.3 Can you play as native races or pirates?

No. Although in the expansion pack you may capture enemy ships, allowing 
piracy.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.1.4 Can other players be made less aggressive?

BaldJim writes: \"There are 3 or 4 AI players in each game. You may turn one or 
more off. Alternatively, you may change their profile from the default 
profile. A list of the profiles least likely to cause you war problems: The 
Trader, The Timid One, The Reluctant One, The Quiet One, The Just One, The 
Introvert.\" Changes are made under the customize button (not available at 
Citizen level).

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.1.5 Are the endless play mode maps random?

The Citizen level map is not random. On other levels, Badcat109 writes: \"The 
islands are all in the same spot and basically the same size, just different 
shapes. Also resources are randomly placed.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

______________________________________________________________________________

4.2 Interface
______________________________________________________________________________


4.2.1 Which way is north?

From Hakea: \"North/South puzzled me for a few minutes too, as it doesn\'t line 
up with the map edges as you\'d expect, but with the edges of the screen. But 
you\'ll kick yourself once you see the compass - it\'s a huge black/grey thing 
with a North spike at the top, that takes up the whole centre of the map. 
Oddly enough it\'s still easy to miss.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.2.2 Can I see the current objectives in-game?

Yes. Select help (small \'?\' on the bottom bar or press F1), and then select 
the check-box icon. Current objectives are shown, along with a tick-box. A 
tick indicates the objective has been met, an empty box means the objective 
has not been completed. You can also read the text from the video sequences 
here. If you can only see and not hear, this will help you understand the 
plot.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.2.3 Can I hide trees or buildings from view?

No, not without deleting them completely, which is not always an option. When 
fighting in woodland, entire armies tend to disappear from view, while streets 
in large cities may never be seen again...

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.2.4 What can hotkeys be assigned to?

Custom hotkeys (Crtl + 0-9) can only be assigned to groups of ships or units. 
You cannot assign them to buildings or locations. \'H\' can be used to jump 
(cycle) between colonies, however this will always focus on the same spot. \'J\' 
can be used to jump to the location of an event that has been reported, such 
as a battle or fire.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.2.5 Is there a list of short-cut keys?

Yes. It can be found in the manual and in the game\'s readme.txt file. This is 
an important reference for things like game speed, which cannot be changed 
using the mouse. The expansion pack adds the key command \'V\', plant fields 
around active farm, and \'-\', display statistics screen.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.2.6 How does scoring work?

H3ck|0 writes: \"I don\'t know any formulas... but the Scoreboard is falsified 
by buffer overflows. I think at 65,535 for any value the game starts counting 
at 0 again. So this scoreboard doesn\'t say anything.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.2.7 Can I give orders while paused?

No. The best option is to change the game speed to half speed (press F8).

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

______________________________________________________________________________

4.3 Climate and Resources
______________________________________________________________________________


4.3.1 How many different climate zones are there?

Six: Polar, Tundra, Northern, Prairie, Steppes and Jungle. At first glance, 
Polar, Tundra and Northern may be confused. The first is entirely snow 
covered, the second only part snow-covered, and the third is devoid of snow. 
Some individual maps contain less than six.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.3.2 What characterises each climate zone? Where can I find certain 
resources?

The table below is based on the comments of BaldJim. Natives and resources 
shown are those that *may* be found in different climates. They will not 
always all be available, and some maps may be completely devoid of a certain 
resources, particularly in the campaign and scenarios:

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

-----------+----------------+-----------------+------------------------------
ISLAND     | GROUND         | NATIVES         | RESOURCES
-----------+----------------+-----------------+------------------------------
Polar      | All snow and   | Eskimos.        | Whales, Wild Game, Iron Ore,
           | ice.           |                 | Stone.
-----------+----------------+-----------------+------------------------------
Tundra     | Snow and       | Mongols. Also   | Whales, Wild Game, Trees,
           | grassland.     | Eskimos in the  | Potatoes, Hemp, Grain, Salt,
           |                | campaign.       | Marble, Iron Ore, Stone.
-----------+----------------+-----------------+------------------------------
Northern   | Grassland,     | Mongols, Native | Wine, Hops, Medicinal Herbs,
           | evergreen and  | Americans,      | Wild Game, Trees, Potatoes, 
           | mixed forest.  | Venetians.      | Hemp, Grain, Salt, Marble,
           |                |                 | Iron Ore, Stone.
-----------+----------------+-----------------+------------------------------
Prairie    | Dry rocky with | Native          | Wine, Tobacco, Cotton, Wild
           | North American | Americans.      | Game, Trees, Potatoes, Hemp,
           | wildlife.      |                 | Grain, Gems, Iron Ore, Stone.
-----------+----------------+-----------------+------------------------------
Steppes    | Dry rocky with | Africans,       | Wine, Spices, Wild Game,
           | Asian wildlife.| Bedouins, Moors,| Trees, Potatoes, Hemp, Grain,
           |                | Polynesians.    | Gems, Iron Ore, Stone.
-----------+----------------+-----------------+------------------------------
Jungle     | Palm forest    | Africans,       | Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk,
 (Also     | with \"colorful | Aztecs, Moors,  | Indigo, Wild Game, Trees,
 called    | birds, noisy   | Polynesians.    | Potatoes, Hemp, Grain, Gems,
 Southern) | animals\".      |                 | Gold, Iron Ore, Stone.
-----------+----------------+-----------------+------------------------------


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.3.3 How do I determine resources?

Agricultural resources are revealed by sailing a ship close to the island, and 
then moving the mouse cursor over the island and reading the resources off the 
bottom bar. Only rare crop types show in this way - those that can be grown on 
any non-ice surface such as Potatoes, Hemp and Grain are not shown. Mineral 
deposits are revealed by sending a Scout close to the base of mountains. Rare 
mineral resources will show as an icon containing a spinning pair of hammers 
and a nugget of the relevant mineral. All mountains offer Stone - this is not 
shown as a specific resource. FaithRaven adds: \"Minerals are automatically 
discovered if they are in range of your market.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.3.4 Why, after exploring, do no crop types show for the island?

This occurs for Tundra and Polar islands. There are no special crop types 
available on these islands, so the resource information bar may look just like 
it did before you explored.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.3.5 How do you find other players and natives?

Other players\' colonies will appear when you sail, or send a ground unit, 
close to them. Gunter notes: \"By looking to an island, you can guess that 
somebody is living there if you notice a large treeless area.\" Also watch the 
movement of other players\' ships, which normally gives the location of their 
warehouses. Settlements that are too far inland to be seen from the coast can 
be found by walking a Scout across the island.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.3.6 Where do I get Tools from?

You may buy Tools from Venetians - either by setting a buy requirement at your 
Warehouse or (on certain maps only) trading with the Venetians at their 
colony. You may trade with other players or pirates. Other players may be just 
as short of Tools as you, and so be unwilling to trade them. Jini comments: 
\"If you have found the pirate\'s warehouse, first have look there. If they are 
selling tools, they sell it for an incredible good price.\" Also see How does 
external trade work? below. 

In the long term you should produce Tools yourself. Rayyvin writes: \"Use your 
scout to discover an ore deposit on an island, and then build an ore mine, 
small ore smelter and tool maker. Also make sure for enough wood because the 
tool maker and the small ore smelter need wood to make their products.\" Jarrah 
writes: \"Running out of Tools is a common thing so it\'s good to get into the 
habit of building the Tool chain early.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.3.7 How do I build and operate Quarries and Mines?

Quarries (for Stone and Marble) may be built on every mountain or large rock 
formation. Other mines require specific mineral deposits to be present in the 
mountain (you will not always find every type of mineral on every island). 

Quarries need to be within a mason\'s service area - they do not produce 
anything alone. Admiral Drake writes: \"To get bricks you need two buildings: a 
quarry placed on a mountain\'s slot and a stone mason placed near by the mine; 
but never directly before the quarry - leave a minimum of one square free 
space.\" Other types of mines will produce minerals automatically, and if road 
access is provided, carts can pick up and store minerals. Workers at 
facilities such as Ore Smelters can also collect minerals direct from mines. 

Hakea describes the process of building an ore mine: \"(1) Send the scout to 
explore mountains to find the site of the deposit. (2) Supply enough building 
materials to construct the necessary production chain (see next step). (3) Run 
enough road to get to the site (this may involve building more than one Market 
in order to reach the mountain). (4) Place the mine in the spot(s) that the 
game allows. (5) Either collect the finished goods when you think there are 
enough to warrant the trip, or else set up an auto-route to get a ship to do 
it for you.\" 

If you cannot build a mine, LadyH asks: \"Is there a main market place near 
enough that its service area reaches the mountain? Check that by double-
clicking one of your main market buildings. The mountain has to be inside of 
the highlighted area.\" Helen adds: \"You don\'t place it directly on the 
mountain, a little below...\" Certain mines only become available at higher 
civilisation levels. For example, you will not be able to mine ore until you 
have at least 80 Settlers.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.3.8 Do mines run out?

In the original version mines do not run out. The game\'s readme says: \"Once a 
certain quantity of iron ore has been mined, you have to place a deeper ore 
mine on top of the small ore mine in order to continue mining.\" Jochen Bauer\'s 
slightly cryptic answer: \"In 1602 only the iron deposits could sometimes run 
out. In 1503 things will be similar, but that\'s enough for here.\" 

With the expansion pack Small Ore Mines will sometimes stop working after a 
period of time. Nothing will alert you to this change - the mine will simply 
stop producing, its efficiency will drop to zero, and \'suddenly\' there will be 
no raw material for your Ore Smelter. Further Ore can only be extracted by 
placing a Large Ore Mine over the deposit. Large Ore Mines never run out.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.3.9 Can I turn Gold into coins?

No. You cannot mint your own money. Nice try ;-) . Dobber comments: \"They 
already have a building that turns gold into money, it is called a Jeweler. 
7500 Aristocrats turn jewelry into cash so fast it makes your head swim.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.3.10 Is Wine the same as Alcohol?

Not in this game. \'Wine\' is only sold to Aristocrats, and is produced with 
Wineries. \'Alcohol\' is drunk by other civilization levels at Taverns, and may 
be produced from Sugarcane, Hops or Potatoes. Wine should probably be called 
\"fine wine\" and Alcohol called something altogether less sophisticated...

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.3.11 Where can I grow Hemp?

Dragonling writes: \"Like grain and potatoes, it can be grown on every island. 
Even on tundra islands where no other farms can be build, these three grow up 
perfect, but not direct on snow.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.3.12 Can I change what type of trees I plant?

When you plant trees, a random tree type will be selected. To select a 
different type, select the tree tool, and click on an existing tree (or 
another area or object where no tree can be planted). The tree type will 
change to a different one, and you can repeat this as often as you wish until 
the desired tree appears. Nerle has catalogued tree types - pictures of 
different saplings and fully grown trees can be found here: 
http://www.hjbomanns.de/ANNOTools/Baumschule.htm . There are 14 types found on 
colder islands (Tundra, Northern and Prairie), and 12 types found on warmer 
islands (Steppe and Jungle).

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.3.13 Do volcanoes erupt?

Yes. They spit out hot rocks, looking somewhat like intensive mortar fire. 
Buildings very close to the volcano may catch fire, however there are no 
adverse affects elsewhere on the island.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

______________________________________________________________________________

4.4 Roads and Storage
______________________________________________________________________________


4.4.1 Is road access needed?

BaldJim writes: \"Roads are required to get end products of production chains 
from the building where they are made to a warehouse or market building. 
Everything moves fine without roads except the cartmen who are based in the 
warehouses and market buildings.\" Many farms and plantations do not need road 
access, so long as they are within the service area of the relevant processing 
industry: Workers from that processing industry will walk across crop fields 
to collect goods. However, road access allows excess stocks to be taken away 
and stored, and allows stock to be taken to processing facilities which are 
not nearby. Ravell writes: \"You have to connect the building at the right 
spot, watch the green arrows. They don\'t mean the side of the building only, 
but the exact spot, doors, gates.\" 

On residential housing, Nacht writes: \"Pioneer houses don\'t need roads. Nor 
any other houses.\" Limited road access around residential areas improves the 
flow of people round your city and can make the difference between residents 
being able to access facilities and not. Road access is therefore less 
important at lower civilisation levels - fewer people are moving around your 
city. However, at advanced civilisation levels road-less cities rapidly clog 
up with people trying to move about. This means they spend more time accessing 
facilities and goods, which makes them more likely to become dissatisfied and 
leave. 

Jini writes: \"The fire brigade will reach burning houses even if there are no 
roads at all. ... Because of those off-road fire fighters, there is actually 
no real reason to build roads in the city.\" LadyH comments: \"They don\'t need 
roads, that\'s right. But roads will protect against fire, until you\'re able to 
build a fire brigade.\" Gunter clarifies: \"Some people have noticed that it\'s 
better to build some roads because it seems that fires don\'t cross them, and 
roads therefore prevent your city from being burned completely if one house 
catches fire.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.4.2 Are cobbled roads faster than dirt roads? What is the benefit of 
Marketplace squares?

Cambio comments: \"In the help menu it says that movement is supposed to be 
faster...\" But in the original game neither carts or residents move along 
paved streets any quicker than dirt streets. So are there any uses for cobbled 
roads? Svar writes: \"I use them for surveying because they are easy to count.\" 
Balou writes: \"Those two \'market places\' are just fancier streets... with no 
added value, just looking better...\" Beemav3 notes: \"Your cartmen can go 
diagonally across them which shortens their trips a little bit.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.4.3 Do buildings have to face onto a street?

Jini writes: \"The entrance has to be \'free\' - there has to be a street *or* an 
empty field before it. If one builds a building in front of an entrance, the 
original entrance is blocked and can not be used anymore.\" Some buildings have 
multiple entrances (green arrows on the build plan) - in these cases only one 
entrance must be kept clear.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.4.4 How do I build bridges?

Tom Sailor writes: \"Find a straight area at a river and built a street from 
one side to the other. While moving the cursor over the river the bridge will 
appear automatically.\" Stone bridges first need to be researched, and are 
constructed using the cobbled/stone road tool. BaldJim adds: \"The stone bridge 
will not cross anything that the wooden bridge will not cross.\" Ornamental 
(Merchant level) bridges vary from the first method - they are built using a 
specific icon on the build menu. Balou notes: \"Roads built with the 
\'ornamental bridge\' costs just as much as \'plain\' stone roads. They only turn 
expensive when spanning rivers.\" Bridges cannot be used to cross sea, only 
rivers. Bridges differ slightly from piers, which are used to build along 
coastline or over shallow areas of sea. Piers are constructed using the same 
method as roads.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.4.5 How do I build roads along hills and mountainsides?

BaldJim writes: \"Building roads up and down slopes requires a technique that 
takes a bit of practice to acquire. Certain parts of the slopes will not 
accommodate a road - namely the \'corners\'. Since the land forms follow square 
patterns, there are \'corners\' of the various levels. The road needs two 
squares on the slope and one square on both the upper and lower levels, all in 
a straight line. I find that if I start with a \'held\' click at the base of the 
entrance to the mine and drag the road line away, a good path will appear with 
a bit of patience. Be careful not to drop the \'held\' click.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.4.6 Can I have more than one Warehouse on the same island?

Zomby Woof writes: \"You can build more than one warehouse per island. 
Additional warehouses you can build via the \'maritime buildings\' in the 
building menu.\" Solarion adds: \"They can only be built inside your Market 
range.\" Extra warehouses don\'t always equate to extra storage, read on.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.4.7 How do I increase the storage capacity on an island?

Jini writes: \"Every new warehouse or main market building increases the 
storage capacity on that island by 20 tons. After 4 warehouse or so, the 
storage increase drops to 15 tons per additional warehouse/main market 
building. The absolute maximum in the original game is 190 tons. One can not 
have more storage capacity on an island, even if one is building hundreds of 
warehouse.\" Gunter writes: \"50t for the first warehouse. 20t each for the next 
5 markets. 10t each for every additional market. Maximum storage capacity: 
190t.\" With the expansion pack the storage limit rises to 900 tons. 

Jini continues: \"There is a limitation of 2 cartman per warehouse/main market 
building. Cartmen are hardwired with market buildings, i.e. every market 
building has its very own cartmen. This cartman can only fetch goods from 
buildings which are in the service area of his market building and he is only 
moving goods from production buildings into his market building.\" The initial 
(Pioneer level) Warehouse and Main Markets are only assigned one cart. In the 
original game, upgrading to Settler level added one extra cart. Admiral Drake 
notes: \"Even if you delete the houses, all the existing warehouses keep level 
2, only new one (built later) will again get level one. This way you can have 
different warehouses on same island.\" This is discussed in more detail under 
What is the operating cost of Market Places and Warehouses? below. 

With the expansion pack the upgrading of Warehouses and Main Markets is no 
longer automatic. However, once the required civilisation level has been 
reached somewhere in your empire, you will have a choice of what type of 
Warehouse/Main Market to construct.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.4.8 Why can\'t I build a warehouse?

Ravell writes: \"If you have enough wood and tools [on your ship] (and cash of 
course) you should be able to build a (sea)-warehouse. If you can\'t maybe the 
shore is too rugged, try it somewhere else. Also you have to build it from the 
ships menu on the bottom right (yellow), not from the construction menu.\" Note 
that in the first campaign scenario, Nova Fora, you may only build on one 
island. Some scenarios have similar restrictions. Scouts can only build Main 
Markets, not coastal warehouses. The reason, as Gunter writes, is \"they can\'t 
carry the 5t tools and 12t wood which are necessary for such a warehouse. But 
if you want them to build main market buildings they should bring 3t tools and 
7t wood.\" Also see Can I have more than one Warehouse on the same island? 
above.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.4.9 What is the operating cost of Main Markets and Warehouses?

From Jarrah: \"There are 3 levels of markets and shore based warehouses. They 
get more expensive to build and run as you progress. The markets cost 10, 15 
and 30 to run. The warehouses cost a little more - 15, 25 and then 35 at the 
top level.\" The values apply to Pioneer, Settlers and Citizen or higher 
respectively. 

In the original game they do not upgrade immediately, as BaldJim comments: \"I 
found that the upgrade did not occur when there were 50 (or indeed 60) 
settlers. I found that it happened when there were between 120 and 135 people 
and 50 of them were settlers. It seems there are two options to gain the 
minimum population to upgrade the warehouse/market buildings. (1) Build 16 
houses and arrange for only four of them to upgrade to settler level. (2) 
Build 9 houses and arrange for all of them to upgrade to settler level.\" 
Jarrah adds: \"I think that what you need is 125 inhabitants. Why? Because it 
ties in with the usual figure required for an upgrade to Settler. Why 125? 
Because you can\'t build a Chapel without 125 people, and without a Chapel they 
won\'t upgrade.\" The second stage of development is often reported as 220 
Citizens. The main advantage of the first upgrade is a second cart is added to 
the roster (from Andj Pianto). 

With the expansion pack individual warehouse types can be constructed as 
required, so long as at least one island has reached the population 
requirement for each type. Requirements are shown in the Building and Industry 
Data appendix.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.4.10 Can I start an endless game without the first Warehouse placed?

Yes. The warehouse is only placed for you in the Citizen level endless game. 
On other levels you have a free choice of where to start your colony.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.4.11 Why do carts disappear when the game is reloaded?

When reloading a saved game, all the carts restart from warehouses. Goods that 
were in transit when the game was saved are lost. Zoomby Woof notes: \"The 
stock in your tavern also doesn\'t get saved. After loading a savegame there is 
zero alcohol inside and the inn keeper has a lot of work to refill his bar.\" - 
see Is the Tavern\'s service area important? below.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

______________________________________________________________________________

4.5 Colony Buildings
______________________________________________________________________________


4.5.1 How do can I build a ...? Why is a building \'greyed out\' on the 
construction menu?

Buildings require construction materials, coin, flat land, and certain 
population requirements to be met in at least one city in your empire. For 
requirements, see the Building and Industry Data in the appendices. 
Construction materials must be available on the island you are trying to 
build, meaning in your Warehouse/Main Market on that island; not in your 
ship\'s hold (except for the first Warehouse on an island), or on another 
island. You can only build within your territory.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.5.2 What do wells do?

Balou writes: \"Wells increase the fertility of the land... of course that only 
works, if it is below 100% (all green bar).\" They also protect fields during 
droughts, as Zomby Woof notes: \"Not completely, but without wells half of the 
fields dry up and with a well maybe 5-7 fields or even less.\" Balou writes: 
\"There\'s a \'well-draught\' bug, where the wells loose their function after a 
draught - this is a local effect though and seems to re-balance itself after a 
while. Build the farm building first - the well later. Otherwise you won\'t get 
any effect out of it. The service area has to cover at least one part of the 
farm building to service this building. That way one well can serve more than 
one building. The upgraded well doesn\'t seem to enhance the effect of the 
\'normal\' well by much - so it\'s usually of no consequence to build this 
\'better\' well over an old one.\" Dobber writes: \"When you save your game and 
restart the save game at a later date the wells have forgotten their duty and 
will have to be rebuilt.\" Budgie notes: \"Building two or more wells for one 
farm is useless and has no additional effect on the fertility.\" BaldJim notes 
the effect extends to trees: \"When I build a well and there are some trees in 
its service area, the trees \'snap\' to full growth.\" You do not need wells in 
residential area - only agriculture uses them.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.5.3 How do I determine what Small Farms grow?

FaithRaven writes: \"When the Small Farm has potatoes in its range [service 
area], it will produce Alcohol. When it has grassland, it will produce Food. 
You can produce both Food and Alcohol by putting just some potato fields.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.5.4 Why doesn\'t my Whaler work?

Hakea asks: \"Did you build in an area where there actually were some whales to 
catch - e.g. Polar or Tundra?\" HJB notes: \"Whales are bound to the shores of 
polar and tundra islands, not to a specific northern area of the sea.\" Jini 
adds: \"\'Whales\' are the big grey ones, not the black ones with white skin 
(Orcas). I built my very first whaler in an area with Orcas instead of whales 
and of course it didn\'t work.\" Balou adds: \"Try to avoid bays as a location 
for the whale hunter, the ships tend to \'get caught\' there and not work.\" 

FaithRaven comments: \"After you build the whaler, from it you need to build 
the ship.\" That requires Wood and Rope to be available on the island. On 
building the whaling ship, Tilandra comments: \"Even though the hammer at the 
bottom of the window is X-ed out in red, you can still click it to build a 
ship. That threw me off at first also. Once you click it, the grey square next 
to it should fill with a graphic of a ship and the orange-to-green progress 
bar that shows the ship building. Once the ship is built, you cannot build 
another.\" Whalers may be observed to only work at 50%, even though two Whale 
Oil Factories are placed for every Whaler. Zomby Woof writes: \"This is a bug, 
don\'t worry about this. If your whaler appears to be working steadily, it runs 
with 100%.\" This bug has been fixed in the expansion pack.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.5.5 Where should I build Fur Trappers?

LadyH writes: \"The Fur hunter will only hunt animals with white fur.\" White 
furred animals are more common on colder, more northerly islands. Trappers are 
also effective when working with orange furred Leopards found on jungle 
islands. Gunter writes: \"The tundra trapper worked the best, while in the 
jungle he supplied only the half of his colleague in the tundra. The jungle 
trapper hunted tigers.\" Northern islands are a moot point. Trappers will hunt 
white furred rabbits, although they are not as efficient as on other islands, 
and poor positioning may result in no production at all.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.5.6 What is the significance of sales stands\' service areas?

Budgie answers: \"The service area of the sales stands has no meaning. The 
service area of the houses is important though - all public buildings required 
by the inhabitants and all sales stands should be within this area.\" Stalls do 
not need to be placed next to Main Markets in order to function. Stalls will 
sell any stocks stored on the island - there is no need to move stocks between 
Main Markets and stalls, this happens instantly. Note that the green arrows on 
stalls are significant - at least one side with a green arrow needs to be 
accessible in order for the stalls to sell goods.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.5.7 Is the Tavern\'s service area important?

Yes, but only to ensure the supply of Alcohol at the Tavern. When selling 
Alcohol to your population, it is still the service area of the house that is 
the important one. Dobber writes: \"The main concern however still is the 
tavern has to be within range of a source of alcohol to function. That is one 
good that does not teleport from the marketplace to the point of sale.\" From 
BaldJim: \"If they are within the service range of the tavern, the porter will 
just as gladly walk to a small farm, a brewery or a distillery as he walks to 
the market building. All he is concerned about is getting the alcohol to the 
customer.\" 

If demand for Alcohol is very high (for example, one Tavern serving 2000 
people), the Tavern needs to be close to the Main Market. If not, you may find 
the deliveries cannot be made quick enough to satisfy demand, leading to 
Alcohol shortages [a crisis, if ever there was one ;-) ] even when there 
appears to be a large volume of Alcohol in stock on the island. Jarrah writes: 
\"Initially that doesn\'t matter much, but as you develop to higher social 
levels more and more people will be crammed into those houses and the distance 
will become more crucial. Eventually, your houses will become unstable (and 
further development will be choked off) even though you have plenty of alcohol 
in the market building, just because the tavern is too far from his supplies.\" 
Admiral Drake comments: \"The bar keeper always uses one special door to go out 
of the house. If this door is blocked he isn\'t able to get alcohol in the 
house.\" Alcohol stocks at the Tavern is not recorded in save games. This means 
that when you reload a game, the Tavern will have no Alcohol stocked. This 
problem may have been fixed in the International release of the expansion pack 
- conflicting observations have been made.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.5.8 Do Churches replace Chapels? Universities replace Schools?

Yes and no. Zomby Woof writes: \"University and church: you need only one of 
them [per island]. As soon as you build the university all schools get 
upgraded (no matter if they are covered by the university or not) and have the 
same function like a university. The same with church and chapels.\" BaldJim 
adds: \"You can NOT get the upgrade and then destroy the church and/or the 
university whilst keeping the upgrade.\" Cathedrals also act as Churches.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.5.9 What are Gallows and Courthouses for?

Nothing in the release version. The expansion pack adds some functionality, as 
Gunter notes: \"The court is supposed to drive thieves away now, but the 
gallows still doesn\'t seem to have any other function than a \'decorative\' 
one.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.5.10 What does the Pavilion\'s service area need to cover? What\'s a park?

A Pavilion acts as a park - it needs to be within the service area of 
Aristocrat houses. Gunter comments: \"The service area of the pavilion has no 
meaning at all, and it doesn\'t need a street connection.\" The in-game help 
disagrees with this, suggesting parkland should fill the service area of the 
Pavilion, however many effective Aristocrat cities have been built as Gunter 
describes.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.5.11 What do Doctors do?

Civilian doctors cure plague victims. Medics are military doctors that heal 
troops - see How do I heal injured units? below. Civilian doctors need 
supplies of Medicinal Herbs to function. They only cover houses within the 
service area of the Doctor\'s building. Ravell writes: \"You can\'t control the 
doctor - but he does his job pretty well all on his own. The paramedic 
(military unit) only heals other military units, not civilians.\" Medicinal 
Herbs are grown at a Medicinal Herb plantation - these must be built on a 
Northern island. BaldJim writes: \"Later you may research the Quick Healing 
provision so the Doctor can do his work faster. You always lose a few people 
before the Doctor goes to work when the Plague comes, but with quick healing 
you lose fewer.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.5.12 Where are the sewers?

There aren\'t any (sewerage systems were uncommon in the 16th century, 
particularly in the \'new world\'). These rumours relate to a 1 April 2001 \'Sim 
City\' spoof, which also featured dual-lane donkey highways and Aristocrat 
apartment blocks ;-) .

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.5.13 Can I change the design of houses?

Yes and no. When upgrading, colonists will pick their own design. When you 
build a new house (either at Pioneer or Aristocrat level), you can change the 
design by selecting the build house tool, and clicking once on an un-buildable 
area, such as an island you don\'t own. Each click selects a different design 
(from Nerle and others).

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.5.14 What rewards and statues are there? How do I get a Palace?

The most common are statues. Statues are awarded for good city management. 
Ravell writes: \"When you build monuments, they count towards the satisfaction 
part of the final score.\" Balou adds: \"You only get points if you use those 
statues. Even if you see that video a dozen times, it\'s just points for the 
built ones.\" [I think statues are granted on the same basis as 1602 - keep a 
Citizen or higher population happy for 30 minutes, although there is a quirk 
in which each large city you have may offer a separate statue, all at about 
the same time.] When you defeat an enemy you will be awarded an Triumphal 
Arch. 

Other rewards are linked to population. Various ornamentals become available 
at higher civilisation levels. These are listed in the Building and Industry 
Data appendix. A Cathedral becomes available with 600 Aristocrats. You can 
only build the Cathedral once in a game - if you destroy it, you will not be 
able to build another. 

With 1000 Aristocrats you can start building your Palace. LadyH notes that 
your total population also needs to exceed 1900 - \"You can have 900 merchants 
plus 1000 aristocrats, or you must have a minimum of 1900 aristocrats if there 
are no others\". Zomby Woof writes: \"With 3000 aristocrats you will get 4 more 
parts and with 5000 aristocrats you can build you palace unlimited 
[\'unlimited\' is ultimately limited, to 200 pieces]. Once you have built a 
palace or the cathedral you won\'t loose those buildings if you throw out your 
aristocrats. But without aristocrats you can\'t anymore build the parts of the 
palace unlimited if you save the game and load it again.\" The 5000 Aristocrats 
must be on the same island.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.5.15 Do I need ornamentals? What do they do?

Dobber writes: \"None of the ornamentals are necessary. They just make your 
city look nice.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.5.16 Why doesn\'t my Hunting Lodge work?

In the expansion, this may occur if the building is built over an animal. The 
hunter character will not leave the Hunting Lodge. The problem can be 
corrected by rebuilding the Hunting Lodge, ensuring there is no animal 
underneath.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

______________________________________________________________________________

4.6 Colony Development and Events
______________________________________________________________________________


4.6.1 What causes bankruptcy?

Jochen Bauer answers: \"When your account lies under -1000 pieces of gold over 
a longer period of time.\" FaithRaven writes: \"It\'s not so important how much 
cash you have on minus, it is important how long you are on red balance.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.6.2 How do I delete buildings, roads and trees?

Curley writes: \"Go to the Public buildings screen. See the Pickaxe in the 
bottom right corner? You will not recover materials spent when you destroy 
them but it does not cost anything to use this tool. It\'s great for clearing 
out large sections of trees quickly but watch out for roads, it will take them 
too.\" You cannot clear mountains or rock formations, or demolish things 
outside of your territory.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.6.3 Is there a limit to the number of people on each island?

Wilfried Reiter comments: \"I\'m eager to find out myself - the theoretical 
limit lies around 60,000.\" From Admiral Drake: \"The highest population in one 
town is restricted by an integer overflow with more than 65xxx.\" You can have 
more than 65,000 population across multiple islands in empire. More than 
200,000 people have been reported on one map.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.6.4 How do you stop your population using building materials?

Residents only require building materials to upgrade their houses (to higher 
civilization levels). FaithRaven writes: \"Select a Market or Warehouse, click 
on information button (\'?\'), and down in menu you have a button for stopping 
people evolving.\" The flow of construction materials can be toggled on and off 
using this menu. The toggle is island-specific.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.6.5 Why don\'t Merchants upgrade to Aristocrats?

Budgie writes: \"Your people do not jump up from merchant to aristocrat level. 
Merchants stay merchants. The aristocrat houses have to be built separately 
from the buildings menu. When you reach 1,900 merchants, the aristocrat house 
appears in the public buildings menu.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.6.6 When I downgrade civilization levels, why am I told goods that are not 
needed anymore are in shortage?

From Zomby Woof: \"Another bug, occurring when downgrading and afterwards 
upgrading again. Such announcements can be ignored.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.6.7 Why do my houses decay?

Complete house collapse may be caused by events such as fire or plague, if the 
event is not dealt with quick enough - see What can I do about fires? and Can 
I prevent the Plague? below. If houses collapse for no apparent reason, it is 
normally because you are not supplying enough basic goods, such as Food. This 
may be due to the good not being in stock on the island. It is more commonly 
due to your people not being able to buy the good, either because no 
appropriate stall has been placed to sell it, or such stalls cannot be reached 
by the people in the house: Either it is outside of the house\'s service area, 
or there is no easy walk route between the house and the stall. 

Aristocrats can be exceptionally difficult to satisfy. Even when they are 
notionally being supplied with everything they need, they can become angry and 
leave, destroying their houses. Many have observed that Aristocrats dislike 
walking any distance, and are prone to getting lost. Drkohler comments: \"If 
it\'s the same house [collapsing] again and again, then the total distance to 
all the stuff is probably too long. The Aristocrats work through their day 
sequentially (go to the markets - go home - go to the church - go home - etc). 
If the total distance takes too long to cover, then their satisfaction is 
slowly deteriorating, despite everything being in walking distance.\" Since 
Aristocrats aren\'t needed in most game situations, it may be easier to leave 
your population as Merchants. Some strategies for building Aristocrat cities 
are given in the Strategies section.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.6.8 Occasionally my people die whilst walking around my city. What\'s wrong?

From balou: \"The \'dying while walking\' just happens - doesn\'t affect 
anything... If you tear down a house, while its inhabitant walks someplace, 
he\'ll die.\" Hurric@ne writes: \"Sometimes a bug appears. Then your people don\'t 
go to the next building they need, they walk around and around, and die 
sometimes.\" Budgie notes that this often happens when people go to Church. As 
Zomby Woof comments: \"If the church would have a cemetery, this would be a 
feature...\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.6.9 What can I do about fires?

Fires tend to occur regularly among houses at lower civilization levels. You 
cannot stop them occurring, but you can save a burning building by ensuring it 
is within the service area of a Fire Brigade. Fire Brigades will automatically 
dispatch a man with a small fire truck to put out the fire. Road access is not 
needed. Fire Brigades must first be research at a School (initially research 
Wells). From Gunter: \"If you haven\'t researched the fire brigade, I\'m afraid 
there\'s only one way to protect your village from taking fire: tear down 
immediately a house which has caught fire before it affects the neighbors.\" 
Balou writes: \"Fire doesn\'t spread across streets - or empty space. If a house 
catches fire, the number of inhabitants will count down. That way you can 
check, how \'badly\' a house is burnt. I\'m not sure about the minimum number of 
inhabitants before the house crashes... probably one.\" With the expansion pack 
rioters may also start fires. Strategies for dealing with Riots are covered 
below.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.6.10 Can I prevent the Plague?

No. But you can build Doctors (and supply them with Medicinal Herbs) to deal 
with it when it comes. See What do Doctors do? above. The in-game help notes 
that access to Public Baths reduces the chance of plague appearing, which 
seems logical.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.6.11 Can I change the prices my stalls sell things for?

No. Prices are determined by the computer, and are linked to difficulty level 
and location. Balou comments: \"The prices are per ton - one visitor buys one 
full ton on each visit.\" Hakea writes: \"The basic Stall items get modifiers 
applied. Things like Spice have three levels (0,5,10) plus additional bonuses 
depending on where your main island is. For example, Spice fetches a bit more 
on North Islands (two +5 bonuses). Not sure what the (0,5,10) is for - maybe 
difficulty level. Anyway, the 60 listed for Spice base cost becomes 80 on the 
Stalls at the basic Citizen level on a North island.\" Here are some price 
observations, based on the scenario Metropol, with a Merchant-level 
population:

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

              Tundra      Northern    Prairie     Steppes     Jungle
--------------------------------------------------------------------
Cloth           80          80          80          80          75
Clothing       140         145         145         145         140
Food            45          45          50          50          50
Jewelry        210         210         205         205         205
Lamp Oil        90          90          90          90          90
Leather         80          80          80          80          80
Salt            43          38          43          43          43
Silk Cloth      95          95          95          95          90
Spices          80          80          80          70          75
Tobacco         90          90          85          95          95
Wine            75          75          75          75          75


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.6.12 Are people needed to work in buildings? Do I need houses on production 
islands?

Budgie writes: \"You don\'t need your people for supporting or working. You need 
them for buying your goods and making money.\" BaldJim adds: \"The figures that 
you see doing things around each such building come with the building, and you 
do not have to recruit or supply them. The population listed (and the ones who 
buy things to support the economy) come exclusively with houses. They have no 
explicit connection with the work structures.\" Consequently, you do not need 
to build housing for workers on remote \'production\' colonies. And it doesn\'t 
matter if there are no \'jobs\' for the people living in houses.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.6.13 How much of ... will my population need?

Data on Production Efficiency is contained in the appendices. H3ck|0 has 
produced a series of spreadsheets - 
http://www.marcelhecker.de/anno/suppliecalculator.xls (Excel, non-Aristocrat), 
http://www.marcelhecker.de/anno/aristocrats.xls (Excel, Aristocrat), 
http://www.marcelhecker.de/anno/suppliecalculator.sxc (Open Office, non-
Aristocrat), and http://www.marcelhecker.de/anno/aristocrats.sxc (Open Office, 
Aristocrat), translated by Serra Angel (also 
http://www.marcelhecker.de/index.php?url=anno/ ). Mitret\'s javascript based 
Requirement Calculator is available here in German only: 
http://www.mitret.de/anno1503.html .

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.6.14 What do the question marks over buildings mean?

Question marks indicate a problem with the building, preventing production. 
Jini writes: \"There are three question mark like symbols: 

- (A) The \'no resource symbol\' appears if a building does not have the 
resources it needs to do it\'s job. For example, if you place a forester 
building in an area with absolutely no trees, this symbol will be displayed. 
- (B) The \'storage full symbol\' appears if the storage of a production 
building is full and the workers in the building therefore can\'t continue with 
their job. 
- (C) The \'no road connection symbol\' addresses the same problem like (B), but 
here the game \'thinks\' that the problem exists because the production building 
is not connected with the street grid. 

In the case of (A), if there are only a few trees in the service area of the 
forester hut and the lumberjack has already chopped down all these trees. Now 
he has to wait until the trees have grown again. Plant more trees. In (B), if 
no cartmen from the surrounding main market buildings can reach the forester 
hut via a street. The forester hut has to be in the service area of a main 
market building and has to be connected with it by a street. Also watch the 
green arrows in the building overview window on the right side - these are the 
entries of the building.\" 

On road access problems, vorosz writes: \"First thing to do is be 
excruciatingly careful of the details of where that building has \'opening\' for 
access. Not all sides are the same, for example spice plantation some are in 
the middle some are on the left side of building.\" Look carefully at the 
location of the small green arrows when building new structures. Tom Sailor 
has a further suggestion: \"Press the Ctrl-Key while building farms, factories 
or houses. The buildings will be put into the right position automatically 
then.\" Lothark notes: \"This works only when close to a road.\" LadyH adds: 
\"Check that you have enough main market buildings. When there are not enough, 
the pushcart drivers are too busy and that symbol appears.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.6.15 What do the coloured bars that appear above farms during building mean?

They give an indication of fertility. From Jini: \"If it\'s not in the green 
range, the plantation will never have a good efficiency. On the desert-like 
wine and spice islands this is quite important because half of the area on 
these islands is infertile desert. It really matters on which spot of the 
island you are placing the plantation.\" Balou notes: \"The placement indicator 
just checks the fertility of the ground for the selected building - it ignores 
any trees completely.\" Dobber adds: \"The fertility indicator does not 
necessarily recognize when space is being used by another farm.\" During a 
drought, the indicator may show an entirely red bar.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.6.16 What does the \"you founded an ancient graveyard\" message mean?

Gunter writes: \"You\'ve found a treasure chest - it\'s one of the strange names 
the game gives for them. Sometimes it\'s also called an \'idol\'.\" LadyH notes: 
\"When you will find a treasure chest on [any] island there is a chance to see 
it, but only when your speed is F5 or F8.\" Treasure is often uncovered by your 
Scout, when they walk close to where it is buried.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.6.17 What is the benefit of finding treasure?

Buried treasure typically adds 2,000 coins to your treasury. Ravell notes: 
\"I\'ve found a treasure chest of 10,000 gold once, on an ice-covered arctic 
island.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.6.18 Why does a riot start when I reload a game?

Tavern Alcohol stocks are not always saved. So when the game is reloaded, 
there is no Alcohol available at the Tavern, which can lead to inhabitants 
becoming upset and rebelling due to a lack of Alcohol. Also see Is the 
Tavern\'s service area important? above, and strategies for dealing with Riots 
below.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

______________________________________________________________________________

4.7 Research
______________________________________________________________________________


The appendix contains detailed Research Trees.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.7.1 How do you research?

From FaithRaven: \"For research you need a School and later a University. To 
research, you need research points (given by population and it\'s level) and 
gold [coins].\" Research points slowly build up over time at your School or 
University, up to a maximum level (see below). Click on the School or 
University to view the research options. Only one type of research can be 
conducted at once, as ratha notes: \"When you click to do research on 
something, and then you click to do research on something else, you lose all 
your research points for the first research.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.7.2 How do I research above a certain level of knowledge points?

Research is limited by the population number and civilisation level, and the 
type of facility available. The number of facilities you have does not make a 
difference. Libraries add 10 research points to the total, but must be first 
researched at a University, and then built. To save upkeep cost, S.SubZero 
comments: \"I built the library, got the last technology, and then deleted the 
library, with no ill effect.\" This applies to all research - once something is 
known, it cannot be lost during that game. Dobber notes: \"Make sure you have 
done all your research before going \'all-Aristocrat\', since they do not go to 
school.\" The following table is based on various sources, including Andj 
Pianto, BaldJim and Wargamerit:

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Maximum
Knowledge
Points     Requirement
-----------------------------------------------
20         50 Settlers + School
25         170 Settlers + School
50         200 Citizens + School
70         600 Citizens + University
80         600 Citizens + University + Library
90         750 Merchants + University
100        750 Merchants + University + Library


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.7.3 Why can\'t I build cannon after researching them?

There are two types of Cannon, ship and land. The initial cannon research 
(probably at a School) only allows ship cannon. Further research at a 
University is required for ground based Cannon. See What is the difference 
between ship and land cannon? below.


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

______________________________________________________________________________

4.8 Trade and Diplomacy
______________________________________________________________________________


4.8.1 How does external trade work?

There are four types of trade between settlements owned by different groups. 
(1) Trade with other players - this requires a trade agreement to be signed, 
after which ships may be sent to one another\'s warehouses, and goods sold 
directly. In order to gain a trade agreement you must be at peace. BaldJim 
notes, \"the trade treaty won\'t be accepted until after there is green around 
the dove\" - red or blue are not sufficient. AI players may also send ships to 
your warehouse if you have allocated goods for sale. (2) Trade with Venetians 
(Free Traders), who act as middlemen - in most cases the Venetians will send 
their ships to your warehouses. Buy/sell requirements must be set at your 
warehouse (also see How does the trade slider work? How do you set prices and 
volumes? below). (3) Trade with natives - goods are exchanged at the natives\' 
market huts/tents. Budgie writes: \"Barter is only possible with the native 
people, i.e. the Indians. The Venetians and the other (AI) players buy and 
sell goods, they accept no barter.\" (4) Trade with pirates, which occurs just 
as with other players, except that you do not need a trade agreement. Trade 
with natives and pirates is covered under Pirates and Natives below.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.8.2 Can I trade without being fired on or starting a war?

Yes. When visiting another player\'s warehouse, first remove the cannon from 
your ship (via a Shipyard) and sail with the white flag up.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.8.3 Where are the Venetians?

Ravell writes: \"If you play citizen game, there is no Venetian island [this 
applies to campaign scenarios too]. They just pass by with their ships. You 
can recognize them by their flags, a horizontal striped red/white flag. Their 
islands are quite small and covered with buildings, thriving trading cities.\" 
LadyH adds: \"Just look for a really small island without any trees and 
animals.\" BaldJim comments: \"The benefit of the island is that you can go 
there and buy (sell too if they want anything). You don\'t have to wait on 
their ship. ... It looks like their list of buys and sells changes fairly 
rapidly. Perhaps they have \'teletransport\' between their warehouse and their 
ships.\" FaithRaven notes: \"Venetians have a regular route, they come from 
player to player even is nothing to sell/buy.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.8.4 What do Venetians sell?

Venetians normally sell Tools, Bricks and Wood, and will buy Food (from LadyH) 
[In my experience they do not always sell Wood, but do always sell Tools]. 
They often sell Ore once one player has started mining it, even if that player 
is not selling it. They will also sell and buy goods from other players. 
BaldJim writes: \"The Venetians are middlemen who buy cheap from you and sell 
dear to the other players. So they are only interested in buying from you only 
what the other players have listed they will buy.\" With the exception of the 
items listed above, you will only be able to purchase an item from the 
Venetians if another player is selling it, and only be able to sell to the 
Venetians if another player is buying it. You must have a warehouse on the 
coast for the Venetian ships to visit you.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.8.5 Why does my automatic trade route fail when I transport more than one 
item?

If two different items are set to be transported on the same trade route, and 
one or more of those items is already fully stocked at the destination, the 
item will not be unloaded. Having not unloaded the item, the computer then 
becomes confused about what goods to pick up and unload. This issue does not 
occur if ships are able to unload all the cargo at the destination. Cargo will 
not be unloaded if the destination warehouse is already full. This is 
considered by most people to be a bug, although Ravell notes, \"it was intended 
by the programmers to play like this.\" Serra Angel writes: \"Watch your stocks 
in your warehouses regularly. As long as none of your stocks are full none of 
your ships will have trouble unloading their cargo.\" An alternative solution 
is to assign only one good to each trade route, which tends to be an 
inefficient use of ships. Jarrah writes: \"It\'s mildly annoying when it first 
happens, but it still basically boils down to lack of player management. 
Either make sure your warehouse can sell stuff as fast as it\'s delivered, or 
lower the tonnage on the shipping orders (and adjust production for a while).\" 

When multiple ships on automatic trade routes arrive at the same port at the 
same time, one may fail to unload. The solution to this problem is simply to 
build more warehouses, and assign ships on different routes to different 
warehouses. From drkohler: \"The best guess is that every port can 
simultaneously accommodate for a maximum of three ships: one arriving head on, 
and two from each side of the port. If your ship autoroutes are all ending 
\'head on\' at the port, then only one ship at a time can load/unload in the 
\'head-on\' position.\" 

In the original version, automatic trade routes do not work when using a 
Scout. HJB writes: \"There\'s a bug up to v1.04.02, so auto-route with scout is 
not working with the international version - the scout only loads some stuff, 
goes to the natives and stays there. The bug is fixed with the AddOn...\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.8.6 Can I set my automatic trade route to wait for a full load?

Zomby Woof writes: \"There is no wait-till-full function in the game. The ship 
stops at the warehouse and what is available will be loaded.\" Jini notes: \"You 
just have to pay the maintenance costs of that ship, regardless whether it\'s 
hanging around in your harbor or transporting goods.\" Consequently, keeping 
half-empty ships moving continuously does not have any financial disadvantage; 
indeed half-empty ships seem to move slightly quicker, so it is probably 
advantageous to operate them in this way.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.8.7 Can I edit automatic trade route paths?

Yes. From BaldJim: \"You can drag the buoys - you can change the route quite a 
bit.\" Capt Bly adds: \"I find the ships understand only 8 directions (0, 45, 
90, 135, etc [degrees]). As a result, so do the shipping lanes. When the game 
goes to pick a short path, it must be choosing from these poorly plotted paths 
to begin with.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.8.8 How do I demand tribute from other players?

Anno1962 writes: \"It has been reported as bug. They will never pay you.\" There 
are some unconfirmed reports of tribute being paid, but it is certainly 
unusual.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.8.9 What is a moratorium?

This tells the other player you are unwilling to pay a demanded tribute.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.8.10 Do trade agreements cover player empires or specific cities?

A trade agreement with one AI player covers all of their cities, however, as 
Balou comments, \"it doesn\'t really help trading, since the computer player 
only uses his main island to sell/buy things.\" BaldJim adds: \"Contrary wise, 
you are not so restricted. You may sell from any of your islands. A real 
advantage because you do not have transport stuff to your main island to put 
it up for sale.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.8.11 How does the trade slider work? How do you set prices and volumes?

Balou writes: \"With this slider you set the amount of goods to be left in your 
warehouse (and not be sold)... all goods that exceed this limit can be 
purchased by others. Changing the prices just a little (to your advantage) is 
always safe. Basically you keep lowering/raising the prices, until no-one 
sells/buys anything anymore, and then re-adjust.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.8.12 What does a military agreement cover?

Don Enrico writes: \"The military agreement means that your opponent will allow 
you to pass through his waters with armed ships. ... Additionally, a military 
alliance lets you see all your allies settlements, and you may walk ground 
units through his (or her) territory.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

______________________________________________________________________________

4.9 Pirates and Natives
______________________________________________________________________________


4.9.1 What do native curses do?

Budgie writes: \"Maybe your islands will have many droughts now, or a nearby 
volcano will erupt, or the plague will come frequently.\" FaithRaven adds: \"A 
severe drought will come upon you, but only at high difficult levels.\" Curse 
or maybe a bug, from largefry07: \"When I killed all the natives the annoying 
dude said that a curse was set on me and then all my units disappeared. They 
still show up on the map and I\'m still paying for them.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.9.2 How do I trade with natives on another island?

Tom Sailor answers: \"Put the goods and a scout on your ship. Sail to the 
natives\' settlement, unload the scout, and put the goods on the scout. Go to 
the natives\' warehouse and trade with them... In the end you can load the 
scout back on the ship.\" Native Main Markets are indicated by flags. Some 
native settlements include coastal warehouses, allowing trade to be conducted 
directly from a ship - these are always provided in addition to inland market 
places. Trade with natives is based on exchange of goods. The precise rate of 
exchange varies, seemingly by good, tribe, and trade. In some cases you will 
be able to sell them 1 unit of something, and take many (up to 9 or 10) units 
of their sale good in exchange. In other cases you may need to offer them 4 or 
5 units before they allow you to take one. Until you understand the nature of 
the trade, always sell to the natives one unit at a time, and try and take as 
much as it will let you in return.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.9.3 Do all native cultures appear in every game?

No. It is unusual to find more than four or five different native cultures on 
any one map.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.9.4 What do natives buy and sell?

Products sold do not always reflect the climate. Wilfried Reiter writes: \"For 
example, the Bedouins have lamp oil, but players can only produce it in polar 
regions.\" BaldJim writes: \"It seems to me that some of the trade items for 
native cultures have been - possibly inadvertently - reversed. This is 
especially true for Native Americans. They want unprocessed tobacco and they 
have cloth to trade for it.\" Based on the endless game (this does not apply to 
the campaign and certain scenarios), using information from BaldJim, Gunter 
and Andj Pianto ( http://www.a-pianto.ch/Englisch/e_Anno1503/e_Index.htm ):

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Native             Sell              Buy
-----------------------------------------------
Africans           Medicinal Herbs   Tobacco
Aztecs             Gold              Spice
Bedouins           Spice             Salt
Eskimos            Lamp Oil          Cloth
Mongols            Iron              Alcohol
Moors              Gems              Silk Cloth
Native Americans   Cloth             Tobacco
Polynesians        Silk Cloth        Salt


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.9.5 How aggressive are natives? Can I ally with them? How do I attack?

You cannot form alliances with native tribes. Natives will not attack you 
unless provoked. You do not declare war on natives as you might with other 
players - just start attacking their troops and buildings and they will get 
the message. BaldJim writes: \"If any of your troops other than a scout happens 
onto their territory, you will have war. Well at least with some; I haven\'t 
gone about testing them all. Be warned that they generate more \'troops\' at a 
fantastic rate.\" There is no way to make peace with natives you have upset. 
The combat strength of different native tribes varies, as Wilfried Reiter 
notes: \"Messing around with the Mongolians or the Aztecs is not a good idea.\" 
Danomight writes: \"The Native Americans are the hardest to conquer. They have 
cavalry, spear carriers, and bow men. The Mongols are pretty tough too.\" 
Dobber comments: \"If you press the Control key and hold it while targeting the 
Venetians, you can in fact attack and destroy the Venetians. Their ships and 
their city. Be forewarned though, if you do, as with the pirates, their ship 
will reappear at some point and they will attack your ships when encountering 
them. ... The Venetian ship is the strongest and best armored in the game.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.9.6 Where do pirates come from?

Pirates sometimes have an island settlement, which you can sail to to trade or 
make agreements - assign then to attack another player or pay protection 
money. You can also attempt to destroy their settlement to remove or reduce 
overall levels of piracy. They do not always have a settlement and pirate 
ships may operate independently.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.9.7 Do pirates steal cargo?

BaldJim writes: \"It depends on when you raise the white flag. (a) If you raise 
the white flag when no pirate is within view of your ship, they will 
completely ignore that ship. (b) If they start to fire on your ship, and then 
you raise the white flag, they will loot your ship (take all the cargo) and 
leave. (c) If they start to fire on your ship, and you do not raise the white 
flag, they will continue to fire until: you sink, you sink them, or you sail 
out of their range.\" LadyH writes: \"In the add on the pirates bring a ship 
about and your goods are gone. If there is a white flag or not, the slots are 
empty.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.9.8 Can I trade with pirates?

If pirates have settled an island trade is normally possible. Trade must be 
conducted using an unarmed ship flying the white flag (see How does the white 
flag work? below), otherwise the towers guarding the pirate settlement will 
attack your ship. The ship should be sent to the pirates\' warehouse where 
trade can be conducted as if trading with another player (except there is no 
need for a trade agreement). Pirates generally sell a mixture of basic 
agricultural products (Food and Alcohol), plus anything they have stolen from 
other ships.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

______________________________________________________________________________

4.10 Ships
______________________________________________________________________________


Military and Ship Data is contained in the appendices.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.10.1 What is the capacity of ships?

Each ship has a separate cargo and passenger (troop/unit) capacity. Each cargo 
slot can hold up to 50t of one cargo type. Each passenger slot can hold one 
unit. War Machines with crews count as one unit, as does the Scout and mule. A 
full list of ship capacities is contained in the Military and Ship Data 
appendix.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.10.2 Why is my ship sold each time I build a new one?

This is caused by changing bgruppen.dat, which corrupts the game balancing - 
see How do I edit a game? in the cheating section below. [This is in line for 
\'most frequently asked\' non-campaign question award at the moment - whoever 
first posted that \'cheat\' has a lot to answer for...]

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.10.3 How can I build ship cannons?

Gunter writes: \"It\'s the job of the Gunsmith.\" You must first research ship 
cannons at a School.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.10.4 Where can I load cannon on my ships? How do I arm ships?

Ship cannon can only be loaded and unloaded at your shipyard. Your ship must 
be moored near the shipyard. Click on the repair icon, and then change the 
number cannon using the arrows next to the cannon icon. Cannon can also be 
added when the ship is first commissioned. [This differs from 1602, where 
cannon could be swapped at Warehouses.] Note that ship cannon are *not* the 
same as land cannon. Ship cannon are made at a Gunsmith, while land cannon are 
made in a Cannon Foundry. On getting ships to defend themselves automatically, 
Gunter notes: \"You can set your warships in aggressive mode the same way as 
you do with your soldiers: just draw a frame around at least 2 of them (or 
press CRTL and select 1 of them) and click on the mode you like.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.10.5 Why can I not repair a ship?

The ship needs to be close to a shipyard: With the ship selected, the shipyard 
tab and ship repair icon will be available if this is the case. Repair 
materials (Wood, Cloth, Rope) and cash need to be available on the island. 
Unfortunately, if repair materials run out during the repair, the repair must 
be manually restarted (this is commonly regarded as a bug). Precise repair 
costs are unknown, but appear to relate to approximately the cost of the ship, 
factored by the percentage damage. Balou writes: \"The repair of a pretty 
damaged medium ship will cost you about 2500 gold... that amount will be taken 
off your account, once you click on the icon.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.10.6 When should I repair ships?

When they are damaged from combat. There is no need to repair them for routine 
maintenance. The percentage damage is shown by the proportion of red in the 
bar above the ship, displayed when it is selected. Damaged ships can sustain 
less damage in subsequent attacks before being sunk, and move more slowly.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.10.7 Why does nobody buy my ship?

FaithRaven writes: \"Selling depends on the price, ship, scenario, if computer 
player need it.\" From fireball21: \"Just lower the price one notch and usually 
get sold right away.\" Largefry07 suggests moving the ship closer to potential 
buyers before selling makes other players more likely to purchase the ship. A 
slightly more radical approach involves creating demand by destroying enemy 
ships first - the enemy will gladly buy your ship if they have none of their 
own.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.10.8 How does the white flag work?

The white flag is a sign that you are willing to surrender, even if the enemy 
cannot catch and capture the ship. Enemy ships will not attack a ship flying 
the white flag. Pirates will not attack such a ship, although they may try and 
steal cargo from it. If you wish to sail a ship with the white flag flying, 
you should unmount any ship cannon (see Where can I load cannon on my ships? 
How do I arm ships? above). Supply ships can fly the white flag continually. 
However Lothark notes: \"You can sail with white flag and cannon or military 
units in your ship. You must hoist the flag after starting the ship.\" [This is 
presumably not intended behaviour.]

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.10.9 My ship got stuck on land. Why?

It\'s a bug. Wiles writes: \"No guarantees, but many have suggested to try the 
following things if any of your units get stuck: (1) Rotate the world map and 
then try to move your units. (2) Alt-Tab out of the game and back in, then 
attempt to move the units.\" LadyH writes: \"Check each new auto route of each 
ship. Look that is none of these buoys is too near to land. You can move the 
buoys [away from land].\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.10.10 Why don\'t my ships stay in formation? Can I order ships to protect 
other ships?

There is no easy way to keep a group of different ships travelling at the same 
speed, and consequently they fall out of formation once under sail. The 
feature to protect ships was removed just prior to the game being finished. 
The manual mentions this feature, but it does not exist.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.10.11 How do I board ships?

Ships can only be boarded with the expansion pack. From drkohler: \"Use your 
ship guns to slow down the ship to board (otherwise you will always be outrun 
by the other ship). When you have damaged the ship enough, stop firing at it 
and board it with the strongest troops you have.\" You *cannot* board pirate or 
Venetian ships. Attempts to do so generally result in your ship instantly 
sinking.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.10.12 Seagulls sank my ship. Why?

It\'s a \"feature\" of the expansion pack, albeit a slightly bizarre one. If too 
many seagulls land on your ship it will appear to sink. From Don Enrico: \"The 
seagulls don\'t effect the ship in any other way - it travels as fast as it 
would be without them.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

______________________________________________________________________________

4.11 Military Units
______________________________________________________________________________


Military and Ship Data is contained in the appendices. Military strategies are 
discussed later.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.11.1 Are there limits on the number of units I may have?

Yes. But there is some disagreement as to what determines it. Drkohler writes: 
\"The limits are hardcoded irrespective of \'settlers, citizen, merchants\'.\" 
Balou, translating Wilhelmine Roth: \"The limit for land units is 100... 
exceptions listed below: Campaign: \'Nova Fora\' - limit is 10 [original says 
20]. Campaign: \'Revenge\' - limit is 200. Single Player Mission: \'Siege\' - 
limit is 200.\" Balou notes that only crew count for cannons, mortars and war 
machines. The ship limit is generally a maximum of 40. 

Drkohler gives additional limits for expansion pack:

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Level/Scenario               Ships  Soldiers
--------------------------------------------
Brilliant Architect            50     100
Estate Owner                   50     100
Master Strategist              30     150
Scavenger Hunt                 20     100
Brother against Brother        20     100
A Pirate\'s Life                45     100
Ore Monopoly                   20     100
A Plague of Pirates            20     100
Trade with Montana             20     100
Sole Ruler                     50     200
Smugglers                      20     100
Mountains of Fire              40     150
The Native Americans\' Curse    30     100
A Small World                  40     100
Desert Battle                  20     100


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.11.2 What do the yellow stars and numbers above troops mean?

Yellow stars indicate the unit\'s experience level. These stars can only be 
seen when zoomed in fully on the unit(s). Experience can be gained by killing 
wild animals (from Tyler). Numbers indicate what group (if any) the unit is 
assigned to. Bizarrely, it is sometimes possible to see this information for 
opponent\'s troops. The numbers can give an indication of which units might act 
in unison.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.11.3 Can waypoints be set for scouts and other units?

No.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.11.4 Can units be set to patrol?

Not in the original game. With the expansion pack a basic patrol can be set 
between two points. The first point is the starting position of the unit, the 
second point is assigned by selecting the patrol icon and clicking elsewhere 
on the map. 

The in-game help reads: \"Soldiers can be used to protect objects. To do this, 
draw a frame around the units while the info mode is active. Right-click on 
the object to be protected and the soldier will take up his position.\" ...but 
I have not been able to get this to work.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.11.5 Can I select certain unit types from a group of units?

No. Another feature that was in 1602, was rather useful, but is not in 1503. 
The only work-around is to assign hot-keys (Ctrl + 0-9) based on unit type.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.11.6 How do I retire units?

From balou: \"To \'delete\' military units, you have to select them and use the 
\'skull\' icon. There\'s no undo for this function, either. Mortars and cannons 
need to be destroyed by themselves... they\'ll still be there after the units 
[crews] attached to them are gone.\" Ships can be sunk by selecting the ship, 
and then pressing the sinking ship icon.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.11.7 How do I heal injured units?

Sir Henry writes: \"You can with medics, which you then have to send along with 
your troops. They will heal the wounded soldiers.\" Select the Medic and then 
click on specific troops to order the medic to heal them. Simply leaving a 
Medic and injured soldiers close to one another may work. War machines 
(Catapults, etc) cannot be repaired once damaged. However, if the machine 
survives and the crew die, a new crew may be trained and assigned to the 
original war machine. This tactic can also be used with abandoned enemy war 
machines.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.11.8 Can I capture enemy units?

You can assign new crews (train them at your fortress first) to enemy war 
machines (including cannons and mortars) when their crews have been killed and 
the machine has been abandoned. You can use the same technique to re-use your 
own war machines when their crews die. You cannot capture other military 
units.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.11.9 What units can attack buildings?

Jini writes: \"The only units which can attack enemy buildings are catapults, 
upgraded archers (fire arrows), cannons and mortars.\" Ship cannon can be used 
when the target is near the coast.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.11.10 What is the difference between ship and land cannon?

Zomby Woof writes: \"Ship cannons are produced by the Gunsmith. You have to 
research them via the naval research menu. Land cannons are produced by the 
Cannon foundry (including the crew for them), which you research via the 
military research menu.\" Ship cannon can only be mounted on ships (all except 
the smallest trading ship), and do not have a specific crew attached to them. 
Land cannon require crews to man them. They can be used as ground units or 
assigned to guard towers.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.11.11 My scout/soldier got lost/stuck/disappeared/abandoned his mule/will 
not come down from the mountain/has taken up scuba diving. What can I do?

This is a long-standing bug. Sometimes the unit can be recovered, sometimes 
there is no other solution except to train a new unit. Zomby Woof suggests: 
\"Try to rotate the map, this can help sometimes.\" From LotharK adds: \"Hit the 
N button on your keyboard and you find the scout.\" When the Scout and donkey 
become separated on the coast, try loading the Scout back onto your ship. This 
is a particular problem on polar islands, when one half of the Scout team gets 
stuck on an ice shelf. 

Zuchla writes: \"I got a couple of my explorers stuck in mountains, my two 
traders locked in tents, and my ship half buried in sand.\" From Ravell: \"I\'ve 
lost quite a few scouts already by visiting the natives. One time it looked 
like he got killed, because he fell down and just laid there - couldn\'t move 
him anymore, the mule was still standing but didn\'t move.\" From vorosz: \"My 
scout lost his donkey. Everything worked fine. He even managed to haul 20t of 
product on his back. I tried loading and unloading him a few times on my ship 
but I guess the donkey wasn\'t onboard. I left him for a while to take care of 
my main island and when I came back he found the donkey.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.11.12 Why don\'t my troops go up onto the walls?

You need to build a wall access, preferably on the \'friendly\' side of the 
wall. Balou notes: \"Each \'strip\' of walls needs its own stairs. Units can\'t 
\'cross\' towers or gates.\" Only basic infantry units can walk up these stairs: 
War machines and cannon cannot. The in-game help suggests walls increase the 
range of units like Archers, however Balou suggests they do not have a range 
advantage.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.11.13 How do I add/remove units from my towers?

To add, select the unit, then right click on the tower. The type of tower must 
be appropriate for the unit. Gunter adds: \"Once you\'ve sent units into the 
tower, you can click on it and will see in its menu which units there are and 
if they are still in good health.\" If the tower has occupants, a small flag 
will be raised above the main flag on the tower. From the in-game help: \"To 
remove units from the watchtower, click on it while the info mode is active. 
Left-click on the unit and then send it to an accessible location by right-
clicking on it. The soldier will then leave the watchtower.\" The same applies 
to cannon in Cannon Towers.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.11.14 Do Musketeers have a ranged attack?

No. Don Enrico writes: \"The musketeer has a handgun he uses additionally to 
his sword in close combat. After three or four hits with his sword (used with 
the left hand) he fires the gun with his right hand. I\'m not sure, but it 
seems that the gun does additional damage to the enemy.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.11.15 Can I select units that are hidden in woodland?

Yes. Sometimes units that stop in dense woodland cannot be clicked on 
individually. Filips Hollandicus writes: \"Place your cursor at the left top 
corner of the screen and drag it down to the right bottom corner, drawing a 
square. If you let go of the mouse, all military units within that square will 
be highlighted.\" Scouts can also be selected by pressing N, which cycles 
between Scouts.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

______________________________________________________________________________

4.12 Combat
______________________________________________________________________________


4.12.1 How do I capture an enemy settlement?

First destroy their Warehouse and Main Markets. In order to capture a 
settlement, you should then immediately build replacement warehouses/markets 
on the site of the old ones (your Scout or Ship can do this if carrying the 
correct materials). You do not need to do this if you simply want to destroy a 
settlement. Other players tend to build Fire Brigades in response to attack on 
their markets, so you may need destroy these first. AntiPenguinGun notes: \"If 
you can\'t build the market because it wont let it build over the rubble, it\'s 
either that you already have another market in the suitable place or that the 
enemy has a market near by that is making you unable to build it.\" Capturing 
Main Markets may also be impossible if the enemy has military units nearby.


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.12.2 Can I steal from the enemy\'s warehouse?

From bobbyrookie: \"You assume ownership of the goods in his warehouse if you 
build your own warehouse right on top of his before his turns to rubble.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.12.3 Do cannon towers fire?

You need to assign a cannon to the tower. From Jini: \"Armed towers have a tiny 
flag on top of the big flag, where as empty towers only have the big flag. 
Cannon towers have a shorter range than single cannons. So, they do fire but 
only if the target is quite near.\" Defensive Towers, available in the 
expansion pack only, do not need to be manned. They are permanently armed.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.12.4 Can I unload multiple units from ships at once?

No, you have to click on each individually.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.12.5 Can I accidentally kill my own units in friendly fire during battles?

From Zomby Woof: \"There is no friendly fire in this game, so let you cannons 
fire in the middle of the crowd and they always find the right targets.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.12.6 Must I assign specific targets for my troops?

You can, but you do not have to. Setting the unit\'s attack mode to \'normal\' 
means the unit will automatically engage units that come close. An 
\'aggressive\' setting will pursue enemy soldiers come what may. When in 
\'passive\' mode, soldiers will only attack enemy units that come into range 
whilst they remain in range. Also, from the in-game help: \"If you keep holding 
the Alt key while right-clicking to assign an assault target to your soldiers, 
the soldiers will attack all enemy units on their way to the target.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.12.7 Can I attack trees?

From Dobber: \"To force an attack on the trees hold down your control key and 
then attack.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

4.12.8 Can I completely destroy monsters?

Monsters only exist in the expansion pack. Most monsters breed in lairs - 
clusters of rocks, normally free-standing from other rock formations. These 
lairs can be destroyed by attacking them with Cannon, Catapult, or Mortar 
fire. Undead do not spawn from lairs, so can not be destroyed in this way.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~



==============================================================================

5. STRATEGIES

==============================================================================


______________________________________________________________________________

5.1 Colony Planning and Building
______________________________________________________________________________


5.1.1 Island Choice

From Jini: \"In my opinion the best island is a northern one with salt, ore and 
the ability to grow hops. With such an island one can satisfy all needs of 
Settlers without having to build colonies on other islands.\" Samstein12345 
adds: \"The [Northern] island is good because it supplies everything to get you 
to the 3rd level. Once you need tobacco and spices you should have a good 
enough economy to either make an automatic trading route to import it from 
another civilization or make a settlement on an island that grows that stuff 
on it and then make an automatic trading route to your island.\" 

Gunter writes: \"It will surely be easier if you got iron ore on your first 
island - but it\'s also possible to mine it on another one.\" On most maps ore 
is plentiful, but not all. 

Danomight comments that, for northern islands \"an effective way of producing 
alcohol (hops) is available at settler level (verses citizen level on southern 
islands with sugarcane) and salt can be mined if you start on a northern 
island. Because salt and alcohol are two vital goods for early inhabitants, 
starting a settlement on a southern island is naturally slower and more 
difficult. And as a result of this, AI players can beat you to the valuable 
spice and tobacco islands before you advance in civilization level.\" BaldJim 
notes: \"The big difference [between southern and northern islands] is using 
small farms for alcohol longer than on a northern island.\" Southern islands 
have advantages once Citizen-level has been reached, notably that both Cotton 
and Alcohol can be produced very efficiently, alongside Silk Cloth production. 
Assuming the island is large enough to contain both a city and associated 
production, the overall shipping requirement to cities built on southern 
islands should be lower than for northern islands. 

Danomight concludes: \"Bottom line, if you want a challenge and the opportunity 
to build some really impressive empires, choose one of the big southern 
islands. If you are still developing your skill, choose a northern island.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

5.1.2 Colony territory

Acid\'s method of extending territory, whilst minimising upkeep costs of 
markets: \"Build a market to expand your area - build a second one at its best 
location - demolish the first one.\" BaldJim comments: \"Yes some market 
buildings can be deleted without losing anything. The key is that the service 
area of other remaining market buildings must overlap a bit so the total 
service area of the city is not disrupted (broken into separate areas). So if 
you have a long string of market buildings built just to reach an ore supply 
(for example), about every other one can be \'pick-axed\'. But to eliminate 
market buildings just to eliminate them may place a burden on the cartmen 
which will slow your production.\" Some will prefer to retain as many Main 
Markets as possible, to increase the number of carts on the island. From 
rnettnin: \"I\'ve deleted markets in the middle of the chain and had no 
problems. The only thing is, is that at 250 coins a piece, it can be an 
expensive move early on.\" 

From Jarrah: \"What you can do is extend the effective area of your colony by 
building a chain of markets through the middle of it [your island]. Then, once 
you get near the coast you can put another warehouse on the shore. Or using 
that menu you could have 2 warehouses close to each other \'back home\' for that 
matter. Also, the way the game works, everything you put into one market is 
immediately available in all others across that island. Some people apparently 
do this and then delete all the markets in the middle to save the running 
cost.\" Thunder_cowz adds: \"Also you can use a scout to build a market building 
near the deposit and the construct a warehouse near somewhere else.\" 

Balou writes: \"As long as there\'s no multiplayer (i.e. human players) there\'s 
really no need to build a \'secure\' harbor. Actually it\'s rather a bad idea to 
build your warehouses in bays and such enclosed spaces, since it handicaps 
your trading (ships will turn around without unloading more often if they 
can\'t reach your warehouse well enough - or if it gets too crowded). And since 
you can build multiple warehouses in 1503 there\'s really no point in 
\'protecting\' just one of them with a secluded location. I would not recommend 
building just one warehouse, there are just too many advantages of having 
multiple warehouses, at least on each coast of your main island to shorten 
your ships routes.\" 

BaldJim has a method of claiming territory early against expansionist AI 
players: \"I thought of the Scout\'s ability to build an inland Market. Here\'s 
what I came up with (for a single outpost island): (1) Load your ship with 8 
tools and 19 wood, and sail to a fertile outpost island. (2) Unload your Scout 
and load him with 8 tools and 10 wood. (3) Direct him inland to a point near 
the center of a good growing area. Click on the \'Build Market\' icon in his 
Info screen. (4) Move the \'to build\' figure so it both covers a good growing 
area and also overlaps a small piece of the coast where you can build a 
Warehouse later. Then click it. (5) Unload the 5 tools and 3 wood that the 
scout still has into the Market, and send him back to the coast near the ship. 
(6) Load the remaining 9 wood on the Scout and send him back to the Market to 
unload it there. You now have the material stored there to build the future 
Warehouse. (7) Send the Scout back to load on the ship, and sail back to your 
main island. You have laid claim to a useful piece of land at only the cost of 
one building plus some material. The building cost less than the usual 
warehouse and the area covered reaches farther inland. The maintenance is only 
10 gold. Whenever you are ready to develop the outpost, simply load your ship 
with building material and sail out. While the ship is getting there, you can 
build the warehouse so it is ready for the ship to use.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

5.1.3 City design

Most city designs are based on grouping the buildings required by population 
into a tight space, and placing houses in a circle around them. Sometimes this 
is done quasi-randomly, sometimes it uses strict modular city designs. Such an 
approach is well suited to small to medium sized cities. It becomes 
increasingly less important when building very large cities, in which 
facilities can just be evenly distributed across the city. The underlying 
problem with any city design is that the clusters of facilities and houses are 
inherently spherical in nature, and so whatever pattern is devised there will 
either be gaps in housing or overlaps of facilities. The optimum city may 
transpire to have production facilities in these gaps, although most players 
prefer to build production facilities entirely separately from housing. 

Production facilities and similar buildings that do not need to be within the 
service area of housing, should normally be placed away from residential 
areas, to maximise the number of houses that can be built close to population 
related facilities. 

Road-less cities are possible, as FaithRaven comments: \"Houses have streets, 
so you don\'t need to build roads near them.\" The catch with entirely road-less 
cities is that those internal streets are often not wide enough for large 
volumes of people to move along with ease. At higher levels of civilization 
development, a total lack of roads may cause housing on the fringe of the city 
to not be able to access facilities, even though those facilities are 
notionally within their service area. Since placing roads tends to reduce the 
number of houses, there is a fine balance to be struck between roads and 
buildings. 

Ravell writes: \"I never cram my town from the beginning, when you settle an 
island there\'s heaps of room and no need to jam them in most cost effectively. 
Maybe that makes sense in the beginning, when the houses are still small, but 
once they upgrade and there\'s no room around for the quadruple amounts of 
people and everyone feels tightened to move around and it\'s hard to get access 
to the sales stands - it\'s not fun anymore and some of them might leave.\" 

From Jarrah: \"I tried putting 70 houses round one \'service centre\' of stalls, 
tavern, church, Fire brigade, etc and it supported them fine at Pioneer level. 
But it started to struggle as the population per house increased. I\'ve found 
50 houses work OK all the way to Merchant level (with 2000+ people by then) 
but they might be able to find the goods more quickly later in the game if 
less houses were being serviced. I also tend to leave \'access space\' for 
customers around each stall, rather than building tight rows, but I don\'t 
honestly know if this is just a personal \'cosmetic\' preference, or whether it 
does allow them to serve more per minute.\" 

Budgie writes: \"One stand of each will be enough to support a city with 
approximately 50 houses. Just put them into the center with the public 
buildings like tavern, school, etc. Keep some clear space around your market 
stands. Otherwise, you might get trouble when all people are rushing to the 
stands and some can\'t get access.\" Hakea comments: \"I put the stalls bang in 
the middle for easy reach - plus I like the civic look of it. And I can find 
them easily if I want to click on one to see how its stock is.\" Later in the 
game I\'m often tempted to add further stands when I see long queues forming 
for goods. In return for minimal extra upkeep, my goods get sold slightly 
faster, and my people spend less time waiting to purchase, so seem slightly 
happier. 

From Nacht: \"In the case for a chapel for example I believe that the door 
should be in the houses service area, not just any part.\" Jini comments: \"At 
the edge of a house\'s service area, everything can happen: Sometimes the 
inhabitants can reach a public building although it\'s currently outside the 
house\'s service area. Sometimes they can\'t reach that public building, 
although it\'s currently inside the house\'s service area.\" 

Dobber writes: \"The Large Tavern holds a larger stock and accommodates a 
bigger crowd, thus serving more customers over a given period of time. It is 
beneficial to have several taverns scattered around your town, alcohol sales 
increase when you do.\" 

Hakea has some tips on laying out and developing planned cities: \"Make sure 
you have some basic needs organised first. If you don\'t, and you spend too 
long messing about with house placement and road layout, the houses can 
collapse before you get round to servicing the occupants. Monitor your 
production chains regularly. Always keep a rough eye on the basics. The 
increases in demand always looks more sudden and huge if you have accidentally 
run low. Above all, don\'t rush it. Give your production chains a chance to 
stabilise so that you can get a feel for how much of each item is needed for a 
given number of people.\" Acid notes that, \"the computer opponents will adapt 
their progress more or less to yours.\" In most situations there is no need to 
rush. 

Below is Hakea\'s modular city plan. I have attempted to show colony plans 
using ASCII \'art\'. Each letter represents one square, even though a single 
building may cover multiple squares. I\'ve tried to add lines to show the 
boundary between buildings. Hopefully these plans will make more sense when 
you try and re-produce them than they do on the screen.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

                                                        ...r  _ _ _
Additional houses can be placed around the edges,       ...r|M M M M|
or additional modules can be built.                     ...r|M M M M|
                                                        ...r|M_M_M_M|
...r_r r r_r_r_r r_r_r_r r_r_r_r r r_r_r_r r_r_r_r r_r_r_r r r_r...
...H H|r|H H H H|H H H H|H H H H|r|H H H H|H H H H|H H H H|r|H H...
...H H|r|H H H H|H H H H|H H H H|r|H H H H|H H H H|H H H H|r|H H...
...H H|r|H H H H|H H H H|H H H H|r|H H H H|H H H H|H H H H|r|H H...
.._H_H|r|H_H_H_H|H_H_H_H|H_H_H_H|r|H_H_H_H|H_H_H_H|H_H_H_H|r|H_H_..
...H H|r|H H H H|H H H H|H H H H|r|H H H H|H H H H|H H H H|r|H H...
...H H|r|H H H H|H H H H|H H H H|r|H H H H|H H H H|H H H H|r|H H...
...H H|r|H H H H|H H H H|H H H H|r|H H H H|H H H H|H H H H|r|H H...
.._H_H|r|H_H_H_H|H_H_H_H|H_H_H_H|r|H_H_H_H|H_H_H_H|H_H_H_H|r|H_H_..
.._H_H|r|H H H H|r r_r_r_r r r r r r r r_r_r_r_r r|H H H H|r|H_H_..
.._H_H|r|H H H H|r|C C C C|r|S|r|S|r r|B B B B B|r|H H H H|r|H_H_..
.._H_H|r|H H H H|r|C C C C|r r r r r r|B B B B B|r|H H H H|r|H_H_..
.._H_H|r|H_H_H_H|r|C_C_C_C|r|S|r|S|r|S|B B B B B|r|H_H_H_H|r|H_H_..
.._H_H|r|H H H H|r|T T T T|r|F F F|r r|B B B B B|r|H H H H|r|H_H_..
.._H_H|r|H H H H|r|T T T T|r|F F F|r r|B B B B B|r|H H H H|r|H_H_..
.._H_H|r|H H H H|r|T_T_T_T|r|F_F_F|r r|B_B_B_B_B|r|H H H H|r|H_H_..
.._H_H|r|H_H_H_H|r_r_r_r r_r_r_r_r r_r_r_r r_r_r_r|H_H_H_H|r|H_H_..
...H H|r|H H H H|H H H H|D D D D|r|L L L L|H H H H|H H H H|r|H H...
...H H|r|H H H H|H H H H|D D D D|r|L L L L|H H H H|H H H H|r|H H...
...H H|r|H H H H|H H H H|D D D D|r|L L L L|H H H H|H H H H|r|H H...
.._H_H|r|H_H_H_H|H_H_H_H|D_D_D_D|r|L_L_L_L|H_H_H_H|H_H_H_H|r|H_H_..
...H H|r  _ _ _ |H H H H|H H H H|r|H H H H|H H H H|H H H H|r...
...H H|r|M M M M|H H H H|H H H H|r|H H H H|H H H H|H H H H|r...
...H H|r|M M M M|H H H H|H H H H|r|H H H H|H H H H|H H H H|r...
.._H_H|r|M_M_M_M|H_H_H_H|H_H_H_H|r|H_H_H_H|H_H_H_H|H_H_H_H|r...
...r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r...

Square Key:
* B = Public Baths      * L = School
* C = Chapel (Church)   * M = Main Market
* D = Doctor            * r = Road or Square
* F = Fire Brigade      * S = Stand/Stall
* H = House             * T = Tavern


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Hakea writes: \"The maximum spacing of markets is a grid of 25x26 spaces. The 
module holds 25 houses, plus all the local support you need up to merchant 
level. The chapel will function as a church later in the game so long as you 
build ONE church (which can be anywhere on the outskirts and doesn\'t need to 
be within the local radius). Similarly just build one University somewhere 
else. The market at the left of the picture is not yet necessary here, but has 
been included just to give the feel for the spacing of the grids.\" 

The plan below is attributed to Nerle and diogenes. The city centre is 
surrounded by nine 12x12 blocks of housing. The entire plan needs to be 
repeated around each side before all those blocks can be filled. Here is the 
city centre part. Again, Chapels and Schools are placed in the residential 
area, and a large Church and University placed elsewhere on the same island:

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

...H H|r|H H H H|H H H H|H H H H|r|H H...
.._H_H|r|H_H_H_H|H_H_H_H|H_H_H_H|r|H_H_..
.._r_r r r r r r r r r_r_r_r_r_r r r_r_..
...H H|r r r r r r r|B B B B B B|r|H H...
...H H|r|S|S|r|S|S|r|B B B B B B|r|H H...
...H H|r r_r_r r r r|B B B B B B|r|H H...
.._H_H|r|C C C|r|S|r|B B B B B B|r|H_H_..
...H H|r|C C C|r r r|B_B_B B_B_B|r|H H...
...H H|r|C C C|r r|M M M M|F F F|r|H H...
...H H|r|C_C_C|r r|M M M M|F F F|r|H H...
.._H_H|r r_r_r_r r|M_M_M_M|F_F_F|r|H_H_..
...H H|r|L L L L|r_r_r_r|D D D D|r|H H...
...H H|r|L L L L|T T T T|D D D D|r|H H...
...H H|r|L L L L|T T T T|D D D D|r|H H...
.._H_H|r|L_L_L_L|T_T_T_T|D_D_D_D|r|H_H_..
.._r_r r r_r_r_r_r_r_r_r_r_r_r_r r r_r_..
...H H|r|H H H H|H H H H|H H H H|r|H H...
...H H|r|H H H H|H H H H|H H H H|r|H H...

Square Key:
* B = Public Baths      * L = School
* C = Chapel (Church)   * M = Main Market
* D = Doctor            * r = Road or Square
* F = Fire Brigade      * S = Stand/Stall
* H = House (part)      * T = Tavern


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

The next city centre design is by LadyH. Again, houses are clustered around 
the edges, and the University and Church are placed elsewhere, with the School 
and Chapel being left to upgrade. I have shown the Doctor and Fire Brigade 
separately, however it may be possible to build only one at anyone one time 
and instead add an extra house in the vacant space (Settlers require a Fire 
Brigade but no Doctor, while Citizens and Merchants require a Doctor but not 
normally a Fire Brigade):

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

          ..  _ _ _ _ _  r|H H...
          ..|B B B B B B|r|H_H_H H|._..
          ..|B B B B B B|r  _ _   |H H...
          ..|B B B B B B|r|F F F| |H H...
          ..|B B B B B B|r|F F F| |H H...
          ..|B_B_B_B_B_B|r|F_F_F| |H_H_..
.._r_r r r_r_r_r r_r_r_r r r_r_r_r r_r_..
...H H|r|D D D D|T T T T|r|C C C C|H H...
...H H|r|D D D D|T T T T|r|C C C C|H H...
...H H|r|D D D D|T_T_T_T|r|C_C_C_C|H H...
.._H_H|r|D_D_D_D|r r_r_r r r_r_r_r|H_H_..
...H H|r r r r r r|M M M|r|L L L L|H H...
...H H|r r|S|r|S|r|M M M|r|L L L L|H H...
...H H|r r r r|S|r|M M M|r|L L L L|H H...
.._H_H|r r|S|r|S|r|M_M_M|r|L_L_L_L|H_H_..
...r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r...

Square Key:
* B = Public Baths      * L = School
* C = Chapel (Church)   * M = Main Market
* D = Doctor            * r = Road or Square
* F = Fire Brigade      * S = Stand/Stall
* H = House             * T = Tavern


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

The following plan was found of Anno France ( http://www.annofrance.com/ ). 
Just the central area is shown, with no houses. The Fire Brigade is excluded - 
at lower civilization levels this can occupy the space taken by the Public 
Baths or Doctor. Extra stalls can be placed in front of the Main Market, and 
the Main Market moved \'back\' one square without losing housing space. 
Otherwise lack of space for stalls can be a problem, particularly when 
servicing a large number of Merchants:

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

r r_r_r r r r r r r_r_r_r r
r|C C C|r|S|r|S|r|D D D D|r
r|C C C|r|S|r|S|r|D D D D|r
r|C C C|B B B B B|D D D D|r
r|C_C_C|B B B B B|D_D_D_D|r
r|T T T|B B B B B|L L L L|r
r|T T T|B B B B B|L L L L|r
r|T T T|B B B B B|L L L L|r
r|T_T_T|B_B_B_B_B|L_L_L_L|r
r r r r r r_r_r_r r r r r r
         |M M M M|
         |M M M M|
         |M_M_M_M|

Square Key:
* B = Public Baths      * M = Main Market
* C = Chapel (Church)   * r = Road or Square
* D = Doctor            * S = Stand/Stall
* L = School            * T = Tavern


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Below is a plan used by Roland19 in Metropol. It supports an entirely road-
less Merchant-level city. The central block is completely surrounded by 
houses. The central blocks are spaced such that there are only six rows of 4x4 
houses between each of them on the top and bottom sides of the plan, and just 
four rows of houses on the left and right sides. Generally each house has at 
least two of every facility within its service area. Since the central block 
is 8x15, houses do not remain in a perfect grid pattern - however this is less 
of a problem with no roads. The original design only needed to support four 
stalls, rather than the usual five. There should be sufficient space within 
the stall area to accommodate a fifth stall. Alternatively the plan can be 
extended to an 8x16 design, creating greater space in the centre for further 
stalls.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

  _ _ _   _ _ _   _ _ _   _ _
|L L L L|T T T T|C C C C|F F F|
|L L L L|T T T T|C C C C|F F F|
|L L L L|T T T T|C_C_C_C|F_F_F|
|L_L_L_L|T_T_T T|S|B B B B B B|
|D D D D|M M M|S|r|B B B B B B|
|D D D D|M M M|S|r|B B B B B B|
|D D D D|M M M|S|r|B B B B B B|
|D_D_D_D|M_M_M|r r|B_B_B_B_B_B|

Square Key:
* B = Public Baths      * M = Main Market
* C = Chapel (Church)   * r = Road or Square
* D = Doctor            * S = Stand/Stall
* F = Fire Brigade      * T = Large Tavern
* L = School


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

The plan below is by Curley. Only the central area is shown. This is 
surrounded by housing. Main Markets are places around the edges. As with 
others, the large Church and University are placed elsewhere on the island, 
with Chapels and Schools upgraded. The plan omits Main Markets from the 
centre. As with the Hakea design, this is a potential weakness because 
supplies of Alcohol can take a long time to reach the Tavern, which at higher 
civilisation levels can result in a shortage of Alcohol. Curley notes: \"I try 
and center the town between 4 of those buildings to leave as much room as I 
possibly can for houses. Invariably the Tavern is within a couple houses of a 
Main Market building\":

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

 ..r r_r_r_r_r_r r_r_r_r r..
 ..r|B B B B B B|T T T T|r..
 ..r|B B B B B B|T T T T|r..
 ..r|B B B B B B|T_T_T_T|r..
 ..r|B B B B B B|C C C C|r..
 ..r|B_B_B_B_B_B|C C C C|r..
 .|F F F|D D D D|C_C_C_C|r..
 .|F F F|D D D D|L L L L|r..
 .|F_F_F|D D D D|L L L L|r..
 ..r r r|D_D_D_D|L L L L|r..
 ..r r|S|S|S|S|S|L_L_L_L|r..
 ..r r r r r r r r r r r r..

Square Key:
* B = Public Baths      * L = School
* C = Chapel (Church)   * r = Road or Square
* D = Doctor            * S = Stand/Stall
* F = Fire Brigade      * T = Tavern


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

The final plan is by Hewolf. The positioning of houses is slightly more 
freeform than other plans because the central area does not fit perfectly 
within a 4x4 grid:

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

 ..r r_r_r_r_r r r r r r_r_r_r r..
 ..r|B B B B B|r|S|r|S|D D D D|r..
 ..r|B B B B B|r|S|r|S|D D D D|r..
 ..r|B B B B B|L L L L|D D D D|r..
 ..r|B B B B B|L L L L|D_D_D_D|r..
 ..r|B B B B B|L L L L|C C C C|r..
 ..r|B_B_B_B_B|L_L_L_L|C C C C|r..
 ..r|M M M M|F F F|r|S|C_C_C_C|r..
 ..r|M M M M|F F F|r|S|T T T T|r..
 ..r|M_M_M_M|F_F_F|r|S|T T T T|r..
 ..r r r r r r r r r r|T_T_T_T|r..
 ..r r r r r r r r r r r r r r r..

Square Key:
* B = Public Baths      * M = Main Market
* C = Chapel (Church)   * r = Road or Square
* D = Doctor            * S = Stand/Stall
* F = Fire Brigade      * T = Tavern
* L = School


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

5.1.4 Aristocrat cities

From LadyH: \"You need Aristocrats... when you want to see the great video 
about the chateau... when you want to build a beautiful chateau... when you 
want to see the great video about the cathedral... when you want to build the 
beautiful cathedral... when you like to build up great cities. You don\'t need 
them; as well as you don\'t need to play the game. In my humble opinion, it\'s a 
nice experience because of different requirements. Merchants are much better 
when you want to have much much much gold in your pocket.\" 

Gunter writes: \"There\'s no real necessity in the game for this upgrade, it\'s 
just for fun - and you can get the cathedral and the palace. ... I guess also 
that you get more money from aristocrats because the goods which they buy are 
more expensive. But you should rather stick to merchants if you want more 
inhabitants, for example in the \'Metropolis\' mission.\" Aristocrat houses 
contain fewer people than Merchant houses. Jini adds: \"You only *need* 
Aristocrats if you want to build a castle or a cathedral. For every other 
purpose, Merchants are more suitable.\" Jarrah writes: \"In 1503 (as in life) 
aristocrats are somewhat unnecessary baggage. But they offer a bit of a 
challenge later in the game, due to their finicky nature, and the requirement 
to set up some new production chains (nobody else buys most of what they want 
either).\" Ravell comments: \"Don\'t give up on the aristocrats, they bring in 
good money and the collapsing happened only in 3-5 houses out of 70, all 
others are happy and making me rich.\" Dobber adds: \"You do not make less money 
[with Aristocrats], because you have not as high operating costs. You can 
delete all production lines not required by Aristocrats, this is a tremendous 
savings on operating expenses. You also do not need as many ships for 
transporting goods, so you save operating expenses there. And the Aristocrats 
pay big for wine and jewelry.\" 

From Jini: \"(1) They don\'t need wine and jewelry, these are optional goods. 
(2) A \'park\' actually only has to contain a Pavilion. Hedges are optional as 
well. (3) Aristocrats are lazy bastards. If they have to walk to far in order 
to satisfy their needs, they literally die during the walk. (4) There is a bug 
or at least strange behaviour in the Aristocrat\'s \'path finding routine\'. 
Example: Lets assume there is Pavilion and a theatre south of an Aristocrat 
house and another Pavilion north of the house. One would expect the 
Aristocrats from that house are walking southwards, visit the theatre, the 
Pavilion aside and then go back home. Funnily enough, they sometimes first 
visit the theatre in the south and then the Pavilion in the north. This makes 
their way much longer. Together with all the other public buildings, it can 
happen that an Aristocrat is endlessly walking around and then starves. (5) On 
should therefore carefully watch the paths along the Aristocrats are walking. 
Paradoxically it can sometimes help to tear down duplicate public buildings or 
to block a certain street. (6) Aristocrat houses collapsing is a know problem 
which lots of people are facing.\" 

From Dobber: \"You can fill your town with \'Aristo\'s only\' and get rid of all 
production chains except food and cloth. The only production chains you have 
to add are fur and of course the tailor to convert cloth and fur to clothing. 
The wine and jewelry are nice things that they gladly spend their money on but 
you don\'t have to worry when those stocks run low. They do require a theatre 
and a pavilion to be happy. Just make sure you have done all your research at 
the university before going all Aristo for they do not go to school. They also 
quit going to the tavern. The only public buildings needed are: Theatre, Bath, 
Pavilion, Church (upgraded chapel takes up less room), Doctor and the 
necessary market stalls for the particular good they are buying. Also the 
excess goods that are no longer needed, spice, tobacco, lamp oil, silk and 
alcohol can be placed in the sell goods menu at the warehouse and the 
Venetians will eventually buy them all.\" 

Gunter\'s city planning suggestions for Aristocrats: \"1 or 2 principles which 
I\'m always observing: provided that there\'s enough building material, I start 
with building a \'center\' consisting of a market, the stalls (food, clothes, 
wine, jewels) and the public buildings (church, public bath, theatre, 
pavilion, I add also a doctor since I saw that they are also attacked by the 
plague). Then I draw some streets and look where the houses fit in. Coming to 
the edge of the area covered by the market, I start to watch if every new 
house can well reach the center and all its facilities, otherwise I add what\'s 
lacking (the pavilion is often the first one).\" 

Zomby Woof: \"Basically my entire city is divided in rectangles, size 49x35 
fields. The houses are built at the edge in 3x2 blocks, every block surrounded 
by streets. The center is for church, etc. This quarter contains 48 houses 
(1440 aristocrats) and usually I need only one theatre and one bathing house 
for that, but maybe two churches and pavilions. Market stands are at each side 
of the rectangle (inside).\" 

Svar writes: \"I built an aristocrat housing block with 990 residents and let 
the economy stabilize so I could record the lowest cash flow value I saw in 
about a 5 minute period. The value was 1254 gold. Next I added 2 jewelry 
combines (2 gold mines, 2 gem mines, 2 goldsmiths, 2 jewelry stalls, and 1 
large transport to collect raw materials) and again let the economy stabilize 
before recording the lowest cash value in about a 5 minute period. What a 
shock it was to see that I was now making 1215 gold. I turned off the jewelry 
combines and expanded the aristocrat population to 1350 which should be just 
over the 2 times capacity of the combines maximum of 1334. It took some time 
for the aristocrat housing to indicate that I had met zero demand for jewelry 
before I could resume the test. When I did the cash flow value had risen to 
1757 without the cost of the idle gold combines. Next I restarted the 2 
jewelry combines and was pleased to see the initial jump in cash flow. When 
everything finally stabilized the new figure for the added jewelry sales was a 
cash flow of 1966. This was only about 200 gold higher than without jewelry 
sales so once the initial demand is satisfied jewelry sales don\'t contribute 
that much to the bottom line. By the way, jewelry sells for 195 gold at this 
level so the boost is greater at the lower difficulty levels. Also there was a 
real advantage to adding the aristocrats since the city already 2350 merchants 
and they were generating about 800 gold per minute alone. So adding 1350 
aristocrats more than doubled the cash flow and the housing block was 
eventually increased to 1440 aristocrats. My new strategy is to never over 
produce jewelry again when building aristocrats housing.\" 

Svar continues: \"I have noticed in the past that once I get large numbers of 
aristocrats that the increase in cash flow isn\'t proportional to the increase 
in population. I now think that I overproduced jewelry. The maintenance cost 
for 1 jewelry combine is 170 gold so it is easy to overproduce and lose the 
small profit margin that you get at this level.\" 

The following design is by LadyH. It excludes a Fire Brigade, which _should_ 
not be required, although might be worth considering if riots become a 
problem. The central section is shown below. This is surrounded completely by 
8x8 blocks of housing, to form a 4x4 grid. In all four extreme corners of the 
grid one house is removed and a Pavilion built instead. Note the use of wide 
roads in the centre of the design, which help prevent Aristocrats getting 
lost. Although not the most efficient use of space, I\'ve found the layout very 
effective for maintaining happy Aristocrats.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

.. H H|r|H H H H|H H H H|r|H H H H|H H H H|r|H H ..
.._H_H|r|H_H_H_H|H_H_H_H|r|H_H_H_H|H_H_H_H|r|H_H_..
.._r_r r r_r_r_r r_r_r_r r r_r_r_r r_r_r_r r r_r_..
.. H H|r|H H H H|H H H H|r|H H H H|H H H H|r|H H ..
.. H H|r|H H H H|H H H H|r|H H H H|H H H H|r|H H ..
.. H H|r|H H H H|H H H H|r|H H H H|H H H H|r|H H ..
.._H_H|r|H_H_H_H|H_H_H_H|r|H_H_H_H|H_H_H_H|r|H_H_..
.. H H|r|C C C|r r r|S|r r|D D D D|H H H H|r|H H ..
.. H H|r|C C C|r|S|r r r r|D D D D|H H H H|r|H H ..
.. H H|r|C C C|r r r r|S|r|D D D D|H H H H|r|H H ..
.._H_H|r|C_C_C|r r|S|r r r|D_D_D_D|H_H_H_H|r|H_H_..
.._r_r r r_r r r r r r_r r r r_r r r r_r r r r_r_..
.. H H|r|O O|r r r r|O O|r r|O O|r r|O O|r r|H H ..
.. H H|r|O_O|r_r_r_r|O_O|r r|O_O|r r|O_O|r r|H H ..
.. H H|r r|T T T T T T T|r r r_r_r_r_r_r r r|H H ..
.._H_H|r r|T T T T T T T|r r|B B B B B B|r r|H_H_..
.. H H|r r|T T T T T T T|r r|B B B B B B|r r|H H ..
.. H H|r r|T T T T T T T|r r|B B B B B B|r r|H H ..
.. H H|r r|T T T T T T T|r r|B B B B B B|r r|H H ..
.._H_H|r r|T_T_T_T_T_T_T|r r|B_B_B_B_B_B|r r|H_H_..
.._r_r r r_r_r_r_r_r_r_r r r_r_r_r_r_r_r_r r r_r_..
.. H H|r|H H H H|H H H H|r|H H H H|H H H H|r|H H ..
.. H H|r|H H H H|H H H H|r|H H H H|H H H H|r|H H ..

Square Key:
* B = Public Baths      * O = Ornamental
* C = Chapel (Church)   * r = Road or Square
* D = Doctor            * S = Stand/Stall
* F = Fire Brigade      * T = Theatre
* H = House (part)


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

The diagram below shows a suggested Aristocrat city layout by slik. The 
service area of the Pavilion has been filled with gardens and squares, which 
is not required. It may therefore be possible to optimise this further. The 
core of the design is shown, which is surrounded by housing - a total of 54 
houses can be serviced:

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

.. H H|r|H H H H|r|H H H H|H H H H|r|H H ..
.._H_H|r|H_H_H_H|r|H_H_H_H|H_H_H_H|r|H_H_..
.._r_r r r_r_r_r_r r r r r r r r r r r_r_..
.. H H|r|B B B B B|      p p p     r|H H ..
.. H H|r|B B B B B|  p p p p p p p r|H H ..
.. H H|r|B B B B B|  p p p_p_p p p r|H H ..
.._H_H|r|B B B B B|p p p|P P P|p p p|H_H_..
.. H H|r|B B B B B|p p p|P P P|p p p|H H ..
.. H H|r|B_B_B_B_B|p p p|P_P_P|p p p|H H ..
.. H H|r|M M M|F F F|p p p p p p p r|H H ..
.._H_H|r|M M M|F F F|p_p p p p p_p r|H_H_..
.. H H|r|M M M|F_F_F|S|S|p_p_p|S|S|r|H H ..
.. H H|r|M_M_M|C C C C|T T T T T T|r|H H ..
.. H H|r      |C C C C|T T T T T T|r|H H ..
.._H_H|r_ _ _ |C_C_C_C|T T T T T T|r|H_H_..
.. H H|H H H H|D D D D|T T T T T T|r|H H ..
.. H H|H H H H|D D D D|T T T T T T|r|H H ..
.. H H|H H H H|D D D D|T T T T T T|r|H H ..
.._H_H|H_H_H_H|D_D_D_D|T_T_T_T_T_T|r|H_H_..
.._r_r r r_r_r_r_r_r_r_r r r_r_r_r r r_r_..
.. H H|r|H H H H|H H H H|r|H H H H|r|H H ..
.. H H|r|H H H H|H H H H|r|H H H H|r|H H ..

Square Key:
* B = Public Baths      * P = Pavilion
* C = Chapel (Church)   * p = Pavilion service area
* D = Doctor            * r = Road or Square
* F = Fire Brigade      * S = Stand/Stall
* H = House (part)      * T = Theatre
* M = Main Market


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

______________________________________________________________________________

5.2 Industry Planning and Building
______________________________________________________________________________


5.2.1 General industry/farm design strategies

Detailed data on industry efficiency is given in the appendix Production 
Efficiency, along with data on the number of people one industry is likely to 
sustain. Industries are often grouped in \'combines\'. A combine attempts to 
match the output of material producers to the capability of processing 
industry. In most cases this works by building two material producers for 
every one processing industry. For example, one Butcher\'s Shop can service two 
Cattle Farms efficiently. There are exceptions to this rule (for example Whale 
Blubber and Stone, where two processing industries can efficiently work with 
one material supplier), and there are many cases where the precise ratio can 
be better balanced - particularly where there are more than a handful of the 
same farm/industry required. The basic 2:1 combine ratio is a good 
approximation in the majority of cases. 

In most cases, you should plant crops in all the squares that make up a 
farm/plantation\'s service area. Detailed data on field efficiency is given in 
the appendix Production Efficiency. Zomby Woof notes: \"A big exception is the 
forester. I think he has 44 fields within his service area but he uses only 
half of them, so you can build two foresters directly next to each other. I do 
so and my foresters are working up to 100%, saves a lot of space.\" 

Budgie writes: \"It\'s always good to have a main market building next to your 
farms or industries, because along with these buildings come market carts that 
transport your materials.\" Dobber comments: \"I put my breweries near the farms 
so brewmaster can get hops straight from the farm, but also put in a road so 
excess can be stockpiled against drought.\" From vorosz: \"I almost never 
connect my sheep farms or cattle farms. I always connect my crop farms with 
roads to build a supply of that good for when there is a drought. Since 
livestock don\'t seem to be affected by droughts stocking up isn\'t necessary.\" 

From zzzzzooc: \"I keep my raw goods/materials away from the buildings that 
convert them into consumer goods/materials (except for mines).\" Carts are used 
to deliver goods from farms to Main Markets. \"The manufacturing buildings are 
usually a couple blocks away from a market which is a steady source of the raw 
goods. The workers get the raw goods about five times faster than if they had 
to walk 10 or so blocks between different plantations and I\'d end up 
sacrificing crop blocks to get the manufacturing buildings close enough to the 
plantations anyways unless I went a non space-efficient layout.\" This approach 
requires all farms to be road-connected, and it places greater work-load on 
carts. 

It is often stated that all processing buildings need to be road-connected to 
a Main Market or warehouse. This is only partly true. If the buildings adjoin 
a Main Market with at least one green \'entry point\' arrow pointing into the 
market, there is no need for roads - carts will leave the market and 
immediately arrive at the processing building. Markets themselves are slightly 
unusual in that carts can leave by almost any square - this is most obvious 
with the Citizen-level Main Market, which has an internal corridor all the way 
round the main structure. 

What is less well known is that certain processing buildings allow carts to 
travel straight across to another adjoining building. This only works for 
certain buildings. The example below shows a series of Distilleries linked to 
a Main Market:

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

  _ _ _  _ _ _  _ _ _  _ _ _ _
 |< ^ >||< ^ >||< ^ >||       |
 |  D  ||  D  ||  D  ||   M   |
 |_ _ _||_ _ _||_ _ _||_ _ _ _|


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

\"D\" indicates a Distillery. \"M\" indicates a Main Market. The arrows show the 
location of the green entry arrows for the building. This approach works 
because all the arrows are aligned, and visually there appears to be room for 
a cart to travel round the building. Carts will travel directly between the 
market and any of the Distilleries, without additional roads. 

There are other examples where simply having green arrows aligned is not 
enough. Large buildings with entrances on each side, such as Ropeworks, do not 
give sufficient space for a cart to travel past. In other cases only certain 
pairs of entrances will work. The example below shows two Foresters and a 
Hunting Lodge joined together. Although each Forester\'s Hut has three 
entrances, only two of them are wide enough for a cart to pass through, giving 
the arrangement below.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

         _ _ _
        |  ^  |
        |< H >|
        |_ v _|
  _ _ _  _   _ 
 |     ||  ^ F|
 |-   >||<   -|
 |F v _||_ _ _|
    r
    r


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

\"F\" indicates the location of the actual structure for within each Forester\'s 
Hut. The arrows show the entry points used. \"r\" shows the road to the Main 
Market. \"H\" is a Hunting Lodge. For optimum efficiency, only place two 
Foresters in close proximity to one another. Carts will pass through both 
Forester\'s Huts to pick up Food and Hides from the Hunting Lodge. 

This approach is known to work for Distilleries, Lamp Oil factories, Hunting 
Lodges, Forester\'s Huts (in part), and Spice plantations. The tactic greatly 
reduces the use of roads. This saves space, and often allows buildings to be 
placed closer to Main Markets, reducing slightly the overall time taken to 
transport goods. 

From Hakea: \"I\'ve tried overlapping [farms and production buildings] and it 
works to quite a surprising degree. I tried squeezing Cattle Farms together, 
for instance, and putting a Butcher right between them to see if it would be 
more efficient. The little walkers certainly take less time, but I really 
couldn\'t say whether that\'s eye candy or whether it does speed things up.\" 
From vorosz: \"I always overlap cattle and sheep as it never seems to affect 
production. I almost never overlap my crops, I would rather a few crops laying 
idle for when I run into a drought.\" 

LadyH writes: \"You can also set one well for two farms the service area of the 
well only has to reach the farm to take affect like this:\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

       # # #             # # #
   # # # # # # #     # # # # # # #
   # # # # # # # X   # # # # # # #      Square Key:
 # # # F F F # # # # # # F F F # # #    F = Farm/Plantation
 # # # F F F # # # # # # F F F # # #    X = Well
 # # # F F F # # # # # # F F F # # #    # = Field area
 # # # # # # # #     # # # # # # #
   # # # # # # #     # # # # # # #
       # # #             # # #


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

SAC offers a strategy for general industry development across the entire map: 
\"I have a main city where I\'ve placed all my factories. Further more, I\'ve 
arranged for all factories to be placed depending on their specialities by 
having them close together with a warehouse [or Main Market] in the middle - 
each group surrounded by a fence. This way I\'ve ensured that the warehouse 
staff don\'t wander off to some far away located business to fetch goods, but 
instead keep their duties and loyalties to the factories in the small group. 
Not only do they fetch goods quicker, the factory staff also get their goods 
faster. 

\"I have some large \'production islands\' where I produce all the raw materials. 
From these islands I have set up ship routes that are all specialized in a 
specific raw product, either one or two ships depending on the distance 
between the islands and the main city. 

\"I have three other cities, all of them placed in different climate zones, 
which allows me to take advantage of the terrain and fauna in an interesting 
way. Some of these cities do have some raw material productions, but I don\'t 
manufacture them locally - instead I ship all goods to the main city. 

\"I like my plantations and factory areas to look nice as well, so I often put 
a lot of work into these - just as I do when developing a new city. Once an 
island has been developed, be it a city or a production spot, I also add a lot 
of time trying to adjust problems and lower production costs as much as 
possible. In order to avoid occupying every single island - mainly because I\'d 
like to see developed AI players as well - I try to take advantage of islands 
that are occupied by different tribes. In some cases it\'s possible to build up 
a nice looking spot with a native tribe along with my raw production chains.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

5.2.2 Food production

Bobbyrookie writes: \"Here\'s what my computations have brought me to: 

- 5 hunting lodges will feed a population of 1000. Total cost = $100. 
- 12 fishing huts will feed a population of 1000. Total cost = $240. 
- 3 butcher shop chains (2 cattle farms and 1 butcher shop per chain) will 
feed a population of 1000. Total cost = $156. 
- 2 bakery chains (4 grain fields, 2 mills, and one bakery per chain) will 
feed a population of 1000, with much left over. Total cost = $174. 
- 13 small farms will feed a population of 1000. Total cost = $260. 

So based on my computations, hunting lodges are the most cost effective form 
of food production. They are not, however, the most space-consumption 
effective. They are the best way to feed your people only if you have a great 
deal of land. I have chosen to utilize the bakery chains to feed my 
population. Even though it is more expensive to feed 1000 people than butcher 
chains are, it is actually cheaper to feed a population of 3000 (5 bakery 
chains will feed 3000 people at a cost of $435. It takes 10 butcher shops to 
feed a population of 3000, at a cost of $520). Bakery chains also take up less 
space than hunting lodges.\" 

FaithRaven comments: \"Important is cost/unit and the producing speed. Also you 
may be will be interested in building costs (resources because gold it\'s not 
so important). When you have 300-400 inhabitants use hunters. After than build 
2 cattle farms and 1 butcher. Maybe later you will want to delete your 
hunters. However you should keep your cattle farms when you use grain.\" 
Bobbyrookie replies: \"Once you get a colony up and running, the bottom line is 
what feeds the most people for the least cost. If it costs $520 to run 10 
butcher chains, and it only costs $435 to run 5 bakery chains, and both are 
capable of feeding 3000 people, that pretty much tells you everything you need 
to know. Even if the building costs are more for bakery chains than they are 
for butcher chains, you easily make up the difference over time in the amount 
you save in production costs. If I\'m correct on the definition of production 
speed being the amount of time it takes for an operation to reach 100% 
production, then production speed is only relevant if your stock is low. At 
first, utilize hunters, then progress to butcher shops (because like I said, 
butcher shops feed a population of 1000 for less cost than bakeries do). But 
once your colony is established, and you\'re able to work up a reserve of food, 
I suggest transferring food production to bakery chains, unless you have 
enough space for a dozen or so hunting lodges.\" 

Jini writes: \"Grain is much more efficient concerning production cost ($/food 
unit) and ground (squares/food unit). I would therefore strongly recommend to 
feed your inhabitants with grains. Secondly, grain is the only food production 
which is really \'scalable\'. Feeding 10,000 inhabitants with hunters or small 
farms is almost impossible - with grain no problem. Last but not least, 
\'bread-plants\' are simply looking much cooler than those crappy small farms. I 
always build something like this:

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

 g g g g g g g r|P P P|r g g g g g g g
 g g g_g_g g g r|P P P|r g g g_g_g g g
 g g|F F F|g g r|P P P|r g g|F F F|g g
 g g|F F F|r r r|P P P|r r r|F F F|g g      Square key:
 g g|F_F_F|g g r|P P P|r g g|F_F_F|g g      * g = Grain field
 g g g g g g g r|P P P|r g g g g g g g      * F = Grain farm
 g g g g g g g r|P P P|r g g g g g g g      * r = Road
 g g g g g g g r|P P P|r . . .              * P = Production building (Mill,
 g g g_g_g g g r . . .                            Bakery, or Market)
 g g|F F F|g g r . . .


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Such a \'production-street\' can be expanded with almost zero effort.\" The 
concept of production streets can be applied to almost any crop type. For 
example, a chain of Distilleries (without road connection, as described 
General industry/farm design strategies above, can be paralleled by four 
columns of Sugarcane Plantations, two either side of the line of Distilleries. 

Jarrah notes: \"Generally mono-cultures like all wheat farms are unwieldy due 
to being prone to droughts and variations in soil fertility, depending on 
where you are. Don\'t expect to get those figures always. They are also harder 
to balance as your population isn\'t always neatly going to divide by 600 or 
667 (the figures vary after Pioneer level).\" 

Wiles writes: \"The only objection I would have for not using hunters for a 
vast population is that it seems to vary how much food you get at different 
times. For me, it seems that the AI forgets to repopulate the hunters area of 
influence with new stock from time to time if you have a lot of other things 
going, and it reduces the flow of food to the warehouses. I\'ve watched as the 
hunter goes out, walks around, and comes back empty handed a lot more often.\" 
Jarrah comments: \"Hunters can be overlapped with other enterprises like 
Foresters and Farms, and definitely don\'t need a lot of space to themselves. 
They will still run at 100% efficiency - but under any circumstances they seem 
to be prone to occasional slumps in animal availability.\" 

Hakea writes: \"The Hunters seem to like a mixture of woods and open areas in 
their territory and will overlap OK with Foresters (share some space).\" 
Hunters can work outside of your territory if their huts are placed on the 
border. From Curley: \"I put Foresters and Hunters in the same areas. They seem 
to be able to overlap and get along well. Many times I blanket the entire area 
with trees (no open spaces) and the animals seem to stay available for the 
Hunters to harvest.\" From vorosz: \"I usually have 6 or 8 foresters running in 
a large clump. The resulting large forest produces a lot of game that I place 
my hunters (3-4 staggered around) across the road from my forest, using up 
more than half of his field of influence and rarely go below 100%. I also am 
not to concerned about leaving the rest of its field of influence completely 
clear, as game always come to where the grass is to graze.\" Acid\'s conceptual 
plan for integrating Hunters and Foresters is as follows:

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

 HL T
 FH ----- MMB ----- FH 
 HL 

Key:
* FH = Forester\'s Hut
* HL = Hunting Lodge
* MMB = Main Market Building
* T = Tannery
* - = Road


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Zomby Woof comments: \"I never produce food with those [Small] farms. I prefer 
to build a second hunter and later cattle and grain combines.\" 

Jarrah writes: \"In my experience each food maker has its advantage and 
disadvantages and suits certain circumstances and play styles and not others. 
I like to see a bit of variety (which I\'m sure my population appreciates) but 
it also seems a more flexible way to be able to respond to changing game 
circumstances. I think that a \'mono-culture\' approach not only looks rather 
dull, but wastes some of the opportunities offered by other methods. I start 
with Hunters and work my way up without often deleting to switch over 
(although I do use Small Farms only for alcohol). I even sprinkle one or two 
Fisherfolk in as I like the look of them and they use space nobody else uses 
(ragged edges and ocean) so can be tucked in at any stage if you just want to 
balance up without the expense of opening up new territory with a fresh 
market. Hunters are good for that later in the game too, so don\'t forget your 
original \'best mates\'.\" 

Fishermen are an expensive form of food production, but should not be entirely 
discounted. The actual amount of land required is minimal. This makes them 
well suited to helping support very large Merchant-level populations, where 
land is at a premium, but cash is relatively easy to generate. 

Additional numerical analysis of Food production by Stratgan is contained in 
the Production Efficiency appendix.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

5.2.3 Salt

From Hakea: \"Here are some figures (from the official tables): 

- Output from 1 salt works = 6 tons per minute. 
- Number of Pioneers that 1 salt works will supply = 3000 (i.e. 500 per 1 
ton). 
- Cost of building salt mine and works = 10 tools, 20 wood and 1100 gold. 
- Running costs of Mine + Works = 55 gold per minute. 
- Selling price of salt at Stall = 30 - 38 gold per ton (which 500 pioneers 
use in 1 minute). 

So if you have only 500 Pioneers (and you quite possibly have even less) you 
are losing at least 17 gold every minute. (Unless you make a few tons and then 
shut the mine and works down.) You COULD make a profit, but only IF you could 
sell all the salt you are making (which is unlikely - usually you\'d just end 
up knee deep in salt). If you also take into account the fact that you 
probably also built a couple of extra Markets, just to reach the salt mine, 
you are actually losing far more than that. And you don\'t even need to supply 
salt to Pioneers at all. They will progress to Settler without it.\" 

Jarrah comments: \"After realising that Pioneers want Salt, but don\'t actually 
need it, and it never seemed to make me money, I skipped it until I happened 
to be building in that direction anyway - usually during the Settler stage.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

5.2.4 Iron related production

Balou writes: \"I always use 1 mine - 2 smelters - 4 toolmakers. You might need 
additional ore this way (if it\'s a small mine), but the Venetians usually sell 
lots of ore (if another player has a mine, that is). I would only add mines to 
production islands if I have major tool problems... usually it\'s just mines on 
my main island.\" When constructing mines, remember that more than one mine can 
often be placed on the same deposit, just on a different side of the mountain.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

5.2.5 Stone and Marble

Fireball21 writes: \"I would only put 2 masons to every quarry because on the 
quarry they only have enough room for 2 people to chip stone.\" Dobber 
comments: \"Tis true only 2 will chip away at a time, but while those 2 are in 
the shop forming bricks, 1 or 2 others can be chipping stone. Thus they take 
turns at the quarry and not be in each others way. If there are 2 at the 
quarry, the other(s) wait in their shop until there is room for them. After 
the first wait they are synchronized.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

5.2.6 Alcohol

Budgie writes: \"There are 2 [effective] ways to delirium: 2 hop farms + 1 
brewery, or, 2 sugarcane plantations + 1 distillery.\" Dobber writes: \"Hops and 
breweries are definitely the way to go, and if you give the hops farm a road 
connection you can do 5 farms and 3 breweries and keep 3 breweries busy. ... A 
road connection does not hurt the production at the brewery and will allow for 
storage of raw materials against a drought.\" The main advantage of Hop 
production is that it is available at Settler level, while Sugarcane-based 
production requires Citizens. Whichever method you choose, do not keep Small 
Farm (potato-based) Alcohol production any longer than required.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

5.2.7 Cloth

Dobber comments: \"I prefer cotton plantations once I have settled an island I 
can plant cotton on. They take up less room for the same results. 2 
plantations supply a weaving mill, it takes 3 sheep farms to supply a weaving 
mill.\" Gunter writes: \"Sheep farms can\'t be affected by droughts. That\'s why 
recently I supplied my 2000 merchants completely with 2 production chains 
based on sheep.\" BaldJim adds: \"I have found that overlapping sheep farms is 
very successful. It really cuts down on the amount of space needed. I have 
even successfully overlapped sheep farms and cattle farms. I put the yellow 
outline which shows during placement of new buildings just next to the already 
existing building. Therefore there are four squares in distance between the 
two farm buildings.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

______________________________________________________________________________

5.3 Colony Management and Research
______________________________________________________________________________


5.3.1 General strategies

FaithRaven writes: \"In Anno 1503 you should build much more house as in Anno 
1602. Try to provide your settlers many expensive resources they demand.\" 

Whitedog comments: \"You don\'t really start making good money until you are 
fully supplying Merchants (with everything). You\'re immediate goal should be 
to get to that point as soon as possible.\" 

A profit objective, from Hakea: \"I have a sort of rough figure of \'1 gold from 
2 inhabitants\' that I shoot for at a Citizen level of a game, but it depends a 
huge amount on what the terrain is like and also what war goals you might 
have.\" 

King Bigcastle writes: \"Tobacco is usually what you go for first, because your 
people would rather have that than spices.\" From fireball21: \"I put it 
[Tobacco] first because it makes me more money.\" Ravell adds: \"I always build 
the tobacco farms as soon as possible, because I know from my own experience 
how desperate my people are waiting for it %-) .\" LadyH comments: \"Everytime I 
will produce Spice first, because: (a) needs less materials, (b) needs fewer 
buildings, (c) faster to build, (d) cheaper to build up.\" From vorosz: \"I 
usually decide by how close the island is to my main island and how inviting 
it looks by having apparently more fertile land that is unoccupied.\" 

Danomight calculates that Spice is slightly more profitable than Tobacco 
(based on 1,500 people): \"Rate of output times total sales price of goods 
equals the gross profit. Gross profit minus cost equals final profit/minute. 
Cost equals cost per unit times output/minute. 
For Spice: 1.4 times 60 = 84 
84 - (1.4 times 28.57) = a final profit/min of 44.002 
For Tobacco: 2 times 75 = 150 
150 - (( the rate of the raw tobacco production times production cost per 1t 
of raw tobacco) + ( rate of finished tobacco products production times 
production costs for 1t tobacco products) 
150 - ((1.9 times 15.75) + (39.46 times 2)) = a final profit/min of 41.155\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

5.3.2 Balancing demands and development

From Spearthrower: \"When houses upgrade you\'ll end up with more population 
anyway and each resident will be buying more valuable goods... in turn letting 
you improve your infrastructure and letting you have more population. So I 
vote for upgrading and keeping your actual house numbers down to 40-50.\" 

Jbmtneer writes: \"It always seemed that I couldn\'t get the right amount of 
food circulating, I always ended up with overstocked food and salt in some 
cases. So here\'s what I did in the emperor endless game: I had 4 different 
\'subdivisions\' to start out, with each subdivision having there own Food and 
Salt stand. I built them far enough apart to keep it organized at the 
beginning. I kept adding Hunters and houses. Then building a few tanneries and 
slowly adding a cloth stand to sell my hides to each subdivision as long as 
the stock stayed high. Then adding a tavern to 1 subdivision to reach the next 
level to start making my own tools. I think you see where I went with this. 
Keep each subdivision separate and build the stands as you have the stock. I 
ended up at one point, making 2 additional subdivisions and it worked out 
great for me.\" 

Curley warns: \"Remember that when you make a civilization advance your 
population can double. Best to have extra food in storage to handle them.\" 
From Snakeroot: \"Running out of food brings very nasty consequences... and it 
takes time to get back a \'stable\' economy. My strategy has been to fill the 
warehouse with food... then add new house (20) and then watch all commodity 
levels as those 20 houses move to Merchant level.\" 

Jarrah writes: \"If you still want to stockpile stuff at \'home\' for some reason 
then build a spare merchant ship and use it for storage. It can sometimes also 
be handy for stockpiling wood, bricks, etc ready for the big rush when your 
population jumps to Settler, Citizen or whatever.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

5.3.3 Research

From FaithRaven: \"I recommend to make how quick you can well, fire station and 
cloth.\" Hakea comments: \"Quite a lot of the research topics are war related, 
but there are some useful civil ones too, like the ones Raven mentioned, plus 
bigger ships, a Doctor, etc. The cloth one he talked of allows you to build 
Mills to replace Weaver\'s Huts. These can use the output from 3 sheep farms (2 
farms to 1 for Huts) and make woollen cloth for about 20 gold per unit instead 
of 24. They also make it faster. 1 mill can churn out 3 units of cloth a 
minute, whereas you\'d need at 4 fields and 2 huts to produce slightly less 
than 3. But it\'s not that big a deal, as you\'re probably selling it at your 
Stalls for about 80. It\'s just a better option to allow a bit of fine tuning 
as your settlement develops.\" 

Once you have completed any research requiring a Library, destroy it to save 
upkeep. Your librarians will hate you ;-) , but you do not need to retain it 
once the research has been completed.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

5.3.4 Automatic trade routes

SAC writes: \"Since these [large] ships can carry up to 8 different commodities 
I load them accordingly: (1) Food, (2) Salt, (3) Beer, (4) Tobacco, (5) Spice, 
(6) Cloths, (7) Silk, (8) Lamp Oil. I usually develop a new city and then load 
the \'supply ship\' with the above commodities manually for the first trips. 
When the new city has a full storage of the commodities in question, I can 
allow the \'supply ship\' to continue its task automatically. Since the new city 
rarely runs lower than 50 tons missing goods - which is what the \'supply ship\' 
can carry of each commodity, it basically returns to the main city to fill up 
what\'s been unloaded in the new city. Depending on the distance I may need to 
use anything between 1 and 3 \'supply ships\' for each new city. All I need to 
do is a check-up now and then to ensure that everything runs smoothly.\" 

Ria writes: \"I set it up like this: Pick up at Mainland - 10 tons of food, 
cloth and leather each AND drop off at same place 50 tons of each I put on. 
Drop off at spice island - 50 tons of each I pick up. Now 5 hours later, game 
still running, I see when my small island builds up maximum storage, and the 
whole 10 tons won\'t unload, when I get back to main port - my ship unloads all 
extra goods then reloads up the 10... Hmm this will work as long as the main 
port doesn\'t become full before my ship comes back. Now I can use one ship to 
get my goods to my people instead of three.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

5.3.5 Riots

From HJB: \"The game itself is responsible for some of the reasons for riots, 
for example, the citizens are going on errands on a very roundabout way, so 
they have to spend too much time to visit the church or the tavern - the 
result is a lack of food or other goods they need. Best is to build the stalls 
every few meters, so the citizens have to spend less time for shopping and 
have more time to visit church, school, bath house, tavern and so on. It\'s 
also a good way to build cheap buildings like schools and chapels closer to 
each other.\" Wisco comments: \"I let the areas of the same public buildings 
overlap each other. Also, I build the public buildings in the same area. The 
marketstands overlap each other, but in the \'overlap-area\', I build extra 
marketstands.\" 

Wisco again: \"I have put soldiers on every markethouse because it seems they 
[rioters] go out of their houses and walk to the markethouse and after a while 
they go back and destroy their house. If they come in the neighbourhood of a 
marketplace they will be killed.\" From Don Enrico: \"I put mortars in the 
region where riots appear most often. Mortars are able to hit people even 
behind a house, so they cover quite a range. In order to keep them from moving 
around, I put fences or hedges around the mortar.\" 

Gunter adds: \"The third best formula would be some fire brigades to fight the 
fires set by the rioters which the soldiers couldn\'t catch quickly enough.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

______________________________________________________________________________

5.4 Trade and Diplomacy
______________________________________________________________________________


5.4.1 Mechanics of trade

From Zomby Woof: \"Selling something is a question of demand, if nobody demands 
tools you won\'t sell any.\" 

Ravell writes: \"The AI never builds any aristocrats so there\'s no need for 
jewelry. In fact the AI never builds a goldmine or gem mine on his own 
islands.\" LadyH notes: \"When you offer all interesting things for sale, first 
the Venetians will come and buy it. Later the AI will realize, that it\'s 
cheaper to buy directly.\" Don Enrico writes: \"When a Computer-Player settles 
on a new island, he always immediately asks for wood and bricks, sometimes for 
tools as well.\" 

Balou writes: \"I wouldn\'t recommend trading with other computer players via 
auto-routes. Their selling and buying preferences are just changing too often 
to be reliable. What I usually do: Once in a while, I check each of the 
computer players warehouses, load up my biggest trading ship (I always try to 
have/keep one ship for this purpose exclusively) with the (then) needed goods 
and finally set sail to that location. Hopefully their buying setting didn\'t 
change in the meanwhile and I\'ll be able to sell all - or at least most - of 
my stuff to them. ... You can have the Venetians do the shipping for you. Sell 
your product on one of your production islands, and buy them on your main 
island, but this tactics has some drawbacks. First, it\'s not very reliable, so 
I\'d never count on it - but it might be a good way to support your own trading 
routes. Second, it\'s expensive, because in order to interest the Venetians in 
doing all the travelling, you need to sell at a low price and buy at a high 
price, loosing money (even if your buying price is below the price you\'re 
selling it to your people at your sales stands - you\'re still making less 
money).\" 

From Gunter: \"In the beginning I started with my habits of 1602 AD and made my 
ships take goods at various islands close to each other. But I quickly saw 
that the distances are much more longer here, and now I actually dedicate one 
ship to one island. No problem, I guess, to let it take 2 products there... 
Later on, when you need a more frequent supply you should send over a second 
and even a third ship to the island, - but with a different time schedule: 
while the first ship starts at the supply island with goods to be delivered, 
the second should have just delivered his cargo and should be ready to return 
there, and so on.\" 

From mwe1967: \"I sent a ship to each computer warehouse and made a trade route 
with 2 stops, both at the computer warehouse to buy as much alcohol, tobacco 
and spice he was selling. So now the ship is in an endless loop and sits at 
the computer dock trying to buy stuff and as soon as he puts it up for sale I 
buy it. Leave the ship there for 30 minutes or an hour and when you come back 
he\'s full of goods. Of course then you have to manually sail him back to 
unload and then just reactivate the trade route and he goes back to buy more.\" 

KingBob\'s suggestion: \"Build boats... and sell them. It seems that opponents 
(but not pirates and Venetians) buy them very quickly even if they don\'t use 
them (they are often waiting in their seaports). Maybe the costs of producing 
resources seems to be high but when you sell a few ships your money increases 
rapidly.\" Rayyvin comments: \"In my case, the opponents bought 2 ships and then 
no more.\" Free Trader writes: \"One trick I found is to make medium trade ships 
and sell them to the computer players. It costs 2500 gold coins, 25 wood, 10 
cloth, and 7 ropes to make one, and the computer players (in my game at least) 
bought every ship I made for EXACTLY 4032 dollars.\" 

Sir Jim writes: \"I decided to sell the small trading vessel I had left. I 
clicked on the ship, went to sell ship and lowered the price to 2500, the 
computer player then bought it from me but because I was still on the sell 
ship section I could change the price of the ship even though it wasn\'t mine. 
I lowered the price of the ship down to 1 gold coin and was then able to buy 
it back for 1 gold coin. Made a profit of 2499 gold coins. ... I wouldn\'t 
really call my ship trick a cheat, more taking advantage of the AI players.\" 

From Renaud: \"I had a big merchant stuck _inside_ a warehouse (no kidding). 
You could barely make out the edges of the ship, it was pretty funny. Slide 
the price bar low enough and it will sell. If it\'s stuck, the poor computer 
player who buys it from you will sink it immediately.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

5.4.2 Benefits of trade

Jarrah writes: \"Selling on your own Stalls seems to get the best price, and 
it\'s predictable and doesn\'t involve the cost of ships etc.\" 

From Ravell: \"When I start a game I try to get independent from the Venetians 
as soon as possible, the other AI\'s aren\'t much of a trading partner in the 
beginnings, I don\'t want to sail half around the world for 3 or 4 tons of some 
goods. But once I\'m settled well and have a steady income in my own 
population, trade is becoming a good way to meet your neighbors and get a 
little salt or spice and sell some tobacco or silk, not much though but it 
increases the diplomatic bar with each visit. I don\'t think trade can make you 
rich in 1503. Trade has become a very good way to visit my neighbors, have a 
tea and a handshake and go back to our ships again.\" 

Dobber comments: \"I\'ll take anybody\'s money, and I don\'t sell anything that 
contributes to the war effort, and I set my prices high. Everything they spend 
to help keep their economy flourishing means there is that much less for them 
to spend on the war.\" 


Monopolies, from Jini: \"The only way to make reliable profits with the 
Venetians, is to have a monopoly on a good which everybody needs. If you have 
occupied all tobacco islands for example, you can make quite a lot of money by 
selling tobacco.\" 

Bobbyrookie continues: \"Ever since I was able to corner the tobacco market, 
trade has made me extremely wealthy. I literally own all of the tobacco 
growing islands now. That means the two remaining computer opponents have to 
go through me for tobacco. The Venetians never produce enough of anything to 
satisfy a population of over 1000 people. I am only friendly with one of my 
computer civilizations right now. Their tobacco demand is constant. So I\'ve 
set up a constant trade route from one of my tobacco islands to theirs. My 
periodic balance now goes between 4,000 and 8,000 in the positive. My 
operational balance (total revenue minus total expenses, not including trade) 
is only about +800. That means that most of my surplus comes from trade. So 
trade has definitely made me rich. It only makes you rich, however, if you 
have a trading partner who has a constant demand for a product.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

5.4.3 Diplomacy

Jini writes: \"Making the AI your friend can become very difficult. Try this: 
(1) Trade with the AI player as much as possible. (2) Never sail close to his 
islands with armed ships. The AI is rating this as an act of aggressiveness. 
(3) Be an ass-kisser. There is a chat option in the diplomacy menu which also 
contains a \'bootlick-option\'. It may be schizophrenic to talk with an AI 
player, but it could help. However, AI players are often capricious and you 
maybe don\'t get a military treaty even if you are trying everything. It might 
also depend on the player\'s character profile which can chosen before starting 
an endless game.\" Vorosz adds: \"The \'boot licker\' does have effect on AI. I 
have started a game with aggressive AI. Initially they would not sign a trade 
agreement. I then used the boot licker, and my offer of trade agreement was 
signed.\" 

A cautionary tale from largefry07: \"My ships were passing through another guys 
water and he declared war on me. I will quick offer a peace treaty and paid 
the tribute. He signed it to and we were at peace. But I did notice that my 
ships still weren\'t out of his waters and he declared war on me again. I 
offered another peace treaty and he didn\'t take it.\" 

Ravell writes: \"You can sign alliance with the AI, but only when the green bar 
is up high after lots of trading. It worked 2 times for me so far, but not 
always.\" Military alliances can be encouraged by trading heavily - even if you 
don\'t need the products traded. To quote cmccarthy2k2: \"Just keep a ship next 
to their warehouse, buy their crap and throw it overboard.\" Balou notes: \"If 
you have a military alliance you can see all his islands - even those you 
haven\'t travelled yourself yet... great advantage. ... Also, once in a 
military alliance, you can sail your armed ships through your ally\'s territory 
without war being declared right away.\" From bobbyrookie: \"A military alliance 
can still be useful. Let\'s say you are at war with yellow, but you are not at 
war with blue, and would like to maintain a trading relationship with blue. 
Sometimes, your ships will chase after yellow\'s ships and inadvertently wind 
up in blue\'s waters. All of a sudden, you\'re at war with blue as well.\" From 
rnettnin: \"I had an alliance once, but it didn\'t last very long because I went 
to war with someone else and the other AI cancelled the alliance right away. I 
guess it decided I was too warlike for his taste.\" 

Largefry07 writes: \"The AI player always has at least a small standing army of 
some kind. But when you start building up arms so will he. If you don\'t build 
up an army he won\'t except for the small standing army that he has.\" Dobber 
adds: \"Different AI players react differently: some are very much the 
pacifists and are very easy to defeat, and others a little more difficult. 
When you start the endless game, while selecting your banners color you can 
take a look at the personality of each of the computer opponents and then know 
somewhat what to expect from each.\" On settling the same island as AI players, 
Wilfried Reiter writes: \"Whether an opponent gets upset or not depends on the 
AI\'s character. Some of these comrades are friendly and have nothing against 
it.\" 

Re-establishing trading relations with a former enemy can take a very, very 
long time. BaldJim theorises: \"Since you have disrupted its economy with your 
\'cleaning war\', it is likely that the AI will suffer a lack of money for some 
time. It will spend more money on maintaining its military. It certainly will 
not buy your \'luxury\' goods before it really needs them. It may even just 
exist at a lower level of civilization rather than buy your goods.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

______________________________________________________________________________

5.5 Pirates and Natives
______________________________________________________________________________


5.5.1 Pirates

BaldJim writes: \"I am surprised to find the Pirates to be a supplier of cheap 
goods - especially tools. Find their home base, and sail up with no ships 
cannon and the white flag flying. You will see what they have for sale - no 
doubt stolen from some poor sucker, maybe even you. One case, I came up to pay 
my protection money and their base showed zero population and would take no 
money or assignments, but there were still goods for sale. The food seemed to 
come out of a never empty supply. I noticed the AI ships visiting all the 
time; now I know why.\" Dark Raven reports that pirates never run out of food - 
their exports can feed large cities. 

Svar comments: \"In my experience with pirates, eliminating their base doesn\'t 
do anything. They keep sending ships even without a base. They eventually 
build a new base anyway.\" From rnettnin: \"If their settlement is too close to 
my island, I usually destroy their port and the whole settlement disappears. 
Later on the pirate ship relocates a new settlement on another island.\" 

Svar writes: \"I have noticed that always flying white flags on all ships will 
keep the pirates from attacking any ships. They will still attack soldiers 
close to shore so I keep my troops well inland until I need them.\" BaldJim 
comments: \"If you fly the white flag at all times (only possible on unarmed 
ships), they will leave your ship(s) alone until the very hardest levels. If 
they start firing on your ship and you raise the white flag, they will take 
the cargo (common or not).\" LadyH comments: \"When your ship is being attacked 
by pirates, you can throw all your cargo overboard to make your ship faster.\" 

From vorosz: \"The pirate ships are very powerful, a large battleship on its 
own will have a hard time with the pirate ship. I always back away from the 
pirates unless I have a fleet of battleships at hand to sink him or am close 
to my shipyard to fight and repair at the same time. If you choose to run he 
does not follow much at all and is easy to lose.\" Dobber writes: \"I had a 
large warship sitting at my shipyard and a pirate ship attacked it, I let it 
get down to orange and repaired the ship, Pirate ship was in the orange also, 
so I figured fully restored ship against half destroyed ship, no problem, 
started checking other things. Next thing I hear is, \'you have lost a ship\'. 
Sure enough it was that ship, pirate ship was still there barely. The ship was 
fully loaded with cannons.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

5.5.2 Natives

Ravell writes: \"I\'ve never seen a reason to take on a war with some natives, I 
prefer to get my economy straightened and live on well with the 
africans/indians/native americans/polynesians/mongols and the Eskimos of 
course... they are all good trading partners once discovered.\" 

Largefry07 writes: \"They rip you off. The eskimos want 30 tons of cloth for 10 
tons of lamp oil. When I looked at how much both of them cost, the cloth runs 
around 55 coins per ton and the oil runs around 68 coins per ton.\" From Svar: 
\"I think it was an Emperor game where I found 4 Polynesian villages and could 
trade 100 tons of salt for about 48 tons of silk. I tried to optimize the 
trades but never returned home after trading 100 tons of salt with more than 
49 tons of silk. I could get 9 or 10 tons of silk at each village and would 
just go from village to village until I ran out of salt before returning 
home.\" Depending on the location, Silk Cloth sells for just over twice the 
price of Salt, while Salt production is hard to balance for small populations, 
so one is likely to have over-production. 

Ravell adds: \"I\'ve found out it varies, the amount what you get for your stuff 
isn\'t always the same. I looked at their warehouse and they had 16 tons of 
silk and wanted 25 tons salt for it. I unloaded 10 tons and loaded 7t silk, 
then I unloaded another 10t salt and received 6t silk only. I waited a while 
till they apparently were desperate of salt, I unloaded 10t and got 8t silk in 
return. Today I swapped raw tobacco against medicine, not sure what natives 
they are (not the Native Americans). I received between 7-9t of medicine for 
10t tobacco, not a bad deal either.\" 

From pdxdavid: \"It seems the natives have things that you don\'t need, 
especially by the time you acquire the thing they want.\" Bobbyrookie comments: 
\"The strange part is that they\'re always on an island that is good for 
producing what they need. The Native Americans always demand tobacco, but 
they\'re on an island that\'s good for producing tobacco. It doesn\'t make any 
sense. They should be producing tobacco and trading it for cloth. Instead, 
they are producing cloth and trading it for tobacco.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

______________________________________________________________________________

5.6 Military
______________________________________________________________________________


5.6.1 AI players\' troops are stupid

From FaithRaven: \"Put a cannon on one of your ships and go with all ships near 
his buildings. Unload your cannon and when the enemy army come load it back 
quick. Your ships will kill his army easily.\" This trick worked in 1602 too, 
and allows almost any AI army to be destroyed with a handful of units. You 
need naval supremacy close to the enemy\'s island. Some enemy troops can fire 
back at your ships, but even if they do serious damage (which is unlikely) one 
can normally retreat ships relatively quickly. This technique can be 
ineffective when the enemy produces replacement troops very rapidly, the main 
enemy settlement is some distance from the coast, or you are faced with many 
units that stay out of cannon range (Mortars mostly). Wiles adds: \"I usually 
use cavalry if I am going to be baiting from a more inland point, as they are 
a little quicker.\" 

Jini writes: \"When the AI attacks my island, it always unloads its soldiers on 
the same spot. It attacks with only 6 soldiers and often these guys just stand 
around instead of attacking my market houses.\" Don Enrico comments: \"If an 
island has been attacked, guard that very spot with cannon towers and walls - 
the next attack will probably happen there again.\" 

Ph.B. writes: \"Sometimes it seemed that he wanted to fight against me but his 
City Gates were closed and his troops couldn\'t go out. ... It was not 
difficult to beat him.\" 

From Renaud: \"A fully maxed AI will have (in order of building): 12 pikemen, 
12 crossbowmen, 12 cavalry, 6(?) catapults, 12 lancers, 6(?) cannon, 12 
musketeers, and 6(?) mortars. Not sure about the war machines, but this seems 
about right. I have never seen the computer make musketeers, archers, medics, 
crew or scouts.\" BaldJim comments: \"The AI does not move the Rally Point Flag. 
Therefore newly trained troops which have not been \'deployed\' (or put on 
patrol which the AI can do but we can\'t yet), are in the courtyard [of its 
fortress] behind the flag - not stationed in the fortress.\" 

Wisco writes: \"I found out that the AI, in a way, isn\'t that stupid. I had 
built walls around my city, but I forgot a spot because I ran out of stones. 
When I was attacking the enemy with my mortars behind my walls, the enemy sent 
some troops in a large circle around my city to where I hadn\'t built a wall, 
and came into my city and attacked my mortars.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

5.6.2 Ground unit choice

Tables of Military and Ship Data can be found in the appendices. 

An analysis of ground unit strengths and weaknesses, from Mr Dude: 
\"- Musketeer - Can kill: Swordsmen Pikeman and Crew. Loses against: Lancer and 
Cavalry. 
- Pikeman - Can kill: Crew. Loses Against: Everything Else. 
- Lancer - Can Kill: Everything. 
- Cavalry - Can Kill: Everything except for the Lancer. 
- Archer - Can Kill: Nothing. Loses Against: Marksmen and Crossbowmen. 
- Crossbowmen - Can Kill: Archer. Loses Against: Marksmen. 
- Marksmen - Can Kill: Everything. 

So basically the best combination of troops would be Lancers, Cavalry and 
Marksmen. All ranged testing was tested on flat open ground.\" 

From Gamestar (translated by Gunter): \"Anno 1503 uses the \'scissors, stone, 
paper\' principle for the different military types: artillerists beat 
swordsmen, these beat lancers, who do well against the cavalry, which kills 
the artillery. Defeat or victory are mainly decided by the artillery. Your 
infantry\'s task is only to stop the opponents\' masses which will then be shot 
by the catapults and mortars.\" 

Renaud comments: \"I\'ve come to the conclusion that there are only three viable 
units: Cavalry, mortars and medics. The rest are unnecessary. Muskets should 
be a force multiplier, but they are many times weaker than mortars on attack 
and no better on defense with same fire rate. Pikes or lancers should beat 
cavalry but they don\'t. So the paper/rock/scissors game of unit selection is a 
bit messed up. The way it SHOULD work is lancers beat cavalry, cavalry beats 
everything else, musketeers beat lancers. Muskets should have faster rate of 
fire to make them useful as support troops for lancers and musketeers. Then a 
mix would be required, with the emphasis on foot soldiers with musket support, 
and cavalry used for out-flanking and taking out the artillery.\" 

Balou writes: \"To be honest, there\'s way too many military units that are of 
no practical use... Best (and most useful) units are: Cavalry (fast and pretty 
durable) and Mortars (strongest unit, destroy everything, even with the \'move 
a little, fire again immediately\' bug removed). If the other player has lots 
of cavalry, include some spearmen.\" 

From Jini: \"Mortars can destroy buildings and wreak fatal havoc among enemy 
soldiers. The only condition is that the enemy troops stand still because 
Mortars fail to hit moving targets. The advantage compared with cannons is 
that Mortars don\'t need line of sight with the target, because they shoot 
indirectly.\" 

Renaud writes: \"Ever notice what the AI targets first in a group of units? 
I\'ll tell you: the medics. Then comes artillery. That should give you an idea 
of how much of a threat the doctors are. They can heal a unit faster than 
another cavalry unit can wound it (probably works for cannon/mortars too, but 
haven\'t done the experiment). That means cavalry supported with auto-healing 
doctors are INVINCIBLE. Maybe my 8 doctors are over-kill, but at least 4 near 
the front lines almost guarantees a zero-casualty rate.\" 

Vorosz writes: \"You can hunt game with your ranged units to gain stars 
[experience] over your ranged troops. I usually hunt wolfs as I don\'t like 
them eating my game. I think it has to do with how accurate they can shoot, 
but seasoned troops are better fighters then fresh recruits.\" Balou comments: 
\"I never noticed any improvement (I think, ranged units are pretty accurate to 
begin with) by raising in ranks (gaining stars).\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

5.6.3 War preparation

Samstein12345 writes: \"When playing easier levels, the computer will rarely 
instigate war on you unless you have acted first by firing on their ships, 
putting soldiers on their land, etc. Even if you do go to war with the AI, the 
computer is very easy to beat so don\'t worry about having a huge military and 
wasting all that money to keep it maintained. I don\'t even put one military 
character or ship until my economy is rolling and even then, it\'s not a lot. 
There is no actually funding for war. However, every soldier, ship, war 
machine, etc, that you train, you pay an upfront cost and a cost to maintain 
it. So after a few years, you may have spent a good deal of cash keeping your 
fleet of 20 (or however many you have) warships sailing. The same goes for 
soldiers. My strategy is to keep a few soldiers on my turf at all times plus 2 
or 3 warships just if someone declares war on me unexpectedly. Then, if you 
know that another civilization is gearing up for war with you or you just want 
to conquer someone, then you start training your ships and units. This way you 
will always have some kind of defense, plus when you do go to war, you won\'t 
have spent lots of cash maintaining your units while they were doing nothing. 
Just to let you know, the AI does not go to war very often when you are 
playing on pretty easy levels and even if they do, they are very easy to 
conquer. Don\'t build up your military until you are a few minutes away from 
going to war because you don\'t want to pay to keep your units if they\'re not 
fighting.\" 

From dcarlb: \"Why go to war in the opening stages, the computer will not 
attack you? He may have a small settlement on your island but if you watch 
him: He will not expand.\" This in part depends on the difficulty level. In 
easier games the AI appears to be \'progressive\', that is keeping pace with 
_your_ development. 

From Hakea: \"The easiest way to play the game seems to be to spend the first 
few days practicing building a good strong economic engine that will pretty 
much run itself without too much attention (you can then re-use this in later 
games). Understandably, some players are not so interested in this side of 
things, but want to get on with the conquest. However, if you don\'t nail the 
economic side the battles will probably always be a pain.\" From Ravell: 
\"Before I start a war I try to have a balance of at least 1000/turn.\" 

BaldJim writes: \"I usually build the Small Fortress even if all I plan on 
needing is a few more scouts. There is sometimes a problem with new units 
getting stuck in the building. In the right frame when you click on the 
building, near the bottom right there is a \'Rally Place\' flag. Click on it and 
you get a marker at the cursor on the map. Click it at a place which is a 
small distance from the building. The flag will appear there. After that when 
units complete their training, they will march out of the building to group 
around the flag.\" 

From AntiPenguinGun: \"When I have enough goods, I take a ship fill it with 
wood, tools and bricks and send it with a scout and put claims on islands that 
are already settled to have a area of which you can attack if this colony ends 
up an enemies colony. I put markets over all the islands and usually don\'t 
build anything unless need be. I put a claim on all lands and have a attack 
point on all islands to potential enemies.\" 

Jarrah writes: \"A good supply of cloth and rope is handy (to repair your own 
ships) and (if you\'re rich) even an extra dock near the enemy island can be 
handy for repairs. Not essential though.\" 

Ravell writes: \"I secure my auto-trade routes by circling the enemies fleet 
with my warships and destroying his ships first before landing my troops on 
his land. So normal life can go on my home islands and economy stays strong.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

5.6.4 Defense

From samstein12345: \"At easier levels, the only real defense you need (you 
really don\'t even need it, unless you are planning to be at war often) is a 
wall around your main city with a few cannon towers and places to put some 
sharpshooters or another long-ranged unit. Make sure you have plenty of wall 
entrances and when you put in your gates, to leave them open so your units can 
get through.\" Double check this when reloading a game or taking over a new 
city in a scenario - the computer has a habit of shutting gates. 

Samstein12345 continues: \"At harder levels, you will need more warships and 
units to keep your cities and settlements safe. You may want to consider 
completely surrounding your main city and some other important buildings like 
the Cathedral and Palace. Make sure you have plenty of cannon towers and 
watchtowers with units in them. To guard your warehouse, surround the ocean by 
a wall with many cannon towers and maybe put a few warships in front of it. 
Once an enemy ships comes near your ocean warehouse, take the 2 or 3 ships 
that are in front of the warehouse and surround the ship. Now you have the 
advantage.\" 

AntiPenguinGun writes: \"I defend my lands until I have in place enough goods 
to be able to wage an all out war. I have had several boats and soldiers 
frozen in place which happens a lot, so I suggest you keep an eye on them and 
when it happens kill the soldier. This helps keep the recruiting ability in 
flow and allow you to not have half your army frozen in place but alive and 
useless. The ships that freeze I sink.\" 

From Balou: \"The range of towers is lower than that of \'standard\' cannons or 
mortars (and of ships, too, I believe)... Makes towers pretty senseless.\" 
BaldJim notes: \"The data I have seen gives the range of cannons as 9 and the 
\'service area\' of the cannon towers as 9.\" 

From blackhole89: \"City walls are of no more use than Ornamental Fences. 
Archers, cannons, etc, can shoot over them. Ornamental Fences are heavier to 
destroy and cheaper.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

5.6.5 Naval

DonCorn writes: \"If you want to attack another ship, press \'Stop\' so it fires 
automatically. If you attack the other ship by hand, only one cannon will 
fire.\" 

From samstein12345: \"On harder levels, the AI will most likely attack your 
ships or your warehouse that is on the ocean. Thus, put your warships in 2s or 
3s, so if you are attacked, you can fight back and maybe only have 1 damaged 
ship.\" 

BaldJim comments: \"Trying to manage ships in combat is hard to do one at a 
time. I discovered that they work well in the \'Line\' formation. I had three 
warships which the pirates decided to attack periodically. I would select all 
three (with the \'draw the square\' with the cursor thing) and click on the 
\'Line\' formation symbol - then give them the Pirate Ship as a target. They 
would line up nicely and blaze away, sinking the pirate. The pirate would 
generally be aiming at only one of the three - which one would suffer most of 
the damage. The best part is that they didn\'t bump into each other or get in 
each other\'s way - as when I tried to direct them individually. It seems the 
line formation works better than the \'?\' / \'Regular\' formation.\" 

From Ravell: \"Before I attacked I tried all the different formations, they 
work much better than the individual single-ship order, if they\'re send to a 
hot spot in a formation they probably take out the enemies ship(s) in a safer 
way, without much losses.\" 

From ratha: \"Ship to ship or ship to ground combat can be won entirely with a 
single ship. If you move that ship right after enemy cannons fire, before they 
have hit your ship, you can avoid being hit. Then if you stop, you can fire 
and move again before the enemy\'s second shot can hit you.\" 

Fireball21 writes: \"Your ships don\'t automatically attack archers or towers, 
they just attack other ships. You have to direct them and attack the tower or 
archer with the ship yourself.\" Pdxdavid adds: \"Archers can actually sink a 
battleship.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

5.6.6 Economic warfare

From Hakea: \"I tried positioning my ships to block the exit from enemy\'s 
harbour, but the enemy seemed to be able to sail right through my ships too.\" 
From Jarrah: \"Blockading a harbour just means stationing some of your ships 
there and sinking the enemy ships as they come to unload and load supplies. 
It\'s much easier than trying to chase ships all over the map.\" Pdxdavid 
comments: \"I like to send at least three ships of medium to large size. They 
just park there and wait for the enemy merchant ships to come by and 
load/unload goods. Then blast them and sink them. Since the enemy has only one 
warehouse, the ships have to come there to deliver the goods from the 
production islands.\" 

Jarrah continues: \"There two good reasons to get control of the seas - one is 
to cripple the enemy\'s economy by stopping him trading, and the other is to 
sink his warships and prevent him from building more.\" DonCorn notes: \"If you 
destroy your enemy\'s ships, he\'ll be weakened in a few minutes. Then war is no 
challenge at all.\" 

Jarrah again: \"Demolish the enemy\'s main big church quickly if it\'s in a 
vulnerable spot. Without that he can\'t sustain his population at the higher 
social levels and within a few minutes his houses all start to downgrade back 
again, further weakening his economy.\" Largefry07 comments: \"Destroy stands, 
markets and fire brigades - never houses or churches because it\'s just wrong.\" 

From AntiPenguinGun: \"I start my wars by taking the spice and tobacco islands 
of the enemies settlement. I lay claim to any other suitable islands and cover 
them with the markets to increase the coverage of my lands. Without the spice 
and tobacco the population will go down and you will already have won part of 
the battle. Their colonies will always have less military presence and are an 
easy target.\" Renaud comments: \"The consumer base is the real money maker, not 
the colonies. So don\'t fiddle with the extremities. Once you\'ve taken out the 
main island, he is no longer a threat or serious competitor, and you can 
restore trade relations later when it pleases you. If you eliminate the 
colonies first, that\'s not an option.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

5.6.7 Invasions

From Ravell: \"When I attack I always go for the main island first. Sneak in 
some warships close enough to his warehouse without entering his sea 
territories. Then I bring in some troops on the backside of his island. I 
attack him from both sides, but more important is to sink his ships first and 
destroy his shipyard and stay there and shoot it down every time he builds a 
new one... control of the seas is essential in this game.\" 

AntiPenguinGun writes: \"I expand my markets on the enemy\'s mainland to cover 
any land they don\'t control in their island. I clear a huge area of trees and 
make a place to place all my troops to sort them out. After unloading my ships 
I send all of them to attack the enemy\'s Ship builder, the main port, and at 
their ships. Inactive boats I leave in the main port. \" 

Renaud writes: \"Select all you mortars, and put them on aggressive stance. 
That single thing makes all the difference. The other key point is use of ALT-
click to move the mortars. Otherwise they act VERY stupid and if you miss-
click your target, or if the target dies before they get there. Cavalry on 
normal stance. Use them to rush the enemy mortars and to defend your own. They 
can also safely take out ranged troops. Let the mortars do the rest. I\'ve been 
using a boat-load of cavalry, with 8 medics, mortars and replacement crew (3 
ships total).\" 

From Jarrah: \"Have a few spare crew ready to put any disabled mortars or 
cannons back into action. If you see enemy medics try and kill them so they 
can\'t heal their wounded troops. And conversely, make sure you have some 
medics to heal your own troops, but keep them safe, they\'re easily killed.\" 

From vorosz: \"You have to take over his markets, just destroying his 
plantations does nothing for you. If you take over his markets you will get 
some of his infrastructure that is covered by your new marketplace and not by 
his existing ones.\" 

Curley writes: \"The problem with this is that now all of the building in its 
area of control now become yours. You might think that\'s a good thing but 
consider this... You are now paying for those buildings. The computer is 
unbelievable inefficient in its layout and now your finely tuned supply system 
is being thrown way out of balance as uncontrolled production or housing 
demands start showing up. This game has such a fine balance of supply and 
demand it does not take much to upset it. You can\'t even make any money from 
selling the buildings that you just captured. Add in that you have to haul 
loaded Scouts around with your army and it just isn\'t worth it. When you start 
building vast armies usually your gold plummets. When you start going to war 
it\'s a one way trip to kill off whoever and then dispose of your troops as 
soon as possible if you are going to keep playing.\" 

From Svar: \"I just keep advancing into the enemy territory by advancing my own 
markets and clearing the land as I go. For some reason the enemy doesn\'t 
advance very far into my new territory so I can always retreat and heal my 
troops.\" 

FaithRaven writes: \"Organize your army good and stay as far away as you can 
from the towers. You kill towers with mortars without losing anything. Just 
let him to come at you and don\'t run into his units and towers.\" 

AntiPenguinGun continues: \"The barracks I usually send a group of cannons or 
mortars to destroy as soon as the attack begins. Depending on how good it\'s 
going, sometimes I leave the barracks alone so I get a good battle and only 
attack the barracks last to have a fun time with the enemy. Depending on how I 
feel, I just split the enemies land in two and occupy the middle ground. With 
this, and possessing the enemy\'s colonies for tobacco and spice, you can make 
demands for all the money you can get from them and make constant threats of 
war. You are juicing the country before occupying the people that remain.\" 

From bobbyrookie: \"In order to eliminate an opponent, you are probably going 
to have to hand him a beat down in 3 or 4 different places before you are 
finally rid of him. Once you are rid of him, you\'ll get the victory arch, and 
the video will kick in. If you beat him up, and the video didn\'t kick in, that 
probably means he has erected another settlement somewhere. So now it\'s a 
search and destroy mission.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~



==============================================================================

6. CAMPAIGN

==============================================================================


This section provides a guide for the main campaign included with the game. If 
it has a name, I missed it. The story is based around Katherine von 
Breitenstein and a mysterious amulet. 

These walkthroughs assume basic competence when building colonies. If you are 
struggling with the basics of colony building, or find yourself going bankrupt 
in normal conditions, please review the Getting Started section. These 
walkthroughs primarily cover the things that make a specific scenario 
difficult - they don\'t hold your hand and walk you through every last detail. 
On a similar note, although it is possible to play the campaigns and scenarios 
through as your first game, I\'d only recommend that for anyone with experience 
of Anno 1602, or who regards themselves as a veteran of these sorts of games. 
Unlike 1602, the first part of the campaign is not an extended tutorial - it 
has a very steep learning curve. If you are entirely new, break off after the 
tutorials and play a \"Citizen\" endless game and develop a profitable colony to 
Merchant level civilization. This will give you experience of colony building 
on a map with plentiful resources and no threats. 

In order, the campaigns are: Nova Fora, Barbarrossas\' Throne, Helter-Skelter, 
Infernal Triad, Pack-Ice, Toguldur\'s Stone, New Acquaintances, Resistance, 
Genesis, Revenge, Quentin\'s Reef, Justice, and bonus scenario Good or Bad (or 
\"Bonus aut Malus\"). Translations of campaign and scenario names by LadyH are 
available here: http://www.ladygames.de/glossar/ . Campaign missions must be 
played one at a time - once you have completed one, the next mission will be 
available. In the case of Barbarrossas\' Throne, this mission follows on 
directly from the previous mission, Nova Fora (you start the mission with 
whatever ships you took from the previous mission). 

Some illustrated walkthroughs for campaign scenarios can be found at 
http://digilander.libero.it/anno1503/ , including translations of German 
Gamestar guides. 

Where relevant, I have included simple ASCII representations of maps. Maps are 
always aligned with North towards the top of the page. 

Objectives are numbered in the order in which they appear. Normally the lowest 
numbered objectives need to be completed before others are shown. Where 
several objectives are given at the same time, they are shown with letters, 
for example 1a, 1b. If you do not know how to read the objectives as you play, 
see Can I see the current objectives in-game? above. 

The in-game rating for each mission is shown as 1-4 stars, where 1 star is 
easy, 4 hardest. 

Since many do not enjoy the war aspects of the game, I have added a \"war-o-
meter\" rating to each scenario, to give an indication of how important the war 
aspects are. The scale is as follows: 
- * = Entirely city/economy building. No other hostile players to fight, even 
if you wanted to (I exclude natives from the list of possible hostile players 
here). 
- ** = Objectives can be completed without warfare, and you are unlikely to 
need to go to war. 
- *** = Warfare is needed to complete the scenario, but city building/economy 
is what makes this scenario difficult. 
- **** = War is a major objective, with city building/economy secondary. 
- ***** = War is the only objective. 

Here is a summary of ratings and war-o-meters:

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

                         Rating    War-o-meter
----------------------------------------------
Nova Fora                **        *
Barbarrossas\' Throne     ** (?)    ***/****
Helter-Skelter           **        *
Infernal Triad           ***       ***
Pack-Ice                 ***       *
Toguldur\'s Stone         ***       *****
New Acquaintances        ***       ****
Resistance               ***       *****
Genesis                  ***       **/****
Revenge                  ***       ***
Quentin\'s Reef           ***       *****
Justice                  ****      ***
Good or Bad              ***       **


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

______________________________________________________________________________

6.1 Nova Fora
______________________________________________________________________________


6.1.1 Introduction

Objectives: 
- 1. Found a city with 250+ Settlers. 
- 2. Find Katherine von Breitenstein and return her to your city. 
- 3. Find Mongols and trade 20t Salt. 
- 4. Equip a fleet with 4 Archers, 4 Swordsmen, Scout, 50t Wood, 100t Tools, 
50t Food, and sail west. 

Rating: ** 

War-o-meter: * 

Resources: 
- Small Trading ship, with 17t Food, 100t Tools, 30t Wood, Scout. 
- 30,000 coins (20,000 with unpatched German game).

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

                                      N
                                    . \'\' .
                                . \'     _  \' .
                            ._\'\' \'-    (_) .-. \' .
                        . \'   \'---\'  _ .--\'  \'---._\' .
                    . \'.-.   .-_    (_) :   1     _)   \' .
                . \'  .-\' \'-\'-\'  )  ___  \'-.____.-\'   _--_  \' .
            . \'      ( __    __\'  (   -.            (_ 3 )  .-.\' .
        . \'           \'  \'--\'     \'--.-\'              \'-\'  (_  _)  \' .
    . \'                      __        _      _     @   ___  \'\'        \' .
. \'                       .-\'  \')  _  (_)   -\'2\':-     (_  _)              \' .
.4           _.--.      _  \'---\'  (_)        \'-\'         \'\'                  .
  \' .         -.--\'   -\' \'-.     _   .-\'\'-_          _    .--\'--.        . \'
      \' .             ----\'     (_)  \'-._.-\'_       (_)   \'\'--\'\'     . \'
          \' .                              (_)                   . \'
              \' .                    _          __           . \'
                  \' .         _     (_)     _  \'._)      . \'
                      \' .    (_)         .-\' \'-.     . \'
                          \' .     .---.  \'-.__.-\'. \'
                              \' . \'..-\'      . \'
                                  \' .    . \'
                                      \'\'


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

* @ = Starting position. 
* 1 = Build colony here. Wine 50%, Hops, Herbs 50%, Stone, Ore, Salt. 
* 2 = Katherine von Breitenstein. 
* 3 = Mongols. 
* 4 = Exit point (at mission end).

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

6.1.2 Objective: Found a city with 250+ Settlers

Settle the island shown with a flag (marked \"1\" on the map above). You need 
250 Settlers, not just 250 people. To gain Settlers you need to supply Food, 
Cloth and Leather, and provide access to a Chapel and Tavern supplied with 
Alcohol. Build relatively close to one of the two main mountainous areas on 
the southern side of the island, since this will allow you easy access to Ore 
and Salt later in the game. If you are struggling with the basics of colony 
building, or find yourself going bankrupt, please review some of the Getting 
Started strategies. Common general gameplay questions such as Where do I get 
Tools from? and How do I build and operate Quarries and Mines? are covered in 
an earlier section.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

6.1.3 Why can\'t I settle an island?

You can only settle the first island - the large one in the north-east of the 
map, as indicated at the start with an orange flag on the mini-map. You cannot 
and do not need to settle further islands: You do not need to develop your 
population beyond Settler level, so you do not *need* Tobacco or Spices, 
however much apparent demand there may be for these goods among your 
population. I suspect this limitation has been added to prevent one developing 
Large Warships during this mission, and using them immediately in the next 
mission to flatten everything. Hemp will grow on the first island - see Where 
can I grow Hemp? above.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

6.1.4 Objective: Find Katherine von Breitenstein and return her to your city

She is standing in woodland on the northern coast of the island just to the 
south of your island (marked \"2\" on the map above). Stack notes: \"I find that 
the niece shows up in the minimap as a green dot as soon as you get given the 
mission.\" Move your ship close to the coast where she is standing. Select her 
and load her onto your ship. Sail to your colony. Unload her to complete this 
stage of the mission.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

6.1.5 I lost Katherine von Breitenstein after rescuing here. Is that a 
problem?

No. Once you have unloaded her onto your island, that part of the mission will 
be complete. Don\'t worry - you\'ll be seeing plenty more of her in the future.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

6.1.6 Objective: Find Mongols and trade 20t Salt

If you have not already done so, construct a Salt Mine and Works and produce 
Salt. Settlers don\'t need to be supplied Salt, but they will buy it if 
available. You will have plenty to spare, since one Salt Mine/Works can supply 
about 3000 people. Load a Scout and 20t of Salt onto your ship, and sail to 
the island just to the south-east (marked \"3\" on the map above). Un-load your 
Scout, and transfer the Salt from your ship to the scout. Send the Scout 
inland and trade with the Mongols at their market place (tents with flags on). 
Once 20t are traded, this stage of the mission is complete.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

6.1.7 Why can I not find the Mongols with my ship?

You need to search for them by off-loading your scout and exploring their 
island, because their settlement is inland. They are on the island just to the 
south-east of your island.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

6.1.8 Objective: Equip a fleet with 4 Archers, 4 Swordsmen, Scout, 50t Wood, 
100t Tools, 50t Food, and sail west

Whatever your load onto your ships and sail west with in this mission will be 
your starting fleet in the next mission. So take additional resources with you 
to make the next mission slightly easier. You are limited to a total of 4 
ships and 9 ground units. You cannot advance past Settlers in this mission, so 
not all ship types can be researched. If you have not already done so, build 
an Ore Mine, Smelter and Tool Maker - you will need Iron to make weapons, and 
Tool production will be cheaper and faster than buying Tools from the 
Venetians. Ship construction requires a Shipyard. Ships and Bows will require 
rope, so you will need a Hemp plantation and Ropemaker. You need to research 
Swords, then Bows at a School. You may also research Medium trading ships and 
various civic improvements (notably Wells and Fire Brigades). Minimise upkeep 
costs by only training soldiers just before you intend to leave. If you need 
to, balance you finances towards the end by de-activating or demolishing 
buildings that aren\'t needed anymore. This is particularly useful for weapons 
shops, which are only needed for 4t worth of production.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

6.1.9 Suggested fleet

Ground unit choice is probably determined by the mission restrictions - 9 
units are specified, and under normal circumstances you can only have 9 units. 
Dobber notes that: \"You can sometimes build extra units by commissioning them 
in the fortress before the limit is reached, there is bug I think that allows 
for completion of all commissioned units. When I completed that one I even had 
a catapult that I carried with me. I had 1 catapult, 4 archers, 4 swordsmen 
and a scout.\" Taking a Catapult into the next mission would certainly open up 
some interesting strategies for experienced players, but Dobber\'s trick is 
quite hard to use, and might be fixed in versions after 1.04.02. Dobber 
continues: \"I built 3 merchant ships, then built 4 additional shipyards. Built 
up my supplies and gold to support building 5 ships. I then set each shipyard 
to building a medium merchant ship. It worked I wound up with a total of 8 
medium merchant ships, more than enough space for my scout 4 swordsmen, 4 
archers and 2 catapults (same method as ships, except with a fortress and a 
war machine shop). I saved the mission just prior to attempting the sail over, 
the first time only 4 or 5 I think made it, but they had gotten strung out. 
Once the required got inside the zone, it transferred. I loaded the saved 
mission and bunched them up and kept them bunched as we approached the zone, 
and got all 8 over that time. You have to keep them tightly bunched.\" 

There are occasional reports of players being able to build almost unlimited 
numbers of units - something they do must side-step the mission specific 
restriction. Since players who experience this don\'t realise there is supposed 
to be a restriction and assume everyone can build large armies and navies, 
understanding precisely what allows many extra troops and ships to be built is 
still a mystery... 

Research Medium Trading Vessels, and sink your original small trading ship 
(unload the Scout first ;-) ). This will give you more construction options. 
You will need at least one Small Warship, because 4 Medium Trading ships can 
only carry 8 ground units. Unless you are planning a highly militaristic 
strategy at the start of the next mission (not recommended for new players), 
you should try to carry as much cargo with you into the next mission. This 
means your fleet should contain 3 Medium Trading ships, each of which can 
carry 6x50t, in addition to one Small Warship. Unless you are planning a 
militaristic strategy at the start of the next mission, do not equip your new 
ships with Cannon. If you do, you will not be able to sail under the white 
flag, and may be forced into messy naval battles before you have had chance to 
build a shipyard and strip the cannons. You can still build ship Cannon (at a 
Gunsmith), and transport them as cargo into the next mission, to be equipped 
when you are ready to start fighting. 

For ease of building a new colony in the next mission, ensure one ship is 
carrying both Wood and Tools. Aside from the cargo required by the mission, 
fill up your ships with materials that will either help you get a new colony 
started more quickly or cheaply, or will be expensive or awkward to produce in 
future. Additional Tools are always useful. 100t of Alcohol can be used to 
supply your population until you get the 360 Settlers required for Hop 
production - this will remove the need for inefficient Small Farm/Potato 
production of liquor. Depending how you settle, Salt may be hard to find. 
Lastly consider items which you are only likely to need in small quantities, 
but which require a lot of real estate to produce - for example, Rope and 
Weapons.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

6.1.10 Why can\'t I train Archers and Swordsmen at my Fortress? How do I get 
weapons?

GamersCloset writes: \"You need to research Swords and Archery through the 
School. Then you can build the required buildings which will produce the 
weapons. When you have weapons, you can build the soldiers. Keep in mind that 
you can only build the required amount to fulfil the mission, and no more.\" It 
has been reported that killing your original Scout may prevent a new Scout 
being trained in addition to 4 Archers plus 4 Swordsmen. To avoid problems, 
simply retain your original Scout and train only the 4 Archers and 4 Swordsmen 
requested. If one of your troops becomes stuck, it may become impossible to 
train the required amount. Try discharging *all* your troops of that type and 
start training again.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

6.1.11 Where is \"Westward\"? How do I finish?

Wiles writes: \"Triple check your cargo and passengers to make sure they are 
right. Then spin your map so that the \'N\' on the map is pointed toward the 
top. Sail to the western (left) side of the map. When you sail west, you are 
not sailing for an island. You are sailing to the western edge of the map 
screen. Think of it as sailing off the edge of the world...\" Sail into the 
\'corner\' of the map - the most westerly point on the map is not part way along 
a straight edge, but in a corner.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

______________________________________________________________________________

6.2 Barbarrossas\' Throne
______________________________________________________________________________


This scenario follows on directly from Nova Fora, and cannot be replayed 
without replaying Nova Fora.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

6.2.1 Introduction

Objectives: 
- 1a. Build Citizen level city. 
- 1b. Sell 25t Iron to Covana. 
- 2a. Covana\'s city must not be destroyed. 
- 2b. Destroy both of Ramirez\'s main cities. 

Rating: ** (?) 

War-o-meter: ***/**** 

Resources: 
- Whatever ships, cargo and ground units you left Nova Fora with. 
- 40,000 coins. 

Competitor: Ramirez (Purple). 
Ally: Covana (Olive Green).

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

                                      N
                                    . \'\' .
                                . \' @(a)   \' .
                            . \'           _    \' .
                        . \'.--.          (c)       \' .
                    . \'  \'-.b.-\'    _        _.--._    \' .
                ._\'                (d)      \'-. 2 .\'       \' .
            . \' (e)     .-.____          _     \'-\'        _    \' .
        . \'        .---\'     .-\'        (f)     .--.     (i)       \' .
    . \'    __.--.   \'-._  1   _)     _          \'-h-\'                  \' .
. \'       \'--\'g-\'     _ \'.__.\'      (k)       _          .--.__            \' .
.       _            (j)    __.._      _     (l)    _ .-\'      \'-.           .
  \' .  (m)      _          (__o _)    (p)    __    (_)(    3    __)      . \'
      \' .      (n)_           \'\'           -: s\'+      \'-.___.-\'     . \'
          \' .    (r)      _       _         \'--\'                 . \'
              \' .        (t)_    (w)         _      _        . \'
                  \' .      (v)              (x)    (u)   . \'
                      \' .         _                  . \'
                          \' .    (y)             . \'
                              \' .            . \'
                                  \' .    . \'
                                      \'\'


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

* @ = Starting position. 
* 1 = Covana\'s city. Wine, Hops, Herbs, Stone, Salt. 
* 2 = Ramirez\'s primary city. Wine, Hops, Herbs, Stone, Ore, Salt. 
* 3 = Ramirez\'s secondary city. Wine, Hops, Herbs 50%, Stone, Ore, Salt. 
* a = Wine, Hops, Herbs, Stone. 
* b = Wine, Hops, Herbs, Stone, Ore, Salt. 
* c = Wine, Hops, Herbs. 
* d = Wine, Hops, Herbs, Stone, Ore. 
* e = Wine, Hops, Herbs. 
* f = Wine, Hops, Herbs. 
* g = Wine, Hops, Herbs, Stone, Ore. 
* h = Wine, Hops, Herbs, Stone, Ore. 
* i = Ramirez supply island. Wine, Hops, Herbs, Stone, Ore. 
* j = Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* k = Wine, Hops, Herbs, Stone, Ore. 
* l = Ramirez supply island. Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* m = Spices, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* n = Spices, Wine, Stone. 
* o = Ramirez supply island. Spices, Wine, Stone, Ore, Gems. 
* p = Spices, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* r = Spices, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* s = Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* t = Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo, Stone, Ore. 
* u = Ramirez supply island. Spices, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* v = Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo, Stone, Ore. 
* w = Ramirez supply island. Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* x = Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo, Stone, Ore. 
* y = Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo, Stone, Ore.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

6.2.2 Can I restart the mission from the menu?

No. It follows on directly from Nova Fora, so the only way to completely 
restart Barbarrossas\' Throne is to replay Nova Fora first. I suggest you save 
the game at the start of the mission (or the end of Nova Fora). All other 
scenarios in the campaign can be restarted from the campaign menu without re-
playing the entire campaign.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

6.2.3 Objectives: Build Citizen level city; Sell 25t Iron to Covana

Citizens will need to be supplied as Settlers, except also with two of 
Tobacco, Spices or Salt. They will not buy Leather. Citizens also require 
access to a Church and School. To profit from Citizens, you should try to 
supply as many goods as possible - Food, Cloth, Salt, Tobacco, Spices, and 
Silk. To supply these goods you will need to colonise at least two islands, 
four islands to secure supplies of all. You may wish to consider capturing 
some of Ramirez\'s supply islands - this saves building cost, and his supply 
islands are poorly defended, so long as you hide from his navy - tactics are 
discussed later. You will be invaded by Ramirez occasionally, but he normally 
only lands three or four ground units at a time, which your starting army 
should be able to deal with easily. Naval conflict can be more dangerous - 
tactics are described below. Although you only need to trade 25t of Iron with 
Covana to satisfy the second part of the mission objective, you can sell him 
more (he\'ll stop buying eventually, but you should get 100+ t sold first). 
This trade can earn you extra revenue - which can help when you are preparing 
to develop Citizen housing, and have invested in various plantations, but have 
not yet sold any extra goods. Baco writes: \"I make a profit buying food, 
cloth, and salt from Covana\'s warehouse at 22, 24 and 20 gold and selling 
these things in my markets at 45, 70 and 30 gold.\" Iron trade will also allow 
Covana to build extra military units, which should reduce the chance of Covana 
getting destroyed later in the game. Remember to trade Iron, not Iron Ore. 
During the first part of this scenario you may have no use for all those ships 
and units you brought with you - consider sinking/killing a few to save upkeep 
costs. Personally I found it more cost-effective to retain the trading ships 
than to build new ones, but the Small Warship was not needed.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

6.2.4 Island choice

There are three viable choices for a first settlement: (1) The fairly large 
island in the north-west (marked \"b\" on the map above). (2) A settlement on 
the eastern side of Covana\'s island (marked \"1\" on the map above). (3) A 
settlement on an undeveloped part of Ramirez\'s southern island (marked \"3\" on 
the map above). All the options are \"northern\" islands, allowing Hops (and 
later Herbs) to be grown. Option 1 gives access to Ore and Salt, however there 
is not much space available for city building: Two mountain ranges and two 
small hills require some *very* careful town planning, and it is quite easy to 
find oneself without enough space to build a profitable Citizen level city. 
Option 2 gives a lot of space, but no access to mineral resources. However, 
the neighboring island (marked \"b\" on the map above) can be used for an early 
second colony to provide Stone, Ore and Salt (the Salt deposit is on the 
northern side). Option 3 is slightly more daring, because you settle the same 
island as your enemy right at the start. However, Ramirez does not station 
many troops on his southern island, so the threat shouldn\'t be increased 
significantly. Extra caution is needed against Ramirez\'s navy though. The main 
advantage of option 3 is that you are well placed to start invading him, and 
have both space to build, and mineral deposits.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

6.2.5 My Wood is in one ship and my Tools in another ship. How do I build my 
first warehouse?

Balou answers: \"Unload the scout on some island. Move the wood from your ship 
to the scout. Then get the scout to move this wood to the other ship, that has 
the other building materials. Now you\'ll be able to build a warehouse with 
this ship.\" If your ships are fully loaded, this solution might not work 
because the Scout has insufficient capacity to empty a ship\'s hold. Instead 
transfer Wood and Tools to the Scout, and use the Scout to build your first 
Main Market (inland). Transfer Wood and Tools to the new colony using the 
Scout, until you have enough materials to build a coastal warehouse.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

6.2.6 How do I stop Ramirez destroying my fleet?

Ramirez has a tendency to attack your fleet early in the game with three or 
four medium sized warships, which are almost impossible to destroy with your 
starting mix of four small warships/medium trading ships. De-equip any cannon 
(via a shipyard), and fly the white flag throughout. Ramirez\'s ships will 
ignore your ships if they are unarmed and flying the white flag. This should 
give you time to develop without losing your fleet.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

6.2.7 How do I get Merchants and Aristocrats? Where is the Marble?

You do not need the higher levels of civilization to win. Citizens will be 
fine, since they allow Large Warships to be researched and a reasonable army 
to be built and supported. There is no Marble on the map, which prevents 
building Bath Houses, and hence prevents Merchants. There is no Gold either. 
This applies to the first half of the campaign, none of the scenarios in which 
require development above Citizen.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

6.2.8 I accidentally insulted or attacked Covana, and now he will not trade 
with me. What can I do?

Attempting to make peace, and then gaining a new trade agreement, may take a 
long time. Even if you have something the AI player wants, it may take hours 
for them to calm down and forgive you. It may be better reload an earlier 
saved game if you make this mistake. Unfortunately if you have absolutely no 
saves prior to being aggressive towards Covana, you may find yourself 
restarting the entire campaign...

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

6.2.9 Objectives: Covana\'s city must not be destroyed; Destroy both of 
Ramirez\'s main cities

The first mission objective should be largely academic - Covana is rarely 
attacked, and if you have supplied a reasonable amount of Iron, Covana will be 
able to build a sizable army to defend himself. The second objective requires 
you to completely destroy all the Market places and warehouses on Ramirez\'s 
two main city islands (marked \"2\" and \"3\" on the map above). Zomby Woof 
writes: \"Concentrate on the market buildings, if they fall all the other 
buildings within their influence area get destroyed too.\" You can capture his 
territory instead (by destroying those market place/warehouses and building 
your own in their place), but that is not required. You can also 
destroy/capture his supply islands, but that is not required by the mission 
description: There are some reports of the mission no finishing unless supply 
islands are destroyed too, but I\'ve completed it without destroying all the 
supply islands. When the mission refers to \"levelling\", this applies only to 
Ramirez\'s colonies on those two islands - you don\'t need to flatten your own 
cities (I think this loses something in translation sometimes and gets players 
confused). 

You will need to research at least fire arrows and/or Catapults before 
invading, so that you can attack buildings: On one or two of his supply 
islands, it may be possible to destroy all the Market places and Warehouses 
using ship based cannon, but not on his city islands. Since naval supremacy 
tends to be important, you should research larger warship designs and build a 
Large Shipyard to build them. You can build a University and research land 
Cannon and various other military bonuses, but that is not strictly necessary. 
Don\'t start military operations until you have a solid economy. As a new 
player, aim to have more than 500 coins revenue coming in on the balance sheet 
before building up a military, and a stable economy (meaning one that you can 
ignore) before going to war.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

6.2.10 Naval strategy

Three or four fully equipped Large Warships are almost unstoppable in this 
scenario. AlejandroElMagn comments: \"I prefer medium warship: 5 of them. They 
cost a less of money, so you can have more and in the sea.\" Once you start 
building warships, Ramirez will send part of his fleet up to destroy them. 
This is only a problem if you have just *one* new warship: Either build 
several rapidly, or initially de-equip cannon and wait with a white flag up 
until you are ready. 

Use your navy as a pack, and slowly wipe out all the enemy shipping. Retreat 
heavily damaged ships for repairs at your shipyard if you need to. From balou: 
\"Don\'t chase his ships all over the map - eventually they\'ll return to their 
home-harbor - just wait and see. Sink his ships and his shipyard. He\'ll 
continue to build shipyards and ships... keep destroying them as fast as he 
builds them.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

6.2.11 Invasion strategy

Some general military tactics are contained in the Strategies section. 

From lisa simpson: \"The smaller of Ramirez\'s two main islands can be easily 
destroyed with just one or two archers... He doesn\'t care about your troops as 
long as your army is small enough.\" If you managed to fool the game into 
letting you leave Nova Fora with a Catapult, you can conquer this southern 
island (\"3\" on the map above) with your initial forces. The only thing that 
stops you doing this with the default Swordsmen and Archers, is the lack of 
fire arrows - you don\'t have anything with which to destroy his buildings. If 
you are feeling daring, or settled this island initially, consider attacking 
Ramirez\'s city here as soon as you have fire arrows researched - you can do 
this at Settler level, which is why it might be advantageous. Capture some of 
his production facilities. You will need to manage your finances and resources 
well to succeed, which is why this tactic is not recommended for new players. 
If you wait until you have reached Citizen level before invading, you may not 
benefit from capturing Ramirez\'s facilities, because you have probably built 
everything you need already. In this case you are better destroying his 
cities, rather then wasting time and resources capturing them. 

Balou notes: \"Destroy his fire-fighters, otherwise they\'ll save the damaged 
buildings over and over again.\" Although the enemy will build a lot of Fire 
Brigades, one can normally attack the Fire Brigade, then return to attacking 
the main market building. The second round of attacks on the market should 
destroy it before a new Fire Brigade appears. 

The quick way, from dutchanno1986: \"I conquered Ramirez by using 3 warships (2 
medium and 1 large), some archers and 8 cavalry. First I destroyed all his 
smaller islands (there was no resistance), and then I destroyed his mayor 
island using 1 cavalry to lure his army and then destroy it with my ships.\" 
Balou writes: \"Use hit and run tactics. Unload some cavalry, wait for his 
units to close in on you (stay close to your ships), and re-board the ship 
once he is in striking distance of the ships cannons. Repeat as often as 
possible. If most of his military units are \'wasted\' this way, start your 
invasion. ... On his biggest island, there\'s a whole bunch of mortars (close 
to his fortress), and they waste your soldiers very easily, if you\'re not 
quick enough to destroy them (or better, capture them) - use cavalry yourself 
here.\" 

Zomby Woof comments: \"First I also tried the hit-and-run tactics. But soon I 
got annoyed of that because it seemed that his reinforcements came faster than 
I could defeat them. So I started a massive attack against his fortress (no 
fortress - no [new] troops). I had about 10 catapults, 5-6 conquered mortars 
and a group of about 20-25 fighters as escort. This group contained a mixture 
of cavalry, pikemen and archers and their only duty was, to keep away the 
enemy from the war machines as long as possible so they had enough time to 
deal with the fortress. I lost most of the fighters but had still some 
catapults and mortars left. After the fortress was destroyed there was almost 
no resistance anymore, maybe some single units. So the rest was just like a 
walk in the park, destroyed all market buildings and Ramirez was history. Also 
it\'s easier if you build a forward base on Ramirez\' island, so you don\'t waste 
much time with transporting your troops.\" 

An alternative method from RoddyC: \"What ultimately worked for me is training 
suicide squads of catapults and crossbows. I shipped them over to the enemy 
island and sent them directly to one of his markets. Most of the time, the 
market would fall and the army would die. Then I\'d just train another army and 
do it all again for the next market building. I also ended up building over 
most of his markets so that I could get the land and he couldn\'t rebuild. 
Eventually I owned most of the island, with his tiny town trapped in the 
middle.\" 

Economic warfare is possible, but may take some time to see any result. From 
dutchanno1986: \"I destroyed his church by letting my archers fire on it till 
his army arrived, getting the archers back in the ship just before they were 
attacked. Without the church the houses returned to pioneers and he was 
without money to train new soldiers.\" Cutting off his supply of \'luxury\' goods 
by destroying his supply islands may not make a big difference, not least 
because Ramirez tends to just start a new colony whilst you are waiting for 
him to run out of supplies.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

______________________________________________________________________________

6.3 Helter-Skelter
______________________________________________________________________________


This scenario is sometimes called \"In a Muddle\".

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

6.3.1 Introduction

Objectives: 
- 1. Positive balance sheet and at least 100 Citizens. 
- 2. Get 20t Furs and 20t Medicinal Herbs and sail north with them. 

Rating: ** 

War-o-meter: * 

Resources: 
- 25,000 coins. 
- Large Warship \"Veni, Vidi, Vici\": Autotrade Feria to Hyperia with Tobacco 
products. 
- Large Trading ship \"La Metier\": Autotrade Narbos to Hyperia with Spices. 
- Large Warship \"Silkassona\": Autotrade Caetra to Hyperia with Silk Cloth and 
Alcohol. 
- Large Trading ship \"Tapeia\": Moored at Hyperia. 
- Small Warship \"Vladimir\": Moored at Hyperia. 
- Small Trading ship \"Rosane\": Moored at Hyperia. 
- Colony Caetra (\"4\" on map below): Warehouse, 3 Main Markets, 4 Cotton 
Plantations, 2 Sugarcane Plantations, 3 Silk Plantations, 2 Indigo 
Plantations, 2 Weaver\'s Hut, Distillery, Forester\'s Hut. 
- Colony Feria (\"3\" on map below): Warehouse, 6 Tobacco Plantations, 3 Tobacco 
Factories, 2 Forester\'s Huts. 
- City Hypatia (\"1\" on the map below: 1900 people, mostly Citizens; 2 
Warehouses, 13 Main Markets, 8 Forester\'s Huts, 9 Hunting Lodges, 4 Tanneries, 
2 Fishermen\'s Huts, 6 Grain Farms, 3 Mills, 2 Bakeries, 6 Small Farms, 5 
Cattle Farms, 2 Butcher\'s Shops, 5 Sheep Farms, 2 Weaving Mills, 6 Hop Farms, 
3 Breweries, Medicinal Herb Plantation, 3 Hemp Plantations, 2 Ropemakers, 2 
Ore Mines, 2 Salt Mines, 2 Salt Works, Ore Smelter, Large Ore Smelter, 
Charcoal Burner, 2 Toolsmith, Quarry, Stonemason, 4 Tailor\'s Shops, Small 
Shipyard, Armorer, 2 Gunsmiths, 2 Large Weapon Smithies, 2 Bow Makers, 3 War 
Machine Builders, Cannon Foundry, Medium Fortress, 4 Fire Brigades, 3 Chapels, 
Church, 3 Schools, various stalls. 
- Colony Narbos (\"2\" on map below): Warehouse, 4 Spice Plantations, Forester\'s 
Hut.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

                                      N
                                    . \'\' .
                                . \'   9 _  \' .
                            ._\'\'b\'-    (a) .-. \' .
                        . \'   \'---\'  _ .--\'  \'---._\' .
                    . \'-.   .-_     (_) :    1    _)   \' .
                . \' .-\' \'-\'-\'  )   ___  \'-.____.-\'   _--_  \' .
            . \'     ( __ c  __\'   ( d -.            (_ 5 )  .-.\' .
        . \'          \'  \'--\'      \'--.-\'              \'-\'  (_ f_)  \' .
    . \'                      __        _      _         ___  \'\'        \' .
. \'                       .-\'h \')  _  (i)   -\'6\':-     (_ 3_)              \' .
.            _.--.      _  \'---\'  (7)        \'-\'         \'\'                  .
  \' .         -.2-\'   -\'l\'-.     _   .-\'\'-_          _    .--\'--.        . \'
      \' .             ----\'     (q)  \'-.q.-\'_       (n)   \'\'-o\'\'     . \'
          \' .                              (r)                   . \'
              \' .                    _          __           . \'
                  \' .         _     (u)     _  \'.s)      . \'
                      \' .    (8)         .-\'4\'-.     . \'
                          \' .     .-w-.  \'-.__.-\'. \'
                              \' . \'..-\'      . \'
                                  \' .    . \'
                                      \'\'


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

* 1 = Hypatia. Your city. Wine, Spices, Herbs 50%, Stone, Ore, Salt. 
* 2 = Narbos. Your Spice colony. Spices, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* 3 = Feria. Your Tobacco colony. Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* 4 = Caetra. Your Cotton/Sugar/Silk/Indigo colony. Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, 
Indigo, Stone, Ore. 
* 5 = Mongols. Buy Jewelry, sell Fur. Wine, Hops, Herbs 50%, Stone, Ore. 
* 6 = Native Americans. Buy Wine, sell Gold. Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone, 
Ore. 
* 7 = Africans. Buy Tobacco, sell Wine. Spices, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* 8 = Aztecs. Buy Gold, sell Jewelry. Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo, Stone, 
Gold. 
* 9 = Exit point (at end of mission). 
* a = Whales. 
* b = Whales, Stone, Ore. 
* c = Wine, Hops, Herbs 50%, Stone, Ore, Salt. 
* d = Wine, Hops, Herbs 50%, Stone, Ore. 
* f = Wine, Hops, Herbs 50%, Stone, Ore, Salt. 
* h = Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* i = Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* l = Spices, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* n = Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* o = Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* p = Spices, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* q = Spices, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* r = Spices, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* s = Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo, Stone, Ore. 
* u = Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo, Stone, Ore. 
* w = Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo, Stone, Ore.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

6.3.2 Objective: Positive balance sheet and at least 100 Citizens

This objective requires you to work quite quickly, so whatever strategy you 
adopt, set the game to half speed (F8) immediately. Although you start with 
plenty of cash, you will be bankrupt within ten minutes unless you work fast. 
Such a rapid loss of cash can be a bit daunting at first, but fixing the 
economy is not so hard. One of two and a half approaches may be adopted: (1a) 
Methodical removal of unneeded buildings, replacement with more efficient 
building types, correcting specific design flaws, tweaking trade routes, and 
generally making the empire sustain itself. (1b) As 1a, except you aim to 
remove certain population supporting facilities, and let your population drop 
down to Settlers. Once you have a stable economy, build up to Citizens again. 
(2) Delete almost everything except some existing Citizen level housing. The 
second option works because this first objective only needs to be met, not 
sustained. The second option also benefits from knowing what will be needed in 
the second half of the mission - in essence, which two or three production 
facilities need to be saved. Option 1b will take some time, and I personally 
don\'t see it is necessary to down-grade civilization level. Although option 2 
sounds a lot easier, I\'d suggest option 1a first time around because you will 
learn what types of mistakes AI governors make. This is important because 
you\'ll be back here in the future, when things will be somewhat harder... 
Fortunately, or unfortunately, depending on what strategy you adopt, changes 
made to your city during this mission will not be carried over to that future 
event.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

6.3.3 Colony redesign strategy

The following suggestions are optimised for about 1900 Citizens, approximately 
the population you start with. The diagram below is a simple representation of 
the main city (\"1\" on the map above).

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

    _
   (_)  .---.           J
    B   | A |       -----+---
        \'---\'          I |
    .---        G   K    |
    |        |    .----+-\'
    | E      \'-.  |    |
    |          F--\'    \'-----
  C |   City   |   ~~H~~~~~~
  .-\'          |  ~         ~~
  |D           | ~
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
                    Sea


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

On this island: 
- A: Destroy everything in this area except the Main Market and Fortress. You 
can keep the Walls, War Machine Builder and Cannon Foundry if you like, since 
they have no upkeep cost, but they are not needed. 
- B: Destroy one Salt Mine and one Salt Works. Destroy one Ore Mine and the 
Charcoal Burner. Destroy most of the Hunting Lodges in this area (you only 
need to retain 3 in total). Destroy at least one Tannery. Thin out the 
Forester\'s Huts. Open the gate into the city. 
- C: Destroy the Hemp Plantation. 
- D: Destroy the Ropemaker, Tailor\'s Shop, Armorer and Tannery. 
- E: Add basic stalls to this area. Remove the remaining Tailor\'s Shops from 
the city. Once you have made the other (more time critical) changes below, 
optimise remaining stalls (remove duplicates close to one another, remove 
Jewelry stalls, add in a missing Tobacco/Spice stall). 
- F: Open the gate. 
- G: Destroy Hemp Plantations and Rope Maker. 
- H: Destroy both Fishermen\'s Huts. 
- I: Fix the road connection to the Medicinal Herb Plantation (it seems you 
cannot replant fields until you have researched the Doctor). 
- J: Thin out the Hunting Lodges and Forester\'s Huts. Retain only one Tannery 
for the whole city. 
- K: Destroy all the Small Farms. Build an extra pair of Hop Farms and a 
Brewery. 

On your Cotton/Sugar/Silk/Indigo island (\"4\" on the first map above): 
- Fix the Distillery\'s road connection. 
- Destroy the Forester\'s Hut. 
- Build 2 Dye Works. 
- Destroy one Indigo Plantation and replace it with a Silk Plantation. You may 
need to add an additional Silk Plantation later. 
- Destroy both Weaver\'s Huts, and build two new Weaving Mills. 
- Add some Wells. 

On your Spice island (\"2\" on the first map above): 
- Build a new Main Market close to the Spice Plantation with \'no road access\' 
indicated. 
- Destroy the Forester\'s Hut. 
- Add some Wells. 
- You will eventually need a fifth Spice Plantation here to fully satisfy 
demand for Spices, but you will first need to ship Bricks in, so don\'t waste 
time on it immediately. 

On your Tobacco island (\"3\" on the first map above): 
- Destroy both Forester\'s Huts. 
- Fix the road connection to one of the plantations (it helps distribute 
Tobacco between factories). 
- You will eventually need a fourth Tobacco combine (2 Tobacco Plantations and 
a Factory) to fully satisfy demand for Tobacco, but you will first need to 
ship Bricks in, so don\'t waste time on it immediately. 

Assign a ship to auto-trade Cloth between Caetra (\"4\") and Hyperia (\"1\"). Keep 
an eye on the ship \"Silkassona\", because its autotrade route may get in a mess 
if stocks build up, but this will not be a problem to start with. 

By the time you have done all that, the first goods should be arriving from 
production islands. Once they are sold, your balance will turn positive. How 
far you optimise the finer points of the economy (such as building extra 
Tobacco and Spice production facilities, tweaking Food supply by adding an 
Grain Farm and Mill, researching and Adding Doctors to deal with plague) 
rather depends how long you wish to keep playing. Since the second part of the 
mission can be completed in under 30 minutes, it will probably be easier to 
ignore long term minor imbalances, and just get the game finished. 

As mentioned earlier you can adopt a more draconian style. Willemnes comments: 
\"My tactic was further - go back to basic. Destroy: all military buildings on 
your island; big church, university; unnecessary factories such as tailors; a 
lot of other farm and alcohol produce facilities; all the produce facilities 
on all the other islands, and keep only a base industries with a base 
population. From then on you will have pretty good money output, and you can 
again build up your town.\" Others suggest tactics like abandoning Silk 
production to save cost, since Silk is not required to sustain Citizens. 
However, the profit from the sale of Silk far outweighs the cost, so Silk 
production should help balance your finances, rather than hindering.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

6.3.4 Total demolition strategy

This strategy was suggested by Jini: \"Train a Scout in the fortress and 
connect the herb plantation to the street grid. Tear everything down except 
the warehouse and some residential houses at the coast, the main market 
building near the herb plantation, and some tobacco plantations. The first 
goal (positive balance plus 100 Citizens) is now reached.\" Simple, huh? You 
have to have a sixth sense to know to retain some Herb and Tobacco production, 
and to know that you will need a Scout. Sometime after the first objective is 
reached, your colony will start crumbling, and the balance will begin to drop. 
Complete the second objective (see below) as fast as possible, and you will 
finish the scenario before this becomes a problem.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

6.3.5 Objective: Get 20t Furs and 20t Medicinal Herbs and sail north with them

Medicinal Herbs are easy - you are already producing them. Furs are slightly 
harder to procure. Zomby Woof writes: \"You can\'t build a trapper in this 
mission, although it seems that you were able to do that in the version 1.00.\" 
In patched versions at least, you must trade with the natives to secure Furs. 
This is the order trades should be conducted. I have noted the approximate 
volumes required for a successful trade, but these seem to vary slightly 
between trades: 

- Africans (\"7\" on map above): Buy Tobacco for Wine (~3 Tobacco = 1 Wine). 
- Native Americans (\"6\" on the map above): Buy Wine for Gold (1 Wine = ~4 
Gold). 
- Aztecs (\"8\" on the map above): Buy Gold for Jewelry (~4 Gold = 1 Jewelry). 
- Mongols (\"5\" on the map above): Buy Jewelry for Furs (1 Jewelry = ~8 Furs). 

The Africans buy raw Tobacco, not processed Tobacco products. In most cases 
you will need to trade using a Scout, so build one at your fortress. You only 
*need* 3t of Jewelry to secure 20t of Furs, so long as you trade carefully. 
Start with 15-20t of Tobacco, and you should have enough to trade everything 
you need. In most cases you can only exchange a maximum of 10t in one trade, 
so you may need to make a few separate runs to get everything. Trade small 
quantities to make sure you can load as much in exchange as the natives are 
prepared to offer. Once you have the goods, sail north (far top corner, 
indicated \"9\" on the first map above). Unlike Nova Fora, ships from this 
mission do not transfer directly into the next mission, so there is no 
advantage to loading additional cargo or sailing with additional ships.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

6.3.6 Why can\'t I get the Scout to leave the city?

The gates are probably shut. Click on them to open them, or press CTRL + D to 
open all your city gates.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

6.3.7 Why don\'t the Mongols sell me enough Furs?

Trade with them slowly over several minutes, only offering small quantities of 
Jewelry when you see they have a \'full\' (~8+) stock of Furs. They will not 
stock 20t of Furs at one time, and you cannot exchange 20t in one trade, even 
if they had enough stock. Take part-loads back to your ship. Dobber asks: 
\"Have you tried continuously clicking the load arrow? If you have the menu set 
to trade 1 ton, you click on the load fur button until they quit.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

______________________________________________________________________________

6.4 Infernal Triad
______________________________________________________________________________


6.4.1 Introduction

Objectives: 
- 1a. Hire O\'Reilly. 
- 1b. Hire Madrugada. 
- 1c. Destroy Peles\' fortress. 

Rating: *** 

War-o-meter: *** 

Resources: 
- 9,500 coins. 
- Medium Trading Vessel, with 4 Cannon, Scout, 50t Food, 100t Tools, 50t Wood. 
- Colony Epona (\"1\" on map below): ~220 Settlers, Warehouse, 3 Main Markets, 3 
Fishermen\'s Huts, 4 Small Farms (1 with Potatoes), 2 Hunting Lodges, Tannery, 
2 Forester\'s Huts, 2 Sheep Farms, Weaver\'s Hut, Chapel, Food/Salt Stand, 
Cloth/Leather Stand.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

                                      N
                                    . \'\' .
                                . \'        \' .
                            . \'     .--\'--._   \' .
                        . \'       .\'   1    \'-.    \' .
                    . \'           \'._      _.\'      __ \' .
                . \'                  \'----\'       .\'a )    \' .
            . \'          .--.                      \'-\'         \' .
        . \'             \'-2-\'                 .-.__         _.-.   \' .
    . \'                                 .-----\'    \'-.     \'--c-\'      \' .
. \'             .--.          ____      \'._.-. b __.-\'                     \' .
.              \'.d.\'         (_e__)          \'--\'                            .
  \' .                  _              .-._                               . \'
      \' .             (f)             \'-.g)                          . \'
          \' .                                                    . \'
              \' .             _                  ___         . \'
                  \' .       .\'h)      .---.     \'.4.\'    . \'
                      \' .    \'\'       \'.3\'           . \'
                          \' .          _         . \'
                              \' .    .\'i\'.   . \'
                                  \' .\'--\'. \'
                                      \'\'


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

* 1 = Epona. Your colony. Wine, Hops, Herbs, Stone, Ore, Salt. 
* 2 = Palmira. Peles\' fortress. 
* 3 = O\'Reilly\'s colony. 
* 4 = Madrugada\' colony. 
* a = Wine, Hops, Herbs, Stone. 
* b = Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* c = Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* d = Tobacco, Cotton, Wine. 
* e = Native Americans. Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* f = Spices, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* g = Spices, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* h = Polynesians. Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo. 
* i = Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

6.4.2 Strategy overview

This scenario can be confusing because the objectives are not very clear. One 
needs to explore, and then investigate what O\'Reilly and Madrugada\'s 
\'colonies\' need based on the diplomatic menu. Once you understand what is 
needed, one can complete the objectives without significant colony 
development, so long as the economy is carefully balanced. Your starting 
colony is reasonably well set up, albeit it is losing money. You should 
advance to Settlers almost immediately by placing a Tavern, and strip out some 
Food production (specifically the Fishermen\'s Huts). Land is in relatively 
short supply on this map, so you\'ll struggle to build the very large colonies 
that were possible in earlier campaign scenarios: they are not needed here. 
You do not need to develop to Citizen level. Pack as many Settler houses 
around as few facilities as possible, used Tools sparingly so as not to need 
any Iron production, and only build the facilities you absolutely need. This 
can give a balance surplus of more than 500, which is large enough to fund 
meeting the different objectives.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

6.4.3 Objective: Hire O\'Reilly

Explore the map and find O\'Reilly\'s settlement. Open up the diplomatic menu, 
and see that he wants 10,000 coins tribute. Pay the tribute (click on the hand 
next to were \"10,000\" is displayed) to complete this objective.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

6.4.4 Objective: Hire Madrugada

Again, find Madrugada\'s settlement and see that he wants 50t Spices in 
tribute. Settle one of the two Spice islands and grow Spices. Sail 50t to his 
warehouse, and trade the Spices to complete this objective. Once the objective 
is met, you can retain the plantations and sell the produce to your 
population, or tear down the colony to save money.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

6.4.5 Objective: Destroy Peles\' fortress

Your military does not need to be large, since Pele\'s forces are mostly 
fortified in towers and on walls, meaning they can be picked off one at a time 
at range. Four or five Catapults are all that is needed for a ground assault. 
Catapults are easy to produce as they require only simple research, one 
production building, and a small amount of rope production. You start at peace 
with Peles, so get your troops into position on the neutral part of his island 
before declaring war. You can use your starting ship to do this, meaning you 
do not need to build a shipyard or expand your fleet. Attack his towers and 
Archers at range, and once you have cleared a gap in his defenses, attack the 
fortress. It is theoretically possible to destroy his fortress by destroying 
his Warehouse and Main Market - both of which are within range of ships\' guns. 
This may make it impossible to complete the mission - see Why does the mission 
not finish? below. In my opinion, Catapults are easier and cheaper to produce 
than warships, and are just as effective in meeting the objective.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

6.4.6 Why does the mission not finish?

In the original release version of the game it was impossible to complete the 
mission if Peles\' fortress was destroyed by attacking his warehouse and Main 
Market. This bug was thought to have been fixed in the non-German release 
version, but some players still experience it. From eddie500: \"I would assume 
that it depends on when you destroy the warehouses. If you do the other 
objectives first and [then] destroy the warehouses, you will proceed to the 
next level. But if you destroy the warehouses first before the other 
objectives are complete, you will have trouble.\" If the mission does not 
finish after all the objectives are complete, try restarting the mission and 
either destroying the fortress conventionally by attacking it, or destroying 
it after completing the other two objectives.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

______________________________________________________________________________

6.5 Pack-Ice
______________________________________________________________________________


6.5.1 Introduction

Objectives: 
- 1. Fill your colony\'s warehouse with Food (50t). 
- 2a. Expand Ulfilla to population 80. 
- 2b. Build a ship. 
- 3. Trade 25t of Medicinal Herbs for Whale Blubber. 

Rating: *** 

War-o-meter: * 

Resources: 
- 4,000 coins. 
- Scout (at Ulfilla). 
- Large Warship \"Consissa\", with 10 Cannons, 25t Medicinal Herbs (north of 
Ulfilla, trapped in the ice). 
- Colony \"Ulfilla\": 38 Pioneers; Warehouse, Food/Salt Stand, Small Shipyard, 
Trapper; ~32t Food, ~25t Fur.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

6.5.2 Strategy overview

This scenario takes place on only two islands, so no map is provided. You will 
lose money throughout the scenario. You need to work as fast as possible and 
limit costs to a minimum. Towards the end you are required to build a ship, so 
you must retain at least 1500 coins for this purpose. It is tempting to sink 
your starting warship, which is trapped in the ice, and represents a useless 
money-sink. If you do this, ensure you have taken *all* the cargo off the ship 
first, since the Medicinal Herbs are required to complete the scenario. Jini 
warns: \"Do not sink this ship in order to save maintenance costs. Otherwise 
the mission will maybe not proceed.\" I have sunk the ship and completed the 
mission, so it is possible, but perhaps fails on certain unpatched games or 
under certain circumstances. You can complete the scenario without sinking the 
ship, but you will come slightly closer to bankruptcy.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

6.5.3 Objective: Fill your colony\'s warehouse with Food

To the west of your colony you will find an Eskimo settlement. They will trade 
Furs for Food (this varies a bit, but you will need at least 1t Fur for 1t 
Food). You will need to make two runs with your Scout to fill your warehouse 
with Food. The warehouse capacity is 50t, however while you are procuring 
Food, your colonists will be eating it. Demolish the Trapper as soon as you 
have enough Furs to trade for the Food you need, to save upkeep: You will not 
need it after this objective has been completed - you will run out of money a 
long time before you run out of Food and want to trade for Food again ;-) .

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

6.5.4 Why can I not trade for enough Food?

Wiles writes: \"The mission states to trade furs for food. So, filling your 
scout up with 20 furs, you should be able to trade for 20 food from the 
eskimos. If they don\'t have 20 tons of Food, do not leave. Let them fill up 
again, then continue clicking on the arrow to fill up the scout/mule with food 
until he is full. After a second trip like the first, you should have gotten a 
cut scene stating that part of the mission is over.\" Other problems have been 
reported at this stage that relate to editing bgruppen.dat - see How do I edit 
a game? below.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

6.5.5 Objective: Expand Ulfilla to population 80, build a ship

Population 80 means doubling the number of Pioneer houses - upgrading to 
Settlers is not a viable option because of the range of buildings and goods 
required. For house building you will need Wood. Ships additionally require 
Cloth, so you will have to set up a Sheep Farm(s) plus a Weaver\'s Hut. Place 
two Forester\'s Huts in the wooded area to the east. When the building 
materials become available, build two Sheep Farms and a Weaver\'s Hut in the 
grassland just to the north. Use further Wood build five new houses. This 
method should produce enough Cloth and Wood to build a small trading vessel, 
both at about the same time. Once you have the required materials, demolish 
the Sheep Farms, Weaver\'s Hut and Forester\'s Huts. In the meantime, you should 
use your Scout to travel north to where your original ship is trapped in the 
ice. Move the cargo off the ship and to your colony\'s warehouse in preparation 
for the next part of the scenario. You will need to make two trips. After 
this, consider sinking the ship to save upkeep costs - with the caveat 
contained in the overview, that doing this *might* evoke a bug which prevents 
the scenario from finishing.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

6.5.6 Objective: Trade 25t of Medicinal Herbs for Whale Blubber

If you have not already done so, you will need to fetch the Medicinal Herbs 
from the hold of the ship trapped in the ice. The Mongols, who the Eskimos 
mentioned traded Whale Blubber, are on the large island to the south-east. 
Their settlement is on the south-west coast. Although the settlement can be 
seen from the coast, you will need to trade Medicinal Herbs using your Scout. 
Two trips are required.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

______________________________________________________________________________

6.6 Toguldur\'s Stone
______________________________________________________________________________


6.6.1 Introduction

Objective: 
- 1. Find and claim Stone of Toguldur. 

Rating: *** 

War-o-meter: ***** 

Resources: 
- 10,000 coins. 
- Medium Warship \"Santa Maria\", with 8 Cannon, loaded with 2 Mortars and 5 
Archers.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

6.6.2 Objective: Find and claim Stone of Toguldur

In this mission you have no base, and no way to replenish loses. You only have 
limited money, but your upkeep costs are small, so the mission is not a rush 
against the clock. The island immediately to north-east of your starting 
position contains a hostile Mongol settlement and the stone. No other islands 
are used, so I have not included a map. The stone is found in the middle of a 
circular mountain formation, just to the south of the Mongol settlement, close 
to where you start. There is a road leading from the Mongol settlement into 
this area, but it is blocked by rocks. Mortars must be used to attack these 
rocks and destroy them. Each rock needs to be hit several times. If you lose 
both your Mortars in combat before breaking into the area with the stone, it 
will be impossible to complete the mission, because Archers cannot attack the 
rocks. Once the rocks are cleared, send some Archers into the centre of the 
circular mountain formation to claim the Stone and complete the mission.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

6.6.3 Must I destroy the Mongols? How?

Zomby Woof writes: \"It\'s not necessary to eliminate the Mongols completely. 
The stone lies within the cirque, you can unload your troops at the southern 
shore. Destroy the Mongols\' southern market building (the tent with the flag) 
or destroy directly their soldier training camp nearby (looks like a brown 
hut). This gives you the time to destroy with your mortars some rocks which 
block the road leading to the stone. If the path is clear send one of your 
archers inside and that\'s it.\" Although the Mongols will never stop sending 
troops against you while you are near their settlement, destroying some of 
their troop training buildings (directly, or by attacking the market) will 
reduce the threat somewhat. 

You are heavily outnumbered, notably facing a lot of fast moving Mongol 
cavalry, who will close on your Archers and Mortars very fast. In a stand-up 
fight you will die. Chefbartdast suggests: \"Bomb and run. Stay close as you 
can to your ship. Do not lose your cannons.\" From FaithRaven: \"Harass. If you 
hit a mongol building with a mortar, they will come to kill your mortar. Load 
your mortar to the ship and your ship will destroy the mongol army. Do this 
several times.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

______________________________________________________________________________

6.7 New Acquaintances
______________________________________________________________________________


6.7.1 Introduction

Objective: 
- 1. Destroy Galerius\'s colonies. 

Competitors: 
- Galerius (red) - aggressive. 
- Elagabalos (orange/yellow) - passive/friendly. 

Rating: *** 

War-o-meter: **** 

Resources: 
- 30,000 coins. 
- Large Warship \"Silkassona\", with 10 Cannons, autotrade Caetra to Hypatia 
with Silk Cloth and Alcohol. 
- Large Warship \"Northern Hope\", with 12 Cannons, autotrade Feria to Hypatia 
with Tobacco Products. 
- Large Trading Vessel \"La Metier\", with 6 Cannons, autotrade Narbos to 
Hypatia with Spices. 
- Large Trading Vessel \"Tarpeia\", with 6 Cannons, moored at Hypatia. 
- Small Warship \"Vladimir\", with 6 Cannons, moored at Hyperia. 
- 21 Archers on Hypatia\'s city walls. 
- 8 Cavalry, 2 Mortars, 3 Cannons, 4 Crew and Medic in south-eastern square of 
Hypatia city. 
- 8 Lancers in north-western square of Hypatia city. 
- Colony Caetra (\"4\" on map below): Warehouse, 3 Main Markets, Forester\'s Hut, 
2 Sugar Plantations, Distillery, 3 Cotton Plantations, *4* Weaving Mills, 5 
Silk Plantations, 3 Indigo Plantations, 3 Dye Works. 
- Colony Feria (\"3\" on map below): Warehouse, 2 Main Markets, 2 Forester\'s 
Huts, 7 Tobacco Plantations, 3 Tobacco Factories. 
- City Hypatia (\"1\" on the map below): ~1950 Merchants; 2 Warehouses, 13 Main 
Markets, Church, 3 Chapels (only 2 upgraded to Churches), 3 Large Taverns, 
Tavern, 3 Fire Brigades, 3 Doctors, 2 Schools, University, Library, 2 Public 
Baths, various stalls, 8 Forester\'s Huts, 2 Fishermen\'s Huts, 6 Grain Farms, 3 
Mills, Bakery, 5 Cattle Farms, 2 Butchers, 8 Hunting Lodges, 4 Tanneries, 4 
Small Farms (2 with Potatoes), 6 Hop Farms, 3 Breweries, 4 Sheep Farms, 2 
Weaving Mills, 4 Tailor\'s Shops, 2 Hemp Plantations, 2 Ropemakers, Medicinal 
Herb Plantation, Small Shipyard, 3 Armorers, 3 War Machine Builders, 3 
Gunsmiths, 2 Bow Makers, Large Weapon Smithy, Cannon Foundry, Medium Fortress, 
2 Ore Smelters, Large Ore Smelter, 2 Toolsmiths, Charcoal Burner, 2 Ore Mines, 
2 Salt Mines, Salt Works, Stonemason, Quarry. 
- Colony Narbos (\"2\" on map below): Warehouse, Main Market, Forester\'s Hut, 7 
Spice Plantations. 
- All research known except Range of Crossbow.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

                                      N
                                    . \'\' .
                                . \'     _  \' .
                            ._\'\'b\'-    (a) .-. \' .
                        . \'   \'---\'  _ .--\'  \'---._\' .
                    . \'.-.   .-_    (_) :   1     _)   \' .
                . \'  .-\' \'-\'-\'  )  ___  \'-.____.-\'   _--_  \' .
            . \'      ( __ 5  __\'  ( d -.            (_ e )  .-.\' .
        . \'           \'  \'--\'     \'--.-\'              \'-\'  (_8 _)  \' .
    . \'                      __        _      _         ___  \'\'        \' .
. \'                       .-\'6 \')  _  (i)   -\'j\':-     (_ 3_)              \' .
.            _.--.      _  \'---\'  (m)        \'-\'         \'\'                  .
  \' .         -.2-\'   -\'7\'-.     _   .-\'\'-_          _    .--\'--.        . \'
      \' .             ----\'     (p)  \'-10.-\'_       (n)   \'\'-9\'\'     . \'
          \' .                              (r)                   . \'
              \' .                    _          __           . \'
                  \' .         _     (u)     _  \'.s)      . \'
                      \' .    (t)         .-\'4\'-.     . \'
                          \' .     .---.  \'-.__.-\'. \'
                              \' . \'.w-\'      . \'
                                  \' .    . \'
                                      \'\'


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

* 1 = Hypatia. Your city. Wine, Spices, Herbs 50%, Stone, Ore, Salt. 
* 2 = Narbos. Your Spice colony. Spices, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* 3 = Feria. Your Tobacco colony. Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* 4 = Caetra. Your Cotton/Sugar/Silk/Indigo colony. Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, 
Indigo, Stone, Ore, Gold, Gems. 
* 5 = Galerius\'s city. Wine, Hops, Herbs 50%, Stone, Ore, Salt. 
* 6 = Galerius\'s Tobacco colony. Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* 7 = Galerius\'s Spice colony. Spices, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* 8 = Sabratha. Elagabalos\'s city. Wine, Hops, Herbs 50%, Stone, Ore, Salt. 
* 9 = Tanaquil. Elagabalos\'s Tobacco colony. Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone, 
Ore. 
* 10 = Gervasius. Elagabalos\'s Spice colony. Spices, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* a = Whales. 
* b = Whales, Stone, Ore. 
* d = Wine, Hops, Herbs 50%, Stone, Ore. 
* e = Mongols. Wine, Hops, Herbs 50%, Stone, Ore. 
* i = Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* j = Native Americans. Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* m = Africans. Spices, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* n = Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* p = Spices, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* r = Spices, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* s = Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo, Stone, Ore. 
* t = Aztecs. Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo, Stone, Gold. 
* u = Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo, Stone, Ore. 
* w = Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo, Stone, Ore.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

6.7.2 Objective: Destroy Galerius\'s colonies

This scenario is similar to Helter-Skelter, but you have a starting population 
of Merchants (who are harder to satisfy than Citizens, and unless you have 
played a complete endless game, will be entirely new to you), *and* you are 
invaded by a large enemy army at the start. As before, set half speed (F8) as 
soon as the game starts, to give you more time to think and act. 

The objectives are slightly vague as stated in the mission description. The 
description reads \"Get your economy back on track, train an offensive army, 
and eradicate your enemy\'s cities.\" The first part simply means don\'t go 
bankrupt - you can have a negative balance, negative total cash, or zero 
population at the end of the mission and you can still complete the scenario. 
The first part is therefore a suggestion, not a requirement. The last part 
means destroy all three of Galerius\'s colonies, not just the island with 
houses upon it. 

You can adopt one or a combination of two approaches: (1) \'Fix\' your economy 
so that you are making a profit, then deal with Galerius. (2) Destroy 
significant amounts of your own infrastructure to save operating costs, gather 
up your military, and destroy Galerius quickly before your economy collapses. 
Option 1 contains many variations. For example, one can let the population 
drop back down to Citizen level, saving many maintenance costs on civic 
buildings and production buildings, and potentially islands. Since this 
reduces the number of people, you need to expand the total number of houses in 
your city. Maintaining a Merchant level city is quite hard initially, and a 
profitable one will probably need Lamp Oil production to be started. Even with 
careful financial management, this variation can dip your cash into the red 
before you have had a chance to start making a profit. Option 2 is slightly 
more daring, because you must defeat Galerius fairly quickly. This is possible 
because you start with large stocks of weapons and unit production facilities, 
and almost all research completed. 

Galerius\'s colonies are not particularly well defended - no worse than 
Covana\'s colonies in Barbarrossas\' Throne, and you should have more resources 
and units available. The final attack will not be the most difficult part of 
this scenario. 

Although this scenario allows you to build Aristocrat houses, you should not 
do this. Aristocrats are hard to satisfy, requiring many new facilities and 
goods; but more importantly you only have a finite amount of Marble available. 
I could find no Marble deposits on the map, so you are limited to the Marble 
you start with in Hypatia\'s warehouses. This will be enough for the odd new 
Public Baths, not a complete Aristocrat city.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

6.7.3 Defeating invaders

At the start of the scenario Galerius\'s army is positioned on the northern 
side of Hypatia (\"1\" on the map above). This force contains 7 Crossbowmen, 8 
Musketeers, 14 Lancers, 2 Catapults, 2 Mortars, 4 Cannon, 3 Medics, and 6 
spare Crew. After about a minute, they will start moving towards your city, 
attacking and destroying every building that gets in their way. 

Your ground forces are in three areas: (1) Archers scattered along the city 
walls, (2) the main army, including Cavalry, cannon and Mortars, lined up in 
the square on the south-eastern side of the city, (3) Lancers in the square on 
the north-western side of the city. Assign hotkeys (CTRL + 0-9) to important 
groups - at least the (faster) Cavalry, (slower) close combat units, and 
ranged units - since separating unit types out in the heat of battle is 
difficult. Open up the city gates, and send your units out into the fields on 
the northern side of the city. You won\'t be able to get all the Archers to 
leave the city walls, because some start in positions with no wall accesses. 

Wiles writes: \"You can also attempt to build as many additional units as you 
want, but I found that capability to be limited as most of the heavier unit 
production chains (such as cannons and mortars) were broken because the Iron 
was not flowing, and the game does not give you quite enough time to fix those 
chain issues AND produce units before the attacking army gets to your gates.\" 
Mass production of basic troops such as Cavalry can be quite effective, 
particularly if you move the fortress\'s rallying flag closer to the front 
line. New Cavalry can also get to the front line fast enough to be useful. 

At this point several different strategies may be adopted. The first is to 
accept that you will lose several farms and production buildings, and let them 
attack you close to the city gates. From wiles: \"I sent the archers to the 
walls close to the main gates to support the cavalry and other units that will 
be doing the hand to hand. So, now you have added archer support on the front 
walls, and you should have a pretty good army sitting outside the walls. Then 
let them come to you. I did not advance my units away from the walls. I let 
them destroy whatever in the field and chose to fight them on my terms. I lost 
maybe half of the units on the ground, but the attackers never made it inside, 
and I believe that was the more important objective.\" 

An alternative is to seek to protect your infrastructure, and rush your troops 
towards their army, specifically targeting Mortars, Cannon and Catapults, 
which are the only weapons they have with which to destroy your buildings. 
Jarrah writes: \"I tried to take out the cannon and catapult crews (and their 
backups) with the cavalry. This got pretty messy and I had to build a few more 
cavalry. In the end I left the archers where they originally were on the walls 
and lost pretty much all the other men. But the enemy had only one 1 man left 
too - badly wounded - so I took an archer and shot him. Very messy and 
wasteful.\" A variation on this involves retreating all your troops back to the 
city as soon the enemy units that can attack buildings have been destroyed. 
The enemy\'s ground troops will follow. Position the remaining Archers on the 
walls near the main gate, and engage the enemy in close combat with your other 
troops near the main gate. If you have few remaining troops, simply shut the 
city gates until you have trained some replacements. 

Target enemy medics early, to prevent them healing their troops. Depending on 
the position you fight, you may also use your spare ships to give covering 
fire, as Dobber comments: \"I moved the 2 ships sitting in my harbor up to the 
northern inlet beside the fishing hut. If things start to turn sour, move your 
troops east past your waiting ships and let their cannons help you.\" 

Unless you are planning to launch an attack against Galerius immediately, it 
does not matter how heavy your loses are, so long as you win the battle. You 
won\'t be invaded again with such force, you have plenty of weapons stockpiled 
to build a new army, and dead troops don\'t need to be paid (a slight advantage 
when fixing your economy). This is the reason why the second strategy 
(assaulting the enemy as quickly as possible) just about makes sense - you can 
afford to lose most of the army, while some of the farms and production 
buildings you save are useful.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

6.7.4 Economy strategies

The following list of modifications are in part common to all the economy 
strategies that seek to establish a stable, working economy. Some strategies 
will ignore certain aspects, or demolish certain islands completely. These 
variations are discussed below. The following suggestions are optimised for 
just under 2000 Merchants, approximately the population you start with. Jarrah 
has some advice, particularly if you intend to not follow the list below line 
by line: \"It\'s worth saving and then going slowly round each island to see 
what you need to change, making a few mental notes and then reloading.\" Dobber 
writes: \"Be sure and do a savegame right after you defeat these forces, so you 
won\'t have to do so again if your first attempt at straightening out the 
economy lands you in debtors prison. And most of us have wound up there on 
this one until we finally figured it out.\" Hakea writes: \"There were 
unnecessary numbers of things all over the place. Just when you\'d think you\'d 
weeded them all out, you\'d see another.\" Before starting, move your remaining 
troops to one side - the game can be a bit tetchy about demolishing and 
building things when soldiers are nearby. 

First, add your spare Large Trading Vessel (\"Tarpeia\") to the Caetra to 
Hypatia route, autotrading Silk Cloth and Cloth from Caetra to Hypatia. Add 2 
50t slots for each. You can, and probably should edit the existing ship\'s 
autotrade route, adding an additional Silk Cloth slot. The use of two ships 
better balances the flow of goods and are more reliable (later, you will need 
to check these routes are performing correctly, in case over-stocking occurs 
and cargoes can not be unloaded). The extra Silk Cloth slot is needed to 
ensure there is enough of this material to sell to your Merchants early on. 
Without this change, many will downgrade to Citizens before you have had a 
chance to balance the economy. With this change, you can cash-in on Silk Cloth 
straight away, which should prove highly profitable. Although Merchants want 
both Silk Cloth and Lamp Oil, they will only downgrade if neither is 
available. 

The diagram below is a simple representation of the main city (\"1\" on the map 
above).

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

    _
   (_)  .---.             
    B   | A |       -----I---
        \'---\'            |
    .---                 |
    |        |    F----+-\'
    | C      \'-.  |    |
    |     E    |--\'    \'--H--
    |          |   ~~G~~~~~~
  .-\'   City   |  ~         ~~
  |D           | ~
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
                    Sea


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

On this island: 
- A: Destroy everything in this area, except the Main Market, Tool Maker (the 
extra tool production is useful for development) and buildings that have no 
operating cost: Fortress, War Machine Builders and Cannon Foundry. You should 
have enough weapons stocked to out-fit a future army - if not, you can always 
rebuild certain buildings when your economy is more healthy. 
- B: Destroy one Salt Mine (you can also de-activate the second Salt mine for 
a while, since you have plenty of Rock Salt in stock). Destroy one Ore Mine, 
Charcoal Burner and both Tanneries, reduce the number of Foresters, and thin 
out the Hunting Lodges. How many Hunting Lodges you retain across the entire 
colony depends on what Food production facilities you lost in the first 
battle. If you still have a Grain Combine (4 Grain Farms, 2 Mills and Bakery - 
feeds just under 700) and a cattle combine (2 Cattle Farms and Butcher - feeds 
about 300), you only need retain around 4 Hunting Lodges in total (each Lodge 
feeds just under 250 people). If you lost all Grain and Cattle production in 
the first battle, you should retain all 8 starting Hunting Lodges until you 
can re-establish Grain/Cattle production. 
- C: This corner lacks Church, University and Bath access, and stalls. You may 
decide to abandon it completely, or reposition the Public Bath near the coast 
in a later city redesign. Initially provide basic facilities and accept a few 
houses will drop back to Citizen status due to the lack of baths. Replace the 
Chapel with a new Chapel (which upgrades it to a Church), destroy the Tavern 
(retain the Large Tavern nearby), and add basic stalls. Later you can upgrade 
the School to give University coverage by rebuilding it. 
- D: Destroy the Ropemaker, Armorer, Tannery and Tailor\'s Shop (Clothing is 
only needed by Aristocrats) from this area. 
- E: Destroy the Tailor\'s Shops and Library (you have all the research you 
need from it completed). Destroying the Fire Brigades is optional - they 
aren\'t needed for entirely Merchant/Citizen housing, but it is possible some 
of your housing will drop to Settlers at some stage, so you could be unlucky 
and be faced with a domestic fire. 
- F: Destroy both Hemp Plantations, Ropemaker, Tailor\'s Shop, and all 4 Small 
Farms. 
- G: Destroy Fishermen\'s Huts. 
- H: Destroy one Weaving Mill and one Sheep Farm. You will almost certainly 
have lost a Brewery in this area during the attack, so rebuild it. Similarly 
you probably lost some or all of the Cattle related production in this area. 
Balance whatever you have left by building an extra Cattle Farm or Butcher. 
- I: This area is often ignored by the invading army. Again, thin out the 
Forester\'s Huts and Hunting Lodges. Depending on personal preference, and what 
facilities you have after the attack, you may wish to add an extra Grain Farm 
(7 total), Mill (4 total) and Bakery (2 total), effectively creating a second 
Grain combine to provide Food. Alternatively consider Cattle Farms/Butchers. 

If you intend on dropping your population back to Citizen level: 
- E: Additionally destroy the University and replace it with a School, and 
destroy both Public Baths. 
- F: Build a new Hop Combine (2 Hop Farms and a Brewery - Citizens drink 
slightly more than Merchants). 
- H: You have the option of building 2 new Sheep Farms and retaining the extra 
Weaving Mill. An alternative is to expand Cotton/Cloth production on Caetra. 
Citizens require about 50% more Cloth than Merchants. 

On Caetra (\"4\" on the first map): 
- Destroy at least two of the Weaving Mills. For a Merchant population, you 
may destroy a third Weaving Mill and one of the Cotton Plantations. For a 
Citizen level population, retain two Weaving Mills, and add a fourth Cotton 
Plantation; unless you\'ve already expanded the number of Sheep Farms on 
Hypatia (se \"H\" in the previous section). Whatever you do, make sure you 
remove the Weaving Mill that is too far from the nearest Main Market of Cotton 
Plantation to find any Cotton. 
- Destroy the Forester\'s Hut. 
- Build at least 2 more Silk Plantations. To support Merchants fully, you will 
need to add an extra Indigo Plantation and Dye Works, and a total of 5 extra 
Silk Plantations. If you start Lamp Oil production fairly early on, you may 
not need to fulfil all the demand for Silk Cloth. For Citizens, you have the 
option of reducing overall Silk Cloth production, because it is not needed. 
However, it is profitable, so I\'d suggest keeping it, just not expanding 
production significantly. 
- Tweak the Main Markets. You can probably safely remove the Market between 
the Sugarcane and Indigo Plantations. Place an extra Main Market close to the 
Dye Works on the far side of the island, to allow the works to use materials 
from more than just the three plantations within its service area. 

On Feria (\"3\" on map below): 
- Destroy both Forester\'s Huts. 
- Destroy the Pioneer-level Main Market close to the Citizen-level Main 
Market. Rebuild it at the other end of the colony, which will allow you to 
work on the plantations close to the edge of your territory, and will ease the 
flow of carts. 
- Build an extra Tobacco Plantation and an extra Tobacco Factory. 
- Check road connections. Some plantations are missing connections completely. 
Adding them will help distribute Tobacco to the factories. 

On Narbos (\"2\" on map below): 
- Destroy the Spice Plantation which is out of reach of the Warehouse (don\'t 
rebuild it elsewhere, 6 Spice Plantations will be plenty). 
- Destroy the Forester\'s Hut. 
- Fix the road connection to the Spice Plantation near the source of the 
river. 

Return to your main city. Fine-tune the provision of stalls (you will not need 
Jewelry or Wine Stands, for example). Take out some of the 
beautification/squares and place additional houses. Consider removing some of 
the walls to allow extra houses to be placed. Consider repositioning the 
Public Baths from near the coast to a point closer to the Church, where it can 
serve more houses - be warned that you only have a finite amount of Marble, so 
take care when deleting baths that require Marble to rebuild. Dobber writes: 
\"I also deleted the dock next to the shipyard - I had to reroute a trade route 
that was using that dock but that was no big deal.\" Consider redesigning the 
provision of Doctors so only two are needed. An extra Stonemason is quite 
useful at this stage, to provide Bricks. 

As time and materials allow, tweak your agricultural production across all 
islands by checking road links and field coverage, and adding wells. 

Limited exploration can bring benefits. From Dobber: \"The computer player in 
the southeast: you can trade with him for emergency needs.\" Elagabalos will 
happily sign a trade agreement with you, and can make a useful occasional 
trading partner. If left alone, he will ignore you and let you get on with 
attacking Galerius. 

By this stage your should be turning a modest, if slightly variable profit. 
Add in any extra production your population need. To increase that profit, you 
should settle one of the Tundra islands and build a whaling outpost. Build the 
Whaler building first, then the Whaling ship. One Whaling ship will supply 2 
Whale Oil Factories. The Whaler itself will not appear to go above 50% 
efficiency - don\'t worry about this, it\'s a bug. This, in combination with 
Lamp Oil stands, will allow you to sell Lamp Oil to your Merchants, at which 
point your finances will start to look very healthy. 

There are several different ways of dealing with the slow supply of Spices 
from Narbos. Make some further adjustments to your automatic trade routes. 
Edit the Narbos to Hypatia Spice route (\"La Metier\") to carry up to two 50t 
loads of Spices (100t in total). Jarrah suggests using two ships here instead 
as a way of balancing out the intervals between deliveries. One could make use 
of the spare Small Warship, but it is probably preferable to build a new 
medium sized trading vessel for the route. Add an extra Main Market on the 
spice island, to increase overall storage capacity. Jarrah writes: \"You could 
also improve things by moving the whole spice production closer - by sacking 
your enemy\'s spice island and putting new buildings on his fields.\" 

Galerius\'s navy is only aggressive if you stray too close to his islands, 
where he has Small Warships patrolling. The solution to seemingly relentless 
attacks is to adjust the trade route on your Spice runs, so that they no 
longer go straight past Galerius\'s Tobacco colony - select the ship, and then 
pull the marker buoys to a new position. This should eliminate all naval 
combat until you decide to engage. 

As mentioned earlier, an alternative strategy is to let your population drop 
back to Citizens. The main advantage of this is you don\'t have to work quite 
as hard to make sure everything is supplied. In order to support a reasonable 
sized military, you will need to expand the total number of houses to retain 
about 2000 total population. An extreme variation is to destroy Caetra (your 
Cotton/Sugar/Silk/Indigo colony) completely. Although this reduces your 
operating costs dramatically and may save you from rapid bankruptcy, in the 
long term, Silk Cloth provides a good profit. The main difficulty is the time 
lag between the operating cost being expended on the island and the Silk Cloth 
being transported to the other side of the map to be sold.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

6.7.5 Immediate counter-attack strategy

There is another way. This strategy skips the first two parts above, and jumps 
straight to invading Galerius. This is not recommended for the faint-hearted, 
but with a little cunning, one can complete the mission without bothering 
about the economy at all. Once you get the general idea, you will see that 
there are many variations and options in how to proceed. Use the following 
notes as a guide only, and alter the strategy to taste. 

Build some additional units that are capable of destroying buildings (probably 
Mortars). Depending on preference, you may build additional ground units and 
kill off your Archers (which I find aren\'t especially great in combat, but 
have the same upkeep as more capable units such as Marksmen and Lancers). 
Order all your ships back to Hypatia (\"1\" on the map above). Destroy all your 
Main Markets except a few in the city area of Hypatia - yes, this means 
abandoning all your other islands, and all your production facilities. The 
fastest way to abandon infrastructure is to delete the Main Markets and 
Warehouses - you don\'t need to delete everything individually. Destroy any 
remaining production buildings, and all civic buildings except stalls. Load 
all your units onto your ships. Don\'t worry about the invading army. Equip all 
available cannon on your ships. You may also wish to load stocks of weapons 
and basic building materials, so that you can set up a small military base on 
Galerius\'s island part way through your invasion - this rather depends on 
personal combat strategy. If you have more units than ship capacity, you can 
either build an extra Warship or two (which you may later sink to save cost), 
or move the excess units to the other side of the island, and come back for 
them later (the invading army will ignore them for a while). Since the secret 
to success with this strategy is being able to defeat Galerius with a small 
army, if you cannot fit the troops onto your ships you may need to evaluate 
whether you need them at all. Now commence your attack against Galerius\'s 
colonies. Attack quickly, and hope to get the scenario finished before you go 
bankrupt. 

This strategy is not as stupid as it sounds. For a short period your 
population will keep on buying goods, while your upkeep is only a few hundred 
coins, giving a net profit. The invading army will take much longer than you 
might expect to wipe out your city (they\'ll have lots of fun slowly destroying 
your walls first), by which time the city will have stopped earning you money 
and all the houses will be crumbling to dust. Later you will find you need to 
maintain your army using only cash reserves, but so long as you destroy almost 
all your infrastructure in the first few minutes of the game, you should have 
about 25,000 coins in reserve: You can keep a modest sized army in play for 
maybe an hour before going bankrupt. It is feasible to destroy Galerius in 
such a period of time, although nobody said it would be easy. Dobber writes: 
\"I was in the negative when I took out his last marketplace - had been for 
several minutes. Was I glad when the cutscene played the completed mission 
video instead of the rats. I still feel more comfortable running a stable 
economy with income to support a drawn out war.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

6.7.6 Defeating Galerius

It should not be hard to gain naval supremacy - I never saw anything more 
dangerous than a pair of Small Warships. If you are prepared to replace them 
on their trade routes first, the two Large Warships you start with should be 
adequate. Destroy his two supply islands first - they are defended only from 
the sea by a single Small Warship... and you have sunk that already ;-) . 

Head straight for the main town on the island. Destroy the shipyard. Now try 
to drag the majority of enemy forces that are close to the fortress within 
range of your ships\' guns. Once the majority of the enemy troops in the area 
have been killed, destroy his fortress. With the fortress gone, the battles 
will get progressively easier. If you leave the fortress in place and destroy 
the rest of the colony first, he will constantly harass you with fresh troops. 
If you invade at the start of the game he will not have built many Main 
Markets, and you can destroy him quite quickly. If you delay invading, you may 
find Galerius has covered the whole island with Main Markets, and it can take 
quite a long time to clear them all. 

With careful use of troops, you don\'t need a large army. Jarrah writes: \"I 
made 4 hot-keyed groups which seems like a handy way to go. The two main 
groups did a sort of left flank, right flank act and had a mixture of mortars 
and cannons in both groups (total of 8 or 9 units per group). They were backed 
up by a hotkeyed group of 3 medics and another roving band with 6 or 7 cavalry 
in case anyone got close enough to hassle the artillery. It all looked very 
smart and tactical, but in the end it went through the whole island with such 
ease that it might have been a bit of overkill (didn\'t lose a single unit).\" 

You will know he has been defeated when you see a video awarding you an Arch 
of Triumph. You will not have a chance to build it before the scenario ends.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

______________________________________________________________________________

6.8 Resistance
______________________________________________________________________________


6.8.1 Introduction

Objective: 
- 1. Conquer fortress and free bookkeeper. 

Rating: *** 

War-o-meter: ***** 

Resources: 
- 140,000 coins. 
- 3 Small Warships with six cannon (one carrying 10t Wood and 10t Tools), 2 
Medium Warships with eight cannon (one carrying 20t Wood and 20t Tools), Large 
Warship with 12 cannon. 
- 6 Cavalry, 12 Lancers, 15 Marksmen, 6 Archers, 16 Crossbowmen, 7 Mortars, 7 
Cannon, 22 spare Crew, 9 Medics, 3 Scouts.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

6.8.2 Objective: Conquer fortress and free bookkeeper

The objective is quite precise. You do not need to destroy the entire city, 
indeed destroying everything will fail the mission. To \"conquer the fortress\", 
you must have the fortress entirely within your territory. This territory is 
controlled by Main Markets. Should the fortress ever be in entirely neutral 
territory it will be destroyed, and you will fail the mission. The fortress is 
covered by three enemy Main Markets, which will need to be destroyed. You can 
either build a replacement Main Market over one of these in the short period 
of time between the building being destroyed (wrecked building graphic) and 
the building disappearing (no building graphic), or build your own Main Market 
covering the fortress first, and then destroy the remaining enemy Main Markets 
around the fortress. Build Main Markets using one of your Scouts - load 
building materials from your ships first. You can build a warehouse on the 
coast first, as Hakea describes, \"I started a small settlement, got a Forester 
cutting wood, and when I had enough wood I built a short chain of markets 
until one of them had the fortress in its area of influence,\" but that is no 
need. Once the fortress falls within your territory, you will automatically 
free the bookkeeper and complete the scenario. 

There is no need to build a town for people to live in - and you lack the 
Tools and natural resources to build anything more than a basic settlement. 
You will lose money throughout this scenario, due to the operating cost of you 
military. You will not go bankrupt unless you spend *hours* invading. 

Here is a a simplified plan of the enemy city:

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

                 ~                   ~~        N
                 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~    ~~    _ .
 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~     .---      ~~    ~~    /|
~~                     |m  ^^^^^^^^^    ~~  /
~~                     |           ^     ~~
 ~                     |M^       m^      ~~
 ~ 1                 2 |^  F      ----.  ~
 ~                     |M^^^^^^  m    | ~~
 ~                 ^   |    3M     4 m| ~
 ~~                ^   \'------.       | ~
  ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ^          \'-------\'~~
                 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ~~~5~~~ ~
                             ~~~     ~~~


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

* ~ = Coast or river 
* ^ = Mountain ridge 
* - = City Wall 
* F = Fortress 
* M = Main Market that needs to be destroyed/captured 
* m = Other Main Market 
* 1 = Start position. 
* 2 = Various farms and production buildings in this area. 
* 3 = Large concentration of enemy troops. 
* 4 = Town/housing. 
* 5 = Your ships can attack the walls at this point. 

The fortress is in quite a well defended position, however you don\'t need to 
reach the fortress itself to claim the territory it stands on. 

Your army has a lot of backup (spare Crews and Medics) and plenty of ranged 
troops, but is thin on close combat units. All-out charges at the enemy are 
likely to fail. The most obvious strategy is to draw out small groups of enemy 
troops into an ambush. You won\'t have to try hard to draw out enemy forces: 
Just *slowly* advance up the field towards the city. Keep ranged troops behind 
a thin line of Lancers, and using your Cavalry to race towards anything that 
out-flanks the Lancers. The aim is to use your ranged troops effectively, by 
forcing the enemy soldiers into a killing-field, where all sorts of high 
explosive will rain down upon them before they can attack your Lancers. It 
gives you some time between battles to heal loses by pulling injured units 
back towards the Medics. Don\'t take your eye off the battle, or you may find 
your Lancers or Cavalry undertaking suicide attacks without ranged support. 
Although it sounds a bit lame, this is another scenario where the half speed 
setting is useful to give time to manage your army. Towards the end of the 
battle, enemy Mortars and Catapults appear: Charge at their crews with Cavalry 
and Lancers before they get in range. Once the majority of the enemy\'s troops 
have been destroyed, advance towards the city itself. Use your Mortars to 
destroy towers and buildings at range, while keeping the remainder of the army 
nearby to deal with odd troops the enemy sends against your Mortars. You 
cannot stop the enemy building fresh troops, but you can limit him by 
destroying some of the weapon production buildings and War Machine Builder in 
the area marked \"2\" on the plan above. The later will prevent Mortars 
springing up behind your lines and causing carnage. 

Keep your spare Crews out of the battle, but assign spare Crew to abandoned 
enemy war machines where possible. 

There are some reports of troops getting stuck on rocks, and effectively being 
lost. Pdxdavid suggests: \"keep them away from that big rock pile in the middle 
of the southern field.\" 

An alternative or variation on the slow frontal assault is to use your ships 
to punch a hole through the walls next to the enemy town (shown \"5\" on the 
plan above). From this position you can fight with covering fire from your 
ships\' cannons, and (arguably) attack the fortress area from the most weakly 
defended angle. The main disadvantage is you are on the opposite side of the 
city from all the Main Markets you need to capture/destroy, so you will tend 
to end up fighting all the same enemy troops regardless. If you don\'t use this 
strategy to invade, send your ships up to this area to destroy a few enemy 
troops that have been positioned on the wrong side of the wall. This will 
slightly reduce the number you need to fight in the field. 

The enemy tends to concentrate troops around the Main Market to the south-east 
of the fortress (labelled \"3\" on the plan above). It is very tempting to sneak 
a few Mortars up to just the other side of the city walls fairly early in the 
game, and flatten this group of units where they stand. This is a hard trick 
to get to work without losing your Mortars. Since the Mortars are about the 
most useful asset you have, this is a risky strategy.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

6.8.3 How do I capture the Fortress? Why do I fail the mission after 
destroying the city?

From Jini: \"You have to bring the fortress inside you sphere of influence. 
Solution A: Build a main market building near the fortress and destroy all 
hostile market buildings in the area. Solution B: Destroy a hostile main 
market building near the fortress and immediately build your on market 
building over the ruins of the old one.\" 

Hakea writes: \"You have to \'capture\' the fortress by claiming the territory. 
To do this leave the fortress and one of the markets close to the fortress 
(the one just below it seems to work OK). Then fetch one of your scouts and 
load him up with tools and wood. Put him close to the market and then demolish 
it with your mortars/cannons or whatever. Now, BEFORE the picture vanishes 
quickly build in the rubble (the busted building graphic). You must use the 
scout\'s build icon.\" Pdxdavid adds: \"My scouts would lay out the warehouse 
rectangle only in a north-south orientation, so I chose a north-south oriented 
market to be the last I destroyed, and it finally worked.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

______________________________________________________________________________

6.9 Genesis
______________________________________________________________________________


6.9.1 Introduction

Objective: 
- 1. Build 700 Citizen city. 
- 2. Trade 20t Medicinal Herbs to Native Americans. 
- 3. Destroy all houses on the Isle of the Dead. 

Rating: *** 

War-o-meter: **/**** depending on strategy. 

Competitors: 
- Waltharius (red) - aggressive. 
- Buccanon (blue) - passive. 

Resources: 
- 80,000 coins. 
- Large Trading vessel, with 6 Cannon, 50t Food, 100t Tools, 50t Wood, Scout.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

                                      N
                                    . \'\' .
                                . \'.  (a)  \' .
                            . \'. b _)    _     \' .
                        . \'  _  \'-\'     (d)  _.-._ \' .
                    . \'     (c)        _    \'-.e__)    \' .
                . \'                   (f)                  \' .
            . \'      _                                         \' .
        . \'_        (g)     _                   .---.              \' .
    . \'__.\' \'---.         -\'k\'-.      _          \'i-\'            _     \' .
. \' ..\'     j    \'-. @    --.-\' _    (h)                        (l)        \' .
.    -\'._       .-\'            (n)                      ___.----.            .
  \' .    \'-----\'  _                   _                (    o   _)       . \'
      \' .        (m)           _     (p)         _      \'.   __:     . \'
          \' .            _    (t)               (q)       \'-\'    . \'
              \' .      _(s) _     _                          . \'
                  \' . (r)  (2)   (v)           .--\'--.   . \'
                      \' .           .\'.   .-.  \'--l--. \'
                          \' .      -\' \'-\'-\'  \'   . \'
                              \' . \'-..-._x_.-. \'
                                  \' .    . \'
                                      \'\'


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

* @ = Starting position. 
* 1 = Native Americans. Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone. 
* 2 = Island of the Dead. Waltharius town. 
* a = Stone, Ore, Whales (Polar). 
* b = Stone, Ore, Whales (Polar). 
* c = Stone, Ore, Whales (Polar). 
* d = Stone, Ore, Whales (Polar). 
* e = Stone, Ore, Whales. 
* f = Whales (Tundra). 
* g = Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo. 
* h = Waltharius Tobacco colony. Tobacco, Cotton, Wine. 
* i = Africans. Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo, Stone, Ore. 
* j = Wine, Hops, Herbs, Stone, Ore, Salt. 
* k = Spices, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* l = Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo, Stone, Ore. 
* m = Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* n = Arakas. Buccanon Spice colony. Spice, Wine, Stone. 
* o = Waltharius city. Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo, Stone, Ore. 
* p = Longen. Buccanon Tobacco colony. Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* q = Waltharius Spice colony. Spice, Wine, Stone. 
* r = Waltarius colony. Wine, Hops, Herbs, Stone. 
* s = Waltarius colony. Wine, Hops, Herbs. 
* t = Waltarius colony. Wine, Hops, Herbs. 
* v = Waltarius colony. Wine, Hops, Herbs, Stone. 
* x = Boulderhill. Buccanon city. Wine, Hops, Herbs, Stone, Ore, Salt.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

6.9.2 Objective: Build 700 Citizen city

By this stage in the game, you should have no problems creating a Citizen 
level settlement. The large island in the west (\"j\" on the map above) is 
ideally suited. The only difficulty is in avoiding Waltharius\'s warships - the 
best tactic is to hide your ship in a quiet corner of the map until you need 
it. It may be possible to trade Spices or Tobacco with Buccanon, but the trade 
route is long and runs past Waltharius\'s islands, so is not recommended. 
Instead settle some of the vacant islands on the western side of the map (\"k\" 
on the map above for Spices, \"m\" for Tobacco), and try and stay away from 
Waltharius\'s hostile shipping. You must have at least 700 Citizens, not 
Merchants (you may have Merchants, but they must be in addition to 700 
Citizens).

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

6.9.3 Objective: Trade 20t Medicinal Herbs to Native Americans

This is a straight-forward case of growing the goods, if you have not done so 
already - research the Doctor first. Trade them with the Native Americans on 
the island marked \"1\" on the map above. You will need a Scout to trade.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

6.9.4 Objective: Destroy all houses on the Isle of the Dead

The mission description implies you should attack and destroy the colony on 
the Island of the Dead (marked \"2\" on the map above). If you listen carefully 
to the words spoken when you are given the mission, you will get an indication 
of the minimum required: removal of all houses and population from the island. 

The obvious strategy is to invade the island. One look at its 27 cannon towers 
and 10 watchtowers built liberally over the entire island and its heavily 
defended narrow channel approach to its warehouse, might reasonably lead you 
to conclude that you need some combination of several Warships and/or Mortars 
or similar before attacking. This will entail additional expense and military 
facilities, so you should seek to expand your population and/or supply 
additional goods such as Silk Cloth and Lamp Oil (both of which will require 
additional islands to be settled). There aren\'t any enemy ground troops on the 
island, so you should not need to bring anything other than Mortars, Cannon 
and/or Catapults. 

An alternative strategy is economic warfare. There is no Food or Leather 
production on the Island of the Dead, so it is feasible to completely 
eliminate all the housing by destroying its supply lines. Destroy Waltharius\'s 
weakly defended supply islands from the sea, using a single ship. Target the 
group of small islands around the Isle of the Dead - \"r\", \"s\" and \"v\" on the 
map above. You should also destroy the Warehouse on the remaining island 
(\"t\"), to stop him restarting Food/Leather production here. Dodge the 
occasional warship Waltharius patrols the area with - it normally patrols the 
Island of the Dead itself and is easy to avoid. Although Waltharius has food 
production on his larger island to the east (\"o\" on the map above) and has one 
ship running between the two colonies, he does not seem to be able to 
accommodate the new shortages you have just created on the Isle of the Dead. 
Simply wait for Food to run out: The houses on the island will disappear in a 
puff of smoke. There is no need to destroy the infrastructure, so you need 
never physically invade the island, so you never need to build an army or 
navy, or develop your colony beyond those first 700 Citizens.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

6.9.5 Single-ship strategy

This strategy completes the scenario very rapidly, and only ever uses one 
ship. You will need the benefit of hindsight, but it is an interesting 
strategy to adopt if you are perhaps playing a second time. At the start of 
the scenario, off-load your Scout on the island you will be settling and let 
him explore. Head south and destroy the three or four islands required to 
complete the economic warfare strategy of the Objective: Destroy all houses on 
the Isle of the Dead. Now head north and settle a colony. Use your large 
starting capital to discount early loses and jump quickly to Citizen level. 
Once you have met the first population objective, grow and stock Medicinal 
Herbs. Once you have the herbs, ignore the needs of your colony and sail to 
trade with the Native Americans. By this time the Island of the Dead will have 
lost all its population, so you will complete both the last two objectives at 
once.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

______________________________________________________________________________

6.10 Revenge
______________________________________________________________________________


6.10.1 Introduction

Objective: 
- 1. Defeat de Freeren and destroy his city. 

Rating: *** 

War-o-meter: *** 

Competitors: 
- De Freeren (red) - hostile. 
- Masterson (blue) - passive. 

Resources: 
- 60,000 coins. 
- Large Trading Vessel, with 50t Food, 50t Wood, 100t Tools, Scout.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

                                      N
                                    . \'\' .
                                . \'      _ \' .
                            ._\'       _ (a)    \' .
                        . \' (b)      (c)    _      \'_.
                    . \'    _               (e)     (g) \' .
                . \'  _  .-\'d\'-.        _       ..       (l)\' .
            . \' _   (f) \'--.-\'   _    (j)     (_k)    __     _ \' .
        . \'    (h)              (i)  _          _    (_p)   (q)    \' .
    . \'.-\'\'.     ____          _    (n)   __   (o)                     \' .
. \'    \'-m--\' .-\'    \'----.   (s)     _ .\'  \'-.           ._  @    __     _\' .
.       .--. -.           .\'          .\'  t   \'       .\'-\'u_\'.   .\' v\'-. (w) .
  \' .  (_ x \'- \'.__ 1  .-\'  __        \'.___.-\'--  _    \'\'-\' \'     \'\'--\'  . \'
      \' .\'--\'      \'--\'   -\' y\'.                 (z)     __          . \'
          \' .              \'--\'        __               (cc)     . \'
              \' .                     (bb)    _.-._          . \'
                  \' .       .-aa.            \'._dd_)     . \'
                      \' .    \'\'-\'         _      \'   . \'
                          \' .          .-\'ee-.   . \'
                              \' .     __\'---\'. \'
                                  \' .(ff). \'
                                      \'\'


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

* @ = Start position. 
* 1 = De Freeren\'s city. Wine, Hops, Herbs, Stone, Ore, Salt. 
* a = Whales, Stone, Ore (Polar). 
* b = Whales, Stone, Ore (Polar). 
* c = Whales, Stone, Ore (Tundra). 
* d = Whales, Stone, Ore (Polar). 
* e = Wine, Hops, Herbs, Stone, Ore. 
* f = Whales, Stone, Ore (Polar). 
* g = Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo, Stone, Ore. 
* h = Whales (Tundra). 
* i = Masterson colony. Tobacco, Spice, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* j = Wine, Hops, Herbs. 
* k = Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo, Stone, Ore. 
* l = Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* m = De Freeren\'s Tobacco colony. Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* n = Reensbourgh. Masterson colony. Wine, Hops, Herbs, Stone, Salt. 
* o = Spice, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* p = Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo, Stone, Ore. 
* q = Tobacco, Cotton, Wine. 
* s = Wine, Hops, Herbs, Stone, Ore. 
* t = St. Corazon. Masterson\'s city. Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo, Stone, 
Ore. 
* u = Native Americans. Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* v = Whales, Stone, Ore (Tundra). 
* w = Whales, Stone, Ore (Polar). 
* x = De Freeren\'s Spice colony. Spice, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* y = Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo, Stone, Ore. 
* z = Spice, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* aa = Polynesians. Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo, Stone, Ore, Gems. 
* bb = Masterson\'s Spice colony. Spice, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* cc = Wine, Hops, Herbs, Stone, Ore. 
* dd = Wine, Hops, Herbs, Stone, Ore, Salt. 
* ee = Whales, Stone, Ore, Marble (Tundra). May be colonized by Masterson as a 
Marble/Lamp Oil production outpost. 
* ff = Whales, Stone, Ore (Polar).

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

6.10.2 Objective: Defeat de Freeren and destroy his city

Mircea comments: \"The problem here was to establish a base and not defeating 
Freeren. The fight and the conquest of the city was really piece of cake.\" 
There are no very large entirely vacant islands, but there are a few large 
enough to build a small Citizen level city, if one is careful. The largest 
vacant area on which to build is actually on de Freeren\'s main island. 
Masteron\'s territory is not well defended, so it is feasible to invade him 
part-way through the game to secure more land. There are several different 
strategies for empire building here. There is only one neutral Salt deposit at 
the start (island \"dd\" on the map above), and should you wish to develop 
Merchants, one Marble deposit. A Merchant civilisation is not needed. 

I have read recommendations to start on the Native Americans\' island (\"u\" on 
the map above). This is not especially large unless one removes the natives - 
not possible initially and later risks the negative consequences of their 
curses. There are no efficient methods of producing Alcohol on such an island, 
which tends to slow down the first part of the game. The neighboring large 
Tundra type island (\"v\") has a similar problem with the efficient provision of 
basic goods, but does have slightly more land suitable for building. The Salt 
island (\"dd\") is the largest unoccupied \'northern\' island, with the added 
bonus of a Salt deposit. However, city building here will be awkward because 
of the position of the river and mountain. 

Once you have reached a moderate stage of development (primarily ship cannon), 
you have the option of invading Masteron\'s main city, which he does not guard 
well. With care you can inherit some useful infrastructure in the form of 
Cloth, Alcohol and Silk production. You can use the same invasion forces to 
pick off some of his supply islands. The disadvantage of this strategy is it 
creates a diversion from your real goal - attacking de Freeren. 

I think the easiest overall strategy is to take the fight straight to de 
Freeren, and settle a part of his main island at the start. This is the 
largest single space for city building on the map. This island also has Hops 
(a good choice to help rapid early colony building) and is surrounded by one 
of each type of the other islands (Spice, Tobacco, Silk/Cotton, Lamp Oil). You 
will need to be moderately aggressive from the start, however de Freeren 
should not be especially dangerous, and a handful of units should be able to 
counter any attack - indeed, some players report that de Freeren forgets to 
open his city gates to let his troops out, so you might never be invaded. 
Mineral resources are potentially a problem. You can settle the northern part 
of the island away from his walls, and then ship Bricks, Ore and Salt in from 
elsewhere - this may be considered a significant disadvantage. Instead, you 
can build right up by de Freerden\'s city walls, which will secure some of the 
ore deposits on the southern side. There is a salt deposit here too, but that 
may be slightly too close to the enemy to use before you have a military, as 
Wiles notes: \"The problem I ran into was that De Freeren had built his walls 
so close to the salt, I was not able to put a mine on the same one. My 
settlement constantly complained about salt, but salt is not required.\" 

You do not need to capture de Freeren\'s Spice and Tobacco colonies, but you 
may wish to either settle different parts of these islands, or capture one or 
both of his colonies. Destroying or capturing both his production colonies may 
be an effective form of economic warfare. 

The final attack against his city should be relatively straightforward. How 
far one develops before going to war is largely a matter of personal style. 
Consider developing and researching up to Mortar level to give you the edge 
against his inland cannon towers. You can probably succeed with Catapults and 
Cavalry if you are prepared to take a casualties. Similarly, if you have 
already settled on his main island, you may be able to succeed without a fleet 
of warships. Wiles writes: \"When I had the ability to build cannon units, I 
deployed them into the enemy cannon towers as we all know that the AI 
regularly does not put troops in most of them. By deploying my units into 
their cannon towers, you essentially taking them over and the flag changes to 
your colors on the towers. Then, when I was ready, I had my ships take out all 
of the cannon towers along the sea-side wall and with cannon troops, I blasted 
a hole into the back wall of the fortress and began taking out the market 
buildings and eventually his fortress. If I ran into resistance, I drew back 
to the areas by the walls and let my newly claimed cannon towers assist me in 
defeating them. When only one market building remained, I took it over with my 
scout.\" As mentioned earlier, you can develop to Merchant level, but you may 
find yourself fighting Masterson first if he has already taken the Marble 
deposit. There is no need for Merchants in this scenario.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

______________________________________________________________________________

6.11 Quentin\'s Reef
______________________________________________________________________________


6.11.1 Introduction

Objective: 
- 1. Prevent de Freeren\'s flagship from escaping and save Katherine. 

Rating: *** 

War-o-meter: ***** 

Resources: 
- Lots of coins (the value is at least 8 figures so cannot be read - no need 
to worry about the cash ;-) ) 
- 4 Small Warships (with 6 cannon), 3 Medium Warships (with 8 cannon), Large 
Warship (with 12 cannon).

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

                                      N
                                    . \'\' .
                                . \'--.  @  \'_.
                            . \'   \'---\'\' .-\' \'.\' .
                        . \'          .-._\'-.-\'     \' .
                    . \'             (____)             \' .
                . \'  !                                     \' .
            . \'  +      +                                      \' .
        . \'  +              #                                      \' .
    . \'  +                      +                                      \' .
. \'   1     _                      !    _                             __   \' .
.         .\' \'-.                +     .\' \'.                          (__)    .
  \' .      \'--\'              #        \'--\'   !  +   +   +  #  +   +    2 . \'
      \' .                 +                 +                        . \'
          \' .         +                       #                  . \'
              \' .  !    +   +   +              +             . \'
                  \' .         _.___#            !        . \'
                      \' .    \'._.--\' +        +      . \'
                          \' .          +   #     . \'
                              \' .        +   . \'
                                  \' .  ! . \'
                                      \'\'


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

* @ = Your start position. 
* 1 = De Freerden\'s start position. 
* 2 = De Freerden\'s destination. 
* + + = De Freerden\'s route. 
* # = Suggested interception point. 
* ! = Enemy ships.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

6.11.2 Objective: Prevent de Freeren\'s flagship from escaping and save 
Katherine

De Freerden\'s ship starts at the point shown \"1\" on the map, and heads for 
point \"2\". Fortunately, he does this by zig-zagging all over the map (his 
route is shown using \"+\" characters on the map above). This allows you to 
intercept his ship in several places (shown \"#\" on the map above). This 
requires you to move your fleet quickly between interception points and avoid 
getting too close to groups of enemy ships (indicated \"!\" on the map above - 
fighting these ships will just slow you down). Don\'t worry if you cannot get 
to all the points, you can complete the mission using as few as three points 
out of the six suggested. I think the best combat tactic is to position your 
fleet in his path, stationary, in passive attack mode, with no specific 
orders. As he approaches, your ships will fire automatically. He will move 
straight through your line, taking damage in the process. Once he moves out of 
range do not follow. Instead move your ships to the next interception point. 
If you follow, you won\'t inflict much damage, and you will run into other 
enemy ships. Jarrah writes: \"It may help to make your ships into a few groups, 
but if they are in the right spots they\'ll automatically shoot him as he goes 
past.\" As he takes more damage he\'ll move slower, and the \'chase\' will get 
much easier. If you still have not caused him to surrender by the last 
intercept point, switch your attack mode to \'aggressive\' - at this stage you 
have nothing to lose from not being able to break off the attack easily. 

There is some confusion about precisely what is needed to complete this 
mission, as mentioned in Why does De Freeren\'s ship keep escaping? below. If 
one completely ignores the fact you need to save Katherine, and attempt to 
sink de Freerden\'s ship anyway, he will surrender *just* before the ship 
sinks, and you will complete the mission. An alternative is to damage it 
heavily, and then sail with it to close to its destination. The later approach 
is harder to get right - it is easier in my opinion just to try and sink him.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

6.11.3 Why does de Freeren\'s ship keep escaping?

Budgie writes: \"There is one hostile battleship that is moving. That\'s the 
ship Katherine is on. The ship starts its voyage in the West of the map. Your 
task is to stop this ship which means that you have to sink it.\" Balou 
clarifies: \"Just before the ship actually would sink, he surrenders - and 
Katherine\'s safe.\" It is often stated that the aim is not to sink the ship, 
and that if you attack it too much it will sink and you will fail the mission. 
Wargamerit writes: \"The aim of this scenario is the challenge in ship\'s 
control, to take damage to your opponent without sinking it.\" Zomby Woof adds: 
\"You can\'t wound him too much, if the ship still is sailing it\'s ok. But it 
seems to be important that you escort De Freeren\'s ship with your own ships 
(without shooting) till he gives up.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

______________________________________________________________________________

6.12 Justice
______________________________________________________________________________


6.12.1 Introduction

Objective: 
- 1. Destroy von Breitenstein\'s palace. 

Rating: **** 

War-o-meter: *** 

Competitors: 
- Von Breitenstein (red) - aggressive. 
- Durben (olive green) - passive. 

Resources: 
- 30,000 coins. 
- Large Warship, with 12 cannon; Scout, 11 Pikemen, 100t Tools, 50t Wood, 50t 
Food.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

                                      N
                                    . \'\' .
                                . \'b\'.(a) _\' .
                            . \'._\'-.-\'_  (c)  _\' .
                        . \'. d _.\'.-\'\' \'-.   (e)   \'_.
                    . \'  (f)\'-\' .\'     1 \'--..    .\'i\'\'\' .
                . \'   _.\'--.   \'-.         .--\' ___----\'   \' .
            . \'      \'--g--\'      \'--.   .-\'_  ( k \'.     _    \' .
        . \' _.-.           (j).-.   _\'--\'  (n) \'---\'     (q)       \' .
    . \'    \'._l_)             \'m\' _(o)_(p)_                     ._____ \' .
. \'_    _                  __    (u) (v) (w)                  ._) x  _)    \' .
. (r)  (s)               .\'t \'.                _.-._          (____ (        .
  \' .      .-\'-.          \'--\'    __          \'_-z _)    .         \'\'    . \'
      \' . \'-.y.-\'    @           (aa)           \'-\'    .bb\'.         . \'
          \' .                         __          __   \'---\'     . \'
              \' .        .-\'\'.       (dd\' +      (ff)        . \'
                  \' .    \'-cc-\'       \'-\'   .-\'-.        . \'
                      \' .      _.--._      (_gg\'     . \'
                          \' . \'._hh _)    __     . \'
                              \' .\'-\' .-\'-(ii). \'
                                  \' . jj\'. \'
                                      \'\'


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Big map =) 
* @ = Starting position. 
* 1 = Von Breitenstein\'s main city and palace. 
* a = Whales, Stone, Ore (Polar). 
* b = Whales, Stone, Salt, Ore (Tundra). Von Breitenstein may place a Whaling 
outpost here early in the game. 
* c = Whales, Stone, Ore (Polar). Durben may place a Whaling outpost here 
early in the game. 
* d = Von Breitenstein\'s Spice colony. Spice, Wine, Stone, Ore, Gems. 
* e = Von Breitenstein\'s Tobacco colony. Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* f = Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo, Stone, Ore. 
* g = Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone, Salt, Gems. 
* i = Spice, Wine, Stone, Ore, Gold. 
* j = Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo. 
* k = Von Breitenstein\'s Silk Cloth colony. Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo, 
Stone, Ore. 
* l = Whales, Stone, Ore, Salt (Tundra). 
* m = Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo, Stone, Ore. 
* n = Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo. 
* o = Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo. 
* p = Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo. 
* q = Spice, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* r = Whales, Stone, Ore (Polar). 
* s = Whales, Stone, Ore (Polar). 
* t = Mongols. Wine, Hops, Herbs, Stone, ore. 
* u = Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo. 
* v = Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo. 
* w = Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo. 
* x = Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo, Stone, Ore, Gold. Durben may settle a 
colony here early in the game. 
* y = Wine, Hops, herbs, Stone, Ore, Salt, Marble. Von Breitenstein may settle 
a colony here early in the game. 
* z = Spice, Wine, Stone, Ore, Gems, Marble. Durben may settle a colony here 
early in the game. 
* aa = Pirates. Wine, Hops, Herbs. 
* bb = Tobacco, Cotton, Wine Stone, Ore. 
* cc = Africans. Spice, Wine, Stone. 
* dd = Velabrum. Durben\'s colony. Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* ff = Spice, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* gg = Vindsal. Durben\'s colony. Spice, Wine, Stone, Ore 
* hh = Moretum. Durben\'s city. Wine, Hops, Herbs, Stone, ore. 
* ii = Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo. 
* jj = Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo, Stone, Ore.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

6.12.2 Objective: Destroy von Breitenstein\'s palace

This is the final showdown in the campaign. The map is big, and all resources 
are present on it. This is the first (well, the first I noticed) time pirates 
are active. The most important difference between this scenario and most of 
those that went before is that the AI players will expand their territory 
rapidly. Key resources like Marble will disappear under other players\' 
colonies unless you take them quickly. Island choice and rapid early 
development is quite important. Perhaps more than any other campaign scenario, 
there is no obviously superior way to proceed with empire building. Some 
suggestions are contained below. This section is not detailed because there 
are so many options, I have not tried all of the options myself yet, and the 
general style of play is much closer to that of one of the harder endless 
games. 

Von Breitenstein\'s palace is the impressive looking white, gold and green 
structure that sits on a ridged area just to the south-east of his main city 
(\"1\" on the map above). One can only approach it through the city. It is 
recommended that you destroy the fortress nearby before destroying the palace, 
to stop reinforcements appearing whilst you are mid-way through the palace 
attack. Each section of the palace must be attacked separately - there are 
about 20 in total. There is no need to destroy everything on the island, and 
you can ignore the gardens and squares around the palace. 

Jini writes: \"I have settled on the enemy\'s island [\"1\" on the map above] and 
he never attacked me before I started to attack him. I have put all my 
military units (pikemen, ships, even the scout) on another island - maybe 
that\'s the reason why the AI didn\'t consider me as being \'dangerous\'. However, 
other people reported they have been attacked on the enemy\'s island although 
they did not have any military units. So, there is no peace guarantee if you 
don\'t have military on the island. But I would say it at least enhances the 
likelihood for temporary peace.\" 

From pdxdavid: \"I too settled in the eastern part of his island. I found that 
he attacked me early with a handful of troops, but I was able to stop them 
with pikemen and ship\'s cannons. After that, the only time he attacked me with 
troops was when I had placed some of my troops near his wall. Then his troops 
only went after my troops and did not attack my buildings.\" 

The Gamestar guide to this scenario suggests the option of settling the 
northern island in the west (\"y\" on the map above). This is not a bad choice 
because one secures Salt and rare Marble deposits early on, however the island 
has many mountains, which makes city design a challenge. It also considers the 
Tundra island in the west (\"l\" on the map above), primarily because there is 
more space, along with Salt and Ore deposits. In both cases these are close to 
the starting position, meaning they can be settled quickly. 

Cihnen writes: \"You can settle on the island in the very east [\"x\" on the map 
above]. In this mission you have to produce a lot of needed things on other 
islands. And you can buy a lot from the pirates in the middle of the map.\" 
Dobber notes: \"I used a southern island. ... I bought enough alcohol from the 
pirates to last me to citizen level and rum production.\" 

Zomby Woof comments: \"You will be attacked from time to time in every case, no 
matter which island you choose. That\'s why you have a few pikemen at the 
beginning, they give you some protection. Use also the ship cannons to defend 
your island, those pikemen can\'t stand it very long.\" 

Pirates may settle a new base if you destroy their first colony, as Dobber 
notes: \"After I destroyed the pirate base, he built a new base on a peninsula 
of a larger production island.\" 

From FaithRaven: \"Until you want naval combat, don\'t put cannons on ships 
because they [Von Breitenstein] are very very stong on water. When you build 
one ship with cannons you will get attacked by about 10-15 warships.\" Dobber 
writes: \"Everybody left my merchant ships alone, I did not arm them and flew 
the white flag on them and they were never bothered. I did not arm any ships 
until I started building large warships.\" Pdxdavid comments: \"His ships 
constantly harassed my ships. The constant need to repair ships was a big 
drain on my cloth and rope supplies. I was finally able to build up enough to 
build a fleet of warships and went around ganging up on his ships, eventually 
eliminating them. Once I did that and built a nice sized force of lancers, 
cavalry, archers and mortars, I defeated him pretty easily.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

______________________________________________________________________________

6.13 Good or Bad
______________________________________________________________________________


This scenario is sometimes referred to using its German name, Bonus aut Malus.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

6.13.1 Introduction

Objective: 
- 1. Find the treasure (this is not clearly stated in the introduction, merely 
implied). 

Rating: *** 

War-o-meter: ** 

Resources: 
- 10,000 coins. 
- Large Warship with 10 cannon, 2 Scouts, 2 Crossbowmen, Medic, 4 Musketeers, 
2 Pikemen.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

                                      N
                                    ._\'\' .
                                . \' (__)   \' .
                            . \'_ @        ____ \' .
                        . \'   (e)        ( .. )    \' .
                    . \'   .-.        .-.  \'  \'   .-_.  \' .
                . \'.-._  (_p_)       \'_.\'        \'.--\'   __\' .
            . \'  \'_    )   \'  __            .-\'--.    .-\'p \'.  \' .
        . \'        \'--\'  __ .\'  )    .---.  \'-\'.- __   \'---\'     _ \' .
    . \'   .-\'.         ._ _) \'-\'_    \'-p_.\'      (  \'.          (_)    \' .
. \'  _._  \'-.-\'    _     \'     (p)           _   \'--\'   _             _    \' .
.   (_ .\'   _     (_)                       (_)        (_)           (_)     .
  \' . \'    (_)                         _             _         _         . \'
      \' .                _            (_)           (_)  _    (_)    . \'
          \' .   .-----. (_)     __           ___        (_)      . \'
              \' .\'----\'  .-.   (__)  _.-.   (_p_) __         . \'
                  \' .   ( __)       \'-.__)   _   -  :-   . \'
                      \' .\'      _           (_)  \'-\' . \'
                          \' .  (_)    _          . \'
                              \' .    (_)     . \'
                                  \' .    . \'
                                      \'\'


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

* @ = Starting position. 
* e = Eskimos. 
* p = Pirate colony.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

6.13.2 Objective: Find the treasure

This is a bonus scenario, which is unlocked by completing the campaign. Once 
you have completed Justice, return to the single player campaign screen and 
select the scenario. The aim is to find a hidden treasure chest. You do this 
by moving a Scout to wherever you think the treasure is... or just move your 
Scout across every island. The Scout only needs to go within around 6-8 
squares to spot the treasure chest. You cannot find the treasure by scanning 
the map by eye, it is only revealed by the Scout. 

Run away from the pirates. Maybe a skilled player could use the small starting 
force and ship to destroy all their colonies before running out of cash or 
troops, and still find the treasure, but this is not required. Just keep your 
ship moving at all times. 

Budgie writes: \"If you don\'t want to explore all islands, have a look on the 
amulet map.\" The map inside the amulet can only be seen briefly during the 
introductory video. Make a mental note of the shape of the island - it is 
*very* distinctive. Don\'t worry about where the marker lines point - once you 
have the correct island, it will be easy to find the treasure. And that is the 
only hint I\'ll give... it is not hard to find the island with this hint. It is 
the last scenario anyway, so no harm done if you _still_ cannot find the 
treasure %-) .

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

6.13.3 To be continued...

\"It seemed as if the secret of the amulet had been revealed, but as you find 
evidence of the presence of von Breitenstein and his fellow men, doubts arise. 
Although the heart of von Breitenstein\'s power has been destroyed, the chapter 
has not yet ended. To be continued...\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~



==============================================================================

7. ORIGINAL SCENARIOS

==============================================================================


This section contains guides to the ten stand-alone scenarios that come with 
the original game. The scenarios are: Hobson\'s Choice, Ruthless Richard, 
Friendly Neighbors, The Bet, Playing for Time, Settlement Recipe, The King of 
Ore, Many Small Islands, Negative Influence, and Siege. 

I have also provided basic guides to the two official downloadable scenarios 
released by Sunflowers in 2003 - The Marquess and Metropol. See Editing and 
Custom Scenarios for further details. 

These scenarios can be played in any order. I suggest you try to match your 
level of experience with the game to star rating given. Some of the lower 
rated games can be quite mundane to a player that has already completed the 
campaign or has played a few harder continuous games. Likewise, certain higher 
rated scenarios are not suited to new players. These walkthroughs assume basic 
competence when building colonies. These walkthroughs primarily cover the 
things that make a specific scenario difficult - they don\'t hold your hand and 
walk you through every last detail. 

Where relevant, I have included simple ASCII representations of maps. Maps are 
always aligned with North towards the top of the page. 

Objectives are numbered in the order in which they appear. Normally the lowest 
numbered objectives need to be completed before others are shown. Where 
several objectives are given at the same time, they are shown with letters, 
for example 1a, 1b. If you do not know how to read the objectives as you play, 
see Can I see the current objectives in-game? above. 

The in-game rating for each scenario is shown as 1-4 stars, where 1 star is 
easy, 4 hardest. 

Since many do not enjoy the war aspects of the game, I have added a \"war-o-
meter\" rating to each scenario, to give an indication of how important the war 
aspects are. The scale is as follows: 
- * = Entirely city/economy building. No other hostile players to fight, even 
if you wanted to (I exclude natives from the list of possible hostile players 
here). 
- ** = Objectives can be completed without warfare, and you are unlikely to 
need to go to war. 
- *** = Warfare is needed to complete the scenario, but city building/economy 
is what makes this scenario difficult. 
- **** = War is a major objective, with city building/economy secondary. 
- ***** = War is the only objective. 

Here is a summary of ratings and war-o-meters:

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

                         Rating    War-o-meter
----------------------------------------------
Hobson\'s Choice          ***       **/****
Ruthless Richard         ***       ***
Friendly Neighbors       **        **
The Bet                  **        *
Playing for Time         ****      *
Settlement Recipe        **        *
The King of Ore          **        *
Many Small Islands       **        *
Negative Influence       ****      **
Siege                    **        *****
The Marquess             **        ***
Metropol                 *         *


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

______________________________________________________________________________

7.1 Hobson\'s Choice
______________________________________________________________________________


7.1.1 Introduction

Objective: Build 3,000 Citizen city OR destroy all opponents. 

Rating: *** 

War-o-meter: **/**** depending on objective met. 

Competitors: 
- 3, all of which settle new colonies at the start of the game. 
- Pirates are active, and may settle one of the north-western islands late in 
the game. 

Resources: 
- Medium Trading ship, with 50t Food, 100t Tools, 100t Wood, Scout. 
- 25,000 coins.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

                                      N
                                    . \'\' .
                                . \'_.--.   \' .
                            . \'   \'. a .\'      \' .
                        . \'         \'-\'            \' .
                    . \'   _                    ___     \' .
                . \' _    (b)    _         __.-\'   \'-.      \' .
            . \'    (c)         (d)       (_     e   \'-.        \' .
        . \'                                :--    _.--\'            \' .
    . \'                         __          \'-\'--\'                     \' .
. \'     .--. .   _           .-\'g )                                 _      \' .
.       \'.f.-   (i)        __ \'--\'       __        _               (h)       .
  \' .                     (_j)     _  _.\'  \'--.   (k)     .-\'-.          . \'
      \' .                         (_)(    m    \'-.       \'._l.-\'     . \'
          \' .                        \'.       .--\'   .--\'-.      . \'
              \' .                      \'-----\'        \'.n.-\' . \'
                  \' .                                    . \'
                      \' .                            . \'
                          \' .        .---.       . \'
                              \' .   \'-o.\'    . \'
                                  \' .  @ . \'
                                      \'\'


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

* @ = Starting position. 
* a = Whales, Stone, Ore (Polar). 
* b = Wine, Hops, Herbs, Stone, Marble. 
* c = Wine, Hops, Herbs, Stone, Salt. 
* d = Wine, Hops, Herbs, Stone, Salt. 
* e = Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo, Stone, Ore, Gold. 
* f = Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* g = Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo, Stone, Ore, Gold. 
* h = Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* i = Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* j = Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo, Stone, Ore. 
* k = Spice, Wine, Stone, Gems. 
* l = Possible AI player colony. Wine, Hops, Herbs, Stone, Ore, Salt, Marble. 
* m = 2 AI player colonies. Wine, Hops, Herbs, Stone, Ore, Salt. 
* n = Spice, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* o = Whales, Stone, Ore (some Tundra).

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

7.1.2 Strategy overview

LadyH writes: \"You need 3,000 citizen. Not merchants, not settlers, just 3,000 
citizen.\" You need at least one city that satisfies this criteria, not 3,000 
spread across several cities. 

3,000 Citizens is not an especially difficult target to reach. You will need 
about 118 houses. You do not need to sustain this population, just reach it - 
this allows one to over-stock slightly and low-ball on production facilities 
at the end. Starting cash is limited, so you may need to first build a 
profitable Settler colony, rather than developing Citizens straight away. I 
personally build two blocks of population, each housing about 1500 Citizens, 
each block clustered around a single set of population facilities. Once the 
first block upgrades, the second block is laid out. Denial of certain 
facilities like Chapels or Schools can be used to restrict population 
development to certain areas. Don\'t neglect construction material suppliers - 
5 or 6 Foresters, 2 or 3 Stonemasons, and 2 or 3 Toolmakers will still 
struggle to keep pace with the population\'s desire to expand. 

The main difficulty is the competition for space. A 3,000 Citizen city cannot 
easily be built on one of the smaller islands, so it is important to secure a 
good spot for colony building at the beginning. The three competitors expand 
rapidly. Two will settle on the large \'northern\' island (\"m\" on the map above) 
before you can reach it. The third competitor will attempt to settle the 
smaller \'northern\' island (\"l\" on the map above), unless you race to settle it 
first. While this island will give very slightly less building space overall, 
you can build without antagonising the other players by building right up 
against their territories. This island should be sufficiently large to support 
the city, its construction materials, and its Food, Cloth and Alcohol 
production. 

If you cannot secure that smaller \'northern\' island, the main options open to 
you are: (1) Settle the remaining southern part of the huge \'northern\' island 
(\"m\"). (2) Settle the huge jungle island to the north (\"e\"). Option 1 is 
viable, but can become uncomfortable with three players on the same island. 
Option 2 is not as attractive as it may at first seem: Although the island is 
large, there are lots of rivers and mountain ridges which make city building 
awkward. There is also difficulty providing basic goods such as Alcohol 
efficiently during the first part of the game. 

Having raced to settle a suitable area for the main colony, you must rapidly 
secure secondary production colonies for Spice and/or Tobacco - particularly 
if you want one of the islands close to your own. Fortunately, the large Spice 
island (\"n\" on the map above) is large enough to sustain more than one 
production colony. 

The scenario gives you the option of eliminating all of the competitors. Their 
rapid expansion makes this quite hard in comparison to meeting the population 
objective. Your starting cash is too small to fund a large Settler level army 
without an economy to back them up. Consequently, there is a good chance that 
by the time you are ready for war, you will be well on the way to meeting the 
population criteria. Such a strategy may be required if you find yourself 
without enough space to expand. Indeed, you can develop your colony up to 
Merchant level to fund a large army with which to wage war. 

Different AI players have slightly different characteristics, varying from the 
militaristic (the player that settles the western side of the huge \'northern\' 
island, \"m\") to one focused on city building (the player that settles the 
eastern side of the huge \'northern\' island, \"m\"). These characteristics become 
quite important if you settle the same island as these two players. Pirates 
are active on the map, but relatively tame and rarely encountered, 
particularly is you stick to the south east corner of the map.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

______________________________________________________________________________

7.2 Ruthless Richard
______________________________________________________________________________


7.2.1 Introduction

Objective: Build 2000 population city and destroy pirates. 

Rating: *** 

War-o-meter: *** 

Competitor: Pirates. 

Resources: 
- 20,000 coins. 
- Colony San Pero (\"1\" on the map below): Warehouse, Main Market, 2 Cannon 
towers, Small Shipyard; 20t Rope, 70t Tools, 70t Wood, 10t Bricks, 70t Food, 
20t Leather, 20t Salt, 10t Alcohol. 
- 4 Cannon (in Cannon Towers at San Pero).

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

                                      N
                                    . \'\' .
                                . \'        \' .
                            . \'                \' .
                        . \'           __           \' .
                    . \'              (_a\'-.            \' .
                . \'                    \'--\'       ___      \' .
            . \'                                  (_b_)         \' .
        . \'                                                        \' .
    . \'              _.-.           .---._                             \' .
. \'      .--._      (__c_)       .-\'      \'-.                        __    \' .
.       (__d_.\'                  \'-.    1   _)                      (_2\'-.   .
  \' .           ____                \'.__.--\'                          \'-\'. \'
      \' .    .-\' g _)                                                . \'
          \' . \'-.-\'            .--.               __.            . \'
              \' .             (_h-\'              \'-i_)       . \'
                  \' .                                    . \'
                      \' .                            . \'
                          \' .                    . \'
                              \' .            . \'
                                  \' .    . \'
                                      \'\'


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

* 1 = San Pero. Your \'colony\'. Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo, Stone, Ore, 
Gold. 
* 2 = Pirate colony. Wine, Hops, Herbs. 
* a = Spice, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* b = Spice, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* c = Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone. 
* d = Wine, Hops, Herbs. 
* g = Wine, Hops, Herbs, Stone, Salt. 
* h = Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* i = Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone, Ore.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

7.2.2 Strategy overview

The hardest part of this scenario is getting started, not defeating the 
pirates. You start on a Jungle island, which means you cannot produce things 
like Alcohol here efficiently early in the game: Alcohol requires Small Farms 
until you can build a Citizen population and access Sugarcane Plantations. 
Your starting cash is less than generous, and your colony would be better 
defined as \"a nice stretch of wall with a shipyard\" than a settlement. On the 
positive side, you have more goods in stock than you would if you had just 
founded a new settlement. 

You have a small initial supply of Tools, which may run out before you are 
able to start Tool production or trade unless you are careful. Venetians 
eventually appear, but not initially. If you are exceptionally careful, you 
can get Tool production running here using just under 60 Tools. This means 
providing only one of each thing needed to reach Settler level (i.e. some 
industries operating inefficiently, many operating unprofitably), upgrading 
only 8 houses to Settler level (just enough to reach 80 Settlers and no more), 
and building only one Brick and Tool chain. A variation on this strategy is to 
carefully use your initial inventory of Food, Leather and Alcohol to bump the 
population up to 80 Settlers without building associated production facilities 
(you only need basic Cloth and Wood production). You will not be able to 
sustain them for long, but you will be able to build a Tool chain quickly 
without running out of Tools. 

An alternative is to start some Cloth production, build one ship, and trade 
with the pirates at their warehouse (\"2\" on the map above). Trade with the 
white flag up to stop your ship being fired upon. Pirates can make good 
trading partners, not least because they are cheap. They sell Tools, Alcohol, 
Food and Bricks. They do not appear to replenish their supplies, so you cannot 
rely on them forever. 

The 2000 population objective should be met on your starting island. The other 
islands are too small for 2000 Citizens, and a lack of resources prevents 
attaining Merchants. Advance to Citizen level, if only to get access to Cotton 
and Sugarcane production on the starting island. Once you reach Citizen level, 
Jungle islands are a pleasure to work with because they can efficiently 
produce two basic items (Cloth and Alcohol), and (profitable) Silk Cloth as a 
bonus. Their underlying disadvantage is a tendency towards infertile areas of 
land. 

There are several possible strategies for dealing with early Alcohol demands. 
Small Farms are convenient, but place a strain on your finances if built in 
volume. Rushing up to Citizen level and staking a claim to Sugarcane 
production early might be a viable tactic for an experienced player, however 
the small startup cash makes this hard to do (my experience here was to reach 
Citizen level with so little cash and income, that further development became 
very slow). An alternative is to settle the Salt island (\"g\" on the map above) 
early in the game, and use it for Hop production. Salt and Herbs are useful 
items to have later, so settling a \'northern\' island such as this is not a bad 
move, even if you intend to use Sugarcane for Alcohol production when it 
becomes available. There is not need to rush to build your colony - the 
pirates do not expand, so you can work up to 2000 population slowly on a small 
margin if you need to - just keep your cash-flow positive :-) . 

You are forced to build a few production colonies and ship their goods to your 
main island, in full view of several pirate ships. Pirates should logically be 
far more of a problem than they are. Sail your supply ships without cannon and 
with the white flag up. This prevents them being attacked. Consider paying 
protection money to the pirates if they become a problem - take an unarmed 
ship showing the white flag to the pirate settlement (\"2\" on the map above). 
You will need to pay protection money at regular intervals or piracy will 
restart. An alternative may be to research and build ship cannon, build a few 
small warships, and take them and your starting Cannon units to destroy the 
pirates fairly early in the game. You can then build up to the population 
objective in relative peace. This is difficult because your starting cash is 
so low - you cannot afford a navy until you have established your colony. 

You start with 4 Cannon units, which are initially a money-sink. I have 
noticed that they function more effectively when removed from their towers and 
placed on the dock, where they take pot-shots at passing pirate ships. They 
are a useful unit when assaulting the pirate base. Indeed, depending on how 
one fights, they may be the only land unit you need. You do not need to 
destroy all the pirate ships - just the warehouse and main market building on 
their island.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

______________________________________________________________________________

7.3 Friendly Neighbors
______________________________________________________________________________


7.3.1 Introduction

Objective: Build 1000 Merchant city. 

Rating: ** 

War-o-meter: ** 

Competitor: Pirates. 

Resources: 
- 25,000 coins. 
- Medium Trading Ship with 4 Cannon; 50t Food, 50t Wood, 150t Tools, Scout.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

                                      N
                                    . \'\' .
                                . \'        \' .
                            . \'              _ \' .
                        . \'               .-\' \'-.  \' .
                    . \'  .__             __) b  \'--.   \' .
                . \' __.-\'   \' -._       \'.     .--\'   @    \' .
            . \'    (_ _ \'- a - -_)        \'---\'       _        \' .
        . \'          \' -\'. - _.\'     _             .-\' \'-.         \' .
    . \'    __            \'--\'      .\'c\'.          \'--.d _.\'            \' .
. \'       (_e)                      \'-\'              \'-\'                   \' .
.                    .--._         _                                         .
  \' .                \'-f._)       (g)                    ___             . \'
      \' .                                      __       (_h_)        . \'
          \' .            _                    ( j\'.              . \'
              \' .      .\'i\'.                   \'-\'           . \'
                  \' .  \'\'--\'          .--._              . \'
                      \' .            _.\'   \'-.       . \'
                          \' .        )   k  _.\'  . \'
                              \' .    \'-\'---\' . \'
                                  \' .    . \'
                                      \'\'


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

* @ = Starting position. 
* a = Whales, Stone, Ore (Polar). 
* b = Hops, Herbs, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* c = Pirates. Hops, Herbs, Wine. 
* d = Hops, Herbs, Wine, Stone, Ore, Salt, Marble. 
* e = Hops, Herbs, Wine. 
* f = Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone. 
* g = Spice, Wine. 
* h = Tobacco, Cotton, Wine. 
* i = Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo, Stone, Ore. 
* j = Spice, Wine, Stone. 
* k = Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo, Stone, Ore.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

7.3.2 Strategy overview

Building a 1000 Merchant city is relatively straightforward. There is no need 
to sustain 1000 Merchants, however Merchants require too many expensive 
facilities and production chains to rush straight up to Merchant level. The 
modest startup cash and difficulty in obtaining Tools (see below), encourage 
slow, steady development. Pirate activity adds difficulty early on, but is not 
as serious a problem as it could be, so long as your supply ships operate 
without cannon and fly the white flag. There are no huge islands, and 
resources are fairly scarce. There is only one island well suited to city 
building, marked \"b\" on the map above. Fortunately, you are the only player 
expanding their colony, so there is no competition for resources. 

There are no Venetians in the scenario (at least I played the whole scenario 
and never managed to trade with any Venetian ship). This means you should get 
Tool production started as fast as possible. You start with 150t Tools, so 
this is not hard to do - Tool production can be started with half that number. 

At the start, pirates will attack your ship. You cannot raise the white flag 
and evade that way, because you have cannon mounted, and you cannot remove 
those until you build a shipyard. The best tactic is to run away - the pirates 
cannot catch you. It is tempting to try and destroy the pirate base at the 
start of the game. This is just about possible using the first ship. Avoid the 
pirate musketeer patrols, who can inflict a lot of damage on your ship. The 
warehouse and main markets (there are two main markets) may need to be 
destroyed several times before the settlement falls. Unfortunately, this does 
not stop pirate activities, and the pirates simply re-settle another island. 
There are few, if any, advantages to destroying the pirate base. Indeed, they 
have a habit of re-settling on one of the islands that contain resources you 
need, forcing you to evict them again; and again... Instead leave them, and 
later in the game consider trading with the pirates for items such as Tools - 
they offer them very cheaply.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

______________________________________________________________________________

7.4 The Bet
______________________________________________________________________________


7.4.1 Introduction

Objective: Build 500 Merchant city and sustain it for 5 minutes. 

Rating: ** 

War-o-meter: * 

Resources: 
- Medium Trading ship, with 50t Food, 100t Tools, 50t Wood, Scout. 
- 20,000 coins.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

                                      N
                                    . \'\' .
                                . \'        \' .
                            . \'   .----.       \' .
                        . \'     _\'  a--\'--.        \' .
                    . \'        \' \'-._____\'\'            \' .
                . \'                           ___          \' .
            . \'       ___                   (\'   \'----.        \' .
        . \'       _.-\'   )____               )__  b   (            \' .
    . \'         -:            \'--.              \'-._.-\'      __        \' .
. \'        .----\'                \'---.       @           __.\'  \'-.         \' .
.          \'-._        c          _.-\'                  (____ d  .\'          .
  \' .        (_                 .\'                           \'--\'        . \'
      \' .      \'-._      __.---\'           _.--.                     . \'
          \' .      \'.__.\'                .\'   e )_               . \'
              \' .                        .____   _\'.         . \'
                  \' .                         \'-\'        . \'
                      \' .                            . \'
                          \' .                    . \'
                              \' .            . \'
                                  \' .    . \'
                                      \'\'


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

* @ = Starting position. 
* a = Whales, Stone, Ore (Polar). 
* b = Spice, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* c = Wine, Herbs, Hops, Stone, Ore, Salt, Marble. 
* d = Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* e = Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo, Stone, Gold.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

7.4.2 Strategy overview

The map contains only the absolute basics required to build a Merchant level 
city. The only island large enough to support a city (\"c\" on the map above) 
will support a larger population than the other supply islands are capable of 
providing for at higher civilisation levels. For example, you will struggle to 
fit more than 3 or 4 Tobacco combines on the only Tobacco island (\"d\"), so you 
cannot effectively supply more than about 1500 people with Tobacco. 

Building up to Merchant level based on only 1500 people is possible, but 
denies you a large revenue base with which to fund things like Marble 
production, Universities and Public Baths. In addition, you have a very small 
starting capital. Expect to play this scenario quite slowly, without ever 
seeing very large profits. An alternative approach is to build a larger 
Citizen level city and supply them as best you can, accepting that you will 
never be able to fulfil all demand for goods such as Tobacco. Use the large 
colony for profit, and just before you are ready to advance to Merchant level, 
destroy some housing to in order that demand does not exceed supply. 

Use the \'northern\' island (\"c\") for your city, and produce as many things 
there as you can (Cloth, Food, Alcohol, construction materials, etc) - try to 
keep secondary production colonies focused on producing what cannot be 
produced elsewhere. 

Distances between islands are small. If you manage your trade routes 
carefully, you can assign more than one trade to each ship without causing too 
many fluctuations in your economy from infrequent deliveries. 

Build up to Citizen level, with 1200-1500 people. Supply every good they want, 
but do not build the Public Baths or University until you are ready to 
advance. Wait until you have a small surplus of consumer goods. Particularly 
important is Silk Cloth, which Merchants consume 50% more of than Citizens. 
Then advance up to Merchant level. Once you get 500 Merchants prevent 
construction materials being used by your population. You should be able to 
ride out 5 minutes of extra demand based on stockpiles. You can get away with 
dropping one (or maybe two) goods at the end without losing your Merchants. If 
it looks like you won\'t make it, destroy some non-Merchant level housing to 
ensure shortage supplies get to the Merchants.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

______________________________________________________________________________

7.5 Playing for Time
______________________________________________________________________________


7.5.1 Introduction

Objectives: 
- 1. Build 200 Pioneer settlement within 30 minutes. 
- 2. Build 350 Settler town within 30 minutes. 
- 3. Build 600 Citizen city within 80 minutes. 
- 4. Build 900 Merchant city within 80 minutes. 

Rating: **** 

War-o-meter: * 

Resources: 
- Medium Trading ship, with 2 Cannon; 20t Food, 150t Tools, 50t Wood, 2 
Scouts. 
- 40,000 coins.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

                                      N
                                    . \'\' .
                                . \'\'    \'  \'_.
                            . \'(a).    b    _) \' .
                        . \'      @\'-.____.-\'       \' .
                    . \'         _                 _    \' .
                . \'          .-\'c\'-.             (d)       \' .
            ._\'(e)          \'--._.-\'               _           \' .
        . \' (f)                                   (g)              \' .
    . \'_ (h)                               _      _          _ _._     \' .
. \'   (i)                                 (m)    (j)        (_\'k _)        \' .
.(l)                                                          \'-\'            .
  \' .         _      _                                                   . \'
      \' .    (n)    (o)   _                                          . \'
          \' .            (p)               ____                  . \'
              \' .       _..             _.\'  (___            . \'
                  \' .  \'.q( +          \'   s    _)       . \'
                      \' .--\'           \'-.__.--.\'    . \'
                          \' .                    . \'
                              \' .            . \'
                                  \' .    . \'
                                      \'\'


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

* @ = Starting position. 
* a = Wine, Hops, Herbs. 
* b = Wine, Hops, Herbs, Stone, Ore, Salt, Marble. 
* c = Wine, Hops, Herbs, Stone, Salt, Marble. 
* d = Spice, Wine, Stone. 
* e = Whales, Stone, Ore (Polar). 
* f = Whales, Stone, Ore (Polar). 
* g = Spice, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* h = Whales, Stone, Ore (Polar). 
* i = Whales, Stone, Ore (Polar). 
* j = Spice, Wine, Stone, Gems. 
* k = Spice, Wine, Stone, Gems. 
* l = Whales, Stone, Ore (Polar). 
* m = Spice, Wine, Stone, Gold. 
* n = Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone. 
* o = Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone. 
* p = Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone. 
* q = Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone. 
* s = Volcano. Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo, Stone, Ore, Gold.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

7.5.2 Strategy overview

This scenario deserves its four-star rating. It involves meeting a series of 
objectives within a time limit. Once the objective has been met, the clock is 
reset and a new objective set. Throughout this scenario one must carefully 
balance the economy and build a city as normal. What makes this scenario hard 
is the need to expand very rapidly, which may mean financing many more 
construction material supplies than you would normally. There are no 
Venetians, so you cannot buy Tools or anything else in. 

The initial objectives seem relatively easy. I think you should try to use the 
extra time they allow to prepared for subsequent objectives - primarily 
stockpiling construction materials and cash. An alternative strategy would be 
to rush through the first two objectives with the aim of getting profitable 
Silk and similar trades operating. The later may suit certain play styles, 
although leaves you with a lot of work to do during the second half of the 
scenario. 

Although the objectives are for relatively low population totals, I recommend 
you cluster as many houses around a single set of facilities as possible, so 
that your colony remains reasonably profitable throughout (well, at least out 
of the red until you are supplying Citizens correctly). There is no shortage 
of space, so it is tempting to build far more houses. The difficulty is that 
these houses need to be built and supplied within the time limit. Although 
ultimately more profitable, I doubt there is sufficient time to build up a 
large enough economy.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

7.5.3 Objective: Build 200 Pioneer settlement within 30 minutes

The map is huge, and it will take half your allotted time just to sail across 
it. Don\'t waste time exploring the map first - settle the huge \'northern\' 
island (\"b\" on the map above) immediately. Settle the southern part of the 
island, where you can get easy access to Stone, Ore, Salt and Marble later in 
the game. You will need at least 25 houses. Build 5 or 6 Forester\'s Huts. 
These are essential to rapid development - you should never have Wood over-
stocked in spite of this apparent over-provision. Serve your population Food 
and Leather. Providing Cloth will help your balance sheet. Your starting 
capital is generous so this may not seem immediately important, but it will 
help later in the game. You should have 10 minutes or more to spare at the end 
of this stage, so consider delaying building the last house. Instead stock up 
on things like Alcohol, Wood or Cash in preparation for the next objective, 
and start exploring.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

7.5.4 Objective: Build 350 Settler town within 30 minutes

Simply providing Alcohol and a Chapel, and allowing the Pioneer houses to 
upgrade will meet the objective. You should hold back full development until 
you have got Brick and Tool production started. Place two Toolmakers - just 
like Wood, you will need a lot of Tools quickly during this scenario. A pair 
of Stonemasons will ease the pace of further development. Also build a School 
and conduct basic civic research. During this phase start to explore the map 
if you have not already started.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

7.5.5 Objective: Build 600 Citizen city within 80 minutes

Develop a few more Settlers, and then switch to Hop based Alcohol production. 
Now turn your attention to colonising other islands, including allied 
development such as ship production. I suggest you start with Spice 
production, simply because the Spice islands are closer to your city. Keep a 
careful eye on soil quality - there is a lot of desert out there (especially 
on the largest Spice island, \"k\" on the map above). Don\'t under-estimate the 
amount of time it will take to haul goods across the map. You can develop to 
Citizens by providing only Spices and Salt, but you should finish this stage 
of the scenario supplying Tobacco too in order to make the next objective 
possible to complete. When you are ready to develop, provide any extra 
production for essentials such as Food and Cloth, and drop a Church in. 
Remember that it will take several minutes for the houses to upgrade, so do 
not leave it until the last minute.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

7.5.6 Objective: Build 900 Merchant city within 80 minutes

Stop further Citizen housing developing by cutting off the flow of 
construction materials. Otherwise you will need to spend the first part of 
this stage building up additional production facilities for the consumer goods 
you are already supplying (Food, Alcohol, Spice, etc), and it is important to 
get new production colonies started early, primarily because of the large 
distances ships need to travel. Increase Tool production again - an extra Ore 
Mine and Smelter (perhaps use a Large Ore Smelter and start Charcoal 
production), plus 3 or 4 Toolmakers in total. Prepare a ship to send south and 
start a Silk colony. You may wish to use the same colony for Cloth production, 
however space is not short on your main island if you prefer to retain Sheep 
based Cloth production. This southern island includes a Volcano, but eruptions 
are infrequently, and will not cause damage unless you build close to the 
volcano. 

By this time, you should have enough Tobacco and Spice to satisfy demand 
continually, which will provide just enough cash to fund everything. Increase 
Food and Alcohol production and attend to a few other Citizen requirements, 
such as the Doctor. Now let the colony develop fully to Citizen level. Next 
build up the Silk Cloth production which will increase revenue still further, 
and is essential to keep Merchants happy. The next move should be a Lamp Oil 
outpost. In the final 30 minutes, get Marble production started, and bolster 
existing consumer good production so that you have small surpluses. Finally 
drop in the University and Public Baths. Ensure you have enough construction 
materials and allow plenty of time for upgrades to occur. You will need at 
least 105t of Tools and Wood, and 84t of Bricks. It can be frustrating to be 
just a few Tools short as the final seconds tick away...

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

______________________________________________________________________________

7.6 Settlement Recipe
______________________________________________________________________________


7.6.1 Introduction

Objective: Build Citizen level city. 

Rating: ** 

War-o-meter: * 

Resources: 
- Small Trading ship with 50t Food, 100t Tools, 50t Wood, Scout. 
- 25,000 coins.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

                                      N
                                    . \'\' .
                                . \'        \' .
                            . \'      .----.    \' .
                        . \'         \'.  a  \'-.     \' .
                    . \'          ..___)  _.--\'         \' .
                . \'               \'-.__.\'            _     \' .
            . \'                                .----\' \'.       \' .
        . \'            _                      (____.b  |           \' .
    . \'           .---\' \'--.                        \'--\'     _         \' .
. \'              .\'    c   .\'         __                  .-\' \'---.        \' .
.                 \'---..-\'\'        .-\'  \'.              .\'   d     )         .
  \' .                           .-\'      \'---._         \'--.    .-\'      . \'
      \' .                   _.-\'               ).-.         \'--\'     . \'
          \' .             .\'           e       \'\'-\'_             . \'
              \' .          \'----                  \'_)        . \'
                  \' .       \'..-.              .--\'      . \'
                      \' .       \'-._ _     _.--\'     . \'
                          \' .       \' \'---\'      . \'
                              \' .         @  . \'
                                  \' .    . \'
                                      \'\'


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

* @ = Starting position. 
* a = Wine, Hops, Herbs, Stone, Salt. 
* b = Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* c = Spice, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* d = Wine, Hops, Herbs, Stone, Ore, Salt, Marble. 
* e = Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo, Stone, Ore, Gold.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

7.6.2 Strategy overview

This scenario is a good introduction to building colonies in unfavourable 
circumstances. The map is small, and the only island suitable for city 
building is the large southern jungle island (\"e\" on the map above). In 
addition, there are no Venetians, so you must build up your own Tool 
production early in the game. 

Tool production can be started with as few at 60t of Tools, so 100t gives some 
flexibility, but care is still needed. Develop up to Settler level, providing 
only essential infrastructure. Once 80 Settlers have upgraded, stop supplying 
construction materials, and build a Brick and Tool chain. Once Tools are being 
produced, you can restart house upgrading and/or build additional facilities. 

Jungle islands mean that you either need to settle a second Hop growing island 
to produce Alcohol (which is inconvenient), or build many Small Farms (which 
are not very efficient). It is probably easier to stick with Small Farms than 
settle a Hop island. Starting capital is relatively tight, so you may not be 
able to jump straight to Citizen level before going bankrupt. Once your 
economy is stable, settle the Tobacco (\"b\" on the map above) and Spice (\"c\") 
islands. Build basic production facilities (just one plantation will be 
sufficient, plus a factory on the Tobacco island). Stockpile these two goods 
until you have about 10t of each. Build a Church and a Tobacco/Spice stand. 
The first house to upgrade to Citizen level completes the scenario.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

______________________________________________________________________________

7.7 The King of Ore
______________________________________________________________________________


7.7.1 Introduction

Objective: Stock 170t Ore in each of your 6 cities within 180 minutes. 

Rating: ** 

War-o-meter: * 

Resources: 
- Medium Trading ship with 3 Cannon; 50t Food, 50t Tools, 150t Wood, 50t 
Bricks, Scout. 
- 80,000 coins. 
- Colony Brasil (\"3\" on the map below): Warehouse. 
- Colony Cape City (\"5\" on the map below): Warehouse; 5t Ore, 20t Tools, 20t 
Wood, 20t Bricks. 
- Colony New Delhi (\"6\" on the map below): Warehouse. 
- Colony Sao Paulo (\"1\" on the map below): Warehouse. 
- Colony Shanghai (\"4\" on the map below): Warehouse. 
- Colony Washington (\"2\" on the map below): Warehouse; 50t Ore, 50t Tools, 50t 
Wood, 50t Bricks, 50t Marble, 50t Food.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

                                      N
                                    . \'\' .
                                . \'  .-\'-. \' .
                            . \'     \'. a .\'    \' .
                        . \'           \'-\'          \' .
                    . \'                                \' .
                . \'          _                             \' .
            . \'_           .\'b\'-.                .-\'-.         \' .
        . \'   (1)          \'-..-\'                \'.c.\'             \' .
    . \'                                                                \' .
. \'                                .-.@  _                     _           \' .
.             _                  .-  \'\'-\' \'-.                 (3)            .
  \' .        (g)                 .   _2  _.-\'               __           . \'
      \' .                         \'-\' \'-\'            _    .\' h\'-.    . \'
          \' .          _                            (4)    \'---\' . \'
              \' .     (5)              _                     . \'
                  \' .                 (6)                . \'
                      \' .                            . \'
                          \' .          _         . \'
                              \' .    .\'l\'.   . \'
                                  \' .\'--\'. \'
                                      \'\'


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

* @ = Starting position. 
* 1 = Sao Paulo. Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone. 
* 2 = Washington. Wine, Hops, Herbs, Stone, Ore, Salt, Marble. 
* 3 = Brasil. Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone. 
* 4 = Shanghai. Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone. 
* 5 = Cape City. Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone. 
* 6 = New Delhi. Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone. 
* a = Whales, Stone, Ore (Tundra). 
* b = Wine, Hops, Herbs, Stone, Ore. 
* c = Wine, Hops, Herbs, Stone, Ore. 
* g = Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone. 
* h = Spice, Wine, Stone. 
* l = Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo, Stone, Ore.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

7.7.2 What does the objective mean? Must I mine Ore on 6 islands?

The in-game text is misleading - \"Mine at least 170 tons of iron ore in each 
of your cities within the given period of time.\" It does not matter where you 
mine this Ore, but each of your starting islands must have 170t or more of Ore 
in stock by the end. You cannot destroy any of your starting colonies.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

7.7.3 Strategy overview

Your first aim should be to build a Settler level city, since this allows Ore 
Mines to be constructed. The main difficulty thereafter is financing all the 
Ore production and storage capacity you will need. One Small Ore Mine will 
produce about 5t of Ore a minute, so you will need at least two, probably four 
to produce enough in the time available (depending how early mining is 
started, and whether some Ore is diverted to Tool production). Only one of 
your starting islands has an Ore deposit on it (\"2\" on the map above), so you 
may need to settle a further island specifically to mine Ore. At the time of 
writing, Ore deposits do not run out (which could potentially make this 
scenario far harder), the main limitation is on how many mines can be 
clustered around one deposit. 

Your main island (\"2\" on the map above) is huge, and your starting cash very 
generous. One strategy to generate the revenue needed to support Ore 
production, is to simply create a large Settler level colony. Settlers can be 
profitable in volume, and your main island has everything needed to support 
them. Since you have plenty of cash to start with, there is no need to make 
large profits - indeed you can happily operate slightly in the red for the 
whole scenario and still complete it. An alternative is to develop Citizens, 
primarily using your other islands to grow Tobacco. In order to see 
significantly more profit than you would get from Settlers, you need to supply 
Citizens with several other goods too. Provision of those goods is time 
consuming, and in my opinion distracts from the ultimate objective. The main 
benefit is that this can provide a large revenue stream with which one can 
fund many Ore Mines on several islands, allowing all the Ore to be produced 
and shipped in the final hour of the game. 

The last problem is where to put all the Ore. See How do I stock 170t - my 
warehouse only holds 50t? below for the final answer. Provision of extra 
storage facilities will increase upkeep costs quite dramatically, as well as 
requiring a lot of construction materials, so ensure you have budgeted 
accordingly. During the first part of the game, it is far cheaper to store Ore 
in ships. A Small Trading Ship can store 200t for an upkeep of only 10 coins. 
This compares to a minimum of 10 coins per Main Market/Warehouse. That makes 
naval storage of one good in large volumes about 10% of the upkeep cost of 
land based storage. Unless you manufacture all your Ore in a hurry at the end, 
it should be cost effective to build one Small Trading ship for storage for 
each of your outlying colonies. In order to complete the scenario, all the Ore 
must be landed, so ship storage is only a temporary solution. 

There is an alternative approach to building up a settlement, which is 
slightly counter-intuitive, but works quite effectively. Build a small Settler 
colony, but once you have 80 Settler (and got access to Ore Mines), destroy 
everything except Main Markets and a Forester\'s Hut or two. Open up the 
territory around the ore deposits on your main island, and place 4 Ore Mines 
around the mountain with the deposits in. Set each of your outlying colonies 
to buy enough Tools from the Venetians to build extra Main Markets and a 
Foresters Hut. Once you have tools, build one Forester\'s Hut on each island. 
Now haul Ore from your main colony to the outlying islands, building extra 
Main Market capacity as required. You will progressively lose more and more 
money, but you should be able to produce and haul enough Ore to meet the 
objective before going bankrupt. It is possible to complete the entire 
scenario within about an hour using this method.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

7.7.4 How do I stock 170t - my warehouse only holds 50t?

You must increase the storage capacity on the island by building additional 
Main Markets or Warehouses. To reach 170t capacity, each island must have at 
least 9 Main Markets/Warehouses.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

______________________________________________________________________________

7.8 Many Small Islands
______________________________________________________________________________


7.8.1 Introduction

Objective: Total empire population 1000 (may be split across different 
islands). 

Rating: ** 

War-o-meter: * 

Resources: 
- 2 Small Trading ships; one with 100t Wood, 100t Tools, Scout; the other with 
100t Wood, 50t Food, 50t Tools, Scout. 
- 30,000 coins.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

                                      N
                                    . \'\' .
                                . \'        \' .
                            . \'                \' .
                        . \'                 .---.  \' .
                    . \'       .-.__          \'a-\'      \' .
                . \'          ._b .-\'                       \' .
            . \'                \'\'                        _     \' .
        . \'             __                            .-d )        \' .
    . \'___             (c_)                            \'-\'         __  \' .
. \'   (_e_)        _                                           .--\'f \'-.   \' .
.                 (g)                                          \'-\') _.-\'     .
  \' .                               @                              \'     . \'
      \' .                    __                          .--\'\'.      . \'
          \' .               (i_)                         \'\'h-\'   . \'
              \' .                               _            . \'
                  \' .                          (j)       . \'
                      \' .                            . \'
                          \' .                    . \'
                              \' .            . \'
                                  \' .    . \'
                                      \'\'


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

* @ = Starting position. 
* a = Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* b = Wine, Hops, Herbs, Stone, Ore. 
* c = Spice, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* d = Spice, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* e = Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* f = Wine, Hops, Herbs, Stone, Ore, Salt, Marble. 
* g = Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo. 
* h = Spice, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* i = Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo, Stone, Gold. 
* j = Spice, Wine, Stone, Ore.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

7.8.2 Strategy overview

The map is characterised, as the scenario title suggests, by many small 
islands. In any other game you would not wish to settle a city on any of these 
islands. This leads to houses being clustered in smaller groups than normal, 
or with mountains or coastal areas filling gaps where houses might otherwise 
be placed. So, the same facilities can serve fewer people, which makes the 
economy harder to balance. 

There are many different strategies to completing this scenario, ranging from 
125 Pioneer houses spread across many islands, to 24 Merchant houses crammed 
onto one island (your Merchants will always ask for Lamp Oil, which cannot be 
made on this map, but can be sustained without it). The Pioneer option sounds 
bizarre, but is quite easy to do because so few goods and facilities need to 
be provided - throw away almost everything you have learnt about colony 
development, and cover three or four islands in Pioneer housing, supported 
only by basic stalls, Hunting Lodges, Tanneries and Forester\'s Huts.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

______________________________________________________________________________

7.9 Negative Influence
______________________________________________________________________________


7.9.1 Introduction

Objective: Total empire population 3,000 (may be split across different 
islands). 

Rating: **** 

War-o-meter: ** 

Competitor: Pirates. 

Resources: 
- Small Trading ship, with 50t Wood, 25t Tools, Scout. 
- Medium Trading ship, with 100t Wood, 50t Food, 100t Tools, 20t Rope. 
- 30,000 coins.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

                                      N
                                    . \'\' .
                                . \'        \' .
                            . \'      ____      \' .
                        . \'         (_a__)         \' .
                    . \'    ___                   _     \' .
                . \'       (_b_)                 (c)        \' .
            . \'    ..__              _                         \' .
        . \'       \'.d .\'      @     (e)                            \' .
    . \'             \'\'      __                      _                  \' .
. \'                        (f_)   ___              (h)           __        \' .
.                                (_g.\'.   _                     (i_)         .
  \' .                               \'\'   (j)                             . \'
      \' .                 _                          ____            . \'
          \' .            (k)                        (_l__)       . \'
              \' .                                            . \'
                  \' .                      _             . \'
                      \' .                 (m)        . \'
                          \' .                    . \'
                              \' .            . \'
                                  \' .    . \'
                                      \'\'


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

* @ = Starting position. 
* a = Wine, Hops, Herbs. 
* b = Wine, Hops, Herbs. 
* c = Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* d = Wine, Hops, Herbs, Stone, Salt. 
* e = Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* f = Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone, Salt. 
* g = Pirates. Wine, Hops, Herbs. 
* h = Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo, Stone, Salt. 
* i = Spice, Wine. 
* j = Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo. 
* k = Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo. 
* l = Spice, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* m = Spice, Wine, Stone, Ore.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

7.9.2 Strategy overview

This is a somewhat harder version of Many Small Islands (see above). The map 
is characterised by a lack of large islands suitable for city building. In 
addition, mineral deposits are rarer, pirates are active, and the population 
objective is far higher. 

I do not think it is possible to fit enough Pioneer housing (375 houses) on 
the map (although having said that I expect someone to prove me wrong - it 
will certainly be very tight). There is no Marble, so Merchant housing can not 
be reached. This leaves a choice between reaching the objective primarily with 
Settler housing (200 total) or Citizen housing (~110 total), or some 
combination of the two. On some islands, one can profitably build enough 
houses around the facilities Settlers need. This inevitably means shipping in 
Cloth and Alcohol from other production islands. Attempt to fit 360 Settlers 
into one city to allow Hop based Alcohol production. Cloth production will 
always be space inefficient using Sheep Farms. One of the main benefits to 
developing some Citizens is the ability to access buildings such as Cotton 
Plantations. The disadvantage to Citizens is the level of support 
infrastructure they require - both large items such as Churches on their 
island, plus some level of Spice/Tobacco/Salt provision. Consider using 
Fishermen to provide Food - expensive to operate, but require little land to 
build. 

Pirates should be far more annoying than they are. The scenario forces you to 
ship almost everything between islands, but pirates are rarely effective in 
disrupting this trade. Ultimately, the main benefit of destroying their colony 
is not to prevent piracy, but to claim the land it occupies (it is one of the 
larger islands available).

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

______________________________________________________________________________

7.10 Siege
______________________________________________________________________________


7.10.1 Introduction

Objective: Do not let the enemy destroy your Cathedral. 

Rating: ** 

War-o-meter: ***** 

Time limit: 20 minutes. 

Competitors: 
- Wallenstein (blue). 
- Goerzenrick (green). 
- Ferdinand (yellow). 
- Degenhardt (olive green). 
- Maximilian (orange). 
- Hardtmut (white). 
- Ruprecht (pink). 

Resources: 
- 60,000 coins. 
- City and troops as described below.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Map shows main area of battle:

 ~~~~~~~~          ~~~~~~~~
~~      ~~   ~~   ~~      ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
  A B     ~~~~~~~~~~      E                ~~~~
  C       1              D             F G  I~~~
                                            J  ~~
                                          H   K ~
                .----.  ^^^      ^          L   ~
          .-.2  |  3 |^^ # ^      ^             ~
          | \'-v-\'   ^     ^^                    ~
          |        ^|      ^-w-.  ^         M   ~
          |       ^ |  $   ^   |               ~~
          |       ^ |4    |^  .\'               ~
          |     #  ^\'--x--\'   |                ~
      ~~~ \'-.   5             y               ~~
    ~~   ~~ \'---.    City     |              ~~     North
           ~ ~~ \'-. .-.6.---. |    ^         ~         .--
        ^^^ ~  ~  \'-\' \'z\'   \'-\'   ^          ~         |\\
         ^^     ~~~~      ^^    ^^         N ~           \\
               ~                             ~
                ~      Q                    ~~
                ~      R    ^^^       O     ~
                ~      S   ^^          P   ~~
                ~~ ~   T U          ~~~~~~~~
              ~~ ~~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

* $ = Cathedral. 
* # = Fortress. 
* v-z = City Gates. 
* -- = City Wall. 
* ^^ = Ridged area or mountains. 
* ~~ = Coast-line or river. 

Your main troop groups: 
* 1 = 10 Swordsmen, 6 Crossbowmen. 
* 2 = 6 Cavalry. 
* 3 = 3 Mortars, 6 Crossbowmen, Medic. 
* 4 = 9 Lancers, 2 Crossbowmen, Medic. 
* 5 = 5 Mortars, 3 Cannon. 
* 6 = 6 Swordsmen, 6 Crossbowmen, Mortar, 2 Cannons, 2 Medics. 

In addition, 37 Archers are positioned along the city walls. 

Enemy start positions: 
* A = Goerzenrick: Main army of close combat foot, Cavalry, Mortars and 
Cannon. 
* B = Maximilian: Small Mortar group with close combat foot support. 
* C = Hardtmut: Small Mortar group with Crossbowmen support. 
* D = Ruprecht: Small foot soldier group. 
* E = Ferdinand: Main group of close combat foot and Mortars. 
* F = Wallenstein: Small Cannon group with close combat foot support. 
* G = Goerzenrick: Close combat foot group with Mortar and Cannon. 
* H = Wallenstein: Small Cannon group with close combat foot support. 
* I = Maximilian: Small Cannon group with close combat foot support. 
* J = Ferdinand: Main army of close combat foot, Crossbowmen, Mortars and 
Cannon. 
* K = Ruprecht: Small Cannon and Crossbowmen group. 
* L = Degenhardt: Large group of close combat foot, Musketeers, Mortars and 
Cannon. 
* M = Degenhardt: Large group of close combat foot, Mortars and Cannon. 
* N = Hardtmut: Large group of Mortars, close combat foot and Crossbowmen. 
* O = Wallenstein: Small group of Cannon and close combat foot. 
* P = Hardtmut: Small group of Cannon and close combat foot. 
* Q = Wallenstein: Large group of Cannon, Musketeers and close combat foot. 
* R = Hardtmut: Small group of Cannon, Crossbowmen and close combat foot. 
* S = Degenhardt: Large group of Cannon and close combat foot. 
* T = Wallenstein: Large group of Mortars, Crossbowmen and close combat foot. 
* U = Ruprecht: Large group of Mortars, close combat foot and Cavalry.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

7.10.2 Strategy overview

This scenario looks much harder than it actually is. Your troops are heavily 
outnumbered, and the enemy armies will specifically target the Cathedral you 
are supposed to protect. You have several advantages: (1) The enemy armies do 
not all attack at once - different players declare war at different times, and 
only once they have declared war do they start moving their troops. (2) You 
can train additional troops at your two Fortresses (one of which will always 
be behind your line). (3) The Cathedral is in a ridged area, and only has one 
main approach for invading troops. 

Use the time before the first declaration of war to arrange your troops, 
specifically moving the group by the coast (\"1\" on the map above) into the 
city, and repositioning Archers on the city walls. Remember to open certain 
city gates to allow your troops inside. 

Make some small adjustments to your economy: Open the gate (\"w\" on the map 
above) to allow Wood from Forester\'s Huts to be collected. Adjust the 
production of weapons at the Bow Maker and Large Weapons Smithy to taste - by 
default these produce Bows and Axes only. Gunter suggests you stop producing 
Tools and divert Iron to weapons production. You have a Cannon Foundry, but 
you have not researched Cannon or Mortar, nor can you rapidly build a 
University and research them due to lack of construction materials. 
Consequently, the Cannon Foundry is of no use. 

You cannot expand your defenses significantly, because of a lack of Bricks. 
Construction of a Quarry and Stonemason will require expansion of your 
territory first - by the time you produce enough Bricks the enemy will be 
inside your city, and building additional defenses where they are needed will 
be impossible. Depending on your strategy, you may wish to clear some of the 
houses around the approach to your Cathedral - this helps your troops move 
around, and helps you see enemy targets. 

Different groups of enemy units attack different gates on your outer wall. 
\"A\"-\"C\" on the map above, use gate \"v\". The remaining enemy on the north-
eastern side attack gate \"w\". All the troops on the southern side approach 
gate \"z\". As mentioned above, different enemy players declare war on you at 
different stages of the game. Time from the start is as follows: 

- ~2 minutes: Goerzenrick, Ferdinand and Wallenstein. 
- ~7 minutes: Degenhardt. 
- ~9 minutes: Maximillian. 
- ~12 minutes: Hardtmut. 
- ~15 minutes: Ruprecht. 

There are two obvious battle strategies. The first involves staking out the 
ground in front of the Cathedral with all your troops. Abandon the outer walls 
completely. Let the enemy troops funnel up the narrow approach to the 
Cathedral. You will be able to train additional troops at the Large Fortress 
without a problem - just endlessly replace your loses. This strategy focuses 
all your firepower in the most critical position of all, and the one position 
the enemy will find it hardest to fight in. Since all the battles occur here, 
it is easier to control what is happening. The main disadvantage is that 
should the enemy break through your line, you will have no further chance to 
save your Cathedral. 

The second approach involves heading off specific waves of enemy troops as 
they arrive at different points on your city\'s outer wall. You will need to 
split your forces into at least two groups and move them between different 
parts of the city wall as fresh attacks start. Archers can be positioned on 
the walls, Mortars behind, and close combat troops just outside the wall. 
Although slightly counter-intuitive, your troops will move faster between 
battles if you demolish some of the housing and other buildings in your city 
first - you do not need most them. If you find your walls have been over-run 
retreat towards the Cathedral and use some of the tactics above. The clear 
disadvantage of this strategy is the amount of detailed troop management 
required. Even with the battle running at half-speed, it is hard to order all 
your troops as you would wish. It is quite easy to accidentally be out-flanked 
by one or more of the enemy groups, who then start attacking your Cathedral. 

Whichever strategy is adopted, keep on producing new troops throughout. You 
have plenty of money and resources available for this. Train additional crews 
to man abandoned enemy Cannon and Mortars. Allow Medics to heal injured units 
between waves of enemy attackers. During attacks target the enemy Cannon and 
Mortars - they are the only units capable of rapidly destroying your 
Cathedral. Use half speed during battles to help control your units, if you 
need too. If you only do half of these things, you will win quite easily. 

Although the in-game objective suggests you need to destroy all the enemy 
troops, all you need to do is protect the Cathedral. You will end up 
destroying most enemy units anyway, but you do not have to deal with odd units 
that get stuck or lost before reaching the Cathedral.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

______________________________________________________________________________

7.11 The Marquess (Marquis/Marquise)
______________________________________________________________________________


This scenario was not released with the original game, but was made available 
for download by Sunflowers in 2003. The scenario can be downloaded here, 
http://www.anno1503.com/english/productinfo/dl_szenarios.php4 . For further 
information see Editing and Custom Scenarios. The scenario is based on the 
ideas of Alexander Liebhardt, who won a competition run by a German games 
magazine.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

7.11.1 Introduction

Objectives: 
- 1. Conquer or destroy Armand De\'Pier\'s city (\"o\" on the map below). 
- 2. 1000 Merchants. 
- 3. Arm a fleet within 30 minutes (explained below). 
- 4. Sink Armand\'s fleet within 15 minutes. 
- 5. Destroy McFarlane\'s fortress (\"f\" on the map below). 

Rating: ** 

War-o-meter: *** 

Competitors: 
- Greg McFarlane (red - passive) 
- Armand De\'Pier (blue - hostile) 

Resources: 
- Medium Trading Ship (4 cannon, 40t Wood, 40t Tools), Medium Trading Ship (4 
cannon), Medium Trading Ship (4 cannon, 40t Wood, 40t Tools, 10t Food, Scout), 
Large Warship (10 cannon). 
- 40,000 coins.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

                                      N
                                    . \'\' .
                                . \'  (a)   \' .
                            . \'(b)             \'_.
                        . \'          .-\'\'-.    (c) \' .
                    . \'             \'-.d.-\'         (e)\' .
                . \'     _.-.___                            \' .
            . \'       .\'       \'.                              \' .
        . \'           \'-.  f  _.-\'                 .--.            \' .
    . \'                \'-\'--.\'                    \'-.g_)               \' .
. \'       .-\'h.                  @       _             _        ._         \' .
.          \'-.-\'              _.-__  .--\'i\'-.         (j)      (_k_)         .
  \' .         _.._           \'-.l.-\'  \'-..-\'                     \'       . \'
      \' .    \'- m_)             \'                         _._        . \'
          \' . \'-\'                    __._                \'.n .-  . \'
              \' .                 _.\'    \'._               \'\'. \'
                  \' .            .  _  o   .\'            . \'
                      \' .      _   \' -_.-.-\' _       . \'
                          \' . (p)           (q)  . \'
                              \' .     _      . \'
                                  \' .(r) . \'
                                      \'\'


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

* @ = Starting position. 
* a = Green Bay, McFarlane\'s Whaler colony. Eskimos. Whales, Stone, Ore 
(polar). 
* b = Armand De\'Pier\'s trapper (polar ice shelf). 
* c = Wine, Hops, Herbs, Stone, Marble. 
* d = Medicana, McFarlane Herb colony. Wine, Hops, Herbs, Stone, Ore, Salt. 
* e = Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* f = Largho, McFarlane\'s city. Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo, Stone, Ore, 
Salt. 
* g = Native Americans. Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* h = Smokheim, McFarlane\'s Tobacco colony. Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* i = Spices, Wine, Stone, Ore, Gems. 
* j = Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* k = Native Americans. Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* l = Moors. Spices, Wine, Stone. 
* m = Pfefferburg, McFarlane\'s Spice colony. Spices, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* n = Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* o = Armand De\'Pier\'s main colony. Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo, Stone, 
Ore. 
* p = Spices, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* q = Spices, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* r = Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo, Stone, Ore.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

7.11.2 Armand De\'Pier\'s colony

Armand De\'Pier\'s main colony (\"o\" on the map above) has only one coastal 
warehouse. This means the colony can be captured (or destroyed) using only 
naval units. Securing the island not only completes the first objective, but 
also gives enough space to build a large city. 

See How do I capture an enemy settlement? for an explanation of how to capture 
the warehouse. Capturing will give you a small Settler-level town with certain 
useful production chains already established. Even if you ultimately end up 
rebuilding most of the original structures, the captured settlement should be 
useful in the interim. 

If you captured Armand De\'Pier\'s colony, it is reasonably easy to start your 
own Tool production, so long as care is taken not to waste construction 
materials. If you destroyed the original colony far greater caution is 
required. Tool production can be started with as few as 58t Tools if only one 
Main Market is placed (near the Ore deposit, with no coastal warehouse), only 
one of every facility required is built, and development of housing carefully 
controlled. 

There are no Venetians, but you can trade with McFarlane\'s colonies. Before 
trade can commence you should de-mount your ships\' cannon. This will require a 
shipyard to be constructed. Developing your colony to the point where it 
supports a Small Shipyard can be done with just 53t Tools. But since McFarlane 
does not always sell Tools, it is highly recommended that you develop your own 
Tool production immediately. 

Only two islands have Salt, both occupied by McFarlane. There are only two 
polar islands available - one is entirely surrounded by ice, so cannot be 
settled, and the other is taken by McFarlane and the Eskimos. You cannot 
settle any island already occupied by McFarlane. This means that you will need 
to achieve Merchants without your own production of Salt or Lamp Oil. Citizens 
will not upgrade to Merchants if both Salt and Lamp Oil are missing. McFarlane 
normally sells Salt - like most players with three Salt mines serving a small 
city, he is knee deep in the stuff. McFarlane has a whaling station, but does 
not use it, and never sells Lamp Oil. The Eskimos (\"a\" on the map above) do 
sell Whale Blubber, which you can convert to Lamp Oil. Deliver a shipment of 
Salt once everything else is in place to develop Merchants, and you will have 
no difficulty meeting the objective.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

7.11.3 The Fleet

Once your settlement reaches 1000 Merchants you will receive warning that 
Armand De\'Pier is assembling a hostile fleet. You are given 30 minutes to 
prepare, after which time the hostile fleet will appear (just east of the 
island marked \"q\" on the map above). There is no specific number of ships or 
cannon that have to be produced. If you already have a large fleet you may not 
need to build any new vessels. 

The only test of your new fleet is the ability to destroy Armand\'s fleet 
rapidly when it finally appears. The fleet contains five Large Warships. All 
other things being equal, you\'ll need six Large Warships to defeat the enemy. 
Fewer ships will be successful because it is possible to engage ships in 
pairs, rather than fighting all five at once. 

This stage of the scenario can be awkward because the instruction to prepare 
for war arrives just as you are changing civilization level. Not only have 
most of your raw materials been used for upgrading houses, but you are busy 
placing additional production facilities and generally trying to balance the 
economy. Attempts to divert Wood and coin into the production of warships can 
leave problems like a shortage of Silk Cloth festering: Before you realise it, 
your economy has collapsed. Of course most of these issues can be solved with 
foresight - simply delay reaching 1000 Merchants until you have built a fleet. 
The scenario is more of a challenge if you play it through without knowing how 
it ends.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

7.11.4 McFarlane\'s Fortress

Once the final enemy ship has been sunk, the \'truth\' is revealed. You have a 
new enemy in the form of McFarlane. The most immediate problem this creates - 
lack of a trading partner for Salt - is mitigated by the arrival of a Large 
Trading Ship carrying 400t of Salt. This is only a short term solution. You 
cannot capture or re-settle any of McFarlane\'s islands, so you cannot start 
your own Salt supply. Either you must complete the scenario quickly, or risk 
your Merchants down-grading to Citizens. A small Citizen-level population will 
struggle to finance a fleet and army. 

While you are contemplating this, McFarlane will waste no time attacking you. 
If you have no army (which is entirely likely), no military research (also 
possible), and a heavily damaged fleet with no money or resources for repairs 
(you too, huh?), the next hour is likely to be quite difficult. At regular 
intervals McFarlane will land small groups of units on your island (normally 
in the same location, quite close to the original warehouse). If possible, 
engage the enemy at sea - you may not be able to stop the attacks completely, 
but you will slow down the rate at which enemy ships arrive with fresh troops. 
Repel the ground invasions with whatever troops you can muster. Take 
particular care to kill enemy Mortars if you have critical infrastructure 
(such as a Church) close to the coast. 

As soon as you are able, establish naval supremacy. Three or four Large 
Warships, used carefully, can destroy all the enemy\'s shipping, before 
eliminating the enemy\'s shipyard and most of his supply islands. Once 
McFarlane\'s shipyard and fleet has gone, stabilise your economy as best you 
can, then launch an attack on the ground forces in McFarlane\'s main colony. It 
is possible to fight a slow war of attrition against the enemy using one unit 
to draw the enemy into a killing field of ships\' cannon. Far quicker is to 
approach the fortress from the north-east with a mixture of Mortars and foot 
soldiers (probably Lancers). The Mortars can fire straight over the walls and 
damage the fortress, while the foot soldiers try to protect the Mortars from 
McFarlane\'s army. This approach avoids having to kill almost every enemy unit 
on the island before destroying the fortress.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

______________________________________________________________________________

7.12 Metropol
______________________________________________________________________________


This scenario was not released with the original game, but was made available 
for download by Sunflowers in 2003. The scenario can be downloaded here, 
http://www.anno1503.com/english/productinfo/dl_szenarios.php4 . For further 
information see Editing and Custom Scenarios. The scenario is intended to push 
the game to its limits. In the later stages of the scenario you may experience 
relatively slow gameplay, even on quite powerful computers.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

7.12.1 Introduction

Objective: 100,000 population. 

Rating: * 

War-o-meter: * 

Resources: 
- Large Trading Ship (6 cannon, 150t Wood, 100t Tools, Scout), Large Trading 
Ship (6 cannon, 100t Food, 50t Rope, 50t Cloth, Scout) 
- 75,000 coins.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

                                      N
                                    . \'\' .
                                . \'     _  \' .
                            . \'  _   --\'a\'-.   \' .
                        . \'   .-\'b\'-.\'--.-\'        \' .
                    . \' .--.  \'--.-\'    .-\'\'-.      __ \' .
                . \'    -._c.\'     _--_  \'-.d--\' .--\'  \'--._\' .
            . \' __        _._    (_e .\'        \'.    f      .  \' .
        ._\'    \'.g)      (_h.-     \'\'   _       \'._     .--\'       \' .
    . \'-   \'-.             \'        _.-\'.--_       \'\'-.-\'     _.-._    \' .
. \' .-       \'.-._     .-\'-._      (   i    _)        .-.    (_ j _\'       \' .
. -.     k     .--\'    \'.l(        (_   ____-       \'__m .     \'-\'           .
  \' .\'-..   _.-\'   .\'-.              \'-\'        _      \'\'  .--._         . \'
      \' .\'-\'      (_n--\'   .\'o-.      _       _\'p\'.       \'-.q-\'     . \'
          \' .       \'       \'--\'    (_r_)      \'-\'      .--._    . \'
              \' .   -\'s--.   _..      \'      _.--.     \'_ t -. \'
                  \' .\'--\'   ( u \'-    _ @   \'-.v.-\'      .\'\'
                      \' .    \'\'-\'  .-\' \'-.__   \'     . \'
                          \' .   .\'-\'        \'-.  . \'
                              \' .\'-.   w   .-.\'\'
                                  \'\'.-._..\'\'
                                      \'\'


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

* @ = Starting position. 
* a = Whales, Stone, Marble (Tundra). 
* b = Whales, Stone, Ore (Tundra). 
* c = Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone, Ore, Gold. 
* d = Whales, Stone, Salt (Tundra). 
* e = Spices, Wine. 
* f = Wine, Hops, Herbs, Stone, Ore, Salt. 
* g = Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* h = Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* i = Volcano. Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo, Stone, Ore. 
* j = Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo, Stone, Ore. 
* k = Wine, Hops, Herbs, Stone, Ore, Salt. 
* l = Spices, Wine, Stone, Gems. 
* m = Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* n = Spices, Wine, Stone, Gems. 
* o = Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* p = Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo, Stone, Ore 
* q = Spices, Wine. 
* r = Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* s = Wine, Hops, Herbs, Stone, Marble, Salt. 
* t = Spices, Wine. 
* u = Spices, Wine. 
* v = Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone, Gold. 
* w = Wine, Hops, Herbs, Stone, Ore, Salt.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

7.12.2 Strategy overview

Most scenarios can be completed with a population of around 2,000. Attempting 
to house 100,000 people is an entirely new game... 12,500 Pioneer hovels, 
6,667 Settler houses, 3,572 Citizen abodes, 2,381 Merchant homes, or 3,334 
Aristocrat apartment blocks. And that\'s before all the relevant production 
chain and facilities required to sustain these people have been considered. 
Metropol is suited to experienced players with a lot of free time - expect 
this scenario can take days to complete. 

Players have completed the scenario with both Merchants and Aristocrats. It 
should be possible to complete with Citizens, although Citizens are not 
recommended. As far as I am aware, nobody has completed it with just Pioneers 
or Settlers - I doubt there is physically enough space to place 12,500 Pioneer 
homes. While Pioneers and Settlers require far fewer production chains or 
facilities, some of those they do require, such as Leather, are not space-
efficient. The map has been used (by Roland19) to house just over 200,000 
people (primarily at Merchant level). Merchants have the best ratio of 
population to houses (each building houses 42 Merchants), and only need to be 
marginally better supplied than other civilisation levels. 

It is important to recognise that Merchants do not need to be supplied with 
everything they demand. If you are supplying Salt, you can achieve a Merchant-
level population by supplying either Tobacco or Spice, and either Lamp Oil or 
Silk Cloth. Large quantities of Salt can be mined and processed in relatively 
little space. 

Space is at a premium. This encourages the use of Spices since two Spice 
Plantations will supply approximately 700 people, compared to 500 with two 
Tobacco Plantations and a factory. Lamp Oil is highly space-efficient since 
Whalers primarily operate over sea. One whaler and two factories can supply 
about 3000 Merchants - to satisfy the same number of people with Silk Cloth 
would require about 15 Silk Plantations, 6 Indigo Plantations, and 6 Dye 
Works. 

The supply of Spice and Lamp Oil (in preference to Tobacco and Silk Cloth) is 
re-enforced by the range of islands available. Few islands are capable of 
producing Silk Cloth, and these are probably best employed in the production 
of Alcohol or Cloth. Spice islands can grow little else of use except Spices 
(the exceptions being things that will grow anywhere, such as Grain), while 
Tobacco islands can instead produce Cloth - and even Merchants need a lot of 
Cloth. 

This is one scenario where you should not be afraid to make use of Fishermen 
for Food production: Surround every island almost completely by Fishing Huts. 
Most Food can be produced this way, freeing up space on islands for other 
production or housing. 

Although it sounds like a \"no-brainer\" - don\'t waste space. Farms can overlap 
so that all the fields are used. Absolute efficiency of individual production 
facilities is not always the aim - rather you should try and get the greatest 
production out of the land available. The scale of Metropol means that you 
need only make a tiny margin on the sale of goods to make a huge profit. Many 
traditional strategies are designed to give the best return from a small 
colony, or to provide sufficient surplus to launch wars or expand onto new 
islands. These strategies may need to be revised to deal with a slightly 
different objective. 

Population should be concentrated on the three large \'northern\' islands; 
possibly also the large \'southern\' islands in the centre of the map. These 
have a lot of space and can grow their own Alcohol, as well as contributing to 
their own Food and Salt supply. This approach will reduce the transport 
requirement for goods across the map. If population is split across many 
different islands it can become hard to balance the supply of goods such that 
everything each island needs is available. The only advantage to populating 
lots of islands is that each island will consume goods more slowly, requiring 
less frequent deliveries: Very large populations can consume the entire 
storage capacity of a single island in minutes. Do not try and focus all 
population on a single island - each is limited to a maximum of about 50-
60,000 people - you will not be able to fit many more than this on a single 
island anyway. 

You may not have more than 50 ships. This restriction, and operating the 50 
ships you are allowed, can create a logistical nightmare. Islands should have 
multiple coastal warehouses - not only so that each shipping route is as short 
as possible, but also to prevent harbours from clogging up with too many 
ships, leading to ships not unloading their cargoes. Any slight delay to the 
free-flow of goods can be fatal, because consumption rates are so high stock 
run dry quickly unless replenished. 

Focusing population (and hence most shipping routes) on a few key islands 
should help rationalise supply lines. Most goods can be delivered from the set 
of supply islands closest to each main city island, thereby reducing the 
overall transport requirement. Where possible, assign whole islands to supply 
certain cities. That will keep the overall flow of goods to each city 
reasonably constant. If the same island tries to supply more than one city the 
first ship to leave the supply island will probably convey a disproportionate 
amount of goods. 

An alternative approach is to use the large southern island in the centre of 
the map to re-distribute goods. This can be useful for certain goods that are 
only produced and used in limited quantities. Unfortunately the 190t per item 
restriction on island storage capacity (without the expansion pack) makes such 
an approach impractical for most goods in the later stages of the scenario. 

The total island capacity limit of 190t can lead to shortages caused by a gap 
between shipments arriving. It is sometimes desirable to have more than one 
ship on a route. Unfortunately both ships tend to end up operating together, 
leaving long gaps between deliveries. LadyH has a solution: \"There were two 
warehouses nearby [on the city island]. So, I send one ship to warehouse 1 and 
after that it had to unload at warehouse 2 and then sail back to the 
production island. That worked fine and there was an interval between the two 
ships.\" 

Aristocrats are a viable civilization level with which to complete the 
scenario. Much greater areas of land will need to be given over to housing: 
Aristocrat homes house fewer people; generally Aristocrats require larger, 
better spaced facilities; and overall Aristocrats are far more sensitive to 
their demands not being met. Supplying goods is somewhat easier - only Food 
and Clothing are absolutely essential. Spice islands can however be used to 
produce Wine, which will make Aristocrats easier to satisfy. There are not 
enough Gems deposits on the map to supply Jewelry to 100,000 Aristocrats. 
Jewelry is an optional item, so this does not prevent the objective of 100,000 
people being achieved. 

Several internet pages provide illustrations of this scenario, for example 
http://www.ladygames.de/metropol/ (Merchants) and 
http://www.hjbomanns.de/ANNOTools/Metropolaris.htm (Aristocrats). Roland19\'s 
200,000 population version of Metropol can be downloaded here, 
http://www.anno1503.com/english/gamebulance/showthread.php4?threadid=100 (the 
game can be loaded, but is unstable and may crash after a time).

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

(While browsing through the game\'s files, I notice there are several extra 
scenarios listed. For example, \'Lessland\', a goldrush scenario, one involving 
pirate hunting, etc. The actual scenario files appear to have been omitted, 
and only the text files associated with them can be found. I wonder what 
happened to these...?)

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~



==============================================================================

8. TREASURES, MONSTERS & PIRATES SCENARIOS

==============================================================================


The expansion pack, Treasures, Monsters & Pirates, contains 12 further 
scenarios: Scavenger Hunt, Brother against Brother, A Pirate\'s Life, Ore 
Monopoly, A Plague of Pirates, Trade with Montana, Sole Ruler, Smugglers, 
Mountains of Fire, The Native Americans\' Curse, A Small World, and Desert 
Battle. This section contains guides to each of these scenarios. 

These walkthroughs assume basic competence when building colonies. They 
primarily cover the things that make a specific scenario difficult - they 
don\'t hold your hand and walk you through every last detail. 

Where relevant, I have included simple ASCII representations of maps. Maps are 
always aligned with North towards the top of the page. 

Objectives are numbered in the order in which they appear. Normally the lowest 
numbered objectives need to be completed before others are shown. Where 
several objectives are given at the same time, they are shown with letters, 
for example 1a, 1b. If you do not know how to read the objectives as you play, 
see Can I see the current objectives in-game? above. 

The in-game rating for each scenario is shown as 1-4 stars, where 1 star is 
easy, 4 hardest. 

Since many do not enjoy the war aspects of the game, I have added a \"war-o-
meter\" rating to each scenario, to give an indication of how important the war 
aspects are. The scale is as follows: 
- * = Entirely city/economy building. No other hostile players to fight, even 
if you wanted to (I exclude natives from the list of possible hostile players 
here). 
- ** = Objectives can be completed without warfare, and you are unlikely to 
need to go to war. 
- *** = Warfare is needed to complete the scenario, but city building/economy 
is what makes this scenario difficult. 
- **** = War is a major objective, with city building/economy secondary. 
- ***** = War is the only objective. 

Here is a summary of ratings and war-o-meters:

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

                              Rating    War-o-meter
---------------------------------------------------
Scavenger Hunt                ***       ****
Brother against Brother       **        *****
A Pirate\'s Life               ***       ****
Ore Monopoly                  **        ***
A Plague of Pirates           ***       ***
Trade with Montana            ***       **
Sole Ruler                    ***       ****
Smugglers                     **        **
Mountains of Fire             ***       ***
The Native Americans\' Curse   ***       ***
A Small World                 ***       *
Desert Battle                 *         *****


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

______________________________________________________________________________

8.1 Scavenger Hunt
______________________________________________________________________________


8.1.1 Introduction

Objective: Find the treasure. You will need to solve each clue in the order 
shown below. 

Rating: *** 

War-o-meter: **** 

Resources: 
- Medium Warship, with 20t Alcohol. 
- Scout. 
- Crew-less cannon (on island \"13\" on the map below). 
- 10,000 coins.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

                                      N
                                    . \'\' .
                                . \'  (_) _ \' .
                            . \'         (_)    \' .
                        . \'        .-.             \' .
                    . \'   ___     (_5_)     .--.       \' .
                . \'      \'.1_)      \'      \'-13\'           \' .
            . \'           @\'    .---.      __       __         \' .
        . \'      .---._        \'-.4_-\'    (12)    _\' 3\'-           \' .
    . \'      .---\' 2   \'-.        \'_      .-_      \'--\'          _     \' .
. \'   _       \' \':  .-_-\'_        (_)    ( 14\'-   _       __    (_)        \' .
.    (_)       _ \'--\'   (_)    .-._       \'-\'    (_) __.-\'  \'-.              .
  \' .         (_)            -\' 10_)       _        (_  11     \'-.       . \'
      \' .           _._        \'-\'      .-\'8\'-_   _   \'--_   _---\'   . \'
          \' .     -\'_9_)                \'-._-\'   (_)    \' \'-\'    . \'
              \' .              __        __       _          . \'
                  \' .         (6.-  _ .-\' 7\'-.   (_)     . \'
                      \' .          (_) \'-._.-\'       . \'
                          \' .           _        . \'
                              \' .      (_)   . \'
                                  \' .    . \'
                                      \'\'


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

* @ = Start position. 
* 1 = New Heaven Main. 
* 2 = Ile Kana/Mehome Kana (Weiome/Native Americans). 
* 3 = Haitahbu (Africans). 
* 4 = Plata Nilane. 
* 5 = Ile Archara. 
* 6 = Filimizaki (Aztecs). 
* 7 = Talakiki (Polynesians). 
* 8 = Haitah (Polynesians/Undead). 
* 9 = Lions. 
* 10 = Monastery. 
* 11 = Crocodiles. 
* 12 = \'Abandoned\' village. 
* 13 = Kaktusinsel (Pirates). 
* 14 = Final island.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

8.1.2 Clue: Follow the hints on the statues and on your grandfather\'s treasure 
map. Travel from warehouse to pier, from island to lake, to find the legendary 
treasure.

Board your ship and travel to Weiome Otter\'s settlement (Mehome Kana, shown 
\"2\" on the map above). Use your Scout to approach the settlement. You will be 
directed to a canyon and river to the south-west of the village. By the river 
you will see a pair of statues carved into the rock. Move your Scout in front 
of the tallest, female statue.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

8.1.3 Clue: In the East, by the four mountains divided by flood and sea, you 
will learn more, if wind and weather favor thee. As part of the way.

Return to Weiome Otter\'s settlement, where you will presented with a paddle. 
You can trade with the Native Americans if you wish, but the scenario can be 
completed without trading. Board your ship, and you\'ll receive a further hint. 
Head to the African settlement (Haitahbu, shown \"3\" on the map above). Land 
your Scout and head up to the top of the mountain immediately to the north of 
the village. Rotate the map to reveal further statues.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

8.1.4 Clue: The sea\'s expanse of green and blue. The river\'s power ever new. 
The lake, mysterious and still, hold marvels and aid. So, find it. As part of 
the way.

Board your ship and sail to Plata Nilane (\"4\" on the map above). Move your 
Scout to the inland lake, revealing a small ship called the \"Laluna\". Use the 
boat to cross the lake, then move your Scout towards the third statute.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

8.1.5 Clue: The island, small and verdant. A circle of rocks and stones. 
Guarded by monster Eightlegs. Take care and go! As part of the way.

Sail back across the lake and return to your main ship. Head to Ile Archara 
(\"5\" on the map above). When you land you will gain a Lance. In the centre of 
the island is a semi-circular mountain range with ruins at the entrance. This 
is guarded by a giant spider. Attack the spider with your Scout. On the 
southern side of the circular mountain range is another statue.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

8.1.6 Clue: Golden glow of roof and mountain, the people of wisdom and reason. 
They dwell in the far South, and many men were cured by them. As part of the 
way.

Return to your ship and head towards the Aztec settlement (Filimizaki, \"6\" on 
the map above). Land and head towards the only mountain on the island.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

8.1.7 Clue: A mountain black as night. In rage as red as fire. It devours the 
land with fiery might. Near-by calls for help soon cease. As part of the way.

Your Scout will be healed. Return to your ship and head to the Polynesian 
village (Talakiki, \"7\" on the map above). Land on the island to receive 
instructions to head to the smaller Polynesian village of Haitah to the north 
(\"8\" on the map above) and recover some water. The well containing water is in 
the centre of the island. Unfortunately, many Undead patrol the island. You 
cannot kill them since you have no weapons. The Polynesians will launch 
attacks against the Undead, but rarely inflict casualties. Undead do sometimes 
fight each other. One tactic simply involves avoiding the patrols, waiting for 
them all to wander away from the well. Position your ship as close to the well 
as you can - this will ensure the Scout is vulnerable for the shortest amount 
of time possible. It may help to wait until the Polynesians attack and use 
them as a diversion. Filips Hollandicus advises: \"Just be very quick. The 
zombies are not faster as you are, so keep ahead of them. As soon as you\'ve 
seen the video that you\'ve got the water return to your ship.\" Once you have 
the goblet, return to the main Polynesian settlement. Land your Scout and head 
towards the mountain just to the north-east of the village.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

8.1.8 Clue: The way may not be what it seems. Twisted path, confusing 
corridors. Search for the goal of your dreams. Danger quietly approaches. 
Decipher the path in the West. As part of the way.

Sail to the island marked \"9\" on the map above. The main threat here are 
roaming Lions. Packs of Lions will catch and kill you if you let them. Again 
the best strategy appears to be a good sense of timing. Identify the location 
of the statue by eye, and then approach it from the north. There is a small 
gap in the cliffs on the northern side of the island where your ship can land 
the Scout (note that if you use this approach, you may have difficulty 
triggering the next part of the mission - see below). When Lions start to 
approach you, retreat slightly. The Lions will eventually ignore you and 
wander off. Gradually advance towards the statue.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

8.1.9 Clue: An ancient holy place, behold, more near than far. Eastward follow 
the flood and think about your sins. As part of the way.

Rapidly retreat to your ship. As you leave the island you should see a short 
cut-scene. If you do not see this cut-scene, do not attempt to proceed with 
the scenario - this cut-scene needs to be triggered to unlock the next clue. 
To trigger the cut-scene, try moving your ship around the Eastern bay of the 
island marked \"9\" on the map above. Once the cut-scene is complete, sail to 
the island marked \"10\" on the map above. On the eastern side you will see a 
monastery (a small spired building) on the top of sea cliffs. (The monastery 
is indeed mysterious - rotate the map and you\'ll see that the building rotates 
too ;-) .) At the monastery you gain a Medic. Immediately to the west of the 
monastery you will find a statue.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

8.1.10 Clue: Far East, swampy and barren. Watered by many rivers, inhabited by 
terror, it surrounds you. It crosses water and land, a fear unknown... As part 
of the way.

The monastery provides you with further units: 3 Swordsmen, 2 Musketeers, and 
2 Crossbowmen. This makes your party one unit larger than your ship can carry 
- either abandon one unit, or travel everywhere twice. The Scout must stay 
with the party - it is the only unit that can read the inscriptions on the 
statues. Head for the island marked \"11\" on the map above. The statue is on 
the south-west corner of the main mountain range on the island - close to a 
river and waterfall. Locate the statue by eye, then find the shortest path 
between it and the coast. Land your army and let them deal with nearby 
Crocodiles. If you keep your Medic and Scout out of danger, the Crocodiles are 
relatively harmless. There are three clusters of rocks in the area - these are 
where Crocodiles breed. Once you have cleared the area of roaming Crocodiles, 
position your military units by these rocks. They will kill every new 
Crocodile that appears with ease (this is also an easy way to build up 
experience). Once your Scout has visited the statue, return to your ship.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

8.1.11 Clue: Wounded men and beasts did flee to a nearby island. To settle 
anew and free. A second home for those seeking help. As part of the way.

Sail to the island marked \"12\" on the map above. On the northern side you will 
find a large white building. Just to the south of this is a statue.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

8.1.12 Clue: A last battle in the far North, a barren land covered with 
thorns. Roughnecks are the men, creepy-crawlies guard the place. As part of 
the way.

Proceed to Kaktusinsel (\"13\" on the map above). Land close to the warehouse. 
Advance with your army across the island and up the ridge, to the statue in 
the northern corner of the island. This is guarded by pirates. As you engage 
them, an ally will appear and man the cannon close to the warehouse. Gather up 
all your forces and leave the island.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

8.1.13 Clue: You have shown valor and honor where many would have failed. 
Hidden in the world\'s heart, an island full of sorrow, for many a wanderer. 
But the noble one may gain many treasures for his pain. So go forth and move 
the stone. This is not just gold alone. As end of the way.
Sail to the south-east coast of the island marked \"14\" on the map above. A 
little way inland you will see the statue, however it is entirely enclosed by 
rocks. Use your newly manned Cannon to destroy the rocks just to the south-
east of the statue itself, creating a path to the statue. Well, what are you 
waiting for? Claim the 10 million coins.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

______________________________________________________________________________

8.2 Brother against Brother
______________________________________________________________________________


8.2.1 Introduction

Objectives: 
1. Recapture your palace. 
2. Kill henchmen and capture Ornamental Gardens. 
3. Find the treasure and expel your brother. 
(Objectives 1 and 2 within 85 minutes.) 

Rating: ** 

War-o-meter: ***** 

Competitors: 
- Nottonos (Yellow) 

Resources: 
- 700,000 coins. 
- Soldiers and ships as listed below.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

                                      N
                                    . \'\' .
                                . \'    (a) \' .
                            . \'                \' .
                        . \'                 _.-\'\'-.\' .
                    . \'      _.__         -\'    b  \'.  \' .
                . \'        :\'    )_.-.     \'---._.--\'      \' .
            . \'       _.---\'          \'-__                     \' .
        . \'       .-. -.                  \':                       \' .
    . \'          \'--.\' .        c       _.-\'                           \' .
. \'                   \'-._            .\'        _                          \' .
.                         \'-._.-._.--\'       .-\' \'\'-.                        .
  \' .                                       (_  d   .-                   . \'
      \' .                                     \'-.-.-\'                . \'
          \' .             __.-._                                 . \'
              \' .       .\'      \'-.        _                 . \'
                  \' .    :__ e .--\'       (f)            . \'
                      \' .   \'-\'      _       _       . \'
                          \' .       (g)     (h)  . \'
                              \' .            . \'
                                  \' .    . \'
                                      \'\'


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

* a = Whales, Stone, Ore (Polar). 
* b = Nottonos supply colony. Whales, Stone, Ore (Tundra). 
* c = Nottonos city. Wine, Hops, Herbs 50%, Stone, Ore. 
* d = Nottonos supply colony. Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* e = Nottonos supply colony. Spices, Wine. 
* f = Nottonos supply colony. Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo. 
* g = Polynesians. Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo, Gems, Gold, Stone. 
* h = Spiders. Spices, Wine, Stone. 

The map below shows the main city island (\"c\"):

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

  ^                  _.-._
  N                .\'A    \'-.
              .-\'-\'         .\'
              -        B    \'-.  _  ._.-.
           ___\'.              \'-\' \'\'    \'-\'-.
   ._.-\'--\'   \'                         C   \'.
 -\'                                      .    \'--\'._ _
 \'.__         D                       .\'  \' .   4   \' \'.
   E \'- F                        . \' .   1   \'.  -.    -
     (      G                 . \'     \' .     .  \'     -
     -                      .\'     2     .. .\'     ._.--\'
   -\'.           3           \'.       .\'     ._.--\'
    (_ _H                       \'. .\'      .\'
      \' \'-.-.                           .--\'
            \'.                     I  __.\'
              \'.__  __.-.__ ___  .-\'-\'
                  \'\'           \'\'


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

* 1 = Palace. 
* 2 = City. 
* 3/4 = Ornamental gardens. 

* A = Small Trading Ship (20t Wood, 20t Tools), 2x Scout. 
* B = 2x Scout, 18x Musketeer, 9x Cavalry, 9x Mortar, 8x Cannon. 
* C = 6x Archer, 6x Cannon, 8x Musketeer, 6x Crossbowmen. 
* D = 9x Crew. 
* E = Large Warship (2x Mortar, 4x Cavalry, 6x Crossbowmen, 10 Cannon), Large 
Warship (3x Scout, 9x Crew, 10 Cannon). 
* F = Large Warship (50t Wood, 50t Tools,12x Musketeer), Scout, 6x Medic, 8x 
Marksman, 9x Cavalry, 10x Musketeer, 7x Cannon, 7x Mortar. 
* G = Main Market (\"Recurrencetown\", 20t Tools, 20t Wood), 3x Scout. 
* H = Large Warship (22t Wood, 22t Tools, 10 Cannon), Scout, 9x Musketeer, 7x 
Cavalry, 8x Archer, 3x Mortar, 7x Cannon. 
* I = Large Warship (32t Wood, 32t Tools, 10 Cannon), Medium Warship (8 
Cannon), Scout, 9x Musketeer, 8x Cavalry, 11x Cannon.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

8.2.2 Strategy overview

The first two parts of this mission must be accomplished within 85 minutes, 
however the mission can be completed easily in half that time. Take a moment 
to organise your units. 

I suggest grouping up the majority of your Cannon and Mortars, and using them 
to attack enemy towers. Support the artillery with other land units, because 
from time to time the enemy will send out small groups of foot soldiers. 
Defensive Towers are particularly deadly to artillery and should be approached 
with caution. In particular, avoid Defensive Towers firing down onto your 
forces from a higher level - the enemy fire can be devastating and only 
Mortars can effectively return fire. Defensive Towers are weak if attacked 
from the rear, since they only fire in a 180 degree forward arc. 

Almost any military strategy will work: You have a large army, and the enemy 
is poorly organised. 

To capture the palace, first destroy all the enemy units and towers 
surrounding it. Destroy the two Main Markets either side of the palace. 
Capture one of these markets using a Scout - load the Scout with Wood and 
Tools, and as soon as your units stop attacking the building, use the Scout\'s 
\'build warehouse\' command to build a Main Market over the existing enemy 
market. You will not be able to capture both - only one is required. If you 
cannot capture either, check carefully that all nearby enemy towers and units 
have been destroyed. 

Once the palace as been captured, you are instructed to \"kill them [the 
henchmen] and regain their houses as well as rare ornamental buildings.\" There 
is no need to capture all the houses in the city. The instruction refers only 
to the two ornamental gardens (marked \"3\" and \"4\" on the island map above). In 
order to reach the eastern gardens (\"4\" on the map above), you may need to 
blast a hole in the rocks (use Cannon or Mortars). The ornamental gardens 
contain a few hidden enemy units which are only visible when your units get 
close. Destroy the Main Market overlooking the gardens, and then use a Scout 
rebuild the Main Market and claim the territory containing the gardens. 

The second objective can be completed before the first, in which case you will 
jump straight from objective 1 to 3. 

The final part of the mission involves locating, and dealing with, your 
brother. Ignore any demands your new city has (assuming there was any city 
left to capture). Load a Scout onto a ship and sale to the Polynesians\' island 
(\"g\" on the main map). Move your Scout to the centre of mountains on the 
southern side of the island. You will find \"the treasure\", and your brother 
will join the party. This act may trigger the Polynesians to declare war on 
you, so leave the island quickly. Head to the southern-most island (\"h\" on the 
main map), and deposit your brother on the island to complete the mission.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

8.2.3 When I try and capture a Main Market, the replacement building is 
aligned wrongly. How can I capture the territory?

If you encounter a problem whereby enemy Main Markets cannot be captured 
because the replacement building is aligned the wrong way, an alternative 
approach is to build one or more new Main Markets surrounding the territory, 
such that when the original Main Market is destroyed, the territory falls 
entirely within the control of the new Main Market(s). In this scenario you 
already have a Main Market on the island, so will need to build out from this 
or any Main Markets you are able to capture.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

______________________________________________________________________________

8.3 A Pirate\'s Life
______________________________________________________________________________


8.3.1 Introduction

Objectives: 
- 1. Take one of Tools, Iron or Tobacco from Erlbert Tolersa. 
- 2. Take two of Spices, Tobacco or Swords from Lorenzo Hatro. 
- 3. Take Gold and Jewelry (and Gems?) from Verlarez Montague. 

Rating: *** 

War-o-meter: **** 

Competitors: 
- Ferimsar Tolersa (Blue) 
- Erlbert Tolersa (Grey) 
- Lorenzo Hatro (Green) 
- Verlarez Montague (Pink) 

Resources: 
- Medium Warship (8 cannon, 4x Archer), Small Warship (6 cannon, 6x Archer), 
Small Warship (6 cannon, 4x Archer). 
- 50,000 coins.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

                                      N
                                    . \'\' .
                                . \'     _  \' .
                            . \' _      (a)    _\' .
                        . \'    (b)           (c)   \' .
                    . \'           .--\'\'-.@             \' .
                . \'               \'._d .-\'           _     \' .
            . \'       _              \'\'           .-\'e\'-       \' .
        . \'        .-\' \'-._               _       \'.__-\'           \' .
    . \'   .-.      \'._f__.\'   _          (g)              _            \' .
. \'      --h.\'       _\'      (i)                         (j)               \' .
.          \'        (k)             _     _         _               _        .
  \' .       __.-__                 (l)   (m)       (n)             (o)   . \'
      \' .  (__ p _)                                    _             . \'
          \' . \'-\'        __                           (q)        . \'
              \' .       (_r\'        .-.._.__..               . \'
                  \' .              -.        \'.          . \'
                      \' .         .\'_    s   .--     . \'
                          \' .      \' \'--\'---.-\'  . \'
                              \' .            . \'
                                  \' .    . \'
                                      \'\'


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

* @ = Start position. 
* a = Eskimos. Whales, Stone, Ore (Polar). 
* c = Whales, Stone, Ore (Polar). 
* d = Tolersara (Ferimsar Tolersa). Wine, Hops, Herbs, Stone, Salt. 
* e = Erlbert Tolersa\'s main colony. Wine, Hops, Herbs, Stone, Salt. 
* f = Lorenzo Hatro\'s main colony. Wine, Hops, Herbs, Stone, Salt. 
* g = Erlbert Tolersa\'s Ore colony. Wine, Hops, Herbs, Stone, Ore. 
* h = Lorenzo Hatro\'s Iron colony. Wine, Hops, Herbs, Stone, Ore. 
* i = Lorenzo Hatro\'s Spice colony. 
* j = Erlbert Tolersa\'s Tobacco colony. 
* k = Lorenzo Hatro\'s Spice colony. 
* l = Verlarez Montague\'s Silk Cloth colony. 
* n = Verlarez Montague\'s Wine/Tobacco colony. 
* o = Bedouins. 
* p = Moors. 
* q = Verlarez Montague\'s Spice colony. 
* r = Verlarez Montague\'s Jewelry colony. 
* s = Verlarez Montague\'s main colony.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

8.3.2 Erlbert Tolersa

The first part of the mission requires you to steal at least one of Tools, 
Iron or Tobacco from Erlbert Tolersa. To do this you will need to capture at 
least one of Erlbert Tolersa\'s trading vessels while it is carrying the 
commodity. One of two regular trade routes should be attacked: 

- 1. Tobacco colony to main colony (\"j\" to \"e\") 
- 2. Ore colony to main colony (\"g\" to \"e\") 

At the start, a single (unarmed) Small Warship can be found trading on each 
route. Erlbert may add further Small Trading ships to the roster, particularly 
on the second route. Initially you will need to damage the enemy ship and let 
it escape, since you cannot catch up with it until it is heavily damaged. The 
enemy sometimes repairs ships, but this is rare - normally he continues to 
sail damaged craft. If you launch your attacks close to the shore, you can 
augment the attack force with land-based Archers. After three or four attack 
sequences, the enemy ship\'s health will drop into the red. Wait for the enemy 
vessel to head for the enemy\'s main colony - i.e. carrying cargo. Now send a 
Small Warship (the one loaded with Archers) and give it orders to \"Start 
Boarding\" from the \"Ship Behaviour\" tab. The ship will be boarded and (if 
successful) captured. Once boarding is in progress, cancel orders other ships 
may have to attack - they will continue to attack, and will happily sink the 
ship you are trying to capture. If you do accidentally sink a ship, swap to 
another route, or wait for Erlbert to put another vessel on the route. 

Enemy ships can be attacked off the enemy\'s main colony (\"e\" on the map 
above), however you will need to contend with armed enemy ships. While you 
have sufficient forces to destroy the enemy\'s navy, this exposes you to 
unnecessary damage. Boarding ships requires a speed advantage, so is best done 
with undamaged ships. It is safer to attack the enemy trading ships outside 
the supply islands. Targeting the Tobacco trade (route 1) is the quickest, 
since the route is shortest. Your Archers will be injured during the boarding 
of a Small Warship, but most will survive. Boarding a Small Trading Ship 
rarely causes casualties, however such ships tend to only appear on the second 
trade route. 

Once you have capture a ship with one of the required cargoes, sail it back to 
the harbour area of the starting island (\"d\" on the map above).

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

8.3.3 Lorenzo Hatro

On return to the starting island you will gain control of the colony. Assuming 
you have not delayed the initial part of the mission, the colony should 
contain a mixture of Settler and Citizen housing. The colony has the usual 
array of questionable design decisions, including over-provision of certain 
stalls, poorly placed facilities, and potato-based Alcohol. Nothing you can\'t 
handle. Well... 

The most immediate problem, a shortage of Iron Ore and Tools, is easily 
resolved by capturing Erlbert Tolersa\'s Ore colony (\"g\" on the map above). It 
is undefended - you\'ll just need to use Archers and a Scout to reach the Main 
Market in the centre of the island. Unfortunately this approach cannot be 
repeated for Erlbert Tolersa\'s Tobacco colony (\"j\") - you can attack the 
colony, but you cannot capture or settle the island. The same limitation 
appears to apply to all islands that are not Northern or Polar - in essence 
you can\'t expand. 

If you complete the rest of the scenario quickly, at least some of the 
Citizen-level population can be maintained by deliveries of Tobacco and Spice 
from captured ships. It may be easier to let the population decline back to 
Settler level - albeit in a managed way that does not haemorrhage cash. 
Abandoning the colony completely will fail the mission. 

Train new troops for your boarding parties. For example, Lancers survive 
boardings far better than Archers. By researching the Doctor, you can train a 
Medic and use it to heal up units between battles. The colony\'s shipyard can 
repair vessels and equip extra cannon. You can build new Small and Medium 
Warships, although it is probably more effective to capture and repair them. A 
Large Shipyard (and hence Large Warships) can be constructed - to be honest, 
you probably don\'t need them. Adding limited war-related production (for 
example, a Rope chain and increased Cloth production) will help with 
subsequent parts of the scenario, but is not essential. 

You must capture ships belonging to Lorenzo Hatro that are carrying two of 
Tobacco (from island \"k\"), Spices (from island \"i\"), or Swords. Again, target 
ships travelling from supply islands to the main colony. Lorenzo Hatro\'s Iron 
colony has the ability to produce Swords. However, in my experience Lorenzo 
Hatro never produces Swords, and shipments leaving the island carry a mixture 
of Iron, Tools, Food, Hides, and Leather. Consequently you may have to capture 
ships carrying Tobacco and Spices. Lorenzo Hatro\'s ships are armed, but still 
not much of a threat. 

Again, once the required ships have been captured sail them back to the 
harbour area of your main colony.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

8.3.4 Verlarez Montague

Once the second objective has been met, two additional Medium Warships join 
your fleet, both loaded with Archers, Crossbowmen, and Cannon. The final 
objective requires you to capture a vessel leaving Verlarez Montague\'s Jewelry 
colony (\"r\" on the map above). Based on my experience, you will capture Gold, 
Jewelry and Gems - the mission description doesn\'t state Gems, but they may be 
required. The island is guarded by a Large Warship. With care this can be sunk 
by a handful of smaller warships. If you were very cunning, you could probably 
intercept the cargo ship between ports, and not engage any warships. The cargo 
is being carried by a Large Trading Ship. These have a significant speed 
advantage over Small Warships, so you will need to damage the enemy ship just 
enough not to sink it, before boarding. Ensure you board with a full load of 
strong units - the boarding action is quite bloody on ships of this size. To 
complete the mission, sale the newly captured ship back to your main island. 

Although other competitors may have attacked you previously, you will find 
Verlarez Montague far more aggressive. Montague also generally attacks your 
home port with Large Warships. You may need to leave a handful of ships close 
to your main colony to protect it.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

______________________________________________________________________________

8.4 Ore Monopoly
______________________________________________________________________________


8.4.1 Introduction

Objective: 
- 1a. Build an ore mine and smelter on small southern Crocodile island (\"l\" on 
map below). 
- 1b. Build ore mines on all three deposits on the large southern island (\"j\" 
on map below). 
- 1c. Build an ore mine on Samonus\' mountain (\"c\" on map below). 

Rating: ** 

War-o-meter: *** 

Competitors: 
- Samonus (Red, at war) 
- Hannibal (Blue) 
- Admiral Steel (Lime Green) 
- Pirates 

Resources: 
- Small Warship (6 cannon), Medium Trading Ship (Scout, 20t Wood, 20t Tools). 
- Colony of Itsme (\"h\" on the map below). 
- 32,000 coins.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

                                      N
                                    . \'\' .
                                . \'   (a)  \' .
                            . \'            (b) \' .
                        . \'           _._          \' .
                    . \'_.--._      .-\' c \'-.           \' .
                . \'  .\'  d  _)     \'--.__.-\'               \' .
            . \'       \'-._.\'                              __   \' .
        . \'                              .-._          .-\' e\'.     \' .
    . \'          _        .-\'-\'-.      .-\'f  -.        \'--._.-\'        \' .
. \'             (g)      -._ h .-\'     \'-._.-\'                             \' .
.                           \'-\'@_                 .-\'-\'--._                  .
  \' .                          (i)            . ---\'       \'._           . \'
      \' .                                    ( -.     j       \'      . \'
          \' .                                 \' . --      \'.--\'  . \'
              \' .       _.-.__           _        \'-\'-___-\'\' . \'
                  \' . .\'  k  _\'-        (l)          \'   . \'
                      \'\'.-._( \'                      . \'
                          \' .                    . \'
                              \' .            . \'
                                  \' .    . \'
                                      \'\'


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

* @ = Start position. 
* a = Eskimos. Whales, Stone (Polar). 
* b = Whales (Tundra). 
* c = Samonus\' main colony. Wine, Hops, Herbs, Stone, Ore. 
* d = Rosetown, Hannibal\'s main colony. Wine, Hops, Herbs. 
* e = Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone. May be settled by pirates. 
* f = Spices, Wine, Stone. 
* g = Spices, Wine, Stone. 
* h = Itsme, your main colony. Wine, Hops, Herbs. 
* i = Tobacco, Cotton, Wine. 
* j = Polynesians x2, Africans. Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo, Stone, Ore. 
* k = Lillitown, Admiral Steel\'s main colony. Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo, 
Stone. 
* l = Crocodiles. Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo, Stone, Ore.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

8.4.2 Strategy overview

This is a deceptively easy looking scenario. You start with a reasonably well 
balanced Settler-level colony. You are at war with a neighbour, but that 
neighbour has no shipyard, nor apparent desire to expand. You have no stone or 
Ore on your starting island, and only a limited number of Tools and Iron with 
which to develop your own Ore chains. The other two competitors are in a 
similar situation to you, except that they have no ships, so are unable to 
expand or develop at all. 

It is tempting to immediately start tinkering with your colony. Don\'t: You 
will need most of your Tools to start your own Ore/Tool production. Three 
islands contain Ore: 

- 1. One deposit on the small island with Crocodiles (\"l\" on the map above). 
- 2. Two deposits on Samonus\' main colony island (\"c\" on the map above). 
- 3. Three deposits on the large southern island inhabited by natives (\"j\" on 
the map above). 

Instinctively the first option looks the most attractive. However, you will 
need to construct at least one Catapult in order to destroy the Crocodiles\' 
rock (from which new units spawn), and you will probably need several other 
units to protect the Catapult while this is happening. You cannot initially 
build a coastal warehouse - the whole island is elevated, with the coast 
either characterised by cliffs or steep beaches. However, Catapults or ship 
cannon can be used to attack and clear the rock at the western end of the 
island, just enough to allow a warehouse to be constructed (from Gunter). The 
main limitation of the Crocodile island is lack of space - once a few key 
facilities have been placed there is little scope for further expansion. 

Samonus\' main colony is moderately well defended. Too well defended to attack 
rapidly with one warship and the handful of basic units you can create at the 
start. Lack of Tools will prevent you capturing much of the existing 
infrastructure; and Samonus has yet to start mining Ore, so the infrastructure 
you really want isn\'t there to capture. 

All three Ore deposits on the large southern island are \'carefully\' positioned 
next a native settlement. There appears to be no way to extract the Ore except 
to destroy the relevant settlement. You will need either a Catapult or Archers 
with fire-arrows researched, since all the native settlements have at least 
one Main Market that is too far inland to be attacked from the sea. I suggest 
first attacking the Polynesians on the northern side of the island. The 
location has enough space to build a town upon, it is convenient for the 
coast, and the Polynesians do not defend their settlement well. 

Once Ore/Tool and Stone supply has been established, you should advance your 
population to Citizen level. There is no Salt on the map, so both Spices and 
Tobacco will need to be supplied. Citizens will provide sufficient income to 
complete the remaining objectives, and allow you to research Large Ore Mines. 
Yes; after running a Small Ore Mine for a while, the ore will run out, and you 
will need to build a Large Ore Mine on the deposit instead. To generate 
additional income, sign trade agreements with the two passive competitors, and 
deliver Tools and iron to them. Their colonies will start to grow, but they 
should not become a threat. It may be viable to rush through the mission with 
only Settlers, however certain aspects, such as attacking Samonus and building 
a series of Main Markets over the large southern island, risk overstretching 
your resources. 

There is a single pirate ship patrolling the seas. Generally cargo ships can 
flee effectively, and overall pirates are an insignificant threat. 

To complete the first objective build both an Ore mine and smelter on the 
former Crocodile island (\"l\" on map). As noted above, the rocks at the western 
end of the island can be cleared to make space for a warehouse. Alternatively, 
use a Scout to construct an inland Main Market, and then transfer goods 
between the ship and island using the Scout. 

The second objective should be completed by destroying the remaining native 
settlements, and then extending your initial settlement on the island to cover 
the Ore deposits, allowing mines to be built. This means building several 
extra Main Markets in the centre of the island, solely for the purpose of 
extending your territory. 

The final objective (Samonus\' mountain) is easily achieved by capturing his 
Main Market on top of the mountain, and then transferring sufficient materials 
to construct a single mine over one of the Ore deposits below.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

______________________________________________________________________________

8.5 A Plague of Pirates
______________________________________________________________________________


8.5.1 Introduction

Objectives: 
- 1. Expand city to 600 Citizens. 
- 2. Destroy the six cities of Hagbard. 
- 3. Find the treasure. 

Rating: *** 

War-o-meter: *** 

Competitors: 
- Pirates 
- Grodanos (at war) 

Resources: 
- Colony of Sunhill (\"s\" on the map below). 
- 50,000 coins. 
- 12x Pikemen. 
- Small Warship (6 Cannon, Scout, 30t Wood, 25t Tools).

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

                                      N
                                    . \'\' .
                                . \'   (a)  \' .
                            . \' _       _      \' .
                        . \'    (b)     (c)         \' .
                    . \' _            _       _         \' .
                . \' _  (d)    _     (e)     (f)         _  \' .
            . \' _  (g)  _    (h)       _        .-._   (i)     \' .
        . \'    (j)     (k)            (l)    ._\'  m \'-             \' .
    . \'                       .-.              \'._.-\'                  \' .
. \'                        .-\' n \'-                                        \' .
.                      _    \'-\'--\'             . -.__                        .
  \' .            _    (o)                      .- p  \'     _             . \'
      \' .       (q)              ._.--\'-@       \'---\'     (r)        . \'
          \' .                  .\'       \'--._                    . \'
              \' .             .  _   s    .-\'                . \'
                  \' .          \'- \'. .-._.\'              . \'
                      \' .           \'                . \'
                          \' .          _         . \'
                              \' .     (t)    . \'
                                  \' .    . \'
                                      \'\'


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

* @ = Start position. 
* a = Eskimos. Whales, Stone (Polar). 
* b = Brest, Pirate colony. Wine, Hops, Herbs. 
* c = Hispaniola, Pirate colony. Wine, Hops, Herbs. 
* d = Wine, Hops, Herbs. 
* e = Wine, Hops, Herbs, Stone, Ore. 
* f = Fort Domingo, Pirate colony. Wine, Hops, Herbs. 
* g = Wine, Hops, Herbs, Stone. 
* h = Hagbardtown (1), Pirate colony. Wine, Hops, Herbs. 
* i = Grodanos\' fortress. Wine, Hops, Herbs, Stone. 
* j = Wine, Hops, Herbs, Stone. 
* k = Wine, Hops, Herbs. 
* l = Hagbardtown (2), Pirate colony. Wine, Hops, Herbs. 
* m = Hagbardtown (3), Pirate colony. Wine, Hops, Herbs, Stone. 
* n = Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone. 
* o = Tobacco (50%), Cotton, Wine, Stone. 
* p = Spices, Wine, Stone. 
* q = Tobacco (50%), Cotton, Wine. 
* r = Spices (50%), Wine. 
* s = Sunhill, your colony. Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo, Stone. 
* t = Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

8.5.2 Citizens

The map is characterised by an almost complete lack of mineral deposits. Only 
one island has Ore, and that is completely surrounded by pirate colonies. The 
mid-northern section of the map is teeming with pirate ships. 

Your starting colony is reasonably well balanced - add a Fire Brigade, cut 
back on food and Leather production, and keep an eye on Alcohol levels. It 
lacks Tools, which will need to be procured before further colony development 
can take place. There are two approaches to gaining Tools: 

- 1. Trade with the pirates. Several of the pirate colonies sell Tools. At 
around 13 coins per Tool, prices are very reasonable. 
- 2. Colonise the only Ore island (\"e\" on the map above), and develop your own 
Ore production. 

With careful management, a Citizen level population can be achieved within the 
total volume of Tools the pirates will sell (approximately 150), so reliance 
on the pirates is possible at this stage of the scenario. However, trading 
with pirates cannot be sustained indefinitely, so development of your own 
Ore/Tool production is prudent. Pirates do not sell unprocessed Iron, so you 
cannot use them to supply the production of weapons. Settling island \"e\" also 
has the marginal benefit of triggering the arrival of additional resources in 
the form of a Small Trading ship loaded with Tools and Alcohol. 

Whichever approach you adopt, you will face the same problem: How to sail deep 
into pirate territory without being continually engaged? To fly the white flag 
on your ship you must de-mount the cannon. That requires a shipyard, so build 
one right away. Once you have removed the cannon from your ship, you can use 
it to move through pirate territory without risk of losing the ship. There is 
still a risk of having your cargo stolen - particularly if heading into the 
centre of the map. Paying protection money is not recommended because 
protection has to be paid at all six pirate colonies individually before 
attacks stop. 

The pirates are not the only threat. You are at war with Grodanos, and shortly 
after the start he will attack your colony with a small army. You may notice 
them wander across your island first and wait close to the Ropeworks. You will 
need more than your starting units to defeat this army. Pikemen are likely to 
be the only offensive unit available, but should be adequate if you outnumber 
the enemy sufficiently. Build additional Fire Brigades to tackle blazes caused 
by Grodanos\' cannon attacks. 

Once Grodanos\' forces have been defeated, you will gain control of his island 
fortress (\"i\" on the map above). The island has large stocks of construction 
materials, and many unmanned cannon. Later, when you come to fight the 
pirates, these will be useful. In the meantime their upkeep costs will start 
to dent your finances.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

8.5.3 Hagbard and treasure

A strong navy is useful for attacking the pirate colonies - not only to deal 
with their ships, but also to attack warehouses, markets and ground troops. 
Three or four Large Warships will suffice, although you may prefer to use more 
smaller vessels. Watch out for the pirate musketeers - they can do more damage 
to your ships than the enemy ships can. 

You must eliminate all six pirate colonies (shown on the map above as \"b\", 
\"c\", \"f\", \"h\", \"l\" and \"m\") - destroy all their warehouses, markets and ships. 
Most of these can be reached from the coast, but not all. So in addition to 
ships, you\'ll need some ground units. The Cannon gained from Grodanos\' 
fortress are ideal - simply train new crew. 

Once the last pirate colony has been destroyed, you will find a map. Head to 
the island marked \"g\" on the map above. Land some Cannon and blast your way 
through the rocks on the western side of the island to reveal the treasure.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

______________________________________________________________________________

8.6 Trade with Montana
______________________________________________________________________________


8.6.1 Introduction

Objective: 1000 Citizens. Population must not drop below 300. 

Rating: *** 

War-o-meter: ** 

Competitors: 
- Pirates 

Resources: 
- 15,000 coins. 
- Colony of Castello tra Montana (\"1\" on the map below). 
- Medium Warship (8 cannon, 2x Scout, 50t Salt, 50t Alcohol), Small Warship (6 
cannon, 2x Scout, 50t Salt, 50t Alcohol). 
- 2x Scout.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

                                      N
                                    . \'\' .
                                . \'_       \' .
                            . \'   (_)          \' .
                        . \'  (_)             _     \' .
                    . \'       _-._        .-\'2\'-.   _..\' .
                . \'  .-._    \'_3 -\'       \'-._-\'  -\' 4 \'.  \' .
            . \'_    ._  _)     \'-\'                 \'-.-\'       \' .
        . \'   (_)     \'\' .--._        _.        -.\'--.     .--.    \' .
    . \' _.              -._5_-\'   .--\'  \'--.__ \'-._.-\' _  \'.___\'       \' .
. \'  ._\'  \'-             .       -.    1     .\'       (_)                  \' .
.      \'--\'          .--\'6\'-.   _ \'-._    .-\'  _           .-\'._       _     .
  \' .        .-._.\'_  \'\'-.-\'   (_)    \'---\'   (_)         \'.__.-\'     (8). \'
      \' .     \'---\'_             _     @                             . \'
          \' .     (_)           (_)   .-\'-.        __      _     . \'
              \' .          .\'-.        \'7_-\'     .\'  \'.   (9). \'
                  \' .     \'-.--\'             _    \'---\'  . \'
                      \' .        .--._     -\'10-.    . \'
                          \' .   \'_11 .- __ \'-.-\' . \'
                              \' . \'-\'  (12)  . \'
                                  \' .    . \'
                                      \'\'


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

* @ = Start position. 
* 1 = Castello tra Montana, your colony. Wine, Hops, Herbs, Stone, Ore, Salt. 
* 2 = Mongols. 
* 3 = Eskimos. 
* 4 = Pirate city. 
* 5 = Venetians. 
* 6 = Native Americans. 
* 7 = Native Americans. 
* 8 = Moors. 
* 9 = Bedouins. 
* 10 = Polynesians. 
* 11 = Aztecs. 
* 12 = Africans.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

8.6.2 Strategy overview

This scenario forces you to trade with natives. You cannot settle any Spice or 
Tobacco islands yourself. You do not have to sustain a 1000 Citizen population 
- just achieve it. Consequently you should aim gather a moderate amount of 
Tobacco and Spice, but only introduce them to your colony when everything else 
is in place for rapid development to Citizen level - achieving 1000 Citizens 
before the Tobacco and Spice runs out. 

Suggestions on how to set up the relevant trades are given below. Before 
starting to trade, establish a stable Settler-level colony. Use the Alcohol 
onboard your ships to gain enough Settlers to build Hop Farms (thereby 
avoiding potato-based production of Alcohol). Aim for just over 1000 Settlers. 
Expand your overall storage capacity to approximately 200 by adding a few more 
Main Markets. Allow Wood, Stone and Tool stocks to fill all the available 
storage space. Tools and Bricks can also be purchased from the Venetians or 
pirates. You should have enough materials stocked on the island to upgrade 36-
40 houses to Citizen level. 

Your two warships are not perfectly suited to trading with natives - they have 
too few cargo bays. But with careful use of Scouts they will be adequate. 
Tobacco and Spice can be delivered to your colony so long as Tobacco/Spice 
stands are not in place. When all is ready, place the stands and wait for 
enough of your population to upgrade.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

8.6.3 Trading

Possible native trades are as follows (numbers indicate the location on the 
map): 

- Africans (\"12\"): Buy Alcohol and Jewelry. Sell Herbs and Bricks. 
- Aztecs (\"11\"): Buy Herbs and Sugarcane. Sell Gold, Jewelry, Tobacco and 
Tobacco products. 
- Bedouins (\"9\"): Buy Lamp oil, Silk cloth and Rope. Sell Spices. 
- Eskimos (\"3\"): Buy Furs and Rope. Sell Lamp oil and Whale blubber. 
- Moors (\"8\"): Buy Gold, Herbs and Silk cloth. Sell Spices and Wool. 
- Mongols (\"2\"): Buy Alcohol and Salt. Sell Lamp oil and Leather. 
- Native Americans (\"6\"): Buy Alcohol and Salt. Sell Wool and Sugarcane. 
- Native Americans (\"7\"): Buy Alcohol and Salt. Sell Furs and Sugarcane. 
- Pirates (\"4\"): Sell Rope, Tobacco products, Cloth and Tools. 
- Polynesians (\"10\"): Buy Rope and Sugarcane. Sell Gems, Silk and Silk cloth. 
- Venetians (\"5\"): Buy Food. Sell Lumber, Tools and Bricks. 

The scenario gives hints as to the order trades should be conducted in: 

- 1. Native Americans: Salt for Furs and Sugarcane. 
- 2. Aztecs: Sugarcane for Tobacco products. 
- 3. Eskimos: Furs for Lamp oil. 
- 4. Bedouins: Lamp oil for Spices. 

These trades are entirely optional. Various other trades are possible. For 
example, Rope for Spices from the Bedouins (Rope is either produced yourself, 
or purchased from the Pirates), Herbs for Tobacco products from the Aztec 
(Herbs traded for Alcohol via the Africans), or Lamp oil for Spices from the 
Bedouins (Lamp oil first traded with the Mongols for Alcohol and Salt, or via 
Rope trades with Eskimos). Generally I found the Bedouins offered a far better 
\'exchange rate\' than the Aztecs - particularly when trading Rope for Spices. 

An alternative strategy is to trade solely with the pirates. Build a shipyard, 
de-equip your cannon, and trade with them under the white flag. The pirates 
will supply sufficient Tobacco products to allow Citizens to be gained, 
without involving other native cultures.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

______________________________________________________________________________

8.7 Sole Ruler
______________________________________________________________________________


8.7.1 Introduction

Objectives: 
- 1. Meet former companions near the Eskimos (\"a\" on the map below). 
- 2. Sail to the G-shaped island (\"c\" on the map below). 
- 3. Destroy all enemy ships, units, and military buildings on/around the G-
shaped island. 
- 4. Destroy all enemy units on Fernando Moar\'s armament island (\"d\" on the 
map below). 
- 5. Destroy Millham\'s Castle (on island \"j\" on the map below). 
- 6. Kill Douglas Millham and his bodyguards on the desert island (\"m\" on the 
map below). 

Rating: *** 

War-o-meter: **** 

Competitors: 
- Douglas Millham (Yellow, at war) 
- Fernando Moar (Pink, at war) 

Resources: 
- 90,000 coins. 
- Large Warship (10 cannon, 20t Wood, 20t Tools, 10t Bricks, 12x Crossbowman), 
Medium Warship (8 cannon, 20t Bricks, 20t Wood, 2x Crossbowman, 2x Crew), 
Medium Warship (8 cannon, 20t Tools, 20t Wood, 2x Mortar, 2x Crew). 
- After reaching Eskimos: Large Warship (10 cannon, 6x Swordsman), Large 
Warship (10 cannon, 4x Archer, 2 Medic, 6x Cannon), Medium Warship (8 cannon, 
2x Cannon, 5x Musketeer), Medium Warship (8 cannon, 4x Mortar, 4x Musketeer), 
Medium Warship (8 cannon, 6x Cannon, Musketeer), Small Warship (6 cannon, 4x 
Catapult, 2x Lancer).

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

                                      N
                                    . \'\' .
                                . \'     (a)\' .
                            . \'  @           _ \' .
                        . \'   __.__         (b)    \' .
                    . \'   _.-\'____ .\' __               \' .
                . \'    .-\' .\'\' .-\' _-\'  \'.                 \' .
            . \'         \'. -._ \'-\'\' )c .-\'   .-._.--.          \' .
        . \'              \'-.__\'--\'-\'_.\'      \'-\' _d.-\'     _       \' .
    . \'                       \'----\'     .\'-_     \'       (e)          \' .
. \'                           _        .\' f  \'.                            \' .
.                            (g)        \'-\'--\'   __.--.__                    .
  \' .                  __           _          .\'        \'\'-.            . \'
      \' .            .\' h\'-.       (i)   _     \'._    j     .\'       . \'
          \' .          \'.-\'     _       (k)      ..-.__  .-\'     . \'
              \' .              (l)                  \'  \'\'    . \'
                  \' .             ._._.----.             . \'
                      \' .       _.)        \'_        . \'
                          \' .  \'.     m    \' )   . \'
                              \' .\'--.    .--\'. \'
                                  \' .\'--\'. \'
                                      \'\'


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

* @ = Start position. 
* a = Eskimos. Whales, Stone (Polar). 
* b = Whales, Stone (Polar). 
* c = Douglas Millham\'s outpost, Fernando Moar\'s Hop/Salt colony. Wine, Hops, 
Herbs, Stone, Salt, Ore. 
* d = Fernando Moar\'s armament colony. Wine, Hops, Herbs, Stone, Ore. 
* e = Douglas Millham\'s Salt colony. Wine, Hops, Herbs, Stone, Salt, Ore. 
* f = Fernando Moar\'s main colony. Wine, Hops, Herbs, Stone, Ore. 
* g = Fernando Moar\'s Tobacco colony. Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* h = Native Americans. Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* i = Douglas Millham\'s Tobacco colony. Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* j = Douglas Millham\'s main colony. Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo, Stone, 
Ore. 
* k = Fernando Moar\'s Spice colony. Spices, Wine. 
* l = Douglas Millham\'s Spice colony. Spices, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* m = Bedouins. Spices, Wine, Stone, Ore, Gems.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

8.7.2 Strategy overview

Gather your forces together by moving your initial fleet towards to Eskimo 
island (\"a\" on the map above), which will reveal a second fleet. Now head 
south towards the G-shaped island (\"c\" on the map above). The waterway into 
the centre of the island is guarded by Defensive Towers and ground troops 
belonging to Douglas Millham. The central bay contain six hostile vessels 
belonging to Fernando Moar. Attack the first enemy Defensive Tower from the 
land, which allows you to engage it from behind. The remaining Defensive 
Towers can be removed by destroying the Main Market. Finally attack the ships 
moored in the large bay in the centre of the island. Try baiting one or two at 
a time, otherwise your ships risk being sunk. Do not attack Fernando Moar\'s 
settlement on the far southern side of the island. Why? Read on. 

Now head for the island marked \"d\" on the map above. Don\'t worry if your fleet 
is heavily damaged - there are no more major naval threats. Fernando Moar\'s 
units are on the elevated eastern part of the island, which will probably 
force a land battle. Watch out for the hostile wolves on the western approach. 
As you near the settlement the enemy soldiers will attack. Don\'t engage 
buildings. The fight is a blood-bath, but you should win. 

Once all the enemy soldiers have been killed Fernando Moar surrenders his 
colonies to you. Unless you intend to attack Douglas Millham rapidly, you will 
need to make some adjustments to stop losing money. Various minor tweaks are 
required, such as road connections and planting of fields. Switch Alcohol 
production fully to Hops, with a purge Small Farms. On a similar note, Food 
production can be rationalised - in particular partial Grain chains. Eliminate 
some useless industry - for example, a rogue Weaving Mill on the Tobacco 
colony (\"g\" on the map above) and the second Salt Mine on the G-shaped island. 
The armament island either duplicates production found on your main colony or 
consists of incomplete production chains. For example, Armor can be produced 
in your main colony, and there are stocks of Iron and Leather there to do it. 
It will require a lot of effort to move goods elsewhere (either by extending 
territory to the point where you cane build a coastal Warehouse, or by use of 
Scouts), so it may be best to abandon the armament island completely. Lastly 
consider tweaking your main town - notably the position of the School and 
Doctor. 

Douglas Millham has no offensive navy. No shipyard. However, the enemy is 
dependant on other islands for production of Spices, Tobacco and Salt. You can 
use your remaining units and ships to either destroy or capture these 
colonies, and sink or capture his trading ships. When you see Millham build a 
shipyard, destroy it. This strategy helps weaken Millham (just watch all his 
pretty Citizen houses crumble to dust), and prevents him attacking you: There 
is no need for walls and towers around your town if the enemy can\'t even 
launch. 

As soon as you land troops on his main island (\"j\" on the map above) Millham 
will send a large number of units out against you. This pattern will continue 
as you advance towards the Castle. Removing Iron production will eventually 
result in Millham only sending Pikemen, which are far easier to deal with. 
Bring plenty of Medics, spare crew, and good hand-to-hand fighters. Destroy 
the Castle to complete the fifth objective and gain control of the colony. You 
don\'t need this colony, so stop yourself losing cash by deleting its remaining 
Main Markets. 

To complete the scenario, find and destroy the remaining Millham units - they 
are hiding in the Bedouin settlement on the island marked \"m\" on the map 
above.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

______________________________________________________________________________

8.8 Smugglers
______________________________________________________________________________


8.8.1 Introduction

Objectives: 
- 1. Deliver 20t Hemp to Miscellus. 
- 2. Deliver 30t Hemp to Firenzia. 
- 3. Deliver 50t Hemp to Volicanor. 
- Ship and Scout must survive the mission. 

Rating: ** 

War-o-meter: ** 

Competitors: 
- Monti Malgallad (Blue) 
- Fernandez Finn (Yellow) 
- Vinzent Volar (Red) 
- Konig (White) 
- Pirates 

Resources: 
- 30,000 coins. 
- Wendaria\'s Hauch, Hemp colony (\"1\" on the map below). 
- Small Warship (2 cannon, 2x Archer) 
- Scout, 5x Archer.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

                                      N
                                    . \'\' .
                                . \'  (_)   \' .
                            . \'_             _ \' .
                        . \'   (_)  .--\'--.  (_)    \' .
                    . \'    _      \'-. 1 _.\'      _     \' .
                . \'       (_)    _ @\'--\'        (_)      _ \' .
            . \'                 (_)      _              (_)    \' .
        . \' _        .-._               (_)                    _   \' .
    . \'   _(_)      -\'  _)   .-.__                   __       (_)    _ \' .
. \'      (_)       _ \'-\'    .\'    )             .---\'  \'-.          (_)    \' .
.         _      .\'2._       \'-\'-\'       _     \'.    3    \'.                 .
  \' .    (_)    \'._-.-\'  .--\'.     _    (_)    (_        .\'       _      . \'
      \' .      _     _   \'--.-\'_  (_)        _   \'-\'._.--\' _     (_) . \'
          \' . (_)   (_)     _ (_)           (_)  _        (_)    . \'
              \' .        _ (_)   _.--\'-\'--._    (_)  _       . \'
                  \' .   (_)     \'           \'.      (_)  . \'
                      \' .      \'-.    4  .--\'        . \'
                          \' .     \'-._._.--\'     . \'
                              \' .            . \'
                                  \' .    . \'
                                      \'\'


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

* @ = Start position. 
* 1 = Wendaria\'s Hauch, your Hemp colony. 
* 2 = Miscellus, Monti Malgallad\'s colony. 
* 3 = Firenzia, Fernandez Finn\'s colony. 
* 4 = Volicanor, Vinzent Volar.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

8.8.2 Strategy overview

Ah! So Hemp does have some other illicit purpose, beside rope-making ;-) . In 
this slightly bizarre scenario, you must deliver Hemp to three competitors. 
The map is crawling with pirates, who need to be evaded. Although evasion is 
reasonably easy, occasional damage will rapidly reduce the progress of your 
ship to the point where they can no longer escape. You have no shipyard, so 
cannot repair your vessel. It is just about possible to develop your colony to 
the point where you can build a shipyard (and associated Wood, Cloth and Rope 
production). However there is a tendency for the pirates to attack your ship 
while it is undergoing repair... 

In addition to pirates, Firenzia (\"3\" on the map above) and Volicanor (\"4\") 
are guarded by the King (a German king, who has also evaded translators). 
Although this enemy is not hostile to those you are supplying, the King will 
attack you. You will need to find a Main Market that your Scout can approach 
without being killed. Of course this may mean mooring your ship some distance 
away, and trying to evade pirates while your Scout shuttles back and forth 
with the cargo.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

______________________________________________________________________________

8.9 Mountains of Fire
______________________________________________________________________________


8.9.1 Introduction

Objective: 2000 population, of which at least 600 are Merchants. Population 
must never drop below 300. 

Rating: *** 

War-o-meter: *** 

Competitors: 
- Pirates 

Resources: 
- 100,000 coins. 
- Small Trading Ship (2x Scout, 20t Spice, 20t Tobacco Products), Small 
Trading Ship (10t Tools, 50t Wood, 50t Alcohol). 
- Colony of Silicia (\"d\" on the map below).

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

                                      N
                                    . \'\' .
                                . \'        \' .
                            . \'  (a) _         \' .
                        . \'         (b)            \' .
                    . \'                                \' .
                . \'                .-.   _                 \' .
            . \'       _.-.       .-\' \'.-. \'.       ..          \' .
        . \'          \'-_c.\'      -     d  _\'    .\'-e \'-            \' .
    . \'                           \'--\'---\' @     \'--\'                  \' .
. \'                       _        _.       _                              \' .
.                        (f)     -\'.g\'-    (h)                               .
  \' .                            _ \'-\'                                   . \'
      \' .         .--._      _.-\' \'--.       .-.                     . \'
          \' .     \'-i_-\'     .\'  j  \'.      (_k_)                . \'
              \' .            \'-.__.\' \'                       . \'
                  \' .                                    . \'
                      \' .              .   .         . \'
                          \' .        \'    l  .\'  . \'
                              \' .      \'  .  . \'
                                  \' .    . \'
                                      \'\'


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

* @ = Start position. 
* a = Whales, Stone (Polar). 
* b = Barbarians. Marble, Whales, Stone (Tundra). 
* c = Wine, Hops (50%), Herbs (50%), Stone. 
* d = Silicia, your colony. Wine, Hops, Herbs, Stone, Salt, Ore. 
* e = Wine, Hops, Herbs, Stone. 
* f = Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone. 
* g = Africans, Crocodiles. Spices, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* h = Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone. 
* i = Spices, Wine, Stone. 
* j = Aztecs, your new colony (Aquata), Pirate outposts. Sugarcane, Cotton, 
Silk, Indigo, Stone, Gold. 
* k = Spices, Wine, Stone. 
* l = Pirate colony. Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo. Archipelago.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

8.9.2 Getting started

The scenario starts with several volcanic eruptions. Rapid building of 
additional Fire Brigades seems enough to deal with the problem. Easy. Not. As 
the scenario progresses, the eruptions become more powerful, until eventually 
entire buildings are destroyed before your fire service can respond. All areas 
within approximately 12 squares of the base of a mountain are vulnerable. The 
only exceptions are mines and quarries, which tend to survive much longer than 
you might expect. 

So why not just move your settlement away from the mountains? Although the 
island is large, the terrain is appalling. Almost all areas safely away from 
the mountains are gently sloped. There are few opportunities to build 
anything. There is a very narrow strip between the coast and mountains which 
is flat enough to build on, but this will struggle to house 2000 people, let 
alone all the associated production facilities they require. 

To add to your problems, there is only one other island with Ore deposits - 
and those are already held by the Africans. Oh, and did I mention the pirates? 
The only real advantage you have is generous starting capital. 

The first challenge is maintaining population above 300. The volcanic 
eruptions will quickly decimate the northern half of your original settlement, 
as well as removing some of the facilities required to sustain a Settler-level 
population. One option is to expand housing onto the narrow coastal strip, and 
reposition key facilities and farms. This process is far quicker than settling 
a new island. However, expanding this small settlement to house 2000 people 
will be close to impossible, at least while the eruptions continue. 

An alternative strategy is to settle a new island. There are two viable 
options: 
- 1. The northern island in the west (\"c\" on the map above). This has enough 
space to construct a moderately large colony, but is weakened by only being 
able to grow Hops at 50% capacity. 
- 2. The northern island in the east (\"e\" on the map above). A slightly 
smaller island than the first option, but with full Hop production capability. 
Unfortunately the shape and contours of the island may make it difficult to 
construct and efficient colony. 

The large southern island (\"j\" on the map above) cannot be settled initially. 
The northern side is inaccessible (see Aztecs and Pirates below), and the 
eastern side is occupied to Aztecs, but there is still a large area of flat, 
unclaimed land. In the long term, this is probably the best option for a 
future colony. It also involves developing the scenario\'s underlying plot. 

At the very start of the scenario, your population can be sold Tobacco 
products and Spices (from the stock in your ship). This will allow some of 
them to upgrade to Citizens. Achieving 200 Citizens unlocks Grain Farms, 
Cotton Plantations and Sugarcane-based Alcohol production. Some higher-level 
research can be gained. These houses will downgrade again, but there will be 
no corresponding loss of build options or technology. Clearly this process 
wastes a lot of construction materials, however that should be offset against 
the advantage of being able to build more advanced production chains 
immediately when settling other islands. 

A variation on this theme involves maintaining a small Citizen-level 
population on your first island. This will require rebuilding the Church and 
School, generally rearranging stalls, and starting production of either 
Tobacco or Spices. The advantage of this approach is a 300 population can be 
maintained with far fewer houses, so no new land needs to be occupied with 
houses (from GabiB). 

Whatever approach you adopt, you will need to maintain Ore extraction on the 
starting island. As noted above, there is only one other island with Ore 
deposits, and that is (currently) occupied by the Africans (and Crocodiles). 
Mines are rarely damaged by eruptions. It is therefore possible to maintain 
mines with a road connection to a Main Market outside of area bombarded by 
volcanoes. The production process will be slightly less efficient than normal, 
but still viable.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

8.9.3 Aztecs and Pirates

After the third eruption you will gain a Main Market on the large southern 
island (\"j\" on the map above). The island is highly recommended for your new 
colony. The Main Market is completely surrounded by mountains. The new colony 
has no stocks of Tools, so it is impossible to build your way out - you must 
break your way in. To the south of Main Market is a rocky area that can be 
attacked and cleared using Catapults. Unfortunately this area is in the middle 
of an Aztec colony - any attempt to break through to your colony will cause a 
war with the natives. On the plus side, once their colony has been destroyed, 
you will gain a very impressive entrance to your new city... Once inside the 
area surrounded by mountains, destroy the two pirate outposts (caves in rocky 
outcrops, much like other monster lairs). Finally, use Scouts to transfer 
construction materials to the Main Market until you have enough materials to 
expand to cover the coast, and then construct a new coastal warehouse. 

After several eruptions, you will be instructed to find the Africans\' 
artefact, which is \"probably hidden near the pirate\'s stronghold\". This part 
of the scenario is entirely optional, but does result in the eruptions 
ceasing. That has advantages, even late in the game. Finding the pirate 
treasure can be a frustrating process. You do not need to destroy the pirate 
colony. The solution is not in trading with the pirates for their Jewelry 
(which you cannot do anyway). All you need to do is land a Scout close to the 
location. As the hints suggest, the treasure is buried on the same archipelago 
the pirate colony is built on. The only additional hint I\'ll give is to look 
on the smallest islands in the archipelago. And when I say small, I really do 
mean _small_ ;-) .

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

______________________________________________________________________________

8.10 The Native Americans\' Curse
______________________________________________________________________________


8.10.1 Introduction

Objectives: 
- 1. Destroy all four pieces of the artefact (described below). 
- 2. Destroy Medicine Man\'s settlement (Native Americans on island \"g\" on the 
map below). 
- 3. 1,500 Merchants. 

Rating: *** 

War-o-meter: *** 

Resources: 
- 50,000 coins. 
- Small Trading Ship (Scout, 44t Bricks, 36t Wood, 29t Tools), Small Trading 
Ship. 
- 5x Scout. 
- Colony of Main-Stadt (\"g\" on the map below). Spice colony of Pefferheim (\"d\" 
on the map below).

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

                                      N
                                    . \'\' .
                                . \' _._    \' .
                            . \'  .-\' - \'-      \' .
                        . \'      \'-. a .-\'         \' .
                    . \'             \'-\' .-._           \' .
                . \'                  ._\' b .\'              \' .
            . \'            _.__        \'---\'     _             \' .
        . \'              .\' c  )      _       .-\' \'-.              \' .
    . \'                   \'--.-\' _.--\' \'-._    \'_d_- \'_                \' .
. \'      _.__                 .-\'          \'--.  \'  .\'e\'--.        __.-.   \' .
.      -\' f _)               \'-.      g      _.-     \'.--\'        \'_ h .\'    .
  \' .   \'--\'                   \'-._      .--\'                       \'-\'  . \'
      \' .                          \'-.___. @                         . \'
          \' .                                                    . \'
              \' .                                            . \'
                  \' .                                    . \'
                      \' .              _             . \'
                          \' .        .\'i\'.       . \'
                              \' .   \'-._.\'   . \'
                                  \' .    . \'
                                      \'\'


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

* @ = Start position. 
* a = Eskimos. Whales, Stone, Ore (Polar). 
* b = Whales, Stone, Marble (Tundra). 
* c = Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo, Stone, Ore. 
* d = Pefferheim, your Spice colony. Spice, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* e = Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone, Ore 
* f = Africans. Spice, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* g = Main-Stadt, your main colony. Native Americans (Medicine Man). Wine, 
Hops, Herbs, Stone, Ore, Salt. 
* h = Native Americans. Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* i = Crocodiles, Aztecs. Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo, Stone, Ore, Gold.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

8.10.2 Strategy overview

At the beginning of the scenario an earthquake will strike your colony and 
destroy some of your houses. There is nothing you can do to prevent this. The 
colony will need some tweaks to bring it into profit and provide a basis 
further growth. In particular, start Tool production, rationalise Food and 
Leather production, and build a coastal warehouse to allow Spices to be 
imported from your supply island. 

The total population of your colony is restricted by the power of a native 
Medicine Man. This power can be broken by finding and destroying pieces of an 
artefact. The following restrictions apply, depending on the number of pieces 
that remain in existence: 

- 4 pieces: 900 population 
- 3 pieces: 1100 population 
- 2 pieces: 1300 population 

There seems to be no restriction on population with only one piece remaining. 

What happens if the population restriction is exceeded? Further earthquakes 
will destroy your houses as before. In addition hoards of Undead will rise 
from a series of hidden shrines that surround your colony. These hoards will 
attack any ground troops on the island and attempt to destroy buildings 
(although they appear not to achieve this, and spend a lot of time fighting 
one-another). The shrines can be found by Scouts, and are sometimes revealed 
by placing buildings. Destroying the shrines is possible (using Catapults or 
similar), but if you attempt to destroy them all at the start the natives 
become outraged, and you fail the scenario. You do not need to destroy the 
shrines to complete the scenario. 

While the artefact pieces remain you cannot expand your population. Low 
populations make it more difficult to fund the infrastructure and supply 
chains required by Citizens and Merchants. It is therefore useful to destroy 
easiest of the artefact pieces early in the scenario. Each piece belongs to a 
different native settlement. The pieces can be destroyed thus: 

- Africans (\"f\" on the map above): Simply bring your ship close to their 
settlement. 
- Eskimos (\"a\" on the map above): Trade 40t of Medicinal Herbs (for Whale 
Blubber). 
- Native Americans (\"h\" on the map above): Destroy their settlement. 
- Aztecs (\"i\" on the map above): Destroy their settlement (including Crocodile 
lairs). 

Once all four pieces have been eliminated, destroy the Native American 
settlement on your main island (\"g\" on the map above). Finally advance to 
1,500 Merchants to complete the scenario. The scenario cannot be completed by 
only achieving 1,500 Merchants - all aspects of the artefact storyline must 
also be dealt with.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

______________________________________________________________________________

8.11 A Small World
______________________________________________________________________________


8.11.1 Introduction

Objective: 300 Aristocrats. 

Rating: *** 

War-o-meter: * 

Competitors: Pirates 

Resources: 
- 100,000 coins. 
- 2x Scout. 
- Sunken ship (50t Wood, 300t Tools, 50t Food).

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

                                      N
                                    . \'\' .
                                . \'_       \' .
                            . \'   (a)          \' .
                        . \'          .-\'-._        \' .
                    . \'             \'._b_.-\'           \' .
                . \'                    _      ___          \' .
            . \'             .-\'\'-.    (c) _  (_d_)             \' .
        . \'                 \'-e-\'   _(f) (g) _    _                \' .
    . \'   __       _        _     _(h)_ (i) (j) (k_)                   \' .
. \'    .-\' l\'-.   (m)    .\'n \'.  (o) (_p_)(q)(r)                           \' .
.       \'--.-\'        .-._\'--\'_ (s)_  _ @ _(t)__       __   __               .
  \' .                \'._u.\'  (_v) (w)(x) (y) (_z)     (aa) (bb)          . \'
      \' .               \'              (cc)__                        . \'
          \' .             __              (dd)                   . \'
              \' .        (ee)    _.--.                       . \'
                  \' .           \'-_ff.\'                  . \'
                      \' .                            . \'
                          \' .                    . \'
                              \' .            . \'
                                  \' .    . \'
                                      \'\'

Detailed map of central archipelago:
                                      N
                                    ._\'\' .
                                . \'\' c \'.  \' .
                            . \'   \'---._\'      \' .
                        . \'               .---.    \' .
                    . \'          .-___.--\'\'_g .\'       \' .
                . \'             (_f_.)      \'\' \'-...--.    \' .
            . \'            _.__.\'        _        \'.j.-\'       \' .
        . \'              (___h \'-.      (i)        .\'              \' .
    . \'              _._.\'   \'--\'             _.-.\'                    \' .
. \'                 \'.o.\'       _.\'--.--.    \'-.q_\'    _                   \' .
.                    |        .\'         \'-.      \'-..\' \'-.                  .
  \' .              .-.        :     p      .\'        \'.r_-\'              . \'
      \' .       .-\' s \'-.     \'-.    ___.-@       -.-\'               . \'
          \' .    \'-.__.\'-._      \'--\'           _(t)             . \'
              \' .        (_\'w.            .y\'.-\'             . \'
                  \' .      \'--:    ._  _.-._-\'           . \'
                      \' .      \'-\'\'x \'\'              . \'
                          \' .    \'.--\'    _      . \'
                              \' .     .\'-cc\' . \'
                                  \' .  \'-. \'
                                      \'\'


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

* @ = Start position. 
* a = Whales, Stone, Ore (Polar). 
* b = Whales, Stone, Ore, Marble (Tundra). 
* c = Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* d = Wine, Hops, Herbs, Stone, Ore. 
* e = Wine, Hops, Herbs, Stone, Salt, Ore. 
* f = Pirates. Spices, Wine, Stone. 
* g = Polynesians. Spices, Wine, Stone. 
* h = Spices, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* i = Polynesians. Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo. 
* j = Polynesians. Spices, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* k = Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* l = Whales, Stone, Ore (Polar). 
* m = Whales (Tundra). 
* n = Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* o = Polynesians. Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo, Stone, Gems. 
* p = Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo, Stone, Ore. 
* q = Spices, Wine, Stone, Gems. 
* r = Africans. Spices, Wine, Stone, Ore. 
* s = Aztecs. Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo, Stone, Ore. 
* t = Polynesians. Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo. 
* u = Spice, Wine, Stone, Ore, Gems. Volcano. 
* v = Wine, Hops, Herbs, Stone, Ore. 
* w = Polynesians. Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo. 
* x = Polynesians. Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo. 
* y = Spices, Wine, Stone, Gold. 
* z = Wine, Hops, Herbs, Stone, Ore, Salt. 
* aa = Whales (Tundra). 
* bb = Whales, Stone, Ore (Polar). 
* cc = Tobacco, Cotton, Wine, Stone, Gold. 
* dd = Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Indigo, Stone, Ore. 
* ee = Whales, Stone, Ore (Polar). 
* ff = Whales, Stone, Ore, Marble (Tundra).

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

8.11.2 Leaving the archipelago

The scenario forces you to develop a colony on the starting island. Recover 
supplies (notably Tools) from the shipwreck - move a Scout to anywhere close 
to the large rock formation on the southern coast of the island, and transfer 
goods as if the rock were a ship. The island is not large, but with careful 
planning it can sustain a reasonable sized city and all associated production. 
Develop a self-supporting Settler-level population. You cannot advance beyond 
Settlers without leaving the archipelago - only Spices can be produced within 
the archipelago, not Tobacco or Salt, so progression to Citizen level is 
initially impossible. 

In order to meet the scenario\'s objective you will need to expand beyond the 
initial archipelago. The archipelago is divided from the outer islands by a 
rock wall. Certain islands contain gaps in this wall, where units can walk 
across the divide, and warehouses can be constructed on both coasts. However, 
most of these islands are occupied by natives. The obvious military solution - 
attacking and re-colonising one of the native settlements - is not possible, 
since the scenario will be failed if any of the native settlements are 
eliminated. 

The easiest way to escape the archipelago is to blast your way out by 
attacking the rock wall itself. There are three locations where the rock wall 
dividing the archipelago from the outer islands can be destroyed, allowing the 
free passage of ships between islands. Develop ship cannons, and arm at least 
one ship. Select the ship, and move the cursor over the rock wall until the 
attack option appears. The three weak spots are between islands (shown on the 
map above): 

- 1. \"f\" and \"h\" 
- 2. \"r\" and \"t\" 
- 3. \"s\" and \"w\" 

The first option can also be cleared using a Catapult positioned on the 
neighbouring island. There is a fourth gap in the wall between islands \"g\" and 
\"j\", however this is not large enough for a ship to pass through. Opening one 
or more of the gaps in the rock is recommended because it allows you to ship 
goods between any island, without trans-shipment. The only disadvantage is 
that pirate ships find their way into the archipelago, however pirates are 
generally not a threat in this scenario, so a minor consideration. 

Alternative strategies seek to create pairs of trans-shipment warehouses on 
the same island: one warehouse facing in to the archipelago, the other facing 
the outer islands. A new shipyard is built facing the outer islands, from 
which to launch further expansion. There are three options: 

- 1. New warehouse and shipyard on the southern side of the Africans\' island 
(\"r\" on the map above). The main disadvantage is that there is no territory 
available to build a warehouse on the archipelago side of the island, so any 
trans-shipment of cargo must be done using Scouts. 
- 2. Vacant island \"y\" (on the map above). There is a small gap in the rock 
wall in the middle of the southern side of the island - just large enough to 
build a warehouse. The northern coast has plenty of room for a warehouse, so 
trans-shipment of cargo is possible. Unfortunately there is no further room to 
develop a shipyard, so this is only viable in combination with a shipyard on 
another island. 
- 3. Southern-most tip of the Aztec island (\"s\" on the map above). Place a 
warehouse on the outer side of the rock wall, but right next to the wall, so 
that the same warehouse can be accessed by ships docked on either side of the 
wall. A shipyard can also be built next to the warehouse. 

A variation on options 1 and 3 is to attack, but not destroy, a native 
settlement. Destroy all but one of the Main Markets/warehouses in the native 
settlement, freeing up enough territory for you to expand, without eliminating 
a native tribe. You will remain at war with the natives, but if their troop 
producing buildings are destroyed further hostilities will not occur.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

8.11.3 Aristocrats

If you opened gaps in the rock wall and allowed ships to sail freely between 
islands, it is viable to develop your starting colony to Merchant level. This 
is more awkward if all goods need to be trans-shipped into the archipelago. 
The island is large enough to support such a city, however certain production 
(such as Cotton, Food, or beer) may need to be located on other islands and 
imported. Alternatively, start an entirely new colony on one of the larger 
islands outside the archipelago. 

This is the only scenario that requires an Aristocrat population to be 
achieved. You will need at least 1,900 Merchants before Aristocrat houses and 
facilities can be built. Once 300 Aristocrat houses have been placed you must 
keep the population in those houses happy for 10 minutes. To ensure this 
occurs, place all required facilities and stockpile key commodities on the 
Aristocrats\' island before building houses.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

______________________________________________________________________________

8.12 Desert Battle
______________________________________________________________________________


8.12.1 Introduction

Objective: Your forces must reach the twin obelisks, in the Spaniard\'s 
fortress. 

Rating: * 

War-o-meter: ***** 

Competitors: 
- El Bazir (Orange) 
- Ramirez (Green) 

Resources: 
- 50,000 coins 
- 3x Scout, 6x Crew, 11x Pikeman, 24x Crossbowman, 31x Swordman, 16x Lancer, 
10x Cavalry, 2x Catapult, 2x Medic.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

8.12.2 Strategy overview

Your old friend, Ramirez, from Barbarrossas\' Throne is back for one last 
battle. And that\'s about all there is to this scenario. At the start steal 
Cannon and Mortars that are lurking near the \"Ghost Town\" just to north of 
your start position. A Scout can be expended to reveal the location of the 
enemy fortifications (to the west of your start location). Beware of the 
Crocodiles. Try dragging the enemy army out, and fight them away from fixed 
defences such as towers. To complete the scenario get at least one unit to the 
pair of obelisks in the centre of the enemy settlement. There is no need to 
destroy all enemy units.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~



==============================================================================

9. CHEATING AND EDITING

==============================================================================


______________________________________________________________________________

9.1 Cheating
______________________________________________________________________________


NOTE: I have not tried these cheats myself, but these questions are frequently 
asked, so I have included information on the topic. Most cheats require the 
game to be hacked in some way. Don\'t complain if they make the game crash or 
you suddenly encounter \"bugs\" after using them ;-) . Subsequent game patches 
have tended to remove cheats, and invalidate certain hacks and trainers. This 
will inevitably lead to confusion about what works in what version, while old 
hacks may have unforeseen negative results.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

9.1.1 What are the cheat codes?

Once again note this is an unsupported hack - don\'t complain if the game fails 
to work correctly as a result. Cheat codes may require a cheat enabler to be 
downloaded and installed. This utility can be found here (and many other 
places): http://www.actiontrip.com/cheats/anno1503thenewworld.phtml . The 
cheat replaces the existing annoframe.dll, and enables the codes. It seems one 
can also hex edit annoframe.dll, replacing the string 885E0C with 909090 . It 
has been reported that in certain versions one simply types \"mastertag\" and/or 
\"ruamzuzla\" to enable most of these codes. Codes are from Knoxi and Calmiche 
(ignore the leading asterisks): 

* Ctrl + T = +5 Tools 
* Ctrl + H = +5 Wood 
* Ctrl + Z = +5 Stone 
* Ctrl + M = +5 Cash 
* Alt + P = Build Everything [hehe, where have I read _that_ before**] 
* Alt + F = View AI players 
* Alt + C = Cloth 
* Alt + Z = Brick 
* Alt + K = Clothing 
* Alt + N = Food 
* Alt + L = Lamp Oil 
* Alt + G = Spices 
* Alt + A = Alcohol 
* Alt + R = Tobacco 
* Alt + W = Iron Ore 
* Shift + C = Cheat menu 

A further unconfirmed variation (may only apply to early German versions, or 
may have been confused with 1602), involves placing your cursor over a 
warehouse, entering a number between 1 and 53 and pressing enter, then 
pressing \"+\" to add 10t of a commodity to the warehouse stock. The number 
determines the commodity, with \"1\" being Iron Ore. Not all the numbers are 
used. 

The expansion pack contains the equivalent of a cheat level - the \'Brilliant 
Architect\' endless game. All buildings are immediately available, alongside a 
large amount of cash, on a map containing many resources and large flat 
islands, with no competitors. 

[** That joke will only make sense to those who have tried to use Anno 1602 
cheats ;-) .]

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

9.1.2 How do I edit a game?

The following has been anonymously posted on various cheat sites: Open the 
\"bgruppen.dat\" file in /1503AD/DATA in a text editor. Examine lines under 
\"Bedarfsguter\". You will find blocks of data starting with \"Id\". The values 
for Id refer to the German name of products - translations of names are 
available here: http://www.ladygames.de/glossar/ . Edit the appropriate 
\"Preis\" value to increase the price charged for that item. For example, 
editing the \"ALKOHOL\" Preis value, increases the amount you charge your 
population to drink Alcohol in your Taverns. It is suggested that by 
increasing this to 900, your population will happily buy your liquor and 
increase your finances accordingly. 

*WARNING*: Some _interesting_ side-effects of editing bgruppen.dat have been 
reported. Many people complain that whenever they build a new ship, it is sold 
immediately, rendering the game effectively unplayable. Other problems are 
more subtle, as Kay Bennemann writes: \"Changing the bgruppen.dat might look 
like a good way to make the game easier, but it can have a variety of strange 
effects since the changes you make affect the balancing. These effects range 
from strange AI behavior to complete crashes or lockups, so it\'s not a good 
idea to play around with the data in the bgruppen.dat unless you want to mess 
up the whole game.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

9.1.3 Are there any trainers?

There are some floating around the internet. I won\'t give specific URLs, 
because many trainers are specific to one patched version only (whether their 
authors realised that or not). Big Bad Jim warns: \"I have come across a 
Trainer for unlimited money. Please be careful with this, as I have not been 
able to get it to work and it has caused my game to crash.\" For the German 
version there is an unofficial \"Bessere Welten\" by Profisoft Vertriebs GmbH, 
which allows various gameplay balances to be customised.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

9.1.4 Can I skip campaign scenarios without completing them?

There are two ways to do this: (1) Download another player\'s save game, saved 
just before the end of the scenario - files can be found here: 
http://digilander.libero.it/anno1503/ (for information about how to copy save 
games, see Can I copy or rename save games? below). (2) Use a level unlocking 
utility - current download locations unknown.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

9.1.5 Are there other gameplay \'cheats\'?

These are game features which can be exploited to make the game easier under 
certain circumstances. Whether these are cheats or legitimate tactics is 
rather in the eye of the beholder. Hatchmoe suggests: \"Save the game in the 
beginning, then explore every island. After you have found an island worth 
settling, load the save game and settle on the island...\" There are a lot of 
other \'features\' which are regarded as bugs, and which might change in future 
patches, so I don\'t intend to list them all at the moment.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

______________________________________________________________________________

9.2 Editing and Custom Scenarios
______________________________________________________________________________


9.2.1 Is there a map or scenario editor?

Officially, no. An editor was mooted in a future expansion, but this seems 
unlikely. Blackhole89 was developing a map/scenario editor - a download can be 
found here, http://1503sze.nexoeticker.8bit.co.uk/ (in German). The most 
complete map editor is written by Dieter Robert Kohler (again in German, but 
with English help files). One can find information about it at 
http://www.hjbomanns.de/ANNOEdit/DRKEdit.htm and 
http://www.annopool.de/comment.php?dlid=249 . Both editors are mirrored here, 
http://www.anno-zone.de/index.php?seite=download&action=category&id=5 . At the 
time of writing an island editor is in development, but has not been released.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

9.2.2 How do I install scenarios?

Sunflowers has made two scenarios available from http://www.anno1503.com/ - 
these include English installation instructions and scenario descriptions. The 
scenarios are Metropol and Marquess. Custom scenarios appear as singleplayer 
scenarios, not on the campaign screen. Should these not install, Kay Bennemann 
suggests two possible problems: \"(a) You downloaded the wrong language 
version. (b) There\'s something wrong with the registry entries of the game in 
your Windows Registry.\" In the last case, reinstallation of the game is 
suggested. 

A growing number of unofficial custom scenarios are also available for 
download here: http://www.hjbomanns.de/ANNOTools/DRKScenes.htm or 
http://www.anno-zone.de/annopool/ (this includes the GigaPol - an island world 
with many large islands on which to build huge cities...). Installation text 
for some of these scenarios is in German, however Maul provides some simple 
translations of important buttons: 

- Hiermit wird das [scenario] auf Deinem System installiert = This application 
will install [scenario] on your system 
- Zuruck = Back 
- Weiter = Next 
- Abbrechen = Cancel 
- Fortsetzen = Continue with installation 
- Setup beenden = Cancel installation 
- Anno 1503 starten = Launch Anno 1503 on exit 
- Fertig = Exit

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

9.2.3 Can I change the maximum number of units or ships?

Yes. Download Bomi\'s \"Ship and Soldier Tweaker\" here, 
http://www.annopool.de/comment.php?dlid=251 . It edits the limits stored in 
savegames.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

9.2.4 How can I extract graphics and textures?

Download W-O-D\'s Tex-Encoder here, http://www.annopool.de/comment.php?dlid=202 
.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~



==============================================================================

10. TECHNICAL ISSUES

==============================================================================


Many current technical issues will (hopefully) be fixed by forthcoming 
patches, and Sunflowers/EA are still actively supporting the game, so I do not 
see a need for this section to be particularly extensive at the moment. Many 
technical FAQs are covered here: http://www.anno1503.com/english/support/ .

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

10.1 How many bugs are there?

Sir Henry maintained an unofficial bug list, a translation of which can be 
found here: http://digilander.libero.it/anno1503/gamedata/bugs/bugs.html . The 
non-German release version (released with patch 1.04.02) contained more than 
70 known or suspected bugs, most of which are either rare (only affect certain 
players sometimes) or just annoying (rather than fatal). The expansion pack 
added a few more, including one which greatly increases the amount of Iron Ore 
deposits on reload. The original German version has many more, including 
fundamental errors, such as many of the second (play) CDs being corrupted, and 
a map graphics issue affecting ATI cards. The later issues were thought to be 
fixed by patches prior to other versions being released. Of course, not 
*everything* that works differently to the way you expect is a bug: It\'s not a 
\"bug\", it\'s a \"feature\"... erm maybe ;-) .

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

10.2 How do I take a screenshot?

Press Shift + S. The image will be stored as a Targa (.TGA) format file, named 
screen001.tga (where 001 increments with each screenshot), in the main Anno 
1503 directory on your hard drive. Targa format is not supported by all image 
editing packages - many suggest using IfranView, http://www.irfanview.com/ . 
Ravell warns: \"Move them to another folder because when you start a new game 
the numbering of the screenshots will start at screen001 again, so if there\'s 
any older pictures they\'ll be overwritten.\" The total number of screenshots in 
one session seems to be limited to about 30.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

10.3 Can I stop the statue video playing?

Ravell writes: \"Copy the folders music and videos from CD2 to the 1503 folder 
[on your hard drive]. Open up the video folder and rename 1002.bik to 
_1002.bik . The video won\'t play anymore (it can\'t play it from the folder AND 
it\'s not loading it from the CD) ...BUT... the screen will go black for a 
second.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

10.4 Can I play without the CD?

Tom Sailor writes: \"You can copy the /music and the /video files [directories] 
to your hard disk [copy the directories into the main game directory on your 
hard drive]. Then you\'ll only need the CD to start the game.\" Bomi notes that 
this requires at least patch 1.01.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

10.5 Why aren\'t sounds played at non-normal game speed?

From Kay Bennemann: \"It\'s intentional that you only hear the ambient sound 
(swords clashing, people working, etc.) when you play in \'normal\' game speed - 
if you choose different speeds, this sound is muted. And with good reason: 
While testing the sound playing at different game speeds we decided that it 
can become quite a nuisance, especially with the \'fast\' setting.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

10.6 Can I turn auto-save off?

Yes, from Lothark: \"Change the attribute for the file lastgame.sav to read 
only.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

10.7 Can I play save-games from other language versions?

Yes, there are no restrictions.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

10.8 Can I copy or rename save games?

Save games are stored in the folder [Drive/.../Anno 1503]/SaveGame/[Profile] 
where \"Drive/.../Anno 1503\" is wherever you choose to install the game, and 
\"Profile\" is the name of the player. Files ending in .sav are saved games. 
\"User.dat\" appears to contain user preferences. All files except lastgame.sav 
use \'GUID\' names (long hexadecimal strings). In single player mode, these can 
be renamed to something else and the game will still recognise them. Bomi 
notes that multiplayer games are expected to need the original GUID name to 
function. Bomi wrote a tool (in German) to manage save games. It is available 
here: http://www.bomibomanns.de/ANNOTools/ .

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

10.9 Why don\'t the Moors have music?

It\'s a bug. From LotharK and Baco: From the install folder, open 
data/music.dat in a text editor, and find the lines: 

Path: \"races\\moorish*\" 
Group: \"GROUPE_MAUREN\" 

And change the first line to: 

Path: \"races\\moorish\\*\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

10.10 All ships and AI players disappeared. What happened?

Don Enrico writes: \"The bug appears when a siege tower is built and manned 
(with crewmen like the ones you use to man cannons and mortars): After saving 
and re-loading the game, all ships and all computer opponents are gone. There 
is no way to fix a corrupted savegame.\" This bug exists only in the expansion.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~



==============================================================================

APPENDICES

==============================================================================


______________________________________________________________________________

A. Building and Industry Data
______________________________________________________________________________


The following tables are based primarily on my own observations, augmented by 
a .pdf document called \"Production Overview\", 
http://www.anno1503.de/english/home/show_news.php4?id=353&caller=archive , 
data from Wargamerit ( http://digilander.libero.it/anno1503/ ) and Andj Pianto 
( http://www.a-pianto.ch/Englisch/e_Anno1503/e_Index.htm ). 

The first table shows the requirements for different civilization levels.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

-------------+----+----+----+----+----
             |Pion|Sett|Citi|Merc|Aris
Requirement  |eers|lers|zens|hant|toct
-------------+----+----+----+----+----
GOODS
Cloth        |  U |  E |  E |  E |
Clothes      |    |    |    |    |  E
Food         |  E |  E |  E |  E |  E
Jewelry      |    |    |    |    |  *
Lamp Oil     |    |    | ~U | ~E |
Leather      |  E |  E |    |    |
Salt         |  * |  S |  S |  S |
Silk Cloth   |    |    | ~U | ~E |
Spice        |    | ^U | ^E | ^E |
Tobacco      |    | ^U | ^E | ^E |
Wine         |    |    |    |    |  *
-------------+----+----+----+----+----
BUILDINGS
Chapel       |  U |  E |    |    |
Church       |    |  U |  E |  E |  E
Pavilion     |    |    |    |    |  E
Public Baths |    |    |  U |  E |  E
School       |    |  U |  E |    |
Tavern       |  U |  E |  E |  E |
Theatre      |    |    |    |    |  E
University   |    |    |  U |  E |
-------------+----+----+----+----+----
Notes: 
- Aristocrat houses become available once you have 1900 Merchants. Merchant 
houses don\'t upgrade in the way other houses do. 
- \"Tobacco\" means Tobacco Products, not raw Tobacco leaf. Tobacco leaf has no 
use except when processed into Tobacco products, so \'Tobacco\' is colloquially 
used to describe Tobacco Products. 
- E = Essential in order to keep the population happy. 
- U = Required to upgrade to next level. Such goods can still be sold at this 
civilization level. 
- * = Bonus item. Not essential, but makes population happier and potentially 
increases profits. 
- ^ = Requires two of Spice, Tobacco or Salt. All may be sold. 
- ~ = Requires two of Lamp Oil, Silk Cloth or Salt. All can be supplied for 
greater profit. 
- S = Salt is never required if all other goods the population demand are 
supplied. However Salt can be substituted for certain other goods. For 
example, Settlers will upgrade to Citizens if both Tobacco and Spices are 
supplied (in addition to the relevant facilities). However Salt can be 
supplied instead of either Spice or Tobacco, and the population will upgrade. 
The same is true for Merchants - ideally both Silk Cloth and Lamp Oil should 
be supplied, however Salt may be substituted for either Silk Cloth or Lamp 
Oil, so long as everything else Merchants require is available.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Maximum population per house is as follows. Upon upgrading, population will 
slowly rise until the house is full. If the residents become dissatisfied the 
number will decline. If it declines to the maximum level of the previous house 
type, the house will downgrade. Except in the case of Aristocrats, where it 
will simply collapse. LadyH notes: \"Merchant [and Settler/Citizen] houses can 
fall down when plague is coming and there is no doctor nearby. Then they don\'t 
downgrade, they fall down like Aristocrats houses do\": 

- Pioneer = 8 
- Settler = 15 
- Citizen = 28 
- Merchant = 42 
- Aristocrat = 30

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

The table below shows the materials required to upgrade houses. House upgrade 
cannot occur if materials are not available:

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Upgrade             Tools  Wood   Bricks
----------------------------------------
Pioneer to Settler    1      4      0
Settler to Citizen    2      2      4
Citizen to Merchant   5      5      4


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

In the following table, operating costs are expressed as Active/Passive. 
Service areas are included for all buildings, shown as the number of squares 
radius from the edge of the building: This figure may vary by 1, because 
buildings do not create perfect circles. In some cases the building\'s service 
area has no discernable in-game meaning. For details of research requirements, 
please see the Research Trees in a later appendix.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

--------------------+-------------+--+--+--+--+----+------+---+----
                    |           To Build           |Opera-|   |Serv
                    |             |To|Wo|Br|Ma|    | ting |Siz|-ice
Name                |Requires     |ol|od|ik|rb|Cost| Cost |-e |Area
--------------------+-------------+--+--+--+--+----+------+---+----
Armorer             |80 Settlers  | 5| 8| 2|  | 300| 30/15|3x3| 19
Aristocrat House    |1900 Merchant|12|10|20| 5|   0|      |4x4| 23
Bakery              |200 Citizens | 5| 3| 5|  | 300| 15/10|3x3| 15
Bow Maker           |Research     | 6| 4| 4|  | 500| 30/15|3x3| 15
Brewery             |360 Settlers | 3| 4| 4|  | 300| 20/10|3x3| 15
Butcher\'s Shop      |50 Settlers  | 4| 5| 4|  | 350| 22/12|3x3| 15
Cannon Foundry      |Research     |10|10|10|  | 800|      |4x4| 23
Cannon Tower        |120 Settlers | 3| 8| 8|  | 200|      |1x1|  9
Cathedral           |600 Aristocrt|40|30|60|30|12k.|    80|8x6| 22
Cattle Farm         |50 Settlers  | 5| 8| 4|  | 300| 15/10|3x3|  3
Charcoal Burner     |600 Citizens | 2| 2|  |  | 100|  12/5|3x3| 23
Chapel              |125 Pioneers | 6|10|  |  | 700|    15|3x4| 19
Church              |240 Settlers | 9|15|20|  |1600|    50|7x6| 21
City Wall           |50 Settlers  |  |  | 1|  |  50|      |1x1|
Cloth/Leather Stand |             | 1| 1|  |  |  50|     5|1x1|  4
Clothing Stand      |400 Citizens | 1| 1|  |  |  50|     5|1x1|  4
Cobblestone Square  |120 Citizens |  |  | 4|  |  40|      |2x2|
Cobblestone Street  |50 Settlers  |  |  | 1|  |  10|      |1x1|
Cotton Plantation   |120 Citizens | 5| 2| 4|  | 380| 20/10|3x3|  3
Decorative Flag^^   |1100 Citizens| 1| 2| 5| 1| 200|      |1x1|
Defensive Tower^^   |600 Citizens |10|12|16|  | 650|      |3x3| 13
Dirt Road           |             |  |  |  |  |   5|      |1x1|
Distillery          |200 Citizens | 5| 6| 1|  | 300|  20/5|3x3| 15
District Court      |Research     | 4| 3| 4|  | 400|    40|3x3| 23
Doctor              |Research     | 4| 8| 5|  | 500|    20|4x4| 23
Dye Works           |400 Citizens | 7| 2| 8|  | 500| 40/25|3x4| 15
Equestrian Statue^^ |500 Merchants|10|  |15|10|1500|     2|2x2|
Fire Brigade        |Research     | 4| 6|  |  | 200|    15|3x3| 23
Fisherman\'s Hut     |             | 2| 6|  |  | 180| 20/12|3x4|  6
Flower Bed          |1500 Merchant|  |  |  |  |  20|      |2x2|  1
Food/Salt Stand     |             | 1| 1|  |  |  50|     5|1x1|  4
Forester\'s Hut      |             | 2|  |  |  | 150|  12/4|3x3|  4
Fountain of Venus^^ |800 Citizens |10| 5|15|10|1500|     2|2x2|
Gallows             |400 Citizens | 5| 9|  |  | 500|      |3x3| 23
Gem Mine            |750 Merchants| 8| 4|10|  |1500| 80/30|3x4|
Gold Mine           |750 Merchants|15|12| 4|  |1500| 50/20|3x4|
Goldsmith           |750 Merchants| 6| 7|11|  | 300| 40/20|3x3| 23
Grain Farm          |200 Citizens | 2| 3| 3|  | 200|  10/5|3x3|  2
Grand Bridge        |250 Merchants|  |  | 3|  | 500|      |1x?|
Gunsmith            |Research     | 6| 3| 8|  | 500| 40/15|3x4| 15
Hall of Generals^^  |1100 Merchant|15|  |30|15|3000|     5|5x6|
Hemp Plantation     |25 Settlers  | 2| 5|  |  | 200|  18/8|3x3|  3
Hops Farm           |360 Settlers | 5| 3| 4|  | 250| 18/10|3x3|  3
House               |             |  | 3|  |  |    |      |4x4| 23
Hunting Lodge       |             | 1| 3|  |  | 140|  20/8|3x3|  7
Indigo Plantation   |400 Citizens | 3| 2| 5|  | 200| 40/20|3x3|  3
Jewelry Stand       |1900 Merchant| 1|  | 1|  |  80|     5|1x1|  4
Lamp Oil Stand      |600 Citizens | 1| 1|  |  |  50|     5|1x1|  4
Large City Gate     |200 Settlers |  | 2|10|  | 200|      |3x3|
Large Fortress      |250 Merchants|20|15|30|  |2500|      |8x8| 21
Large Ore Mine      |Research     | 8|20|10|  |1700| 65/30|3x4|
Large Ore Smelter   |1100 Citizens|10|10|20|  |1000| 75/32|3x3| 23
Large Shipyard      |Research     |20|20|18|  |2000|      |8x8| 21
Large Tavern        |250 Merchants| 8|10| 8|  | 900|    50|4x4| 23
Large Weapon Smith  |Research     | 5| 5| 3|  | 300| 35/17|3x3| 23
Library             |Research     |20|12|24|12|2000|   100|5x6| 22
Lion\'s Portal^^     |250 Merchants| 5|  |20|10|2000|     2|3x3|
Marble Quarry       |400 Citizens | 3| 3|  |  | 400|      |3x4|
Marble Stonemason   |400 Citizens | 5| 4|10|  | 300|    18|3x3| 11
Main Market 1*      |             | 3| 7|  |  | 250|    10|3x4| 23
Main Market 2*      |50 Settlers  | 5|12|  |  | 500|    15|3x4| 23
Main Market 3*      |200 Citizens |10| 8|12|  | 800|    30|3x4| 23
Main Palace         |1000 Aristoct|40|15|50|20|15k.|   100|7x4| 23
Main Palace (2)^^   |1000 Aristoct|40|15|50|20|10k.|    50|4x4| 23
Marketplace 1       |25 Settlers  |  |  | 1|  |  10|      |1x1|
Marketplace 2       |25 Settlers  |  |  | 1|  |  10|      |1x1|
Medicinal Herb Plant|Research     | 3| 5| 5|  | 200|  15/5|3x3|  2
Medium Fortress     |120 Citizens |10|15|20|  |1000|      |5x5| 22
Mill                |200 Citizens | 4| 3| 3|  | 300|  16/9|3x3| 16
Monument            |Reward       |  |  |  |  |    |      |2x2|
Obelisk             |500 Aristocrt| 3|  | 5|  |1000|      |2x2|
Ore Mine            |80 Settlers  | 5|15|  |  |1200| 40/15|3x4|
Ornamental Entry    |1500 Merchant|  |  |  |  |  20|      |1x1|
Ornamental Fence    |Reward       |  |  |  |  |  20|      |1x1|
Ornamental Garden^^ |600 Citizen  | 1|  |10| 4| 100|      |2x2|
Ornamental Hedge    |1500 Merchant|  |  |  |  |  20|      |1x1|
Ornamental Square(s)|Reward       |  |  | 1|  |  10|      |1x1|
Ornamental Tree(s)  |Reward       |  |  |  |  |  20|      |1x1|
Ornamental Well     |500 Aristocrt| 5|  |10|  |1000|      |2x2| 20
Palace Arch**       |1000 Aristoct|30|10|30|15|3000|    20|2x4| 24
Palace Corner**     |1000 Aristoct|30|10|30|15|5000|    30|4x4| 23
Palace Gate^^       |500 Aristocrt|10|  |20|10|2000|     2|4x1|
Palace Wing**       |1000 Aristoct|30|10|30|15|5000|    30|2x4| 24
Pavilion            |1500 Merchant|10| 5| 6| 3| 600|    40|3x3|  3
Public Baths        |600 Citizens |20|15|25|10|1600|    90|6x5| 22
Quarry              |50 Settlers  | 3| 3|  |  | 300|      |3x4|
Ropemaker           |25 Settlers  | 3| 5|  |  | 400|  16/6|3x3| 15
Salt Mine           |125 Pioneers | 5|15|  |  | 700| 25/10|3x4|
Salt Works          |125 Pioneers | 5| 5|  |  | 400| 30/12|3x4| 15
School              |50 Settlers  | 5| 8| 6|  | 400|    10|4x4| 22
Sheep Farm          |             | 2| 4|  |  | 220|  10/5|3x3|  4
Silk Plantation     |400 Citizens | 5| 5| 6|  | 300| 35/17|3x3|  3
Small City Gate     |50 Settlers  |  | 1| 6|  | 150|      |1x1|
Small Farm          |             | 2| 4|  |  | 250|  20/8|3x3|  2
Small Fortress      |30 Pioneers  |10|20|  |  | 600|      |4x4| 23
Small Ore Smelter   |80 Settlers  |10| 4|10|  | 800| 40/20|3x3| 23
Small Shipyard      |25 Settlers  |15|18|12|  |1200|      |5x5| 21
Small Tavern        |80 Pioneers  | 5| 9|  |  | 500|    20|3x4| 19
Small Weapon Smithy |Research     | 4| 4| 2|  | 200| 40/15|3x3| 11
Smith               |80 Settlers  | 3| 4| 8|  | 500| 25/15|3x3| 23
Spice Plantation    |80 Settlers  | 4| 5| 8|  | 390| 40/20|3x3|  3
Stonemason          |50 Settlers  | 3| 3|  |  | 250|  18/7|3x4| 11
Sugarcane Plantation|200 Citizens | 4| 4| 4|  | 310| 18/12|3x3|  3
Tailor\'s Shop       |1100 Citizens| 5| 5| 5|  | 500| 30/15|3x3| 19
Tannery             |             | 2| 5|  |  | 300|   9/5|3x3| 15
Theater             |1500 Merchant|35|15|30|20|2500|   200|6x7| 22
Tobacco Plantation  |80 Settlers  | 4| 5| 8|  | 350| 30/15|3x3|  3
Tobacco Factory     |80 Settlers  | 4| 2| 6|  | 300|  16/8|3x3| 15
Tobacco/Spice Stand |80 Settlers  | 1| 1|  |  |  50|     5|1x1|  4
Trapper             |1100 Citizen | 5| 6|  |  | 100|  20/5|3x3| 11
Triumphal Arch      |Citizen and defeat another player    |   |
University          |400 Citizens |25|30|32|  |2500|   150|8x8| 21
Wall Access         |50 Settlers  |  |  | 1|  |  70|      |1x1|
War Machine Builder |Research     | 8| 6| 2|  | 500|      |4x4| 15
Warehouse 1*        |             | 5|12|  |  | 350|    15|4x4| 22
Warehouse 2*        |50 Settlers  | 5|12|  |  | 500|    25|4x4| 22
Warehouse 3*        |200 Citizens |10| 8|12|  | 800|    35|4x4| 22
Watchtower          |50 Settlers  | 2| 8| 5|  | 100|      |1x1|  9
Weaver\'s Hut        |             | 3| 4|  |  | 300| 15/10|3x3| 15
Weaving Mill        |Research     | 4| 2| 8|  | 500| 30/10|3x3| 15
Well                |Research     | 4| 2| 3|  | 100|      |1x1|  4
Well (Deep)         |Research     | 5| 2| 3|  | 150|      |1x1|  4
Whaler              |600 Citizens | 5| 5| 5|  | 500| 20/10|4x4| 60
Whale Oil Factory   |600 Citizens | 5| 5| 5|  | 500| 20/10|3x3| 19
Wine Stand          |1900 Merchant| 1| 1|  |  |  80|     5|1x1|  4
Winery              |750 Merchants| 5| 5| 8|  | 400| 45/20|3x3|  3
--------------------+-------------+--+--+--+--+----+------+---+----
Name                |Requires     |To|Wo|Br|Ma|Cost|Opera-|Siz|Serv
                    |             |ol|od|ik|rb|    | ting |-e |-ice
                    |           To Build           | Cost |   |Area
--------------------+-------------+--+--+--+--+----+------+---+----
Notes: 
- All fields (including forest) cost 5 coins per square to plant. 
- * = Main Market/Warehouse 1 is that built when the colony has Pioneer level 
civilisation (or no population at all). 2 indicates Settler level, 3 is for 
Citizen or higher. With the Treasures, Monsters & Pirates Expansion individual 
warehouse or Main Market types can be built as required. 
- ** = With 1000 Aristocrats and 1900+ total population, 4 palace extensions 
are available. At 3000 Aristocrats another 4 appear, at 5000 further parts 
appear allowing up to 200 sections to be built in total. 
- ^^ = Treasures, Monsters & Pirates Expansion only.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

The next table shows what new buildings can be constructed at each level (the 
information is the same as in the previous table). ^^ indicates Treasures, 
Monsters & Pirates Expansion only:

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Prerequisite      New Building
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
     None         Cloth/Leather Stand, Dirt Road, Fisherman\'s Hut, Food/Salt
                  Stand, Forester\'s Hut, House, Hunting Lodge, Main Market
                  Place, Sheep Farm, Small Farm, Tannery, Warehouse, Weaver\'s
                  Hut.

  30 Pioneers     Small Fortress.

  80 Pioneers     Small Tavern.

 125 Pioneers     Chapel, Salt Mine, Salt Works.

  25 Settlers     Hemp Plantation, Marketplace 1, Marketplace 2, Ropemaker,
                  Small Shipyard.

  50 Settlers     Butcher\'s Shop, Cattle Farm, City Wall, Cobblestone Street,
                  Main Market II, Quarry, School, Small City Gate,
                  Stonemason, Wall Access, Warehouse II, Watchtower.

  80 Settlers     Armorer, Ore Mine, Small Ore Smelter, Smith, Spice
                  Plantation, Tobacco Plantation, Tobacco Factory, Tobacco/
                  Spice Stand.

 120 Settlers     Cannon Tower.

 200 Settlers     Large City Gate.

 240 Settlers     Church.

 360 Settlers     Brewery, Hops Farm.

 120 Citizens     Cobblestone Square, Cotton Plantation, Medium Fortress.

 200 Citizens     Bakery, Distillery, Grain Farm, Main Market III, Mill,
                  Sugarcane Plantation, Warehouse III.

 400 Citizens     Clothing Stand, Dye Works, Gallows, Indigo Plantation,
                  Marble Quarry, Marble Stonemason, Silk Plantation,
                  University.

 600 Citizens     Charcoal Burner, Defensive Tower^^, Lamp Oil Stand,
                  Ornamental Garden^^, Public Baths, Whaler, Whale Oil
                  Factory.

 800 Citizens     Fountain of Venus^^.

1100 Citizens     Decorative Flag^^, Large Ore Smelter, Tailor\'s Shop,
                  Trapper.

 250 Merchants    Grand Bridge, Large Fortress, Large Tavern, Lion\'s
                  Portal^^.

 500 Merchants    Equestrian Statue^^.

 750 Merchants    Gem Mine, Gold Mine, Goldsmith, Winery.

1100 Merchants    Hall of Generals^^.

1500 Merchants    Flower Bed, Ornamental Entry, Ornamental Hedge, Pavilion,
                  Theater.

1900 Merchants    Aristocrat House, Jewelry Stand, Wine Stand.

 500 Aristocrats  Obelisk, Ornamental Well, Palace Gate^^.

 600 Aristocrats  Cathedral.

1000 Aristocrats  Main Palace, first 4 Palace extensions.

3000 Aristocrats  Next 4 Palace extensions.

5000 Aristocrats  All Palace extensions.

     Research     Bow Maker, Cannon Foundry, District Court, Doctor, Fire
                  Brigade, Gunsmith, Large Ore Mine, Large Weapon Smithy,
                  Large Shipyard, Library, Medicinal Herb Plantation, Small
                  Weapon Smithy, War Machine Builder, Weaving Mill, Wells.

     Rewards      Monument, Ornamental Fence, Ornamental Squares, Ornamental
                  Trees, Triumphal Arch.


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Below is a list of alternative names. These highlight some of the 
inconsistencies between names used in the game:

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Name                       Alternative
-------------------------------------------------------------------
City Wall                  Wall.
Distillery                 Rum Distillery.
Fisherman\'s Hut            Fishing Hut.
Fishering Hut              Fisherman\'s Hut.
Grand Bridge               Ornamental Bridge, Pomp Bridge.
Herbs Plantation           Medicinal Herb Plantation.
House                      Pioneer House.
Large Ore Smelter          Ore Smelter.
Medicinal Herb Plantation  Herbs Plantation.
Ore Mine                   Small Ore Mine.
Ore Smelter                Small Ore Smelter OR Large Ore Smelter.
Ornamental Bridge          Grand Bridge, Pomp Bridge.
Pioneer House              House.
Pomp Bridge                Grand Bridge, Ornamental Bridge.
Rum Distillery             Distillery.
Small Ore Mine             Ore Mine.
Small Ore Smelter          Ore Smelter.
Small Tavern               Tavern.
Smith                      Toolsmith, Tool Maker.
Sugar Plantation           Sugarcane Plantation.
Sugarcane Plantation       Sugar Plantation.
Tavern                     Small Tavern.
Tobacco Factory            Tobacco Manufactory.
Tobacco Manufactory        Tobacco Factory.
Tool Maker                 Smith, Toolsmith.
Toolsmith                  Smith, Tool Maker.
Wall                       City Wall.
Whale Oil Factory          Whale Oil Manufactory.
Whale Oil Manufactory      Whale Oil Factory.


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

______________________________________________________________________________

B. Production Links
______________________________________________________________________________


These diagrams are based on chains found in the manual. I\'ve re-arranged them 
slightly, to make links clearer, and added omissions such as ships and troops. 
Buildings in the chain are shown as straight text. Fields, materials and goods 
are shown in square brackets. Buildings or units shown in normal brackets 
indicate the product is also used to supply part of a different chain - the 
other part of the chain is shown elsewhere on the diagram. Curley brackets 
(\"{}\") indicate a ground unit trained at a fortress. Goods can be taken/stored 
via a Main Market or Warehouse at any stage in the chain, unless indicated 
with a tilde (\"~\"). *** Indicates materials are primarily stored for general 
construction work and house upgrading.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

ALCOHOL CHAINS

[Sugarcane Field]~>Sugarcane Plantation->[Sugarcane]->Distillery-.
                                                                 |
[Hop Field]~~~~~~>Hop Farm------>[Hops]------>Brewery---->-.     v
                                                           |     |
[Potatoe Field]~~~~~~~~~~~~~>Small Farm---->------------->-+-<---\'
                                                           |
                                                       [Alcohol]
                                                           |
                                                           v
                                                        Tavern


BRICK CHAIN

[Mountain]~~>Quarry~~>Stonemason-->[Bricks]-->(Main Market)***


CLOTH AND CLOTHING CHAINS

[Cotton Field]~>Cotton Plantation->-.
                                    +->[Wool]->-+------------.
[Grassland]~~~~~>Sheep Farm------->-\'           |            |
                                                v            v
                                          Weaver\'s Hut  Weaving Mill
                                                |            |
                                                \'--->-+-<----\'
                                                      |
                                                      v
                                                   [Cloth]
                                                      |
                                                      v
[White furred animals]~~>Trapper-->[Furs]--->-.   .-<-+->Cloth/Leather Stand
                                              |   |   +->(Large Shipyard)
                                              |   |   \'->(Small Shipyard)
                                              |   |
                                              v   v
                                          Tailor\'s Shop
                                                |
                                                v
                                            [Clothing]
                                                |
                                                v
                                         Clothing Stand

Trappers also skin Leopards.


FOOD CHAINS

[Grain Field]~>Grain farm->[Grain]->Mill->[Flour]->Bakery->-.
                                                            |
[Grassland]~>Cattle Farm->[Cattle]->Butcher\'s Shop-------->-+
                                                            |
[Sea]~~~~~~~~>Fisherman\'s Hut-------->-.                 [Food]
                                       |                    |
[Grassland]~~~~~~~~>Small Farm------->-+-->---[Food]----.   |
                                       |                |   |
[Wild Game]~~~~~~>Hunting Lodge------>-\'                v   v
                                                   Food/Salt Stand


IRON AND CHARCOAL CHAINS

                     .~>Small Ore Mine->-.
[Iron Ore Deposit]~>~+                   +->[Iron Ore]->-.
                     \'~>Large Ore Mine->-\'               |
                                                         v     (Wood)
(Wood)->Charcoal Burner->(Charcoal)->+->-------.   .---<-+->-.   |
                                     |         |   |         |   |
                                     v         v   v         v   v
                                     |       Large Ore     Small Ore
                                     |        Smelter       Smelter
                                     |           |             |
                                     |           \'->-+-<-----<-\'
                                     |               |
                                     |               v
                                     |            [Iron]
                                     |               |
                                     v               v
                                  (Cannon <----------+->(Armorer)
                                  Foundry)           +->(Gunsmith)
                                                     +->(Large Weapon Smith)
                                                     +->(Small Weapon Smith)
                                                     \'->(Toolmaker)


JEWELRY CHAIN

[Gold Deposit]~~>Gold Mine-->[Gold]->-.
                                      |
[Gem Deposit]~>Gem Mine->[Gems]->-.   |
                                  |   |
                                  v   v
                                Goldsmith->[Jewelry]->Jewelry Stand


LAMP OIL CHAIN

(Wood) (Rope)
   |     |
   v     v
Whaler Building->Whaler Ship->-.
                               +->[Whale Blubber]->Whale Oil Factory->-.
                 [Whales]~~~~>~\'                                       |
                                                                       v
                                                                  [Lamp Oil]
                                                                       |
                                                                       v
                                                               Lamp Oil Stand


LEATHER CHAIN

[Wild Game]~>Hunting Lodge->[Hides]->Tannery->[Leather]->-+->(Armorer)
                                                          |
                                                          v
                                                 Cloth/Leather Stand


MARBLE CHAIN

[Marble Deposit]~~>Marble Quarry~~>Marble Stonemason-->(Main Market)***


MEDICINAL HERB CHAIN

[Medicinal Herb Garden]~>Medicinal Herb Plantation->[Medicinal Herbs]->-.
                                                                        |
                                                                        v
                                                                     Doctor


ROPE CHAIN

[Hemp Field]~>Hemp Plantation->[Hemp]->Ropemaker->[Rope]
                                                     |
                                                     v
                                                     +->(Bow Maker)
                                                     +->(Large Shipyard)
                                                     +->(Small Shipyard)
                                                     +->(War Machine Maker)
                                                     \'->(Whaler)


SALT CHAIN

[Salt Deposit]~>Salt Mine->[Rock Salt]->Salt Works->[Salt]->Food/Salt Stand


SHIP CHAIN

            .->Small Shipyard->+->{Small Trading Vessel}
(Cloth)->.  |                  +->{Medium Trading Vessel}
         |  |                  +->{Small Warship}
(Wood)-->+->+                  +->{Medium Warship}
         |  |                  \'->(Ship Repairs)
(Rope)-->\'  |
            \'->Large Shipyard->+->{Small Trading Vessel}
                               +->{Medium Trading Vessel}
                               +->{Large Trading Vessel}
                               +->{Small Warship}
                               +->{Medium Warship}
                               +->{Large Warship}
                               \'->(Ship Repairs)


SILK CLOTH CHAIN

[Indigo Field]~>Indigo Plantation->[Dyes]->-.
                                            |
[Silk Field]~>Silk Plantation->[Silk]->-.   |
                                        |   |
                                        v   v
                                      Dye Works->[Silk Cloth]->Clothing Stand


SPICE CHAIN

[Spice Field]~~>Spice Plantation-->[Spices]-->Tobacco/Spice Stand


TOBACCO CHAIN

[Tobacco Field]~>Tobacco Plantation->[Tobacco]->Tobacco Factory->-.
                                                                  |
                                                                  v
                                                         [Tobacco Products]
                                                                  |
                                                                  v
                                                        Tobacco/Spice Stand


TOOLS CHAIN

(Wood)->-.
         +->Toolmaker->[Tools]->+->(Main Market)***
(Iron)->-\'                      \'->{Scout}


WEAPONS CHAINS

(Tools)-->{Scout}

(Leather)->Armorer------------>[Armor]--------------->-+-->{Swordsman}
            ^                                          |    ^
            |                                          v    |
         .->+->Small Weapons Smithy->[Swords]---->-+->]|[->-\'
         |                                         |   |
         |                                         v   \'-->-+->--.
         ^                                         |        |    v
         |                            .->[Axes]-->]|[->--->]|[->{Cavalryman}
(Iron)-->+----->Large Weapons Smithy->+            |        v
         |        ^                   \'->[Lances]-]|[->--->{Lancer}
         v        |                                v
         |      (Wood)                      .---->{Musketeer}
         |        |       .->[Muskets]----->+
         |        v       |                 \'->{Marksman}
         +->--->Gunsmith->+->[Ship Cannon]
         |
         \'->Cannon Foundry->+->{Cannon}
             ^              |
(Charcoal)->-\'              \'->{Mortar}

(Wood)-->-+->{Pikemam}
          |                .->[Bow]->{Archer}
          +->-->Bow Maker->+
          |      ^         \'->[Crossbow]->{Crossbowman}
          v      |
          |    (Rope)
          |      |
          |      v                 .->{Catapult}
          \'---->War Machine Maker->+
                                   \'->{Siege Tower}


WINE CHAIN

[Vineyard]~~>Winery-->[Wine]-->Wine Stand


WOOD CHAIN

[Forest]~>Forester\'s Hut->[Wood]->+->(Main Market)***
                                  +->(Bow Maker)
                                  +->(Charcoal Burner)
                                  +->(Gunsmith)
                                  +->(Large Shipyard)
                                  +->(Large Weapon Smithy)
                                  +->{Pikeman}
                                  +->(Small Ore Smelter)
                                  +->(Small Shipyard)
                                  +->(Toolmaker)
                                  +->(War Machine Maker)
                                  \'->(Whaler)


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

______________________________________________________________________________

C. Production Efficiency
______________________________________________________________________________


The following tables are based on a .pdf document called \"Production 
Overview\", 
http://www.anno1503.de/english/home/show_news.php4?id=353&caller=archive , 
with several adjustments made to reflect inaccuracies in those tables. Cost 
data is based on that contained in the Building and Industry Data appendix. 
\"Consumption\" is the consumption in tons of raw materials per ton end product. 
\"Prod Time\" is the time per ton of end product, in seconds. \"Cost per unit\" 
was erroneously labelled \"Cost per Minute\" in the original. \"Base price\" is 
the \"internal game base price in gold per ton\". Hakea notes: \"It is for the 
Price we get, but the basic Stall items get modifiers applied. Things like 
Spice have three levels (0,5,10) plus additional bonuses depending on where 
your main island is. For example, Spice fetches a bit more on North Islands 
(two +5 bonuses), etc.\" All times are based on normal game speed. 

Kay Bennemann writes: \"To give you an example of how to read the data [for a 
Bakery]: the value 0.98 means that the Bakery consumes 0.98 tons of raw 
material (flour) to produce 1 ton of bread. The \'production time\'-value 
represents the time (in seconds) needed to produce 1 ton of the final good. 
The bakery consumes 0.98 tons of raw material to produce 1 ton of bread, which 
takes 10 seconds.\" Narcissus X queries: \"If I understand correctly then, a 
Sheep Farm will consume 15.29 tons of grass to produce 1 ton of wool in 45 
seconds.\" Kay replies: \"As far as I understand it - yes. Sheep consume LOTS of 
grass.\" 

Kay provides a translation of parts of the original method: \"To measure 
productivity a statistic continually keeps track of the amount of goods 
produced by the workshop in question over the last five to ten minutes. The 
mean value is then calculated and taken for the average amount of goods 
produced per minute. This amount is then compared to a value set by the 
programmers. The following rule applies whenever productivity lies under this 
value, e.g. the mean value is lower than the reference value: Effectiveness = 
Mean Value / Reference Value; otherwise: Effectiveness = 100%. This method\'s 
limitations are best shown using the hunter, whose reference value lies at 0.6 
units of food per minute. Hunters well supplied with game can also produce 1.5 
- 2 units or more of food per minute. This would represent an effectiveness of 
250 - 333%, yet 100% is all that is shown. On the other hand, some workshops, 
such as tobacco plantations, can never reach 100% as their reference values 
are set just a tiny bit higher than the best possible productivity value. This 
therefore means that the productivity display is not particularly expressive 
in the 90 to 100% range. In the end, these values mean nothing more than that 
the workshop is producing approximately as much as the game designers expected 
it to. However, if productivity lies markedly under this value there is 
obviously a problem which you should do something about.\" 

A test environment was created where other factors affecting the balance sheet 
were removed (sales to population, new construction, etc). Production times 
were related to the time taken for operating costs to be deducted. This method 
discounts the differences created by playing at different game speeds. This 
has one limitation: \"The measurement of time in terms of balance period 
doesn\'t work for game stands with very small balance amounts (less than 50 
pieces of gold). Since operating costs are deducted in many small steps 
rounding errors may occur in the players favor, resulting in less gold 
actually being deducted from the players account than theoretically required. 
In as much as these rounding errors (on the order of around 10 pieces of gold) 
themselves fall into the realm of very small balances this can result in 
misinterpretations.\" 

\"Although using more workshops increases the universality of the results, it 
doesn\'t do anything towards reducing errors in measurement, which increase 
with each new workshop added. When testing agricultural workshops (farms, 
etc.) it is especially important to make sure that the test phase runs 
significantly longer than the re-growth period of the produce in question. 
This is the only way to take variations in harvest yields into account in the 
mean values.\" Tests were typically run until 50-100 units had been produced by 
a workshop, after which a comparison of starting and finishing balance and 
stock were made. 

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

---------------+-----------+-----+--+-----+-----+--------+----+----+-----+----
               |           |     |Pr| Raw | Raw |        |Max |Prod|     |
               |           |Con- |od|Mater|Mater|        |Out-|uctn|Cost |Base
Farm/          |Raw        |sump-|Ti|-ial |Cost |        |put | T/ |  /  |Pri-
Industry       |Material   |tion |me|T/Min|/Min |Product |100%|Min |Unit | ce
---------------+-----------+-----+--+-----+-----+--------+----+----+-----+----
Armorer      { |Leather    | 0.94|40| 1.41|30.75|Armor   |1.35|1.5 |59.69| 65
             { |Iron [3]   | 0.94|40| 1.41|28.8 |
Bakery         |Flour      | 0.98|10| 5.86|67.01|Food    |6   |6   |13.67| 45
Bow Maker    { |Wood       | 0.94|30| 1.68| 8.42|Bows    |1.8 |2   |34.97| 60
             { |Rope       | 0.47|30| 0.94|31.51|
Bow Maker    { |Wood       | 0.94|30| 1.68| 8.42|Crossbow|1.8 |2   |34.97| 80
             { |Rope       | 0.47|30| 0.94|31.51|
Brewery        |Hops       |    ?| ?|     |     |Alcohol |2   |2   |26.07| 50
Butcher\'s Shop |Cattle     | 1.33|20| 3.98|25.99|Food    |3   |3   |16   | 45
Cattle Farm    |Field      | 5.86|25|13.48|     |Cattle  |2   |2.3 | 6.52| 15
Charcoal Burner|Wood       | 0.78|10| 4.69|23.44|Charcoal|6   |6   | 5.91|  9
Cotton Plantatn|Cotton Fld | 5.86|30|     |     |Cotton  |2   |2.1 | 9.52| 21
Distillery     |Sugar      | 1.88|30| 3.75|34.09|Alcohol |2   |2   |27.05| 50
Dye Works    { |Silk       | 1.09|20| 3.28|76.56|Silk Cth|3   |3   |50.15| 85
             { |Indigo Tree| 0.47|20| 1.41|33.89|
Fisherman      |Fish       | 4.04|15| 3.23|     |Food    |0.85|0.8 |25   | 45
Forester\'s Hut |Forest     | 2.25|18|     |     |Wood    |2.05|2.4 | 5   |  8
Gem Mine       |           |     |  |     |30   |Gems    |2   |2   |40   | 52
Gold Mine      |           |     |  |     |30   |Gold    |2   |2   |25   | 50
Goldsmith    { |Gold       | 0.94|30| 1.88|46.66|Jewelry |2   |2   |80.94|190
             { |Gems       | 0.94|30| 1.88|75   |
Grain Farm     |Grain Field| 2.19| 7| 4.2 |     |Grain   |1.8 |1.92| 5.21| 12
Gunsmith     { |Wood       | 1.48|20| 4.15|20.76|Muskets |2.6 |3   |36.12| 90
             { |Iron [3]   | 0.94|20| 2.81|57.59|
Gunsmith     { |Wood       | 1.48|20| 4.15|20.76|Cannon  |2.6 |3   |36.12|110
             { |Iron [3]   | 0.94|20| 2.81|57.59|
Hemp Plantation|Hemp Field | 3.4 |30|     |     |Hemp    |1   |2.08| 8.65| 32
Hop Farm       |Hop Field  | 4.45|30|     |     |Hops    |2   |2.1 | 8.57| 19
Hunt Lodge [5] |Wild Game  | 1.34| 6| 2.74|     |Food    |0.6 |2.05| 9.76| 45
Hunt Lodge [5] |Wild Game  | 1.34|10| 2.74|     |Hides   |0.6 |2.05| 9.76| 41
Indigo Plantatn|Indigo Tree| 6.4 |39|     |     |Dyes    |1.5 |1.66|24.1 | 36
Large Ore Mine |           |     |~7|     |     |Ore     |9   |8.97| 7.24| 15
Large Ore Sm { |Ore        | 1.05|~8| 8.44|61.13|Iron    |8   |8   |20.48| 45
             { |Charcoal   | 0.59|~8| 4.69|27.69|
Marble Stonemas|Raw Marble | 1.03|12|     |     |Marble  |1.8 |1.5 |12   | 22
Medic Herb Plnt|Med Herb Fd| 1.37| 5|     |     |Med Herb|2   |3.05| 4.92| 30
Mill           |Grain      | 1.17|20| 3.52|18.31|Flour   |3   |3   |11.44| 24
Ore Mine       |           |     |  |     |     |Ore     |5   |5   | 8   | 15
Ore Smelter  { |Ore        | 1.23|15| 4.92|39.38|Iron    |4   |4   |23.65| 45
             { |Wood       | 0.76|15| 3.05|15.23|
Ropemaker [4]  |Hemp       | 2.34|50| 2.81|24.34|Rope    |1.2 |1.2 |33.62| 99
Salt Mine      |           |     |10|     |     |RockSalt|6   |6   | 4.17|  8
Salt Works     |Rock Salt  | 1.02|10| 6.09|25.39|Salt    |6   |6   | 9.23| 30
Sheep Farm     |Grass      |15.29|45|     |     |Wool    |1.1 |1.4 | 7.14| 21
Silk Plantation|Silk Field | 6.86|39|     |     |Silk    |1.5 |1.5 |23.33| 33
Small Farm     |Field      |13.67|70| 9.84|     |Food    |0.7 |0.72|27.78| 45
Small Farm     |Potatoes   |10   |20|     |     |Alcohol |0.56|0.55|36.36| 50
Small Weapon Sm|Iron [3]   | 0.59|30| 1.41|24   |Swords  |1.8 |2   |32   | 65
Smith [2]    { |Iron       | 0.88|28| 1.88|44.35|Tools   |2   |2.14|33.46| 60
             { |Wood       | 0.22|28| 0.47| 2.34|
Smith [3]    { |Iron       | 0.88|28| 1.88|38.39|Tools   |2   |2.14|30.68| 60
             { |Wood       | 0.22|28| 0.47| 2.34|
Spice Plantatn |Spice Field| 6.09|40|     |     |Spices  |1.4 |1.4 |28.57| 60
Stonemason     |Raw Stone  | 0.49| 6|     |     |Bricks  |3   |3.3 | 5.45| 12
Sugarcane Plant|Sugcane Fld| 4.8 |30|     |     |Sugar   |2   |1.98| 9.09| 22
Tailor [1]   { |Cloth      | 0.94|20| 2.81|63.7 |Clothes |3   |3   |32.77|130
             { |Furs       | 0.23|20| 0.7 | 4.61|
Tannery        |Hides      | 1.69|36| 2.81|27.44|Leather |1.5 |1.67|21.86| 70
Tobacco Factory|Tobacco    | 1.99|30| 3.98|62.91|Tob Pdts|2   |2   |39.46| 75
Tobacco Plantat|Tobacco Fld| 4.81|30|     |     |Tobacco |2   |1.9 |15.79| 25
Trapper [5]    |           | 0.1 |10|     |     |Furs    |1   |3.05| 6.56| 30
Weapon Smith { |Wood       | 0.94|40| 1.26| 6.28|Axes    |1.34|1.5 |46.72| 63
             { |Iron [3]   | 0.94|40| 1.41|28.8 |
Weapon Smith { |Wood       | 0.94|40| 1.26| 6.32|Lances  |1.34|1.5 |46.74| 60
             { |Iron [3]   | 0.94|40| 1.41|28.8 |
Weaver\'s Hut   |Wool       | 1.85|43| 2.58|18.42|Cloth   |1.4 |1.4 |23.95| 65
Weaver\'s Hut   |Cotton     | 1.85|43| 2.58|24.55|Cloth   |1.4 |1.4 |28.35| 65
Weaving Mill   |Wool       | 1.33|20| 3.98|28.46|Cloth   |3   |3   |19.49| 65
Weaving Mill   |Cotton     | 1.33|20| 3.98|37.94|Cloth   |3   |3   |22.65| 65
Whaler         |Whales     | 0.94|10|     |     |Whale Bl|6   |6   | 3.33| 13
Whale Oil Facty|Whale Blubr| 0.94|20| 2.81| 9.38|Lamp Oil|3   |3   | 9.79| 85
Winery         |Vineyard   | 5.94|39|     |     |Wine    |1.5 |1.6 |28.13| 70
---------------+-----------+-----+--+-----+-----+--------+----+----+-----+----
Farm/          |Raw        |Con- |Pr| Raw | Raw |Product |Max |Prod|Cost |Base
Industry       |Material   |sump-|od|Mater|Mater|        |Out |uctn|  /  |Cost
               |           |tion |Ti|-ial |Cost |        | T/ | at | Min | /
               |           |     |me|T/Min|/Min |        |Min |100%|     |Unit
---------------+-----------+-----+--+-----+-----+--------+----+----+-----+----
Notes: 
[1] = Figures assume use of Cotton Production. 
[2] = Figures assume use of Small Iron Works. 
[3] = Figures assume use of Large Iron Works. 
[4] = Assumes 3 Hemp Plantations to 2 Ropemakers. 
[5] = Output variable. Depends how far hunter needs to go to find wild animal.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

The second table shows land and workforce requirements for primary industries 
(farms, plantations, mines). Growth per second is the time from harvest until 
a new crop is available. \"No. Fields\" is the number of fields that can be 
placed within the farm\'s service area; \"Max Effec Field\" is the maximum number 
of fields that are used. \"Max Trnspt\" is the maximum weight each worker can 
carry, in tons. \"Time\" is the time needed to harvest one field, in seconds. 
\"Workers\" more accurately means figures, so a worker on a cattle farm is 
actually the cow figure. On most farms these figures are humans.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

------------------+---------+---+---+-----+--+---+-----
                  |         |Gro|No.| Max |Wo|Max|
                  |Field    |wth|Fie|Effec|rk|Trn|
Farm              |Type     |/s |lds|Field|er|spt|Time
------------------+---------+---+---+-----+--+---+-----
Cattle Farm       |Meadow   |204| 52|45.8 | 3| 2 |  7
Cotton Plantation |Cotton   |270| 52|52   | 2| 3 |  6
Fisherman         |         |   |   |     | 1| 3 | 11
Forester\'s Hut    |Forest   |480| 84|43.2 | 2| 1 |  4
Grain Farm        |Grain    |310| 36|21.7 | 1| 3 |  9
Hemp Plantation   |Hemp     |330| 52|38.9 | 2| 3 | 11
Hop Farm          |Hops     |310| 52|48.3 | 2| 3 |  9
Hunting Lodge     |         |   |   |     | 1| 1 |  4
Indigo Plantation |Indigo Tr|300| 52|52   | 2| 3 |  7
Marble Stonemason |Marble Qy| 20|  1| 1   | 1| 1 | 10
Medicin Herb Plant|Med Herbs|300| 34|20.85| 1| 3 |  8
Sheep Farm        |Meadow   |204| 88|72.8 | 5| 3 |  9
Silk Plantation   |Silk     |300| 52|52   | 2| 3 |  6
Small Farm        |Meadow   |204| 34|33.5 | 3| 3 | 11
Small Farm        |Potato   |272| 34|24.9 | 1| 3 |  7
Spice Plantation  |Spice    |330| 49|46.9 | 2| 3 |  8
Stonemason        |Quarry   | 20|  1| 1   | 1| 1 | 10
Sugarcane Plantatn|Sugarcane|330| 52|52.3 | 2| 1 |  6
Tobacco Plantation|Tobacco  |330| 52|50.2 | 2| 3 | 11
Trapper           |         |   |   |     | 1| 1 |  4
Whaler            |         |   |   |     | 1|20 |  0.5
Winery            |Vines    |330| 49|49   | 2| 3 |  7
------------------+---------+---+---+-----+--+---+-----


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

The final table in this series shows the number of people each industry can 
support. In most cases, these values assume \'combines\'. Combines attempt to 
balance the provision of industries in a way that tends to make them operate 
efficiently. Usually they provide 1 processing building per 2 raw material 
suppliers. For example, a Cattle Combine, is 2 Cattle Farms and a Butcher, 
because a Butcher processes Cattle into Food at about twice the speed that one 
Cattle Farm produces Cattle. Suggested combines are: 


- Cattle = 2 Cattle Farm + Butcher. 
- Charcoal = 2 Forester\'s Hut + Charcoal Burner. 
- Clothing = Trapper + 4 Weaving Mill + 4 Tailor\'s Shop [Values are based on 
Cotton for Cloth, so I assume 8 Cotton Plantations are also needed, but that 
is not stated]. 
- Cotton/Weaving Mill = 2 Cotton Plantation + Weaving Mill. 
- Grain = 4 Grain Farm + 2 Mill + Bakery [Dragonling suggests the optimum 
(double) combine is 7 Grain Farms + 4 Windmills + 2 Bakery]. 
- Hop = 2 Hop Farm + Brewery. 
- Jewelry = Gold Mine + Gem Mine + Goldsmith. 
- Lamp Oil = 1 Whaler + 2 Whale Oil Factories. 
- Marble = Marble Stonemason + Marble Quarry. 
- Ore (Small) = Ore Mine + Ore Smelter + 2 Forester\'s Hut. 
- Ore (Large) = Large Ore Mine + Large Ore Smelter + Charcoal Burner. 
- Rope = 3 Hemp Plantation + 2 Ropemakers [1:1 ratio also suggested]. 
- Salt = Salt Mine + Salt Works. 
- Sheep/Weaver Hut = 2 Sheep Farm + Weaver\'s Hut. 
- Sheep/Weaving Mill = 3 Sheep Farm + Weaving Mill. 
- Silk = 2 Silk Plantation + Indigo Plantation + Dye Works [LadyH\'s suggestion 
(for a double combine) is 5 Silk Farms + 2 Indigo Farms + 2 Dye Works]. 
- Stonemason = 2 Stonemason + Quarry. 
- Sugarcane = 2 Sugarcane Plantation + Distillery. 
- Tannery = Figures are for one Tannery. 3 Hunting Lodges + 2 Tanneries is an 
optimal combine, however often settlements will reach Citizen levels and never 
need more than one Tannery, so I have left the figures as one Tannery. Hunting 
Lodge output is variable, so use the values with caution. 
- Tobacco = 2 Tobacco Plantation + Tobacco Factory. 

Aristocrats are widely considered not to require Cloth, just Clothing. The 
original table included Cloth figures for Aristocrats (215 per Sheep/Weaver 
Hut Combine, and 462 per Weaving Mill Combine).

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

----------------------------+----+----+----+----+----
                            |Pion|Sett|Citi|Merc|Aris
Product/Industry            |eers|lers|zens|hant|toct
----------------------------+----+----+----+----+----
ALCOHOL
Small Farm (100% Potatoes)  | 138| 110| 110| 138|
Hop Combine                 | 500| 400| 400| 500|
Sugarcane Combine           | 500| 400| 400| 500|
----------------------------+----+----+----+----+----
CLOTH
Sheep/Weaver Hut Combine    | 349| 279| 279| 465|
Sheep/Weaving Mill Combine  | 750| 600| 600|1000|
Cotton/Weaving Mill Combine | 750| 600| 600|1000|
----------------------------+----+----+----+----+----
CLOTHES
Clothing Combine            |    |    |    |    |1716
Tailor\'s Shop               |    |    |    |    | 429
----------------------------+----+----+----+----+----
FOOD
Hunting Lodge               | 205| 228| 228| 228| 228
Fisherman                   |  80|  89|  89|  89|  89
Small Farm (100% Food)      |  72|  80|  80|  80|  80
Cattle Combine              | 300| 333| 333| 333| 333
Grain Combine               | 600| 667| 667| 667| 667
----------------------------+----+----+----+----+----
JEWELRY
Jewelry Combine             |    |    |    |    | 667
----------------------------+----+----+----+----+----
LAMP OIL
Whale Combine               |    |    |3000|3000|
Whale Oil Factory           |    |    |1500|1500|
----------------------------+----+----+----+----+----
LEATHER
Tannery                     | 417| 556|    |    |
----------------------------+----+----+----+----+----
SALT
Salt Combine                |3000|3000|2400|2400|
----------------------------+----+----+----+----+----
SILK
Silk Combine                |    |    | 750| 500|
----------------------------+----+----+----+----+----
SPICES
Spice Plantation            |    | 350| 350| 350|
----------------------------+----+----+----+----+----
TOBACCO
Tobacco Combine             |    | 500| 500| 500|
----------------------------+----+----+----+----+----
WINE
Winery                      |    |    |    |    | 320
----------------------------+----+----+----+----+----
Product/Industry            |Pion|Sett|Citi|Merc|Aris
                            |eers|lers|zens|hant|toct
----------------------------+----+----+----+----+----


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Stratgan analysed food production using the figures in the tables above:

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

---------------+----+-----+----------
               |Cost|T/min|Cost/T/Min
---------------+----+-----+----------
Hunting Lodge  | 20 | 2.05|  9.76
Fisherman      | 20 | 0.8 | 25
Small Farm     | 20 | 0.72| 27.78
---------------+----+-----+----------
Cattle Farm(2) | 15 | -   |  -
Butcher(1)     | 22 | 3   |  -
Combo          | 52 | 3   | 17.3
---------------+----+-----+----------
Grain Farm(4)+ | 10 | -   |  -
Windmill(2)+   | 16 | -   |  -
Bakery(1)      | 15 | 6   |  -
Combo          | 87 | 6   | 14.5
---------------+----+-----+----------
Notes: 
\"You will notice that the cost/minute of the .pdf file is not the same as mine 
for some items. These are the butchers/windmill/bakery costs. From what I have 
gathered, they include the price of raw materials in their base cost/minute, 
which \'could\' be sold on the market instead, which considerably raises the 
price tag. I have factored that out of my equations, using only operational 
cost/tons produced. That should help explain the discrepancies.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

----------------+----+-----+----------
                |Cost|T/Min|Cost/T/Min
----------------+----+-----+----------
Cattle Farm(9)+ |
Butcher(5)      | 179| 15  | 11.9
----------------+----+-----+----------
Grain Farm(11)+ |
Windmill(6)+    |
Bakery(3)       | 251| 18  | 13.9
----------------+----+-----+----------
Notes on Optimal Combos: 
\"As per the production table .pdf files, I have calculated different combo\'s 
to maximise efficiency. Since cattle farms produce 2.3 cattle per farm, and 
butchers eat 3.98 cattle per shop, with the standard ration, you basically 
produce 4.6 cattle, and the butcher eats 3.98 of them. The leftovers are put 
in the warehouse. Instead, using those values, make 9 cattle farms (20.7 
cattle/minute), and 5 butcher shops (eats 19.9 cattle/minute), thus, you save 
1 cattle farm\'s worth of operational cost, hence the much lower cost of this 
combo, while still putting in 0.8 cattle/minute in your stock. For grain, its 
the same. Using the .pdf file as a reference, I put 11 grain farms x 1.92 
grain = 21.12 grain/minute, 6x windmills x 3.52 grain consumption/minute = 
21.12 (exact amount needed). Because the conversion ratio of a bakery is 
nearly the same as the output of a pair of windmills (5.86 consumption for the 
bakery, vs 6 tons of production from 2 windmills), I use 3x bakery x 5.86 = 
17.58 grain/minute consumed, with .42 t/grain/minute going in reserves.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Stratgan continues: \"It is important to compare another factor when deciding 
on which food chain to produce... space, or \'fields\' used. The following table 
list how many field each food production chain uses, and their averages (I had 
to manually count all the squares for each type of building... took a while):

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

----------------+------+----------+-----------
                |Fields|Production|#Fields/Ton
----------------+------+----------+-----------
Fisherman       |   9  |   0.8    |  11.3
Hunting Lodge   | 221  |   2.05   | 107.8
Small Farm      |  45  |   0.72   |  62.5
Cattle Combo I  | 131  |   3      |  43.7
Cattle Combo II | 594  |  15      |  39.6
Grain Combo I   | 207  |   6      |  34.5
Grain Combo II  | 576  |  18      |  32
----------------+------+----------+-----------
Note: 
\"The fishermen take only 9 spaces on the mainland, their fields being water! 
Thus, although they are incredibly expensive to maintain for their production, 
they can be a life saver when you have limited space on an island. The Cattle 
combo II is the best cost wise, but it takes up more fields than the grain 
combo. This can be especially important when strapped for space on a small 
island.\"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

______________________________________________________________________________

D. Military and Ship Data
______________________________________________________________________________


The following tables are based on information found at 
http://digilander.libero.it/anno1503/ and http://www.a-
pianto.ch/Englisch/e_Anno1503/e_Index.htm . Some of this information exists in 
the in-game help, but the statistics seem to have been mixed up - for example, 
Swordsmen are listed as \"Damage: 1 Square, Range: 8\", which does no sound 
particularly logical.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

----------------+----+----+---+----+-----------------+----
                |Dam-|Arm |Ran|    To Build          |Upkp
Unit            |age |-or |-ge|Cost|Materials        |Cost
----------------+----+----+---+----+-----------------+----
Archer          |  6 | 35 | 9 | 150|Bow              |  2
Cannon          | 40 | 55 | 9 | 350|Iron + 5 Charcoal|  5
Catapult        | 55 | 75 |10 | 300|12 Wood + Rope   |  5
Cavalryman      |  8 | 90 | 1 | 200|Axe + Armor      |  3
Crossbowman     |  7 | 40 | 9 | 200|Crosbow          |  2
Lancer          | 17 | 80 | 1 | 150|Lance + Armor    |  2
Marksman        | 20 | 45 | 7 | 220|Musket           |  2
Medic           |  9 | 25 | 1 | 350|                 |  5
Mortar          | 60 |110 |10 | 400|Iron + 5 Charcoal|  5
Musketeer       | 14 |100 | 1 | 150|Sword + Musket   |  4
Pikeman         |  6 | 50 | 1 |  90|Wood             |  2
Scout           |  3 | 25 | 1 |  50|Tools            |  1
Seige Tower     |  0 |250 | 5 | 700|12 Wood          | 10
Swordsman       |  8 | 60 | 1 | 150|Sword + Armor    |  2
War Machine Crew|  3 | 30 | 1 | 100|                 |  1
----------------+----+----+---+----+-----------------+----
Damage indicates offensive strength. \"UpKp Cost\" is the upkeep or operating 
cost.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

---------------+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----
               |Car |    |Can-|Spe-|    To Build       |Upkp
Ship           |-go |Unit|non | ed |Cost|Wood|Clth|Rope|Cost
---------------+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----
Large Trading  |  8 |  3 |  6 | 40 |3500| 35 | 15 | 10 | 15
Large Warship  |  4 | 12 | 12 | 27 |4000| 40 | 15 | 10 | 25
Medium Trading |  6 |  2 |  4 | 35 |2500| 25 | 10 |  7 | 15
Medium Warship |  3 |  8 |  8 | 25 |2500| 25 | 10 |  7 | 15
Small Trading  |  4 |  2 |  0 | 30 |1500| 15 |  8 |  5 | 10
Small Warship  |  2 |  6 |  6 | 30 |1500| 15 |  8 |  5 | 10
---------------+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----
Small Pirate   |  4 |  4 |  6 |  ? |    |    |    |    |
Large Pirate   |  8 |  8 |  8 |  ? |    |    |    |    |
---------------+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----
\"Cargo\" indicates number of cargo holds. Each hold can contain up to 50t of 
one item. \"Unit\" shows the number of ground units than can be carried. War 
machines with an assigned crew count as a single unit. One Scout (including 
mule) likewise counts as a single unit. \"Cannon\" is the maximum number that 
may be mounted. Upkeep costs of all ships are included under military 
expenditure. 

Ship speeds are increased in the expansion - original values are given.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

______________________________________________________________________________

E. Research Trees
______________________________________________________________________________


The diagrams below are based on in-game screens. The first line contains the 
name of the research, which is also often the name of the thing the research 
produces. The second line gives the Knowledge Point (K) and Gold coin (G) 
requirement. Where the research requires a University, this is indicated *U*. 
The third line contains the name of any building that this research makes 
available, or a short description of what the research does if this is not 
obvious from its name.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

WEAPON PRODUCTION

.--------------------.    .-------------------.    .-----------.
|Swords              |--->|Catapult           |--->|Siege Tower|
|  7K/ 100G          |    | 15K/ 200G         |    |  5K/ 100G |
|Small Weapons Smithy|    |War Machine Builder|    \'-----------\'
\'--------------------\'    \'-------------------\'
  |      |
  |      \\      .--------------------.    .----------.
  |       \'---->|Lances              |--->|Cavalry   |
  v             | 10K/ 200G          |    |  7K/ 100G|
.----------.    |Large Weapons Smithy|    \'----------\'
|Bow       |    \'--------------------\'
|  8K/ 120G|
|Bow Maker |
\'----------\'
  |
  v
.---------------------.    .---------------.    .----------.
|Hardened Arrowheads  |--->|Feathered Shaft|--->|Crossbow  |
| 10K/ ???G           |    | 10K/ 250G     |    | 15K/ 150G|
|Increase arrow damage|    |Increase Range |    \'----------\'
\'---------------------\'    \'---------------\'      |
  |                                               v
  v                                             .-----------------.
.------------------------.         .------------|Range of Crossbow|
|Flaming Arrows          |        /             | 20K/ 150G       |
| 20K/ 250G              |        |             \'-----------------\'
|Archers attack buildings|        v
\'------------------------\'      .----------.    .----------------------.
                                |Musket    |--->|Wheellock             |
                                | 30K/ 500G|    | 40K/ 500G            |
                                |Gunsmith  |    |Increase musket damage|
                                \'----------\'    \'----------------------\'

MILITARY ENHANCEMENTS

.--------------.    .-----------------------.
|Armor Infantry|--->|Stronger Armor Infantry|
| 25K/ 100G    |    | 50K/ 300G             |
\'--------------\'    \'-----------------------\'

.-------------.    .----------------------.
|Armor Cavalry|--->|Stronger Armor Cavalry|
| 25K/ 100G   |    | 50K/ 300G            |
\'-------------\'    \'----------------------\'

.--------------.    .---------------------.
|Cannon        |--->|Standardized Caliber |
| 60K/1000G *U*|    | 70K/1500G *U*       |
|Cannon Foundry|    |Increase Cannon Range|
\'--------------\'    \'---------------------\'
  |
  v
.----------------------.    .--------------.    .----------------------.
|Explosive Projectiles |--->|Mortar        |--->|Mortar Powder         |
| 80K/1800G *U*        |    | 80K/1200G *U*|    |100K/2000G *U*        |
|Increase Cannon Damage|    \'--------------\'    |Increases Mortar Range|
\'----------------------\'                        \'----------------------\'

NAVAL

.-----------.    .--------------.    .--------------.
|Ship Cannon|--->|Medium Warship|--->|Large Warship |
| 18K/ 300G |    | 40K/ 600G    |    | 60K/1000G    |
\'-----------\'    \'--------------\'    |Large Shipyard|
                                     \'--------------\'

.---------------------.    .------------------.    .-----------------.
|Medium Trading Vessel|--->|Large Trading Ship|--->|Strengthened Hull|
| 25K/ 400G           |    | 50K/ 800G        |    | 70K/1000G *U*   |
\'---------------------\'    |Large Shipyard    |    \'-----------------\'
                           \'------------------\'

Large Shipyard may be gained from either trading or war ship research.

CIVILIAN

.----------.    .--------------.
|Well      |--->|Deep Well     |
|  5K/  50G|    | 20K/ 200G *U*|
\'----------\'    \'--------------\'
  |
  v
.------------.
|Fire Brigade|
|  5K/  50G  |
\'------------\'

.------------.
|Weaving Mill|
| 20K/ 300G  |
\'------------\'

.------------.
|Stone Bridge|
| 30K/ 200G  |
\'------------\'

.-------------------------.    .--------------.
|Doctor                   |--->|Fast Healing  |
| 50K/ 200G               |    | 60K/ 500G *U*|
|Medicinal Herb Plantation|    \'--------------\'
\'-------------------------\'

.------------------------------.
|Library                       |
| 60K/2000G *U*                |
|Adds 10 to Max Research Points|
\'------------------------------\'

.--------------.
|Large Ore Mine|
| 40K/ 500G    |
\'--------------\'

.---------------.
|District Court |
| 30K/ 200G *U* |
\'---------------\'

District Court only functions in the expansion pack.


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

[End]